INDEX

VOL 9—PUBLISHED ESSAYS
1934-1939


Abyssinia, 120
Acknowledgment, theory of, 153-54
Actio popularis, 63
Administrative apparatus: in Austria,
   64-67, 68, 69, 74, 76, 77, 93-95; in
   Canada, 60, 69-74; and civil law, 64;
   contrasted with Rule of Law, 54, 60,
   69, 75, 77; in England, 60, 61, 64,
   67-69, 74, 75, 76; in France, 54-64, 67,
   69, 74, 75, 76, 77; in Germany, 57-58,
   76; in Italy, 59-60; judicial oversight
   of, 60-61; in Netherlands, 59, 74; and
   state forms, 75; and state purposes,
   75-76; types of, 74-78; in United
   States, 70, 72, 74
Administrative law, 65, 72-74
"Administrative Regime" (Merkl and
   Voegelin), 54-78
Advertising techniques, 116
African Americans, 46-47
Aggregate states, 130
Agriculture, 15
Albert, King of Belgium, 38
Allgemeines Verwaltungsrecht (Merkl),
    76
Allianz (alliance], 132
America. See United States
American Mind (Voegelin), 2, 4, 7
Anamnesis (Voegelin), 1, 5, 12
Anerkennungstheorie (theory of
    acknowledgment), 153-54
Angus, 97
Anschluss, 100-101, 104, 107, 108
Anthropology: and integral entity man,
    82; philosophical anthropology, 5, 8,
    19, 141; and race, 19; of Rehmke, 141,
    145, of Scheler, 143. See also Human
    nature
Apolitical mentality, 118
A priori systems, 4, 5
Arendt, Hannah, 1
Argumentum ad personam, 83, 83n1
Aristotle, 86, 137
Army (Austrian), 35, 102-3, 106
Astronomy, 118
Augenblick (moment), 44
Augustine, Saint, 86-87
Austria: administrative apparatus in,
    64-67, 68, 69, 74, 76, 77, 93-95;
    administrative courts in, 58, 66-
    67; and Anschluss with Germany,
    100-101, 104, 107, 108; army in, 35,
    102-3, 106; as authoritarian state,
    25, 32-33, 107-10; Beck Suffrage
    Reform of 1907 in, 24; compulsory
    service in, 106, 110; constitutional
    history of, 1-2, 23-27, 32-36, 65,
    99-106; and corporative organization,
    108-10; and Crimean War, 23; crisis
    of 1933-1934 in, 103-4; as danger-spot
    of Europe, 99, 110; and Danubian
    Federation, 100, 101; democratic
    episodes in, 25-27, 104; and Dollfuss,
    37, 105, 107; Empowerment Act
    in, 33; Enabling Act of 1917 in, 25;
    executive circle in, 33-34; executive
    core in, 35; Fatherland Front in, 27,
    35-36; Front Militia in, 106, 110;
    German annexation of, in 1938, 11;
    government of, since 1918, 99-110;
    government ordinances in, 69; Home
    Defense Force ( Heimwehr ) movement
    in, 24, 35; "idea of legality" in, 103-4;
    independence of, 107-8, 110; and
    International Studies Conference,
    3-4, 96-98, 96n1; and Italian War of
    1859, 23; as nationally uniform state,
    not national state, 25-27, 99-100;
    newspapers of, 3-4; parliamentary
    structure of, 28-31, 77, 107; Patriotic
    Front in, 105, 106, 109-10; police in,
    35; political parties in, 101-2, 105,
    107; and Redlich, 91-95; university
    education in, 10-11, 79-82, 84, 86,
    89-90; Volunteer Guard ( Freiwilliges
    Schutzkorps
) in, 105, 106; youth
    organization in, 106, 110
"Austria and the Studies Conference"
    (Voegelin), 96-98
Austrian Coordination Committee,
    96-98
Austrian Government and Administra-
    tion during the World War
(Redlich),
    93, 94
Austrian Political Society, 93
Austro-Hungarian empire, 36, 91n1
Authoritarian state, n, 32-36, 107-10
Authoritarian State (Voegelin), 85
Autobiographical Reflections (Voegelin), 9
Averroës, 141

