INDEX

Vol 7  PUBLISHED ESSAYS
1922—1928


Abbot, Everett A., 151
Absolute limit of variation law, 140,
    142
Accountability, terminus of, 53-55, 57,
   60, 65, 66, 69-71, 73, 93, 96
Administrative authority (Behörde),
    69-72
Aesthetic distance, 106-8
Affekte (affects, anger), 32
AFL. See American Federation of Labor
Agio (premium), 140
Agiotheorie (premium theory), 145
Agricultural price indexes, 263-66
Allgemeine Staatslehre (Bornhak), 213
Allgemeine Staatslehre (Jellinek), 7,
    213, 236-54
Allgemeine Staatslehre (Kelsen), 182,
    235-36
Allheit (totality), 212
Alltag, der (everydayness), 103, 105,
    108, 110-11
Allzahl (allness), 212
Amendments to U. S. Constitution.
    See Constitutional amendments; and
    specific amendments
American Federation of Labor, 179
Amt (office), 69
Amtsgewalt (power of office), 69
Anaximenes, 46
Anlage (funds), 143
Ansässigsein (long-time residence), 82
Anschauung (observation), 97
Aphrodite, 102
Apparate (instruments), 70
A priori , 184, 228, 230
Ares, 102n1
Aristocracy, 7, 94-95, 208, 211, 212,
   219, 246, 251-53, 276-77, 279
Aristotle, 7, 38, 45, 46, 94, 207
Art, 106
Art social, 323-25
Aseitas (self-derivation), 218, 219, 220
Athena, 102
Aufnahmsfähigkeit (physical capacity
    of receptivity), 124, 274
Augenmaß (intuitive judgment), 107
Augustine, Saint, 22
Aulard, F.-A., 311-12, 316, 334
Aus-eigener-Macht-seins (being-by-
    virtue-of-its-own-power), 219
Ausspannung... in die Unendlichkeit
    (spanning toward infinity), 134-35
Ausstattung (provisioning), 138
Austria, 9, 281
Austrian Constitution (1920), 9, 182,
    188-90
Austrian Constitutional Court, 182,
    189
Austrian Institute for the Research of
    Business Cycles, 274-75
Austrian School of Marginal Utility,
    122n13
Authoritarian State (Voegelin), 9n21
Autobiographical Reflections
    (Voegelin), 2n1
Autolimitation theory, 190-91

Babeuf, Francois Noel, 177
Bauern (farmers), 180, 180n1
    345
Baugesetz (law governing the structure),
    231
Baulked disposition, 34, 36-38, 37n23
Bayerisches Staatsrecht (Seydel),
    218-19
Bayerisches Verfassungsrecht
    (Nawiasky), 215
Bedingter Tatbestand (restricting state
    of affairs), 52
Befugnisse (authorizations), 74
Behörde (administrative authority),
    69-72
Bentham, Jeremy, 33, 45
Bernatzik, Edmund, 206, 216-17, 218,
    219, 220
Beruf (occupations), 180
Beschaffenheit (constitution), 224
Besondere Gegebenheitsweise
    (particular manner of givenness),
    97
Bestand (circumstances), 209
Bestand und Gestalt (existence and
    shape), 213
Bestehen (persistence), 98
Betrieb (business as usual), 109
Bewertung (value assessment), 145
Bildung (formation), 4, 81
Binder, Julius, 227
Bismarck, Otto von, 74, 282
Björnson, Martinius, 37
Blacks, 19, 198
Bodenwert (real estate value), 143-44
Böhm-Bawerk, Eugen, 2n1, 122, 122n13,
    126-27, I27n14, 140, 145
Bonding, 81-83
Borah, William E., 173-74
Bornhak, Konrad, 213, 215-160
Bourgeois, 176-77, 180, 294, 296
Britain. See England
Bryan, William Jennings, 18, 196, 199
Burdick, Charles D., 16, 161n20
Burger (bourgeois), 294
Business contracts, 86-87
Business cycles, 259, 274-84

Camus, Albert, 302
Canton, Uri, 248
Capital, 126-33, 140, 144-45
Capital interest rates, 127, 132, 142-43
Capitalism, 130-31, 147, 176, 245,
    274-84
Cassirer, Ernst, 224, 224n38
Castellane, Boniface-Louise-André,
    comte de, 301
Catholic Church. See Roman
   Catholic Church
Causality, 34-35, 42, 49-50, 104,
    187, 228, 339
Central European states, 274-75
Chance (prospect), 97
Charisma, 103, 104
Charles I, King of England, 285
Chase, Samuel, 157-58, 170
China, 103-4
Christian Feigenspan v. Bodine,
    15n35,152n5
Christianity, 103, 104, 114
Cicé, Champion de (Archbishop of
    Bordeaux), 288-89, 302, 332-33
Cicé, Champion de (Bishop of Auxerre),
    287
Citizenship. See People of the state
Civilization, 34
Civil law, 77. See also Law
Clark, John B., 119-20, 127-31, 127n14,
    133, 140
Class: aristocracy, 7, 94-95, 208, 211,
212, 219, 246, 251-53, 276-77, 279; bourgeois, 176-77, 180, 294, 296; compared with estate, 148, 283; consumer class, 147-48, 277-78; economic and class conflict in America, 10, 175-81; entrepreneurial class, 147, 148, 175, 179-80, 281; European class conflict, 10, 175-78, 198, 275-76; producer classes, 277-78; rulership by, 251-53; unproductive classes, 278-79; working class, 175-81, 198, 277-81
Clavière, E., 307
Clermont-Tonerre, Anne-Antoine-Jules,
    comte de, 293-94
Cleveland, Grover, 199
Cohen, Hermann, 223-24, 229, 236
Commissions, 203
Commons, John R., 13, 17n41, 19,
    197-98, 255, 256, 258
Commonwealth, 88
Communist Manifesto, 279-81
Community formation (Vergemein-
    schaftung), 342-43
Community regulation ( Gemein-
    schaftsregelung
), 227, 232
Community spirit, 67
Comte, Auguste, 6, 45
Confucianism, 114
Congress, U. S.: constitutionality of
process of introducing bills in, 152-56; elections for members of, 169, 201-2; implied powers of, 17; jurisdiction of, 169; legislative power of, 157; and passage of constitutional amendments, 14-15, 152-56, 161, 163-64, 189-90; and form of states, 170-71; and time limits for ratification of amendments, 16, 17, 162-65
Constitution, U. S.: Article I of, 168-70,
Article 4 of, 169, 170; Article 5 of, 152, 155, 157, 161-63, 166-70, 189-90; authority of, 168-69; powers of government in, 16; Supreme Court interpretation of, 16. See also Constitutional amendments
Constitutional amendments:
compatibility of content of Eighteenth Amendment with, 156-65; literature on, 150n2; passage of, 14-15, 152-56, 161, 163-64, 189-90; ratification of, 15-16. See also specific amendments
Constitutional law, 68-73, 75, 214, 216
Constitutional monarchy, 214, 214-
    15n16, 242-43, 250
Constitutive I (das "gestaltende Ich"),
    40-44, 47, 48
Consumer class, 147-48, 277-78
Content-form problem, 221-25
Contract theory, 302-4
Corneli v. Moore, 15, 159, 159nn16-17,
    160
Corporations, 200, 204, 262, 280-83
Crénière, Jean Baptiste, 303-4, 317 Criminal law, 87. See also Law
Critique of Pure Reason (Kant), 230
Crusius, Otto, 109
Cultural patrimony (Kulturgüter),
    37-38, 100
Cumberland, Richard, 298
Custom and law, 227

