Catalog Numbering for Michel, Scott et al.
Printings, Remainders and Scarcity
The Michel  6 Varieties
The Michel  8 Varieties
Color Comparison of Originals and Reprints
The Schilling Reprints
Postal History      Postal Rates
Maps of Heligoland       Heligoland Cancels
Reprints on Lemberger Pages

Genuine and Imitation Paper
Reprint Data Tables    Forgeries
Lemberger and Michel Color Chips
Proofers' Signatures
Proofers: Names and Signature Placement
The Examination of Various Stamps
Higher Value Stamps
The Robert Pollard Study
The Wagner Collection

Heligoland Originals :
Comparing Colors,
Gum and Paper


This table shows many of the common differentiating characteristics among the stamps. Included are colors (according to Michel) gum and paper types.

PART I—The Schilling Issues

Mi # Denom Hd Typ
COLORS 1
Frame Spandrel Oval
GUM
Type   Color
PAPER
Weave 4 Weight    Finish   Color  
SEP YR
1 I 1/2 Sh I dunkel-
blaülichgrün
   karmin   dunkel-
blaülichgrün
crackled yellow-
ish
rand-
om
wove
thin porous natural Roul
10x10
'67
1 II 1/2 Sh II blaülichgrün rötlichkarmin blaülichgrün " yellow-
ish
rand-
om
wove
thin flat natural Roul
10x10
'68
2 1 Sh I rosakarmin dunkelgrün rosakarmin " toned rand-
om
wove
thin flat natural Roul
10x10
'67
3 2 Sh I lilakarmin dunkelgelb-
lichgrün
dunkelgelb-
lichgrün
" " rand-
om
wove
med
thin
soft yellow
ish
Roul
10x10
'67
4 6 Sh I (dunkel)-
graugrün
lilarosa lilarosa " " rand-
om
wove
med
thin
porous yellow
ish
Roul
10x10
'67
6xa 1/2 Sh II blaugrün dunkel-
karmin
blaugrün " " rand-
om
wove
med
thick
soft golden
to beige

13½x
14¼
8-
'69
6xb 1/2 Sh II [ U ] mittel-
bläulichgrün
karmin [ U ] mittel-
bläulichgrün
" " rand-
om
wove
" " "
13½x
14¼
8-
'70
6xc 1/2 Sh II grünoliv [ P ] karmin-
rot
grünoliv " " rand-
om
wove
" " "
13½x
14¼
7-
'71
6xd 1/2 Sh II [ U ] hell-
gelbgrün
rosarot [ U ] hell-
gelbgrün
" " rand-
om
wove
" " "
13½x
14¼
1-
'72
6xe 1/2 Sh II [ S ] hell-
olivgrün
karmin [ S ] hell-
olivgrün
" " rand-
om
wove
" " "
13½x
14¼
9-
'72
6xf 1/2 Sh II hellgelb-
lichgrün
karmin hellgelb-
lichgrün
" " rand-
om
wove
" " "
13½x
14¼
9-
' 72
6yg 1/2 Sh II bläulichgrün dunkel-karmin bläulichgrün " " quad-
rille
" med "
13½x
14¼
7-
'73
6yh 1/2 Sh II lebhaft-
bläulichgrün
karmin lebhaft-
bläulichgrün
" " quad-
rille
" med "
13½x
14¼
9-
'73
7xa 1 Sh III [ F ] karmin [ P ] gelblich-
grün
[ F ] karmin " " rand-
om
wove
" soft "
13½x
14¼
7-
'71
7xb 1 Sh III [ H ] rosa-karmin dunkelgrün [ H ] rosa-
karmin
" " rand-
om
wove
" " "
13½x
14¼
7-
'72
7yc 1 Sh III karmin [ I ] lebhaft-
gelblichgrün
karmin " " quad-
rille
thick " "
13½x
14¼
6-
'73
7yd 1 Sh III dunkelrot-
lichkarmin
[ P ] mittle-
gelbgrün
dunkelrot-
lichkarmin
" " quad-
rille
thick " "
13½x
14¼
8-
'73
8a 1/4 Sh I dunkelrot-
karmin
none lebhaft-
gelblichgrün
" " quad-
rille
thick " " 13½x
14¼
8-
'73
8f 1/4 Sh I (lebhaft)"
gelbgrün
none lilarosa " " quad-
rille
thick " " 13½x
14¼
9-
'73
8b 1/4 Sh I lilarosa
(Tones)
none (lebhaft)"
graugrün
" " quad-
rille
thick " " 13½x
14¼
9-
'73
8c 1/4 Sh I lilakarmin none dunkelgrün " " rand-
om
wove FN
thin smooth white 13½x
14¼
12-
74
9 3/4 Sh I Hz-hellgrün
Vert-rosa
none rosa
(Tones)
" " quad-
rille
thick soft golden
to beige
13½x
14¼
12-
'73
10 1 1/2Sh I hellgrün none karmin " " quad-
rille
thick soft golden
to beige
13½x
14¼
9-
'73
NOTES:
1. For comparison of Michel and Lemberger color terms, see Heligoland Color Table.
2. Michel 6 and 7. Noteworthy characteristics of the print impressions ("Druck")are indicated by letters as follows: F=Fine, H=Heavy, I=Inaccurate, P=Porus, S= Sharp, and U=Unsharp.
3. NUMBERS OF PLATES USED: Michel 1 I was produced using three plates, one for embossing and one each for the red and green typography. Michel 1 II, produced the next year, used only two plates, one for the embossed medallion and frame ("Rahmen"), the other for the spandrel ("Zwickel"). Michel 2 also had three plates: the embossed head, the spandrel and the frame. All the rest use two, until the "shields," Michel 17 and 18 (four plates) and Michel 19 and 20 (three plates).
4. Quadrille is a synonym for mesh, grill, grid, lattice, or any other similar term Here it is understood to describe fibers crossing at right angles and parallel to the edges of the stamp. For examples see quadrille paper image. Note that in the Mi 17 (3pf) below, the right-angled quadrille pattern is more difficult to discern.
5. Note that Mi 8c is on random wove paper, NOT quadrilled.
6. Paper terms are a mix of those used by Barefoot, Colonia, Pollard, and Lemberger (more weight given to the last-named gentleman).