Badeni, Count Kazimerz Felix, 91, 91n1
Bahr, Hermann, 39, 93
Barthou (French foreign minister), 37
Batavian Republic, 59
Bayezid I, Sultan, 12
Beck, Baron von, Prime Minister Max
   Wladimir, 39
Beck Suffrage Reform of 1907, 24
Befehl (command), 128
Befehl-Herrschermacht (command-
    rulership), 128
Beratender Reichsrat (imperial council),
    24
Bergson, Henri-Louis, 43
Beschwerderecht (right of redress), 63
Bienerth, Prime Minister Richard
    Freiherr von, 39
Blacks, 46-47
Blühdorn, Dr., 97
Blüher, Rudolph, 147
Boden-Credit-Anstalt (Land Credit
    Bank), 39
Bodin, Jean, 137
Body ideas, 18
Body-soul unity of man, 14, 19-20, 21,
    43
Boehm, Max Hildehert, 50
Bolsheviks, 117-18
Bourgeois, 83, 84, 111-12, 115, 123, 124
Brunner, Professor, 97
Buffon, Georges Louis Leclerc de, 42
Bundestag (Parliament), 28-31
Bureaucracy, 35. See also Administrative
    apparatus
Buresch Cabinet, 93
Burky, 97

Calhoun, John C., 29, 108
Calvinism, 123
Cameral system, 28-31
Canada, 60, 69-74, 97
Carolingian empire, 58
Carr-Saunders, 97
Carus, Carl Gustav, 19, 42
Categorical imperative, 43
Catholic Church, 35, 39, 82, 106, 107,
    109
Censorship, 6, 115-19
Central Europe, 26, 51, 75, 110, 137-39,
    148. See also specific countries
    "Changes in the Ideas of Government
    and Constitution in Austria since
    1918" (Voegelin), 99-110
Charles I, Emperor of Austria, 38, 93
Chiang Kai-shek, 121
China, 120, 121
Christianity, 10-11, 15, 42-43, 48, 53,
    85, 89-90, 139
Civil law, 64, 133-34, 148
Class: and cameral system, 28-31;
    Marxist view of, 84, 108
Classe dirigente, 35, 45
Classicism, 51
Class struggle, 52, 109
Clauss, Ludwig Ferdinand, 19, 21
Closed soul, 7
College education. See University
    education
Colonialism, 96
Common law, 65, 65n6, 68, 71-73
Communism and Communist Party, 11,
    51, 105
Communist Manifesto, 51
Community: corporeal community, 43;
    ideas of, 18, 19; loyalty to political
    community, 116-19; as replacement
    for God, 90; as sacral substances,
    154-55; and theory versus practice,
    88-89
Comte, Auguste, 80
Concepts: function of, 4; of race, 18-19
Conjurationes, 154
Conseil d'Etat, 62-64, 66
Constitutional law, 133, 134-35, 137,
    151-52, 155-56
Constitutions: of Austria, 1-2, 23-27,
    32-36, 65, 99-106; of Germany, 77;
    relationship of, to the state, 131-32;
    and science, 84-85; of United States,
    72
Contemplatio, 86, 87
Corinthians, Paul's letters to, 155
Corporative organization, 108-10
Corporeal community, 43
Corporeal-psychic unity of man, 14,
    19-20, 21, 43
Corpus mysticum Christi, 154
Cours souveraines (sovereign courts), 56
Credit-Anstalt (savings and loan) crisis,
    93
Crimean War, 23
Cult of science, 15
Curie, Marie, 39
Czechoslovak Republic, 26, 58

Dacque, Edgar, 81
"Danse Macabre" (" Todesreigen "), 3
Danube region, 96, 97-98
Danubian Federation, 100, 101
Darwin, Charles, 81, 118
Daubler, Theodor, 39
December constitution of 1867 in
    Austria, 24
Democratic state: Austria as, 25-27, 104;
and experts, 73; public opinion in, 5-6,
    113-1:4. See also specific countries
Denial, in formation of opinion, 116
Derschagl, Dr., 97
Deutsches Verwaltungsrecht (Jellinek),
    76
Dicey, Albert Venn, 54, 61, 62
Dictatorship, 44, 147
Disorder and order, 153-55
Disraeli, Benjamin, 29-30
Dollfuss, Chancellor, 37, 105, 107
Dopsch, Alfons, 97
Dottrina del Fascismo (Mussolini],
    49-50, 49n1
"Drafting a Constitution for Austria"
    (Voegelin), 23-27
Droit administratif (administrative law),
    65
Droit commun (common law), 65, 65n6