Dahlmann, Friedrich Christoph, 81-89,
    90, 91, 92, 94
Daimon, 6-7, 7n12, 109-11, 115-17
Dante Alighieri, 37, 38
Davenport, Herbert, 120, 132
Davis v. Ohio, 167-68, 170
Declaration of Independence
    (American), 286-91, 305, 306,
    333-34
Declaration of the Rights of Man and
Citizen (1789): Abbé Grégoire on, 301-2; and American Declaration of Independence, 286-91, 305, 306, 333-34; atmosphere of debates on, 311-12, 315; Aulard on, 311-12, 316, 334; Camus on, 302; Castellane on, 301; Cicé (Archbishop of Bordeaux) on, 288-89, 302, 332-33; Cicé (Bishop of Auxerre) on, 287; Clavière's draft of, 307; Clermont-Tonerre on, 293-94; and Committee of Five, 307; and Committee on the Constitution, 312; and context of reason, 327; as contract, 302-4; Crénière on, 303-4; debate on Article 12 of, 315; Delandine on, 298-99; Desmeunier on, 301, 327; as document of political speculation, 327; drafts of, 285, 289-90, 306-7; Dumont on, 306-9, 311-15; Dupont on, 301; Duroverai's draft of, 307; and duties of citizens, 301-2, 305, 330-31, 335; and English models, 285-86, 290, 333-34; fears concerning, 297-99, 301-2, 305; first mention of plan for, 294-95; and French national character, 312-15, 335; Gouges-Cartou's draft of, 290, 303, 333-34; Grandin on, 301; Guiot on, 335; and human rights, 295-99, 302, 303, 305, 327-28, 330-31, 335; Laborde on, 327; Lafayette's proposal for, 286-87, 294, 300, 333; Lally-Tollendal on, 285, 286, 298, 302-3, 315; legal character of, 298-300, 328-29, 331-33; Levis on, 297; Luzerne on, 297-98; Madier on, 315; Maillane on, 291-93; Malouet on, 287-88, 295-97; Michelet on, 333-34, 335; Mirabeau on, 305-11, 313, 315-16, 327; Mounier on, 290, 294-95, 299-300, 332; purposes of, 292-95, 300-301, 302; Rabaud de Saint-Etienne on, 289, 301; reality and unreality of, 20-21, 317-18, 327; and regeneration of the state, 293-94; Rousseau's influence on, 298, 303-4, 316-17; and Siéyès, 289-90, 308, 317- 35; Sillery on, 301; skepticism versus extravagant idealism in speeches on, 305-11, 315, 327; speeches of French National Assembly producing, 20, 285-318, 327-35; speeches on, not composed by speakers, 313; Target on, 299, 301; vanity and spectacle in speakers on, 311-16, 318, 327, 335; Virieu on, 327-28
Defoe, Daniel, 276-77, 278, 279
Delandine, Antoine-Françoise, 298-99
Democracy: Bernatzik on, 217; and
constitutionality of Eighteenth Amendment, 14-18, 149-74; form of, as relational process, 12-13, 18; and frontier, 18-19, 193-95, 197, 200-201; Hubrich on, 211, 212; Jellinek on, 7, 245, 250, 251; and La Follette's Wisconsin idea, 18-19, 192-205; Merkl on, 211; overview of, in United States, 14-19; as republic, 211; Roscher on, 208; symbols of, 95; transformation of monarchy into, 8; transformation of, to authoritarian state, 9; and Weber, 108; Zacharias on, 210, 219
Democratic Party, 192, 198-99, 205
Demos, 219
Dempsey v. Boynton, 15n35, 152n5
Denkakte (acts of intelligence), 37
Denkform (thought-form), 44
Denkgebilde (thought constructs), 46
Denkleistung (intellectual achieve-
    ment), 38
Denkschritte (rational calculation), 32
Descartes, René, 13, 20, 22, 314, 325-26
Desmeunier, J.-N., 301, 327
Destiny, 43
Deutsches Staatsrecht (Hänel), 213
Deutsches Staats-und Bundesrecht
    (Zacharia), 213
Dictatorship, 218
Differentia specifia, 58
Dillon v. Gloss, 16, 17, 161-62, 172
Dilthey, Wilhelm, 4
Dinghaftigkeit (objectivity), 228
Direktion (management), 131
Disability (legal category), 186
Disenchantment ( Entzauberung ), 5,
    103, 108, 110
Dispositions, 32-40, 33n16, 42, 44
Distribution of Wealth (Clark), 127n14
Double norm, 232
Duhem, Pierre, 46, 46-47n4, 48, 112
Dumont, Etienne, 306-9, 311-15, 319,
    320, 322, 324, 327
Dupont de Nemours, Pierre-Samuel,
    301
Durchbildung (development), 81
Durchgehende Naturgesetzlichkeit
    (thoroughgoing lawlike character), 42
Durchschnittliches (being "average"),
    235
Duroverai, Jacques-Antoine, 307
Duties (legal category), 186

Ebene (plane), 30-31
"Economic and Class Conflict in
    America" (Voegelin), 175-81
Economic control ( Wirtschaftskon-
    trolle
), 275-76
Economic cycle, 128-29
Economic forecasting, 10, 274-84
Economic planning ( planwirtschaft-
    lichen
), 275-76
Economics: and absolute limit of
variation law, 140, 142; and antithesis man-nature, 139; Böhm-Bawerk on, 122, 1221113, 126-27, 127n14, 140, 145; and business cycles, 259, 274-84; and capital, 126-31, 140, 144-45; Clark on, 119-20, 127-31, 127n14, 133, 140; and economic act, 138; and economic cycle, 128-29; and economic unit, 135; and enterprise, 132; and entrepreneurs, 31, 130-32, 142-43, 146-48, 175, 179-80, 281; European versus U. S. economic science, 10; and Federal Reserve Act, 255~73; Fetter on, 140-43; Fischer on, 143, 144-45; and goods-need antithesis, 136, 139-40; Hawley on, 130-32, 142; historical economy, 134, 135-36; and investment, 132-33, 136-38; Marshall on, 119, 120; and norms, 10; and price indexes in U. S., 263-67; process of, 136-39; and quanta of goods, 124-26; Schumpeter on, 119, 120-21, 131, 142, 143; static versus dynamic economy, 118-22, 133-34; 139; and technology, 137-38; time in the economy, 118-48; Tuttle on, 128-29, !42, and value of goods, 122-26, 128, 133-36; Veblen's social economy theory, 146-48; and wealth, 129-30
Economic unit, 135
Economy and Society (Weber), 101
Edward, King of England, 84, 285
Edwards, Jonathan, 13
Eigensubstanz (unique substance), 324
Eighteenth Amendment: coming into
effect of, 171-74; compatibility of content of with other constitutional provisions, 156-65; constitutionality of, 8, 14-18, 15n35, 149-74, 161n20; and Fifth Amendment, 15, 159, 159nn16-17; and inalienable rights, 151; literature on, 150, 150n2; and National Prohibition Cases, 15, 15n35, 16-17, 152, !52n5, 156, 158, 158-59n15, 160, 161, 161n20; passage of, 15, 152-56, 161; text of, 151-52; time limit for ratification of, 15-16, 17, 162-65
Einheit (oneness), 212
Einheitlichkeit (homogeneity), 211
Einheitsverknüpfung (unifying linkage),
    96
Einherrschaft (rule of the one), 210
Einmaligkeit (uniqueness), 38
Einzigkeit (individual), 38
Elections, 169, 201-2
Eleventh Amendment, 169-70
Emptying process, 7, 212, 216, 220, 221
Encyclopedic science, 115
England: constitution of, 8, 320;
documents as foundation of liberty in, 285-86, 290, 333-34; national character of, 313, 314; parliamentarianism in, 112-13, 228, 230, 243, 248-49, 314; physics in, 112; sociology in, 27-48, 336-43; theory in, 46-47, 46-47n34
Enlightenment, 94
Enterprise and enterprisers, 131, 132.
    See also Entrepreneurs
Entleerung (emptying), 7, 212, 216, 220,
    221
Entrepreneurs, 31, 130-32, 142-43,
    146-48, 175, 179-80, 281
Entzauberung (disenchantment), 5, 103,
    108, 110
Enzyklopaedie der Rechts-und
    Statswissenschaft,
182
Ephrussi, Elisabeth, 197
Epistemology, 49-51
Equality and inequality, 208, 209,
    216-17, 287-88, 307, 330
Erdenrest (mortal remainder), 246
Ereignis (event), 235
Erkennende (cognizing), 228
Erlebniskraft (experiential forceful-
    ness), 253
Erzeugung (production), 126
Estate ( Stand ), 148, 283
Ethical I (" ethische Ich "), 40, 42-44, 47
Ethics: Christian ethics, 103; and
    dispositions, 37, 38-39; of intention
    ( Gesinnungsethik ), 104-5, 107; and
    Kelsen's legal rule, 186; puritanical
    ethics, 39, 42; of responsibility,
    104-5; Salomon on, 227; and science,
    100-101; Spencer on, 40
Ethische Ich (ethical I), 40, 42-44, 47 Ethisierung (ethicization), 42
Europe: class conflict in, 10, 175-78,
    198, 275-76; economic science in,
    10; equality in, 287-88, 307, 330;
    markets of, 274; research on business
    cycles in, 274-75; social legislation
    in, 281. See also specific countries
Everydayness ( den Alltag ), 103, 105,
    108, 110-11
Exekutionshandlung (executive action),
    64
Ex parte Dillon, 166, 171
Ex parte Yarbrough, 163

