Heligoland

Color Comparison of Originals and Reprints

4 Shilling from 1867—Michel 4

Lemberger and Michel Color Chips
Catalog Numbering for Michel, Scott et al.
Printings, Remainders and Scarcity
The Michel  6 Varieties     The Michel  8 Varieties
The Schilling Reprints
Table of Colors, Gum and Paper
Genuine and Imitation Paper
Reprints on Lemberger Pages
Heligoland Cancels
Maps of Heligoland
Postal History      Postal Rates
Reprint Data Tables      Forgeries
Proofers' Signatures
Proofers: Names and Signature Placement
The Examination of Various Stamps
Higher Value Stamps
The Robert Pollard Study
The Wagner Collection

¼ Schilling from 1874—Michel 8c

		
Purpose of Tables

These tables compare original colors with reprint colors. A problem for me has been to correlate the color terms used by the Michel Catalog (now identical to the Michel Farbenfuhrer [Color Guide]) with those used in Hellmuth Lemberger's Helgoland Philatelie. As I have noted elsewhere on these pages:

"One limitation here is that the range of color terms for the reprints used by Lemberger is not quite identical to the terms he uses for the originals. Thus no direct comparison between Lemberger terms and Michel terms is possible in the case of some reprints. . . ."

These tables will attempt to rectify this shortcoming in the identification of reprints. By obtaining the older color chip reference guides on which Lemberger must have relied, to wit: TASCHENLEXIKON DER FARBEN (Kornerup and Wanscher, Politkens Forlag, Kopenhagan, 1961), SCHWANEBERGER FARBEN-F ÜHRER (22nd Edition, Munich, 1958—predecessor of Michel), and LIPSIA PHILATELISTISHE FARBENTAFELN (Vol 6, Verlag Enzyklopädie Leipzig:, 1960). With these three references it is possible to find color chips for the terms Lemberger used, such as "russischgrün" or "kupferrot" and compare these with the current Michel color chips and usually, but not always, make the match. This is done below for all the reprints where possible.

It should be kept in mind that the image on a computer monitor can only approximate true colors. With a computer the colors are projected onto the monitor screen. They are brilliantly illuminated. Actual stamps are viewed in reflected light. Everything is much subdued. Furthermore, if one compares color guides published over a period of fifty years, there is often substantial disagreement as to which names correspond to which colors! As a practical matter, expertized stamps are needed to make accurate comparisons. One must build on the work of forebears, just as in the natural sciences.

I have chosen to start here with the rouletted reprints, of which there are twenty-one reprintings. They are often difficult to distinguish from originals, particularly if they have "led a hard life."

The Rouletted Reprints

Michel
Number
     R E D S      GREENS   
LEMBERGER
MICHEL
POLLARD
REPRINTS
( Lemberger terms)
REPRINTS
( Lemberger terms)
LEMBERGER
MICHEL
POLLARD
1 II trübkarmin
rötlichkarmin
deep rose
Berlin: May 1879 Neudruck II
trübrosa
Berlin: May 1884  
karminrot bis 
   Neudruck IV
  rosa
Leipzig: 1988 Neudruck V
trübkarmin
Hamburg: Auflage A
rosa (töne)
Hamburg: Auflage C
fleischfarben
Hamburg: Auflage D
tiefrosa
Berlin: May 1879 Neudruck II
gelblichgrün
Berlin: May 1884 Neudruck IV
moosgrün
Leipzig: 1988 Neudruck V
dunkel (gelblich) grün
Hamburg: Auflage A
bronzegrün
Hamburg: Auflage C
hellgrün
Hamburg: Auflage D
dunkelolivgrün
bläul'grün
bläul'grün
bluish green
2 rosa / dunk'lrosa
rosakarmin
rose
Berlin: May 1879 Neudruck II
karmin
Berlin: May 1884  
rosa bis 
  Neudruck IV
  rosakarmin
Leipzig: 1988 Neudruck V
tiefkarmin
Hamburg:  
rosakarmin bis 
  Auflage A
  rotlichkarmin
Hamburg: Auflage B
rot (töne)
Hamburg:  
karminrot bis 
  Auflage D
  rosarot
Berlin: May 1879 Neudruck II
gelblichgrün
Berlin: May 1884  
dunkelgrün bis 
  Neudruck IV
  grün
Leipzig: 1988 Neudruck V
olivgrün
Hamburg: Auflage A
grün
Hamburg: Auflage B
gelblichgraugrün
Hamburg: Auflage D
gelbolivgrün
dunk'lgrün
dunk'lgrün

deep green
3 lilakarmin
lilakarmin
bright lilac carmine
Berlin: May 1879 Neudruck II
stumpflilakarmin
Leipzig: 1988 Neudruck V
tiefkarmin
Hamburg:  
dunkelrot bis 
   Auflage A
  lachsrot
Hamburg:  
lachsrot bis 
  Auflage B
  lachsrosa
Berlin: May 1879 Neudruck II
grasgrün
Leipzig: 1988 Neudruck V
grün
Hamburg: Auflage A
grasgrün
Hamburg: Auflage B
olivgrün
grasgrün
dunk'lgelbl'grün
pale yellow green
4 lilarosa
lilarosa
lilac rose
Berlin: May 1879 Neudruck II
lilapurpur
Leipzig: 1988 Neudruck V
tiefdunkelweinrot
Hamburg:  
fleischrot bis 
  Auflage A
  braunpurpur
Hamburg: Auflage B
kupferrot
Hamburg:  
pompejian rot bis 
  Auflage C
  mattkopfer(rot)
Berlin: May 1879 Neudruck II
(dunkel) bläugraulichgrün
Leipzig: 1988 Neudruck V
graubläulichgrün
Hamburg: Auflage A
graugrün
Hamburg:  
grauolivgrün bis 
  Auflage B
  russichgrün
Hamburg:  
mattolivgrün bis 
  Auflage C
  dunkelgrün
(grau)grün
(dunk'l) (grau)grün
gray green

NOTES:
blaß=pale, eosin=eosin (early [1871] synthetic red dye), fahl=pale, hell=bright/or/pale,
lach=salmon pink, lebhaft=lively, licht=light, meer=sea, mehrfarbig=multi-colored,
saft=sap(green), stumpf=dull, tief=deep, and trüb=matt.

Lemberger and Michel Color Chips
Catalog Numbering for Michel, Scott et al.
Printings, Remainders and Scarcity
The Michel  6 Varieties
The Michel  8 Varieties
The Schilling Reprints
Table of Colors, Gum and Paper
Genuine and Imitation Paper
Reprints on Lemberger Pages

Maps of Heligoland       Heligoland Cancels
Postal History      Postal Rates
Reprint Data Tables    Forgeries
Proofers' Signatures
Proofers: Names and Signature Placement
The Examination of Various Stamps
Higher Value Stamps
The Robert Pollard Study
The Wagner Collection

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