Eastern Europe, 26, 44, 46, 51. See also
    specific countries
Economic Councils, 109
Economic interests, 108-9
Economy and Society (Weber), 144
Education, 10-11, 79-82, 84, 86, 89-90,
    116
Eigenständig Volk (self-constituted
    Volk), 50
Eisenmann, Professor, 94
Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria
    (Redlich), 93
Empires: Austro-Hungarian empire,
    36, 9in1; Carolingian empire, 58;
    contrasted with state, 94; Holy Roman
    Empire, 57; Roman empire, 15
Empowerment Act (Austria), 33
Enabling Act of 1917 (Austria), 25
Endowed Schools Act (Great Britain),
    68-69
Engels, Friedrich, 52, 79
England: administrative apparatus in,
    60, 61, 64, 67-69, 74, 75, 76; Common
    Law Courts in, 68; Endowed Schools
    Act in, 68-69; governing class of, 26;
    government ordinances in, 68-69;
    parliamentary system of, 29-31, 44,
    45, 68, 72, 108; race in, 47; Redlich on,
    92, 94; Redlich's lecture tours in, 93;
    Star Chamber in, 61
Englische Lokalverwaltung (Redlich), 92
Enlightenment, 83
Epistemology, 4-7, 8, 81, 140
Equality under the law, 60
Erscheinungsformen (classification into various constructs), 76
Eschatology, 89
European race idea.   See Race idea
Evolution, 81, 118
"Expression of Opinion and Opinion

Formation" (Voegelin), 5-6, 111-14
Fabier circle, 93
Fascism, 44, 45, 49-50, 49n1
Fatherland Front (Austria), 27, 35-36
February Patent of 1861 (Austria), 23, 24
February Revolution (Austria), 23
Fichte, Johann Gottlieb, 43, 51
Finkelman, Professor, 69-70
Fischer vom See, General, 38
Fleiner, Fritz, 76
Flight from work, 124
"Flight to Work" (Voegelin), 123-25
Fourteenth Amendment of U.S.
    Constitution, 72
France: administrative apparatus
    in, 54-64, 67, 69, 74, 75, 76, 77;
    bourgeoisie in, 26; Conseil d'Etat
    in, 62-64, 66; cours souveraines
    (sovereign courts) in, 56; Economic
    Councils in, 109; February Revolution
    in, 23; government ordinances
    in, 69; industrial development
    in, 45; Institute for Intellectual
    Cooperation in, 96; International
    Studies Conference in, 96-98; nation-
    state of, 48; parlements in, 55-57,
    55n2; parliamentarism in, 108; race in,
    47; revolution in, 41, 55; separation of
    powers in, 55; and Voltaire, 61
Franklin, Professor, 72-74
Franz Joseph, Emperor of Austria, 39,
    91n1, 93
Freedom, n, 67
Freemasons, 83, 117-18
Freie Staatstätigkeit (free state activity),
    65
Freiwilliges Schutzkorps (Volunteer
    Guard), 105, 106
French Revolution, 41, 55
Front Militia, 106, 110
Fruitio Dei, 87
Führeridee (ideas of monarchy,
   empire and leader), 18
Fundamental Science (Rehmke), 129,
    141-43, 156

Gautsch, von Frankenthum, Prime
    Minister Paul, 39
Gemeinschaftsideen (ideas of
    community), 18
General Administrative Law (Merkl), 76
General Political Science (Sander),
    126-60
George, Stefan, 19, 51
Gerichtsbarkeit (legal jurisdiction), 58
Gerichtsbehörde (court of law), 58
German Administrative Law (Jellinek),
    76
Germany: administrative apparatus in,
    57-58, 76; annexation of Austria in
    1938, 11; Anschluss of Austria with,
    100-101, 104, 107, 108; censorship
    in, 118; Constitution of the Frankfurt
    [Saint] Paul Church of 1848, 77;
    Economic Councils in, 109; Hitler in,
    104, 104n2; imperial people of, 48,
    50-53; and judicial state ( Justizstaat ),
    77; National Socialism in, 9, n,
    12, 13, 22, 45; and Realpolitik, 52;
    revolution of 1933 in, 24, 107; Volk
    of, 13, 20, 50-53; in World War I,
    38
Gesamtheit (collective), 19
Gesetztechnik, 72
Giovine Italia (Mazzini), 155
Gliwic, 97
Gneist, Rudolf von, 92
Gnostic movements, 9
Gobineau, Arthur Comte de, 41-42
God: community as replacement for, 90;
    humans' relationship with, 11, 43; and
    Marxism, 84; mystical contemplation
    of, 10, 89-90; and order of the world,
    86-87
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, 51, 117
Gold clause, 11
Grant, Madison, 47
Greeks, 118, 137
Grey, Lord, 30, 108
Grundlegung (groundwork), 126
Grundwissenschaft (Rehmke), 129,
    141-43, 156
Guenther, Hans F. K., 20, 21
Guerke, N., 7, 17-22
Guttmann, Dr., 97