Factum (fact), 122
Faith, 108, 109
Family, 81, 246-47
Fassung (setting), 225
Faust (Goethe), 115
Federalist, 156
Federal Reserve Act, 255-73
Federal Reserve Board, 203, 256-58,
    267-69, 283, 284
Federal Reserve System: board members
    for, 203, 256-58, 267-69; and gold
    standard, 255-56, 258, 259, 260, 266,
    267, 270; and inflationary measures,
    269-70; inquiries and investigations
    by, 270-71; and stability of economy,
    258-59, 260, 270, 283, 284; and
    stabilization of the dollar, 255-73;
    text of supplementary bill on, 259-61, 271-73
Fetter, Frank A., 132n4, 140-43
Fichte, Johann Gottlieb, 94, 207
Field v. Clark, 153
Fifth Amendment, 15, 159, 159nn16-17,
    160, 162
Fischer, Irving, 143, 144-45
Flint v. Stone Tracy Co., 153
Folgeerscheinungen (social phenom-
    ena), 216
Form-content problem, 221-25
Forms, theory of, 206-21
Fortgang (progress), 224
Fourteenth Amendment, 19, 160-61,
    167
France: compared with United States,
20, 286-89, 289n9, 296; constitution of 1791 in, 243; and Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen (1789), 13, 20-21, 285-335; and French Revolution, 195; monarchy in, 243; National Assembly in, 321; national character of, 312-15, 335; physics in, 112; Tiers-État (Third Estate) in, 321
Frederick the Great, 74-75
French National Assembly. See
Declaration of the Rights of Man and
    Citizen (1789)
French Revolution, 195
"From State Practice: The
    Constitutionality of the Eighteenth
    Amendment" (Voegelin), 8, 14-17,
    149-74
Frontier, 18-19, 193-95, 197, 200-201
Fundation (foundation), 8, 225, 244

Gardner v. Collector, 172n39
Gedankenführung (train of thought), 34
Gedankengang (train of thought), 46
Gefühle (feelings), 32
Gefügte Sinn (adaptable meaning), 116
Gegebensein (way it is "given"), 223
Gegenständlichkeit (objective quality),
    226
Gegenwartwerdende Zukunft (future
    becoming the present), 135
Geisteswissenschaft, 4
Geistig (mental, spiritual), 40, 305
Geistige Gestaltungen (spiritual
    formation), 11-13
Gemeinsamkeit (mutuality), 110
Gemeinschaftsregelung (regulation of a
    community), 227, 232
Genus proximum, 58
George, Stefan, 116-17
Gepräge (unique character), 40
Gerber, C. F. von, 68, 77-81, 83, 87, 88,
    183
Germany, 112, 183-84, 190-91, 196,
    217, 275, 282, 336
Gesamthandlungen (collective acts),
    86
Gesamtperson (unitary person), 66-68,
    69
Gesamtrechtssatz (principle of law),
    235
Gesamtsinn (collective meaning), 239
Gesamtvorrat (totality of goods), 122
Gesamtwertberechnung (total
    calculation of value), 125
Geschlechterfolge (dynastic
    succession), 219
Gesetzt der Rückbeziehung (law of
    retroactive reference), 128
Gesetzeswissenschaft (science of law),
    91
Gesetzlichkeit (set of laws[lawfulness]), 43, 237
Gesinnungsethik (ethics of conviction
    or intention), 5, 104
Gestaltende Ich (constitutive I), 40-44,
    47, 48
Gestahlich (formative), 139
Gestaltung (formation), 106, 148
Gierke, Otto Friedrich von, 64, 66-69,
    70, 71, 79
Glaubenslosigkeit (lack of faith), 108
Glück (happiness), 294
God, 39, 42, 43, 328
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, 13,
    115
Gold standard, 255-56, 258, 259, 260,
    263, 266, 267, 270
Gompers, Samuel, 10, 177
Goods: goods-need antithesis, 133-34,
    136, 139-40; value of, 122-26, 128,
    133-36, 140-41; value versus, 129
    Gouges-Cartou, Député, 290, 303,
    333-34
Grandin, 301
Great Britain. See England
Great Society (Wallas), 28-48
Greeks, 102-3
Grégoire, Baptiste-Henri, Abbé, 301-2
Grenznutzenlehre (theory of marginal
    use), 135
Grenzprodukt (marginal product), 127
Grieg, Edvard, 37
Größenberechnung (calculation of
    quantity), 124
Group Mind (McDougall), 28
Grundzüge des allgemeinen
    Staatsrechts
(Held), 213
Guiot, 335
Guterklasse (class of goods), 129

Halbheit (half-heartedness), 321
Hall v. Moran, 160-61, 161n20
Hamilton, Alexander, 156
Handbuch des Österreichischen
Verfassungsrechts
(Herrnritt), 213,
    217
Handelnde (agent), 107
Handlung (actions), 85
Hänel, Albert, 64, 76, 213, 239n61
Happiness, 36-37, 107, 294, 329,
    329n152
Hatschek, Julius, 214n16
Hauptprobleme der Staatsrechtslehre
    (Kelsen), 52n2, 60n12, 66, 184
Hawke v. Smith, Secr. of State, 166, 168
Hawley, Frederick B., 130-32, 142
Hegel, G. W. F., 6, 207, 210, 211, 336
Heilkraft (rectification), 204
Held, Joseph von, 213
Henry IV, King of England, 285
Hera, 102
Herbring v. Brown, 166
Herrnritt, Rudolf Herrmann von, 213,
    217, 218
Herrschaftsgewalt (objects of ruling
    power), 77
Hinausgehobensein (ecstatic
    upliftedness), 103
Historical economy, 134, 135-36
Historical substratum, 90, 94
Historische Sinneinheit (historically
    meaningful unit), 11, 234, 253
History: historically meaningful unit,
    l0-11, 234, 253; neo-Kantian view
    of, 3-5; valuative method in, 113;
    Weber's philosophy of, 6-7, 101-4,
    108-10, 113-16
Hitler and the Germans (Voegelin), 5n7
    7n12
Hobbes, Thomas, 8, 45
Hollingsworth v. Virginia, 169-70
Hubrich, Eduard, 211, 212
Human nature: and capacity of a
body, 36; as cultural beings, 4; and Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen (1789), 329-30, 333, 334-35; and dispositions, 32-40, 33n16; and instincts, 33, 35-36, 45; laws connecting human behavior, 35-36; Wallas on, 32-34, 33n16. See also Psychology; Social psychology
Human rights. See Rights
Humboldt, Wilhelm von, 194
Hume, David: on group, 342-43;
    influence of, on Declaration of the
    Rights of Man and Citizen (1789),
    298; on memory, 21-22, 339-40; on
    the self, 7n12, 21-22, 337-40; on
    sympathy, 340-43
Husserl, Edmund, 6, 22, 63nn18-19,