PART II—The Farthing-Pfennig Issues

      
Mi # Denom Hd Typ
COLORS 1
Frame Spandrel Oval
GUM
Type   Color
PAPER 2
Weave 4 Weight    Finish   Color  
YR
11 1F/1Pf II lilakarmin N/A (dunkel)
grün(Tones)
smooth to
crackled
toned random thinish dull natural '75
12 2F/2Pf II grün N/A lilakarmin " " " " " " '75
13a 3F/5Pf II lilakarmin N/A grün " " " " " " '75
13b 3F/5Pf II lefhaft-
lilakarmin
N/A grün " " " med med
satin
" 6-
'90
13c 3F/5Pf II lefhaft-
lebhaft-
karmin
N/A grün " " " " strng
satin
" 8-
'90
14a 1½P/10Pf II dunkelgrün N/A dunkel-
lilakarmin
" " " " med
satin
gold-
ish
2-
'75
14b 1½P/10Pf II mittelgrün N/A mittel-
lilakarmin
" " " " " " 9-
'85
14c 1½P/10Pf II blaulichgrün N/A rotlich-
karmin
" " " " " " 5-
'87
14d 1½P/10Pf II hellgrün N/A hell-bis
mittelrot
" " " " satin " 5-
'89
14e 1½P/10Pf II blaulichgrün N/A karmin " " " " " " 6-
'90
15 3P/25Pf II lilakarmin N/A grün
(Tones)
" " " " " " 2-
'75
16a 6P/50Pf II grün(Tones) N/A dunkel-
lilakarmin
" " " " dull " 2-
'75
16b 6P/50Pf II grün(Tones) N/A dunkel-
karmin
" " " " " " 6-
'90

Except for Mi 17, there were no reprints of the following issues, so little is needed or given about gum or paper. The challenge is mainly to identify the varieties known by their colors, often requiring U.V. See Robert Pollard's study.

17a 2½F/3Pf n/a dunkelgrün/(braunlich)gelb/zinnoberrot thinner
than b
yellower
than b
quadrille
rt angle
med soft nat 6-
'76
17b 2½F/3Pf n/a grün/(dunkel)orange(Tones)/zinnoberrot thicker
than a
whiter
than a
quadrille
rt angle
" " " 6-
'77
18a 2½P/20Pf n/a lilakarmin/gelb/blaugrün thin pale quadrille
rt angle
? ? ? 6-
'76
18b 2½P/20Pf n/a rosakarmin/dunkelbraungelb/dunkelgrün " " light
waffle
" " " 4-
'80
18c 2½P/20Pf n/a hellrosalila/graugelb/graugrün " " quadrille
rt angle
" " " 7-
'82
18d 2½P/20Pf n/a lefhaftrot/graugelb/graugrün " " ? " " " 5-
'84
18e 2½P/20Pf n/a lebhaftrosa/hellrotlichgelb/graugrün " " " " " " 7-
'85
18f 2½P/20Pf n/a rotorange/gelb/graugrün " " " " " " 1-
'87
18g 2½P/20Pf n/a rötlichorgange/hellgelb/hellgraugrün " " " " " " 7-
'88
18h 2½P/20Pf n/a graurot/hellgelb/hellgraugrün " " " " " " 6-
'90
19Aa 1Sh/1M n/a blaugrün/grauschwarz/mittelrosa more
brittle
than Ab
Yellow-
er than Ab
" " satin " 8-
'79
19Ab 1Sh/1M n/a dunkelgrün/schwarz/karmin less
brittle
whiter
than Aa
" " more
satiny
" 5-
'89
19Ac 1Sh/1M n/a grün/schwartz/lebhaftrot smooth yellow-
er than Ab
" " high
satin
" 8-
'90
20A 5Sh/5M n/a mehrfarbig smooth pale random thin med pale 9-
'79
19B 1Sh/1M n/a mehrfarbig ? ? ? ? ? ? Proof 6
20B 5Sh/5M n/a mehrfarbig " " " " " " Proof 6
NOTES:
1. For comparison of Michel and Lemberger color terms, see Heligoland Color Table.
4. See quadrille paper image.
6. All separations here are perforated 13½x14¼ except for the last two which are proofs and are perforated 11½.

Catalog Numbering for Michel, Scott et al.
Printings, Remainders and Scarcity
The Michel  6 Varieties
The Michel  8 Varieties
The Schilling Reprints
Genuine and Imitation Paper
Color Comparison of Originals and Reprints
Maps of Heligoland       Heligoland Cancels
Reprints on Lemberger Pages

Postal History      Postal Rates
Reprint Data Tables    Forgeries
Lemberger and Michel Color Chips
Proofers' Signatures
Proofers: Names and Signature Placement
The Examination of Various Stamps
Higher Value Stamps
The Robert Pollard Study
The Wagner Collection

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