Habsburg monarchy, 91n1, 95
Hague, The, 93
Hanak, Anton, 39
Hare, 30
Harvard University, 93
Hauriou, Maurice, 56, 109
Hecker, 154
Hegel, G. W. E, 139-40
Heimatschutz (Austria), 103
Heimwehr (Home Defense Force)
    movement, 24, 35
Heinse, Johan Jakob Wilhelm, 51
Herder, Johann Gottfried von, 50
Hermeneutic sociology, 4
Herrschaft (rule), 144
Herrschaftssoziologie (sociology of rule),
    148
Herzschermacht (rulership), 128-29
Hildebrandt, Kurt, 19
Hindenburg, Field Marshal Paul von, 38
Hinze, Otto, 59n1
Historiography, 42
History of Political Ideas (Voegelin), 9,
    11, 12
History of the Race Idea (Voegelin), 8,
Hitler, Adolf, 50, 104, 104n2
Hobbes, Thomas, 11
Hofmannsthal, Hugo von, 39, 93
Hölderlin, Friedrich, 51, 124
Holy Roman Empire, 57
Home Defense Force (Heimwehr) movement (Austria), 24, 35
Horace, 39n2
Huart, F.J.A., 59
Human nature: Christian view of, 42-43;
    and corporeal-psychic unity of man,
    14, 19-20, 21, 43; man as integral
    entity, 82; Rehmke on, 141, 145; and
    theory versus practice, 88-89. See also
    Anthropology
Husserl, Edmund, 140-41
Hybris, 146

Idea: body ideas, 18; of community, 18,
    19; of a people, 50-51; of person, 18,
    19; purity of, 20-21; of the state, 18.
    See also Race idea
Ideal types, 4
Idée directrice, 156
Ideelle Geschlossenheit, 47
Ideengehalte (influence of ideas), 47
Ideologies, 2,11, 83
Immigration, 46, 97
Imperial people [ Reichsvolk ], 25, 47-48,
    50-53
Indians, American, 46, 47
Industrial Revolution, 45
Information and opinion, 111-12, 115-19
Institute for Intellectual Cooperation, 96
Institute of the Legality of
    Administrative Actions, 66
Institutionen des Verwaltungsrechtes
    (Fleiner), 76
Institutions of Administrative Law
    (Fleiner), 76
Intellectuals, 124
Intentio (Saint Augustine), 87
International law, 97, 98
International Studies Conference, 3-4,
    96-98, 96n1
International Tribunal, 93
Italianità myth, 22
Italian War of 1859, 23
Italy: administrative apparatus in,
    59-60; dictatorship in, 44; failure of
    parliament in, 45; Mussolini in, 22,
    49-50; race in, 47

Japan, 38, 121
Jellinek, Walter, 76, 130, 139, 158
Jesuits, 83, 117-18
Jews, 46, 83, 117-18
Jèze, Gaston, 63
"Josef Redlich" (Voegelin), 91-96
Jung, Edgar J., 50
Jurisprudence, 127
Justizstaat (judicial state), 77

Kaiser Franz Josef I. von Oesterreich
    (Redlich), 93
Kant, Immanuel, 43, 51, 118, 140
Kantönligeist (narrow particularism),
   59n5
Kapital, Das (Marx), 84
Katexochen (par excellence), 48
Kelsen, Hans, 1-2, 65, 130
Kennedy, Professor, 69-70
Kingship. See Monarchy; specific kings
Klemm, Gustav, 41, 42
Koerber, Prime Minister Ernst von, 39
Kralik, Richard, 39
Kremsier Draft, 23, 24
Kubelik, Jan, 39
Kusmanek, Colonel General, 38