Ibsen, Henrik, 37, 38
Ideal types, 113
Ideas: Ideengesetzlichkeit (set
    of laws governing ideas), 91;
Ideennotwendigkeit (necessity
    of ideas), 91; of law, 228; in
    lived historical experience, 18;
    of monarchy, 239-40; and organs, 92;
    of state, 78-79, 83, 99; and state as
    organism, 78-79; Wallas on natural
    ideas, 44, 45
Ideengesetzlichkeit (set of laws
    governing ideas), 91
Ideennotwendigkeit (necessity of ideas)
    91
Identity of person. See Self
    Ideologies, 20-21
Immanent transcendence, 41-44
Immigrants, 19, 198
Imperative, 41
Imputation, 187
Inalienable rights, 151
Independence (legal category), 187 Indifferenzräume (spaces of
    indifference), 226
Individual. See Self
Industrial price indexes, 263-66
Inequality. See Equality and inequality
Inflation, 269-70
Inhaltlichkeit (quality of content), 97
Innere Seinsweise (inward way of
    being), 98
In seinem An-sich (in-itself), 223
Instincts, 33, 35-36, 45
Integralrest (integral remainder), 122
Intelligence, 33, 37
Intentional bifurcation ( intentionale
    Gespaltenheit
), 139
Intentionale Gespaltenheit (intentional
    bifurcation ), 139
Interest rates, 127, 132, 142-43
International law, 187-88. See also Law
Interstate Commerce Commission, 203
Investment, 132-33, 136-38
Israel and Revelation (Voegelin), 22n52
Italy, 37, 38

Jameson, John Alexander, 164
Jefferson, Thomas, 18, 198
Jellinek, Georg, 7, 50, 71-76, 79, 80, 90,
    95, 96, 182, 183, 206, 207, 210, 213,
    214, 219, 220, 236-54
Jewish mysticism, 42
Juristic concepts, 68-71, 79, 80
Juristische Grundbegriffe (fundamental
    juridical concepts), 223

Kaiser, Der (Tezner), 213
Kant, Immanuel, 29, 61, 81, 94, 184,
    207, 230, 336
Kat'exochen (ruling group), 252
Kaufmann, Erich, 225-26
Kaufmann, Felix, 2n1, 52, 55-62, 60n12,
    231-32
Kelsen, Hans: and Austrian
Constitution (1920), 9, 182, 188-90; on epistemology, 49-51; and formula for principle of law, 235-36; on legal maxim, 50-66, 52n2, 60n12, 231, 232-33, 235-36; and normative linkage of the states of affairs, 54-55; and problem of sovereignty, 66, 187-88; and pure theory of law, 182-91, 230; relationship between organ and state, 54, 66, 71, 73; and terminus of accountability, 53-55, 57, 60, 65, 66, 69-71, 73, 93, 96; and theory of the state, 9, 49-50, 52-55, 60n12, 68, 71, 95, 182-91; on unitary persons versus people of the state, 68; as Voegelin's mentor, 1, 2n1, 9n21
"Kelsen's Pure Theory of Law"
    (Voegelin), 182-91
Kentucky Distilleries & Warehouse Co.
    v. Gregory,
15n35, 152n5
Kingship. See Monarchy
Kistiakowski, B., 50
Kleene, G. A., 13n28
Knight, F. H., 131n8, 135n5
Knowledge: Siéyès on, 319, 319n112;
    social determination of sociological
    knowledge, 27-48; Socrates on, 104;
    and value acts, 102
Kollegium (collective body), 8, 218, 240
Kommissionsverwaltung (administra-
    tive system through commissions),
    203
Kreislauf (economic cycle), 128
Kritik der neukantischen Rechts-
    philosophie
(Kaufmann), 225-26
Kropotkin, Prince, 45
Kulturgeschehen (cultural events), 100
Kulturgüter (cultural patrimony),
    37-38, 100
Kulturmensch (cultivated person), 4
Kulturwissenschaft , 4, 7, 10
Künstlichkeit (artificiality), 212
Kürwille (will of choice), 83

Laband, Paul, 68-72, 76, 79, 96, 183
Laborde de Méréville, Françoise-Louis-
    Jean-Joseph de, 327
Labor legislation, 190
Labor movement, 10, 175, 177-80,
    281-82
Lafayette, Marie-Joseph-Paul-Yves-
    Roches-Guilbert Du Motier, marquis
    de, 286-87, 294, 300, 333
La Follette, Robert, 17, 18-19, 192-205,
La Follette, Robert, Jr., 204
"La Follette and the Wisconsin Idea"
    (Voegelin), 18-19, 192-205
Lally-Tollendal, Trophime-Gérard,
    comte de, 285, 286, 298, 302-3, 315
Lane County v. Oregon, 158
Lansing, Robert, 172
Law: antithesis between sociological
material and legal formation, 225-26; civil law, 77; concept and idea of, 228-30; constitutional law, 68-71, 75, 214, 216; content-form problem of, 221-23, 224; criminal law, 87; and custom, 227; and Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen (1789), 298-300, 328-29, 331-33; and first layer of forms, 227-30, 234, 254; Gerber on, 68, 183; Hobbes on, 8; international law, 187-88; Jellinek on, 235-39, 244-45, 247-48; juristic formulation of, 68-71, 80; Kelsen's formula for principle of law, 235-36; Laband on state law, 68-72, 76, 79-80, 183; and legal duty, 222; and legal maxims ( Rechtssatz ), 50-66, 52n2, 60n12, 231-34; legal norms, 9, 55-60, 62, 92, 184-85, 223, 225, 226, 231, 232, 238-39; and legal relationship, 222-23; Merkl's theory of degrees on, 60; natural laws, 37, 50, 94, 190, 209, 302; neo-Kantian view of, 13; organ concepts of, 231, 233, 234; ought relation of, 230-31; positive laws, 54, 56, 97n37, 97, 184-85, 190, 213, 229, 297-300, 302, 303; psychology of, 229; public law, 69; Radbruch on, 222-23, 224, 227-30; relationship of morals to, 59; Salomon's theory of, 227-29; sanction of, 238; Sander on, 230-31, 233-34; Schleiermacher on levels of, 94; Schreier on, 57-58, 68; science of, 229; and second layer of forms, 229, 230-34; Somlo on fundamental concepts of law, 223; Stammler's theory of, 227, 229; state forms and legal concepts, 221-23; subjective law, 222; theory of state law, 253; Zitelmann on types of law concepts, 221-23. See also Pure theory of law
Law of object determination, 62-63
Layer, Max, 213, 217-18
Lebensform (life form), 195
Lee, Charles, Attorney General, 170
Legal duty, 222
Legal maxims ( Rechtssatz }:Kaufmann
    on, 55-62, 231-32; Kelsen on,50-66,
    52n2,60n12,231,232-33,235-36;
    Merkl on, 60; Sander on, 60-65, 73,
    233-34; Schreier on, 55, 57-61, 65;
    and will of the state, 52-55, 60, 70-71
    Legal norms, 9, 55-60, 62, 92, 184-85,
    223, 225, 226, 231, 232, 238-39
Legal relationship, 222-23
Lehrbuch des Vernunftrechtes
    (Rotteck), 209
Leitbegriff (key concept), 35
Levis-Mirepoix, Charles-Philibert-
    Marie-Gaston, comte de, 297
Levy, Hermann, 39
Liability (legal category), 186
Lincoln, Abraham, 195-96, 197
Locke, John, 298
Loening, Edgar, 213
Logisierung (logification), 69
Lohnbewußstein (wage consciousness),
    180
Louis XIV, King, 215
Luther v. Borden, 170
Luzerne, Monsieur de la (bishop of
    Langres), 297-98