Laband, Paul, 130
Laferrière, Julien, 62, 64, 77
Lamasch Cabinet, 93
Lassalle, Ferdinand, 52
Law: administrative law, 65, 72-74; civil
    law, 64, 133-34, 148; and classification
    of administrative systems, 74-78;
    common law, 65, 65n6, 68, 71-73;
    constitutional law, 133, 134-35, 137,
    151-52, 155-56; definition of, 148,
    149-50; England and Rule of Law,
    60-61:, 68; equality under, 60; Hauriou
    on, 56; international law, 97, 98;
    natural-law theories, 73; and norms,
    133, 149, 150, 152, 155-56; objective
    law, 133, 134, 149-51; positive law
    theory, 1-2, 8, 130, 134; principles of
    Rule of Law, 60-61; procedural law, 66;
    pure law, 130, 134, 156; Rule of Law
    versus administrative apparatus, 54,
    60, 75, 77; Sander on, 132-35, 148-56,
    159; subjective law, 135, 149-51, 156,
    159
League of Nations, 4, 96
Leers, Johann von, 50
Legal dogmatics, 133, 134
Leiberlebnisse (corporal experiences), 18
Leibgemeinschaft (corporeal
    community), 43
Leibideen (body ideas), 18
Leisure, 124
Lenin, V. I., 84
Lenz, Fritz, 20, 21
Lex imperfecta, 156
Lex perfecta, 156
Liberalism, 127, 138-39
Linne's classification, 159
Logic (Rehmke), 141
Louis XIV, King of France, 55, 75
Louis Napoleon, 59
Loyalty, in opinion formation, 116-19
Luther, Martin, 9, 9n18

Machiavelli, Niccolo, 12
Machtergreifung (seizure of power), 104
Mahler, Gustav, 93
Maritain, Jacques, 9n18, 87n3
Marketing of commodities, 96
Marx, Karl, 79, 84
Marxism, 9, 10, 22, 81, 82, 86, 89, 108
Materialism, 15, 51
Mathematics, 118
Mazzini, Giuseppe, 155
Medieval period. See Middle Ages
Méditations Cartésiennes (Husserl), 140
Merkl, Adolf, 54-78
Metaphysics, 80, 89, 141
Middle Ages, 40-41, 42, 147
Migration, international problems of,
    96, 97
Military. See Army
Monarchy, 147. See also specific kings
Mongol invasions, 12, 117
Montesquieu, Charles-Louis de
    Secondat, Baron de la Brède de, 123
Moravia, 92, 94
Morgenstern, Professor, 97, 98
Mussolini, Benito, 22, 49-50, 49n1

Napoleon, 55
Nation, meaning of, 20, 100
National Socialism, 9, 11, 12, 13, 22, 45,
    105, 107
Nation-state, 25, 47-50, 53, 100
Natural-law theories, 73
Nature of the Austrian Communal
    Constitution
(Redlich), 92
Nazism. See National Socialism
Negroes, 46-47
Neo-Kantian epistemologies, 4, 5, 6, 141
Netherlands, 59
Neue Freie Presse, 3, 5-6
Neutrality, 6, 8, 10, 80-82, 87
"New Cameral System in the Mirror of
    History" (Voegelin), 28-31
New Despotism, 69
New Science of Politics (Voegelin), 1, 4,
    9, 11
Newspapers, 3-4
"New Style of Warfare" (Voegelin),
    120-22
Niese, Hansi, 39
Nietzsche, Friedrich, 43, 52,
Nordic race, 20
Norms, 133, 149, 150, 152, 155-56
North American Union, 72, 74
Noterordnungen (governmental orders),
    105
Nous, 7

Objective law, 133, 134, 149-51
October Diploma of 1860 (Austria), 23,
    24
Oesterreichische Regierung und
    Verwaltung im Weltkrieg
(Redlich),
    93,94
Oesterreichische Staats- und
    Reichsproblem
(Redlich), 93, 94
"Once More 'Race and State' in Political
    Science: A Rebuttal" (Voegelin), 17-22
On Eternal Peace (Kant), 118
"On Sander's General Political Science "
    (Voegelin), 12, 126-60
Open soul, 7
Opinion and opinion formation, 5-6,
    111-19
Oppenheimer, Franz, 138
Order and disorder, 153-55
    Order and History (Voegelin), 1, 4
Österreichische Jungvolk, 106
Österreichische Mensch, 107
Österreichische Zeitschrift fur
    offentliches Recht,
12
Ostmärkische Sturmscharen, 103
Ottakring Volkshochschule, 10, 79, 82,
    85
Ottoman Turks, 12