Machiavelli, Niccolò, 211
Machines. See Technology
Machtvollkommenheit (completeness
    of power), 210
Madier de Montjau, Noël-Joseph, 315
Madison, James, 156
Magna Carta, 285
Maillane, Durand de, 291-93
Malouet, Pierre-Victor, 287-88, 295-97
Malthus, Thomas, 276, 277-79
Marburg school, 49, 51, 223
Marbury v. Madison, 159-60
Marginal use theory, 135
Mars, 102, 102n1
Marshall, Alfred, 119, 120
Marshall, John, 159-60, 164, 164n28,
    168
Martin v. Hunter's Lessee, 163, 164,
Marx, Karl, 280-81
Mathematics, 47n34, 101, 112, 114, 118
Matthews v. Zane, 172n39
McCulloch v. Maryland, 164, 164n28,
    168, 170
McDougall, William, 28, 33, 35
McKenna, Joseph, 160
Meaningful unit ( Sinneinheit ), 1, 10-11,
    23, 88, 90, 94-95, 234, 245, 253, 254
"Meaning of the Declaration of the
    Rights of Man and Citizen of 1789"
    (Voegelin), 13, 20-21, 285-335
Meißner, Otto, 213
Memory, 21-22, 339-40
Menschliches Handeln (human
    performance), 235
Menschliches Unterlassen (human
    avoidance), 235
Merkl, A., 60, 211, 219-20
Metaphysical I (" metaphysische Ich "),
    40-44, 46
Metaphysics, 38, 39, 46, 100, 101-2, 325
Metaphysische Ich (metaphysical I),
    40-44, 46
Meyer-Anschütz, Georg, 64, 211
Michaud, Joseph Fr., 291-92n16
Michaud, Louis Gabriel, 291-92n16
Michelet, Jules, 333-34, 335
Middle Ages, 103, 110
Mignet, Francois-Auguste-Marie, 320
Mill, John Stuart, 194-95
Milliken, Carl Elias, Governor of
    Maine, 167
Minderschätzung (shortfall
    assessment), 144
Mirabeau, Gabriel-Jean-Honoré de
    Riquetti, comte de, 305-11, 313,
    315-16, 327
Mises, Ludwig von, 274n1
Missouri Pacific Railway Co. v. State of
    Kansas,
152-53, 155
Modellcharacter (model character), 48
Modelvorstellungen (representations of
    models), 285
Molé, (name of an actor in the "Comédie Française") 316
Monarchy: absolute monarchy, 240,
245, 250; Bernatzik on, 216-17, 219; Bornhak on, 215-16; compared with republic, 211-14, 218, 245- 46; constitutional monarchy, 214, 214-15n16, 242-43, 250; Dahlmann on, 87-89, 92; Gerber on, 78, 87; in Germany, 190-91; Held on, 213; Herrnritt on, 217; and inequality, 216, 217; Jellinek on, 7, 76, 79-80, 90, 210, 214, 219, 220, 238-45, 250, 251; Layer on, 217-18; Merkl on, 211, 219-20; parliamentary monarchy, 217, 241- 43, 248-49; and physical-juridical antithesis, 213-15, 217, 218; Roscher on, 208, 216; Schleiermacher on, 246-47; Seydel on, 218-19; symbol of, 89, 95, 241, 244, 249, 250, 253; transformation of, into democracy, 8; Treitschke on, 214-15n16, 218; Waitz on, 89-92, 99; Weber on, 108; Zacharias on naturalness of, 209-10
Money versus capital, 129
Moral norms and morality, 59, 227
Morris, Gouverneur, 320
Mounier, Jean-Joseph, 290, 294-95,
    299-300, 332
Music, 101, 114
Mutuality, 85-88, 90, 93, 110
Mysticism, 42

Nation, 304
National Assembly of France. See
    Declaration of the Rights of Man and
    Citizen (1789)
National character, 111-12, 312-15,
    335
National Prohibition Cases. See
    Eighteenth Amendment
Natural ideas, 44, 45
Natural laws, 37, 50, 94, 190, 209, 302
Nature of the Law and Related Legal
Writings
(Voegelin), 15n4
Naturgemässe (reflecting its nature), 91
Natürlichkeitskonstruktionen
    (constructions of naturalness),
    212
Naturstaat (natural state), 81
Nawiasky, Hans, 215
Needs. See   Goods-need antithesis
Negroes, 19, 198
Neo-Kantianism, 2-11, 13, 20, 184, 223
Net yield, 141
New Science of Politics (Voegelin), 5n7,
    11
New Testament, 42
Newton, Sir Isaac, 320
Ninth Amendment, 160
Niveau ( [economic] standard), 135
Noema, 63, 234
Noesis, 63, 234
No-right (legal category), 186
Normative method, 49-50
Normierten (standardized), 222
Normlogik, 3-5
Norms: double norm, 232; economic
    norms, 10; legal norms, 9, 55-60,
    62, 92, 184-85, 223, 225, 226, 231,
    232, 238-39; moral norms, 59; norm-
    setting and norm-obeying, 84-87, 90;
    original norm, 236; and pure theory
    of law, 9, 97-98
Norway, 37, 38
Not-being, 224
Notice sur la vie (Siéyès), 319
Nur als zu erzeugende (that which is to
    be produced), 224

Objectivity, 29-30, 47, 48, 228
On Liberty (Mill), 194-95
On the Form of the American Mind
    (Voegelin), 2, 11-14, 17n41, 18
"On the Theory of the State Form"
    (Voegelin), 12-13, 206-54
Order and History (Voegelin), 22, 22n52
    "Organic Establishment and
    Representation" (Kelsen), 66
Organization, 46-47
Organperson (organ as personal agent),
    54
Organs. See State and law-setting organs
Organschaft (organhood), 218
Original norm, 236
Örtliches Zusammensein (local
    togetherness), 81
Owen, Robert, 279

Paine, Thomas, 319
Pandekten (Regelsberger), 222
Paresse (indolence), 21, 305, 335
Parker, Alton Brooks, 199
Parliamentarianism, 112-13, 228, 230,
    248-49, 314
Parliamentary monarchy, 217, 241-43,
    248-49
Passion, 108
People of the state, 67, 78-79, 81-83,
    89-91, 92, 196-97, 247-50, 253, 304
Petrarch, Francesco, 37
Phaedrus (Plato), 1
Phänomenologie der Ding-
    wahrnehmung
(phenomenology
    of perception of things), 98n38
Philosophy, 3-5
Physics, 47n34, 48, 50, 61-62, 67,
    111-12, 114, 223-25, 230, 253, 320
Physischen Aussenwelt (external
    physical world), 122
Plane of forms, 40-45
Plane of modes, 41-45
Planwirtschaftlichen (economic
    planning), 275-76
Plato, 1, 6, 22, 38, 94, 207
Plato and Aristotle (Voegelin), 22n52
Politics: Hegel on, 207; and political
    speculation, 325-27, 334; and Siéyès,
    318, 318n110, 320, 320n119, 322-23,
    326, 334; and state, 79-91; as theory
    of healthy state, 83
Politics (Dahlmann), 81-89
Politics (Roscher), 95, 208
Politics (Waitz), 89-92
Politiken (politics), 80
Polk, State Secretary, 171, 173
Polytheism, 104
Population, 83, 93
Positive laws, 54, 56, 97, 97n37, 184-85,
    190, 213, 229, 297-300, 302, 303
Positives Vorzeichen (positive
    prognostication), 125
Positivism, 7-10
Positivity, 50-51, 59-61, 96-97, 97n37
Power (legal category), 186
Power of office (Amtsgewalt), 69
Pragmatism, 42-43, 112
Pre-Socratics, 46
Preußisches Staatsrecht (Bornhak), 213,
    215-16
Price indexes, 263-67
Principles of Economics (Fetter), 140-43
Privileges (legal category), 186
Progressivism, 18-19, 192-205. See also
    Wisconsin idea
Prohibition of alcohol. See Eighteenth
    Amendment
Prolegomena to Any Future
    Metaphysics
(Kant), 29
Proletarians, 181, 280. See also Working
    class
Protestantism, 114 Proust, Marcel, 13, 20, 323-26
Provisioning ( Ausstattung ), 138
Psychic income, 140-41
Psychischer Willensakt (mental act of
    will), 53
Psychoanalysis, 37n23
Psychology, 28-29, 31-32, 229
Public law, 69
Pure theory of law: and Austrian
Constitution (1920), 9, 182, 188- 90; and definition of law, 92; epistemological principle of, 49-51; formula for legal rule, 185; and Gierke, 68; and Kelsen, 182-91, 230; and legal maxims, 50-66, 52n2, 60n12, 231, 232-33; and legal norms, 92; and norms, 9, 97-98; and the state, 8-9, 49-99; and state organ, 54, 66, 68-79; and terminus of accountability, 53-55, 57, 60, 65, 66, 69-71, 73, 93, 96; Voegelin's critique of, 96-99
"Pure Theory of Law and of State"
    (Voegelin), 9, 49-99
Puritanism, 39, 42

Quanta of goods, 124-26, 133

Rabaud de Saint-Étienne, Jean-Paul,??????
    289, 301
Race and State (Voegelin), 9n21
Radbruch, Gustav, 222-23, 224, 227-30
Railroads, 179, 180, 201, 283
Rainey v. United States, 153
Ratification of constitutional
    amendments, 15-16, 17, 157,
    162-71, 202
Rationalism, 103-4, m-15
Real estate value, 143-44
Realitätssetzung (vestiges of reality), 63
Reason, 61, 327
Recht (law), 215n16
Rechtliche Normierung (legal norms),
    226. See also Legal norms
Rechtsbegriff und Rechtsidee (Binder),
    227
Rechtsgeschehen (legal event), 50
Rechtsgrundbegriffe (fundamental
    concepts of law), 223
Rechtsidee (idea of law), 299
Rechtsinstitut (institution of right), 251
Rechtsordnung (order of law), 51-52,
    219
Rechtssatz (legal maxim), 50-66, 52n2,
    60n12, 222
Rechtssetzende Handlungen (right-
    generating actions), 239
Rechtssetzende Organe (law-setting
    organs), 234
Rechtsverhältnis (legal relationship),
    222-23
Reciprocal effects ( Wechsel-
    wirkungslehre
), 67
Recognition of states, 187-88
Regelsberger, Ferdinand, 222
Reichhaltigkeit (abundance), 145
Reichsbehörden (administrative
    authorities) of the empire), 69
Reihenzerlegung (linear division), 125
Reine Rechtslehre (Pure theory of law),
    183. See also Pure theory of law
Renaissance, 104
Rente (revenue), 141-42
Re Opinion of the Justices, 166-67
Representation, 11-12, 66, 72-73, 76,
    90-91, 248-50
Repression, 37n23
Republic, 209-14, 216-19, 240, 244-46,
    250-51
Republic and Monarchy (Bernatzik),
    206, 216
Republican Party, 198-99, 205
"Research of Business Cycles and
    the Stabilization of Capitalism"
    (Voegelin), 10, 274-84
Resemblance , 339, 341,??? 342???
Resignation, 105-8
Responsibility, 104-5, 107-8, 110
Retroactive reference law, 128
Revenue, 141-42
Richtiges Recht (correct law), 226
Richtunggebend (course-setting), 238
Rickert, Heinrich, 113
Rights, 186, 295-99, 302, 303, 305, 327-
    28, 330-31, 335. See also Declaration
    of the Rights of Man and Citizen
    (1789)
Roepke, Wilhelm, 284
Roman Catholic Church, 178, 205
    Roosevelt, Theodore, 18, 199, 204
    Root, Elihu, 156-57
Roscher, Wilhelm, 92, 95, 208, 210
Rotteck, Carl von, 209, 210, 212
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, 298, 303-4,
    316-17
Rückdeutungen (retrospective
    interpretations), 213
Rudkin, Frank H., Justice, 166, 167,
    171-72
Russell, Bertrand, 112
Russell-Sage Foundation, 178