Pallenberg, Max, 39
Parlements in France, 55-57, 55n2
Parliament, 28-31, 44-45, 68, 72, 74, 77,
    107, 108
Parteirechtsmittel (party legal
    instruments), 66
Patent of March 5, 1860 (Austria), 23, 24
Patriotic Front, 105, 106, 109-10
Paul, Saint, 155
Peaceful settlement, 96
Personenideen (ideas of persons), 18
Persons, ideas of, 18, 19
Phenomenology, 140
Philosophical anthropology, 5, 8, 19, 141
Philosophy, 81, 82
Phratries, 154
Phylae, 154
Physics, 118
Pieracki (minister of Poland), 37
Pillersdorf Constitution, 23, 24
Plato, 119
Plessner, Helmut, 142
Poincaré, Raymond, 38
Poland, 37
Police, 35, 76
Polis, 144
Polish Corridor, 97
Political liberalism. See Liberalism
Political race theory, 20-21. See also
    Race idea
Political science: Central European
    political science, 137-39, 148;
    characteristics of scientific political
    science, 158; definition of, 132-33; of
    Jellinek, 158; of Sander, 7, 21, 126-60;
    in state of decay, 127; teaching of,
    81-82, 137; of Weber, 144-45. See also
    State
Political theory, 6-9
Politics (Aristotle), 137
Politics and science, 82-90

Popolo d'ltalia, 49n1
"Popular Education, Science, and
    Politics" (Voegelin), 9, 79-90
Population, problems of, 96, 97
Place of Man in the Cosmos (Scheler),
    143
Positive law theory, 1-2, 8, 130, 134
Positivism, 9, 10, 80, 82, 136
Power, 128-29
Practice versus theory, 86-89
Prince (Machiavelli), 12
Private opinion, 111-12
Problem of the Austrian State and
    Empire
(Redlich), 93, 94
Proletarians, 124
Propaganda, 117-18
Prussia, 26, 48, 58
Public opinion, 5-6, 111-19
Puissance publique (public authority),
    64
Pure law, 130, 134, 156
Purity of ideas, 20-21

Quadragesima anno, 28, 109
Qualid, 97

Race and State (Voegelin), 2, 13n1, 17-22
"Race and State" (Voegelin), 40-53
Race idea: Arendt on Voegelin's account
    of, 1; of Buffon, 42; and concepts of
    race, 18-19; and formation of ethnic
    consciousness, 45-47; and German
    Volk, 13, 20, 50-53; Gobineau on,
    41-42; Guerke's critique of, 17-22;
    history of, 8, 42-43; and modern
    state, 40-53; and nation-state versus
    imperial people, 47-53; and Nordic
    race, 20; and political community
    formation, 45-53; political race theory,
    20-21; and race experience, 13-16,
    20-22; and science of race, 13-16, 19,
    22; Voegelin's early works on, 1, 2, 4,
    6, 7, 8
"Race Idea and Science" (Voegelin),
    13-16
Radium, 39
Rassenidee in der Geistesgeschichte
    (Voegelin), 2, 13n1
Rasse und Staat (Voegelin), 2, 13n1,
    17-22
Raw materials, in international political
    economy, 96, 97
Realism, 51
Realpolitik, 52
Reason, in Enlightenment, 83
Recht and Technik des englischen
    Parlamentarismus
(Redlich), 92
Rechtskomplex (uncodifled legal
    complex), 64
Redlich, Josef, 91-95
Reformation, German, 85
Rehmke, Johannes, 129, 136, 140-43,
    145, 152, 156, 157
Reichsrat (imperial council), 23
Reichsverwaltungsblatt und
    Preussisches Verwaltungsblatt,