Sachlich (object-oriented), 112
Sachliche Sinngebung (material
    endowment of meaning), 114
Sachlichkeit (objective reality), 100
Sainte-Beuve, C. A., 318, 319, 322
Salomon, Max, 227-29
Sander, Fritz, 52, 61-65, 73, 96, 230-31,
    233-34
Santayana, George, 13
Satz (maxim), 52-53
Sätzen (principles), 207
Satztypus (propositional type), 235
Sawyer v. Manitowoc Products Co.,
Schausspiel (dramatic spectacle), 20
    Schleiermacher, Friedrich, 81, 93, 94,
    207, 246-47
Schmidt, Richard, 95, 206-7
Scholastics, 46, 94
Schreier, Fritz, 2n1, 55, 57-61, 60n12,
    65, 68, 96
Schumpeter, Joseph, 2n1, 119, 120-21,
    131, 132n33, 142, 143
Science: British scientists, 112; Cohen
on, 223-24, 229, 236; development curve of, 118; Duhem on, 46, 46-47n34, 48, 112; encyclopedic science, 115; and ethical attitude toward world, 100-101; form-content problem in, 223-25; and mathematics, 47n34, 101, 111-12; and national character, 111-12; neo-Kantian view of, 3-5; objectivity of, 29-30, 47, 48; and personality of researcher, 113, 114; physics, 47n34, 48, 50, 61-62, 67, 111-12, 114, 223-24, 230, 253, 320; and responsibility, 104-5; value-free science, 112-14; Weber on, 5-6
Scientific socialism, 112
Sein (existence), 184
Selected Book Reviews (Voegelin), 9n21
Self: Hume on, 7n12, 21-22, 337-40;
    and memory, 21-22, 339-40; theater
    metaphor for, 21-23, 22n2, 338; and
    time, 22
Seligman, Edwin R. A., 120
Setzung (proposition), 233
Setzungsakt (positing), 97
Seventeenth Amendment, 169
Seydel, Max von, 215n16, 218-19
Shortfall assessment, 144
Sicherheiten (assurances), 177
Sich-gleich-bleiben (enduring sameness
    of the self), 340
Siéyès, Emmanuel-Joseph, Abbé,
    289-90, 308, 317-35
Sillery, Charles-Alexis de Brulart,
    Marquis de, 301
Simmel, Georg, 67, 105-8, 184
Sinneinheit (meaningful unit), 1, 10-11,
    23, 88, 90, 95, 234, 245, 253, 254
Sinnfragwürdigdigkeiten (amassing of all
    questionable issues of meaning), 101
Sinngebilde (construct of meaning), 88
Sinnsetzung, 84
Sinnverbauender (obfuscating), 220
Sismondi, Jean de, 276, 279
Sitte (custom), 89
Sketch of Universal Social and
    Economic History
(Weber), 101
Slaughterhouse Cases (1873), 160
Slavery, 195-96
Smith, Adam, 40, 42, 47
Smith, Alfred, 205
Social contract theory, 303-4
"Social Determination of Sociological
    Knowledge" (Voegelin), 27-48
Social economy, 146-48
Socialism, 112, 175, 179, 199, 245
Social legislation, 281-82
Social problems, 32
Social psychology, 31-48
Social relationships, 98, 340-43
Social sciences, 3-5, 11, 14. See
    also
History; Politics; Psychology;
    Sociology
Society, 37-38, 40, 46
Sociology: antithesis between
    sociological material and legal
    formation, 225-26; British sociology,
    27-48, 336-43; definition of social
    psychology, 31-34; and dispositions,
    32-40, 33n16, 42, 44; purpose of,
    34-35; social determination of
    sociological knowledge, 27-48;
    subjectivity of, 27-31; of Wallas,
    28-48
Socrates, 1, 104
Sollen (essence), 184
Sollregel (rule of the ought), 231
Somlo, Bodog, 223
Sonderung (separation), 208
Sovereignty: of the people, 196-97, 304;
    of the state, 66, 70, 187-88, 196-97
Spann, Othmar, 1, 2n1, 96
Spencer, Herbert, 40, 42
Spezifisch Rechtlichen, des (nature of
    legality), 97
Spittler, Ludwig Timotheus, 92
Splitting of the action, 85
Staatform (state form), 195
Staatliche Willensbildung (state
    formation of a will), 214
Staatsbegriff der soziologische und der
    juristische
(Kelsen), 96
Staatsformen unserer Zeit (Layer,[Max] ), 213, 217-18
Staatsländereien (state land offices),
    201
Staatslehre (political science), 1, 182,
    183-84
Staatspersönlichkeit (personality of the
    state), 70
Das Staatsrecht des Reichs und seiner
    Lander
(Meißner), 213
Staatswesenslehre (essence of the
    state), 208
Stael, Mme Germaine de, 320
Stammler, Rudolf, 227, 229
Standard Oil Company, 282
Ständ (estate), 77, 148, 283
State: administrative authorities of,
70-73; borders of, 67, 94; Dahlmann on, 81-89, 90, 91, 92, 94-95; Gerber on, 77-81, 83, 87, 88, 183; Hänel on, 76; historical reflection on, 94-96; ideas of, 78-79, 83, 98-99; juristic concepts of, 68-71, 79, 80; Kant on, 81, 94; Kelsen on sociological theories of, 96; Kelsen's theory of, 9, 49-50, 52-55, 60n12, 67, 70, 182-91, 235-36; Laband on, 68-72, 76, 79-80, 96, 183; neo-Kantian view of, 7-10, 13; and normative linkage of the states of affairs, 54-55; and norm-setting and norm-obeying actions, 84-87, 90; as organism, 78-79, 91; people of the state, 67, 78-79, 81-83, 89-91, 92, 196-97, 247-50, 253, 304; and politics, 79-91; and population, 83, 93; positivist theory of, 7-10; as process, 11-13; and pure theory of law, 8-9, 49-99; recognition of, 187-88; relationship between organ and, 54, 66, 68-79; Schleiermacher on, 81, 93, 94, 246-47; servants of the state, 78, 92; sovereignty of, 66, 70, 187-88, 196-97; static theories of, 60n12; symbols of, 8, 89, 95, 99; Waitz on, 89-92, 94, 99; Weber on, 108-9; will of the state, 52-55, 60, 70-71, 218, 236, 238. See also State forms
State and law-setting organs, 54, 66,
    68-79, 87, 89, 92, 97, 231, 233, 234,
    235-37, 239-40, 239n61, 253
State ex rel. Mullen v. Howell, Secr. of
    State, 165, 170
State forms: classical theory of, 7, 94,
207, 211; classification of, based on exercise of state power, 236; classification of, based on number of rulers, 210-12; classification of, based on possession or nonpossession of subjective right to rule, 215-20; classification of, based on principles, 208-9; content of theory of, 221-34; empirical types of, 237-38; formal versus efficient cause of, 7-8; Hegel on, 207, 210, 211; Jellinek on, 50, 71-76, 79-80, 90, 96, 182, 183, 206, 207, 210, 213, 236-54; and Kelsen's formula for principle of law, 235-36; and legal concepts, 221-23, 228-30, 235-54; natural-artificial classification of, 209-10, 220; and physical-juridical antithesis, 7-8,212-15, 217, 218, 220, 251; Schmidt on, 95, 206-7; and symbols, 253-54; theory of, 12-13, 206-54; and theory of forms, 206-21; theory of law and first layer of forms, 227-30, 234, 254; theory of law and second layer of forms, 229, 230-34. See also State; and specific state forms, such as Monarchy
State of New Jersey v. Palmer, 15n35,
    152n5
State of Rhode Island v. Palmer, 15n35,
    152n5, 158-59n15
Steel industry, 200, 263, 280-81, 282 St. Louis Brewing Association v. Moore,
    15n35, 152n5
Story, Joseph, 16, 164,
Strikes. See Labor movement
Strong, James G., 255-56, 266
Subjective law, 222
Substance (legal category), 187-88
"Supplementary Bill to the Federal
    Reserve Act" (Voegelin), 255-61
"Supplementary Bill to the Federal
    Reserve Act and the Stabilization of
    the Dollar" (Voegelin), 262-73
Supreme Court, U. S.: appointment
to, 267; and constitutionality of Eighteenth Amendment, 15-18, 15n35, 149-74, 161n20; and Fifth Amendment, 15; and Ku Klux Cases, 16n38; and National Prohibition Cases, 15, 15n5, 16-17, 152, 152n5, 156, 158, !58-59n15, 160, 161, 161n20; and passage of Eighteenth Amendment, 15, 152-56, 161; and ratification of constitutional amendments, 15-16, 17, 162-65, 202; and steel trust, 200
Symbols: of aristocracy, 95, 251-53;
    of democracy, 95; foundational
    elements of, 253; Jellinek's use of,
    236; of monarchy, 89, 95, 241, 244,
    249, 250, 253; organs as, 92; of the
    people, 248-49, 253; and state forms,
    253-54; and theory of state form, 8,
    95, 99; Waitz on, 89, 99
Sympathy, 340-43
Symposium (Plato), 6

Tarde, Jean-Gabriel de, 45
Target, Guy-Jean-Baptiste, 299, 301
Tariff Act (1890), 153
Tariff Commission, 203
Tariffs, 153, 199, 200, 201, 203, 263
Tatsache Welt (fact of world), 48
Technology, 137-38, 146-47
Tenth Amendment, 160
Terminus of accountability, 53-55, 57,
    60, 65, 66, 69-71, 73, 93, 96
Texas v. White, 157-58
Tezner, Friedrich, 213
Thales, 46
Theater metaphor for the self, 21-23,
    22n52, 338
Theocracy, 208
Theology, neo-Kantian thinking on, 3-5
Theoriebildung (theoretical formation),
    219
Theory: accuracy of, 118-19; British
    theory, 46-47, 46-47n4; "emptying"
    theory, 7, 212, 216, 220, 221; of forms,
    206-21; mathematical formulation
    of, 47n34
Theory of Business Enterprise (Veblen),
    146
"Theory of Governance" (Voegelin), 22
Theory of the State (Schleiermacher),
    93
Thirteenth Amendment, 157
Time: in the economy, 118-48; Fetter's
    time value, 140-43, 143n6; and
    finitude, 126, 133, 134, 138; Fischer's
    time preference, 144-45; and self, 22;
    time-finitude rhythmicity, 134, 138,
    139-40; and value of goods, 122-26,
    133-36
Time preference, 144-45
Time value, 140-43, 143n46
Tönnies, Ferdinand Julius, 83
Träger (bearer), 90
Transcendental ego, 4-7, 11
Translation (transference), 218
Transmentalen (transmental), 233
Treasury Department, U. S., 256-57,
    267-68
Treitschke, Heinrich von, 92, 208-9,
    210, 218, 219, 220, 224-25n16
Trusts, 200, 204, 262, 282-83
Tuttle, Charles A., 128-29, 142
"Two Fundamental Concepts of
    Humean Sociology" (Voegelin),
    21-22, 336-43

Übermächte (superpowers), 116
Umgekehrtes (reactive), 36
Unfaßbares (incomprehensible), 116
Unitary person ( Gesamtperson }, 66-68,
    69
United States: amendments to U. S.
Constitution, 14-15; business cycles in, 10, 259, 274-84; compared with France, 20, 286-89, 289n, 296; constitutionality of Eighteenth Amendment in, 8, 14-18, 149- 74, 161n20; and Declaration of Independence, 286-91, 305, 306, 333-34; economic and class conflict in, 10, 175-81; economic science in, 10; equality in, 287-88; and Federal Reserve Act, 255-73; and frontier, 18-19, 193-95, 197, 200-201; Great Industry in, 31; labor legislation in, 190; labor movement in, 10, 175, 177-80, 281-82; La Follette's Wisconsin idea, 18-19, 192-205; overview of democratic state form in, 14-19; population of, 37; price indexes in, 263-67; separation of powers in government of, 203; social legislation in, 281-82; stabilization of economy of, 255-73; tariffs in, 153, 199, 200, 201, 203, 263; and Voegelin's On the Form of the American Mind, 2, 11-14, 17n41, 18; Voegelin's study trip to, 1-2. See also Congress, U. S.; Democracy; Supreme Court, U. S.
Unkontrolliert (qualification)
   [unchecked-fjw], 133
Uranfänglich (time immemorial), 81
Urnorm (primal norm), 236

Valuative method in science, 113
Value: and man-nature antithesis,
139; definition of, 124; determining elements of valuing act, 134-36; of goods, 122-26, 128, 133-34, 140-41; goods versus, 129; and investment, 132-33, 136-38; and marginal use theory, 135; and psychic value, 140-41; real estate value, 143-44; and satisfaction of needs, 133-34; and time, 133; time preference, 144-45; time value, 140-43, 143n6
Valuing ego, 4-7
Van Devanter, Willis, 158
Veblen, Thorstein, 146-48
Verantwortungsethik (ethics of
    responsibility), 5, 104-5
Verbandspersonen (associated persons),
    67
Verdross, Alfred, 97n37
Verfassungsgerichtshof (Austrian
    Constitutional Court), 182, 189
Vergemeinschaftung (community
    formation), 342-43
Vergesellschaftung (socialization), 213
Verhalten (conduct), 55, 231
Verlegenheitshypothesen (hypotheses
    arising from predicament), 214
Vertiefung (steeped in), 85
Vertretungen (representative bodies), 89
Vertretungsberechtigten (empowered
    representatives), 77
Vierzig Bucher vom Staate (Zacharias),
    209-10
Virieu, François-Henri, comte de,
    327-28
Virtue, 103
Voegelin, Eric: changes in thinking
    of, on political science, 1922-1928,
    1-3, 9-11; doctoral studies of, 1;
    methodology of, 11-14; study trip
    to U. S. by, 1-2; themes of essays by,
    1922-1928, 2-3. See also specific
    works
Volk (people, nation), 6, 20, 111, 286
Volksgemeinschaft (ethnic commu-
    nity), in
Volksherrschaft (rule of the people), 210
Volkszugehörigkeit (belonging to a
    people), 111
Vollmacht (authority), 77
Vorschrift (precept), 76
Voting. See Representation

Wages, 180, 277, 282
Waitz, Georg, 89-92, 94, 99
Wallas, Graham: on dispositions, 32-40,
    33n16, 42, 44; on Great Society,
    31, 34; on human nature, 32-34,
    33n16; on instincts, 33, 35-36, 45;
    on intelligence, 33; on natural ideas,
    44, 45; on noise, 38; on organization,
    46; and pragmatism, 112; social
    psychology of, 31-48; and theory,
    46; Voegelin's rationale for focus on,
    28-29
Warren, Josiah, 194, 195, 197
Wealth, 129-30, 144, 197, 200, 276. See
    also Capital
Webb-Kenyon Liquor Act, 15 3
Weber, Max: and daimon, 6-7, 7n12,
109-11, 115-17; and democracy, 108; on disenchantment, 103, 108, 110; on economic technique, 137; on everydayness, 103, 105, 108, 110-11; and formulation of method, 5; on ideal types, 113; influence of on Voegelin, 5; and lack of faith, 108-9; on music, 101, 114; and philosophy of history, 6-7, 101-4, 108-10, 113-16; on prospect, 98; on puritanical ethics, 39, 42; and rationalism, 111-15; and resignation with passion, 107-8; scholarship of, 5-7; on science, 5-6; on social relationships, 98; on state, 108-9; on technique, 137; and transcendental ego, 4-6; and value-free science, 112-14; Voegelin's writings on, 5, 5n7, 7n12, 17n41; and World War I, 109-10
Wechselwirkungslehre (reciprocal
    effects), 67
Wechselwirkungstheorien (theories of
    mutual influence), 79
Wertartig (valuative), 112
Wertbeziehende Methode (valuative
    method), 113
Wertbeziehung (reference to value), 114
Wertcharakter (character of value), 111
Wertender Handlungen (value acts),
    102
Wertende Stellungnahme (valuative
    attitude), 111
Wertexistenz (value existence), 102
Wertgesichtspunkte (value perspec-
    tives), 27
Werthaftikeit (valuative character), 111
Wesenheiten (substantive entities), 67
Wesensbegriffe (concepts of essence),
    138
Wesensgesetzlichkeit (essential legal
    nature), 91, 218
Wesenskonstruktionen (essentialist
    constructions), 212-13
Wesenwille (essential will), 82
Widmens (dedication), 121
Wiese, Professor V, 28
Wieser, Friedrich von, 2n1, 122, 122n13
Wilhelm II, 108
Will: Jellinek on relationships of, 237;
    Kürwille (will of choice), 83; of the
    people, 247-50; of the state, 52-55, 60,
    69-71, 218, 236, 238; state formation
    of ( staatliche Willensbildung ), 214;
    supreme will of monarch, 246;
    Tönnies's essential will ( Wesenwille ),
    82; Weber on, 107
Willenbildende (will-forming), 214
William, King of England, 285
Will of the state, 52-55, 60, 69-71, 218,
    236, 238
Wilson, Woodrow, 31, 172, 199, 205,
    281
Windelband, Wilhelm, 184
Winternitz, Emmanuel, 2n1, 234
Wirksame Kräfte (active forces), 119
Wirtschaft (household), 147
Wirtschaften (economic operations),
    138
Wirtschaftshandlung (economic act),
    138
Wirtschaftskontrolle (economic -
    control), 275-76
Wirtschaftsprognose (economic
    forecasting), 274
Wisconsin idea, 17, 18-19, 192-205
Wollender (willing), 307
Working class, 175-81, 198, 277-
    81
World War I, 109-10, 196

Zacharia, H. A., 213
Zacharias, K. S., 209-10, 212, 219
Zahlenausdruck (numerical
    expression), 123
Zahlenlehre (theory of numbers), 212
Zeichen (symbols), 236. See also
    Symbols
Zeit-Endlichkeit-Rhythmik (time-
    finitude-rhythm), 134, 138, 139-
    40
Zeno's paradoxes, 15n34
Zerlöstheit (dynamic disconnected-
    ness), 138
Zielsystem (system of goals), 136
Zimmerman, Fred R., Secretary of State
    (of Wisconsin), 204
Zitelmann, Ernest, 221-23
Zurechnung (imputation), 187
Zurechnungspunkt (terminus of
    accountability), 53-55, 57, 60, 65, 66,
69-71, 73, 93, 96
Zusammenhang (interconnection),
    225
Zusammenhänge (social relations),
    284
Zuständigkeit (jurisdiction), 188
Zwangsakt (coercive behavior), 185,
    235
Zweckeinheit (purposive unit), 236
Zwischenhandels (small-scale
middleman businesses), 276

BACK TO TOP
BACK TO BIBLIOGRAPHY
BACK TO TABLE OF CONTENTS
VOEGELIN MAIN PAGE
NEXT INDEX

-->