    17
Reichsvolk (imperial people), 25, 47-48,
    50-53
Renaissance, 12, 42
Renan, Joseph-Ernest, 49, 108
Renner, Dr., 101
Repression, 116
Res privata, 114
Res publica, 109, 114
Richelieu, Cardinal, 55
Rockefeller Foundation, 98
Roman empire, 15
Romanticism, 51
Rosenberg, Alfred, 19
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, 111-12, 114
Rule of Law: and classification of
    administrative systems, 74-78;
    contrasted with administrative
    apparatus, 54, 60, 69, 75, 77; and
    England, 60-61, 68; and legal
    technique, 73-74; Scott on principles
    of, 60-61
Rulership, 128-29, 143-44, 146, 148,
    157, 158
Rumania, 37
Russia, 24, 44, 75
Russian Revolution of 1905, 24
Russo-Japanese war, 38

Sacral substances, 154-55
Sacrum imperium, 40-41, 144, 154
Saint Germain Treaty, 107
Sander, Fritz: accomplishments of,
    126, 159-60; adoption of Rehmke's
    science by, 129, 136, 140-43, 145,
    156, 157; definitions of, 128-30, 136,
    157; on law, 132-35, 148-56, 159;
    political science of, 126-60; on the
    state, 126-32, 136, 143-48, 157-59;
    Voegelin's critique of, 7, 12, 135-60
Scandinavia, 59
Scheler, Max, 51, 142, 143, 154
Schelling, Friedrich, 19
Schiller, Johann, 51, 124
Schindler, 138
Schmitt, Carl, 138
Schrecker, Hans, 39
Schutzbund, 103
Science: and Christianity, 89-
    90; Comtean view of, 80; and
    Enlightenment's faith in reason, 83;
    essence of, 86; fundamental science,
    83; neutrality and scientific world
    view, 80-83, 87; nineteenth-century
    cult of, 15; and politics, 82-90; and
    principles of experience, 15; of race,
    13-16, 19, 22; Rehmke's classification
    of, 142; Weber on, 142
"Scientific" socialism, 15-16, 22, 82, 89
Scott, Sir Leslie, 60-61, 67-68, 69
Seben, Dr., 97
Seidler Cabinet, 93
Seipel, Ignaz, 93, 109
"Selected Translations of the Ruling
    of the Supreme Court of the United
    States on the Question of the Gold
    Clause" (Voegelin), 11
Self-censorship, 6
Separation of powers, 5 5
Setzungen (constitutional propositions),
    25
Sevcik, Ottokar, 39
Sieghart, Rudolf, 39
Silesian knights, 117
Simmel, Georg, 44
Simon, Rainer, 39
Sino-Japanese conflict, 121
Six Livres de la République (Bodin), 137
Sixtus, Prince, 38
Skepticism, 88
Slavery, 15
Smend, Rudolf, 138
Social class. See Class
Socialism, 15-16, 22, 52, 76, 124
Socialist Party, 101, 107
Socialization, 129
Society, 129
Sociology, ideal types in, 4
Soemme, 97
Soul: body-soul unity of man, 14, 19-20,
    21, 43; Rehmke on, 141
Southeast Europe, 44, 46, 51. See also
    specific countries
Sovereignty, 131, 135
Soviet Union, 74, 75
Spain, 120
Spann, Othmar, 19, 21
Spengler, Oswald, 138
Spezialverwaltungsgerichte (Special Administrative Courts), 66
Spirit of the Laws (Montesquieu), 123
Staatenverbindungen (intrastate
    connections), 132
Staatsbild (state construct), 20
Staatsnation (national state), 25, 47-50
Staatsperson (state as legal person), 130
Staatrechtslehre (constitutional law),
    133
Staley, 97
Stände (classes), 28
Stapel, Wilhelm, 50
State: aggregate states, 130; authoritarian
    state, n, 32-36, 107-10; and
    Christianity, 48; classification of types
    of, 158-59; conditions constituting,
    130-32; contrasted with empire, 94;
    corporative state, 108-10; definition
    of, 128, 129-30, 143-44, 158;
    democratic state, 5-6, 25-27, 73, 104,
    113-14; forms of, and administrative
    apparatus, 75; idea of versus reality
    of, 18; judicial state (Justizstaat], 77;
    Mussolini on, 49-50; and nation,
    20; organizational pattern of, 45;
    and Parliament, 28-31, 44-45; and
    political science, 127; purposes of,
    and administrative apparatus, 75-76;
    and race idea, 40-53; Redlich on,
    93-94; relationship between law and,
    132-35, 156; Sander on, 126, 128-35,
    136, 143-48, 157~59; Staatsnation
    (national state), 25, 47-50, 53, 100;
    theory of, 7, 18; totalitarian state, 5-6,
    114, 138-39; Weber on, 144-45, 146.
    See also Constitutions; specific states
Stellung des Menschen im Kosmos
    (Scheler), 143
Stoddard, Lothrop, 47
Subjective law, 135, 149-51, 156, 159
Supreme Court, U.S., 11, 56, 72
Sweden, 21
Sylvester Patent of 1851, 23

Taaffe, Count Eduard, 91, 91n1
Tamerlane, 11-12
Terrorism, 37
Tezner, R, 94
Theiotaton, 86, 89
Theoria, 86
Theory: definition of, 6; political theory,
    6-9; and science, 86-87, 87n3; of the
    state, 7, 18; versus practice, 86-89
Togo, Admiral, 38
Tolerance, 88
Totalitarian state: public opinion in, 5-6,
    114; Sander on, 138-39
Total war, 120-22
Trade, 97-98
Treaty of Saint Germain, 107
Treitschke, Heinrich von, 52
Tribal alliances, 154
Turgot, Anne-Robert-Jacques, 55

United States: administrative apparatus
    in, 70, 72, 74; Calhoun's proposal
    for multicameral system for, 29,
    108; censorship in, 118; Fourteenth
    Amendment of Constitution of, 72;
    immigration to, 46; judiciary in, 55,
    56, 60; and meaning of Americanism,
    47; race problem in, 46; Redlich's
    lecture tours in, 93; Supreme Court
    rulings in, 11, 56, 72; Voegelin in, 4
University education, 10-11, 79-82, 84,
    86, 89-90

Value, 154
Verfahrensrecht (procedural law), 66
Verfassungsgerichtshof (Constitutional
    Court), 66
Verfassungsurkunde (constitutional
    instrument), 132
Verhaltenswerbung (behavior incentive),
    128-29
Verordnungsrecht (right to issue
    ordinances), 68
Verosta, Dr., 97
Verstand (understanding), 140
Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit (adminis-
    trative jurisdiction), 58
Verwaltungsgerichtshof (Administrative
    Court), 66-67
Verwaltungsverfahrensgesetzgebung
    (procedural law for administration), 66
Vita eroica, 35
Voegelin, Eric: early publications of,
    1-3; and epistemological debate, 4-7,
    8; flight from Austria by, 1, 12; and
    meaning and use of political theory,
    6-9; neutrality of, 6, 8; newspaper
    articles by, 3-4; on proper ideological
    stance for scholar, 9-11; as public
    intellectual, 3-6, 8; relationship
    between radical students and, 9-11,
    79-81, 83, 86; themes of early essays
    by, 2-3; in U.S., 4. See also specific
    works
Vogelsang group, 108
Volk (people), 13, 20, 45, 50-53, 107
Volksbewusstsein (peoplehood), 52
Volksidee (idea of a people), 50-51
Volksraeume (areas occupied by the
    people), 47
Voltaire, 61, 123
Volunteer Guard ( Freiwilliges
    Schutzkorps
), 105, 106
Von Kluck, Colonel General, 38
Von Korbatin, Freiherr, 38
Von Verdross, Professor, 97, 98
Vorbesetzt (established), 49

Warfare, 120-22. See also World War I
Wasserman, Jakob, 38-39
Weber, Max, 4-8, 41, 44, 138, 142,
    144-46, 148, 153, 157
Wehrverbände, 104-6
Weiss, Gilbert, 4
Weltanschauung, 102, 107
Wesen der oesterreichischen
    Kommunalverfassung
(Redlich),
    92
West Europe, 75, 139. See also specific
    countries
"What May People Be Allowed to
    Know?" (Voegelin), 6, 115-19
Wienerisches Diarium, 3
Wiener Zeitung, 3
Winkler, Professor, 97
Wirkenseinheit (interplay), 142
Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft (Weber), 144
Wissenschaft, 10
Work, 123-25
Workers' compensation, 70, 73
Working class, 9-10, 79-82, 124
World War I, 38, 93. See also Warfare
Wundt, Max, 50

Yugoslavia, 37

Zita of Bourbon-Parma, Empress of
    Austria, 38

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