INDEX

VOL 6  ANAMNESIS
M to Z


Maccabes, Books of, 319
Maccabean zealotism, 126
Macedonians, 188
Machiavelli, Niccolo, 36
Magic Flute, 95
Mahalalel, 111
Mahavira, 320
Mameluk Sultan of Egypt, 231
Manes (spirits of the dead), 117
Manetho, 107, 116, 117, 119, 135
Mangu Khan, 227, 230-31, 232, 234,
    242-45, 249, 252, 257-62, 264, 277-79
Manichaeism, 334, 402
Mann, Thomas, 389
Mann ohne Eigenschaften, Der (Musil),
    369
Mantike (divination), 149
Marathon, battle of, 130
Marx, Karl, 291, 294, 295, 399
Marxism, 52, 53, 65, 292, 295, 307, 344,
    386
Massé, 239
Mass movements, 18, 301, 408
Materialism, 107
Mathematics, 341-42
Matthew, Gospel of, 124
Matthew of Paris, 271, 274
Maurya empire, 320
Medea, 131
Media and Medes, 181, 191n25, 198n31,
    218n358
Medieval period. See Middle Ages
Meditation, 33-34, 57-59, 62, 66, 76,
    77,78
Meditations (Descartes), 56-59
Meditations Cartesiennes (Husserl), 43,
    71
Melian Dialogue, 251
Memoires sur les relations politiques
    des princes chretiens
(Abel-Remusat),
    234,235-36,271
Memorabilia (Fregoso), 199-202,
    199-201nn32-35, 207-8n46
Memorial (Pascal), 165
Memory. See Anamnesis
Memphite Theology, 118, 138
Menelaus, 138
Menes, 117, 118
Meno (Plato), 37
Menschenwesenlichkeit (essential
    humanity), 402
Merowinger, Die (Doderer), 360-61, 367
Mesopotamia, 103, 106, 114-15,
    191n325, 198n331, 218n358, 250
Messiah, 124
Messianism, 54, 55, 119
Metalepsis (mutual participation),
    347-50, 366
Metaphysica (Baumgarten), 392
Metaphysics: anti-metaphysical taboo,
390, 391; death of, 25; definition of, 163, 364, 392; Descartes on, 392; dogmatic, 358, 358n1, 359, 385, 386- 87, 391-93; and Hegel, 392-93; and Heidegger, 23; and Hellenic concept of nature as form, 160-67; history of term, 391; Husserl's collectivist metaphysics, 52-56; idealistic versus materialist, 80-81; and Kant, 52-53, 392; and noetic symbols, 364; of Parmenides, 103; Thomas Aquinas on, 391-92; Voltaire on, 392; Wolff on, 392-93
Metaphysics (Aristotle), 5, 157-58, 160,
    161, 167, 169, 170, 173, 346-48, 353,
    366, 391
Metastasis, 364
Metastatic faith, 364, 406
Metaxy (in-between), 38, 324, 329, 332,
    335, 352, 375
Metempsychosis, 159
Methodus (Bodin), 393-94
Methusela, 111
Metis, 325
Mexia, Pero, 204-5, 208, 208-91147, 211,
    212, 212n53
Michel, Francisque, 233
Middle Ages, 21, 47, 51, 334
Middle class, 289-90, 292, 301
Mill, John Stuart, 7, 297-302, 311
Minoan civilization, 129
Miraeus, Aubertus, 195-96
Miseria humanae conditionis, 186
Missus regius (royal emissary), 248
Mitanni, 107
Modernity, 17, 18-19, 22, 23-24, 165
Moldavians, 293
Monarchy, 293, 299. See also specific
    monarchs
Mongol empire, 175n1, 178n4, 189,
    189-90nn23-24, 206-7, 215, 221,
    224-31, 250-66. See also Genghis
    Khan; Mongol Orders of Submission;
    Timur
Mongol language, 239-40
Mongol Orders of Submission:
conclusions of, 248-50; and ecumenical empire-building, 36; edict and letter of Mangu Khan to Louis IX, 234, 242-45, 249, 252, 257-62, 264, 277-79; edict of Kuyuk Khan, 241-42, 252, 256-57, 259-61; history of documents, 226-36; history of texts and their interpretation, 231-36; identification of documents, 236-50; letter of Aldjigiddai to Louis IX, 229, 230, 233, 245-50, 274-76; letter of Arghun Khan to Honorius IV, 248; letter of Arghun Khan to Philip the Fair, 245-46, 247; letter of Baichu Noyon and the edict of Kuyuk Khan, 231-35, 241, 243, 245-47, 249, 255-57, 258, 260, 262-64, 271-73; letter of Kuyuk Khan to Innocent IV, 236, 237, 240-41, 243, 245, 249, 263, 266-71; letter of Ogul Gaimish to Louis IX, 233, 235, 249, 276; and literalization, 7; and misconstruction of symbols in service to imperial justification, 19; and missions to the Mongols, 227-31, 235; original Persian letter, 239-40; preambles of, 237-50; right to imperial expansion, 255-59; ritual and right to world conquest, 250-66; ritual of expansion of the empire, 259-64; Rubruquis text, 242-45, 248-49, 262, 277; seal of, 240; significance of, 224-26; and struggle for truth, 7; text of documents, 266-79
"Mongols et la Papauté" (Pelliot), 235
Monk of Heisterbach, 87-88
Monotheism, 70, 74. See also God
Monumenta Germaniae, 232
More, Thomas, 132, 399
Morphe (shape), 159
Moses, 124, 137, 138, 316
Mosheim, Johann Lorenz von, 234, 235, 266
Motus amoris, 394
Mundane realm, 21, 23
Muraviov-Amurski, General, 293-
    94n20
Music, 97
Musil, Robert, 369, 389
Muslims. See Islam and Muslims
Mussolini, Benito, 52
Mystery cults, 72, 349, 350, 382
Mystery of cosmos, 164
Mysticism, 60, 74, 285-86, 390, 391,
    393-98, 396n319, 406
Mythe de Sisyphe (Camus), 369
Mythenbild (mythical image), 372-73
Mythopoesis, 101-2
Mythospeculativc types, 102-4
Myths: adequacy of, 70; Ages of
the World myth, 129-30; and Aristotle, 352-53, 355-56; Camus on, 388; and coming-to-be, 162- 63; and community, 72, 73-74; and consciousness, 69-74; as contributions to political science, 390; cosmological myths, 125; creation myths, 69-70, 73, 116; of demiurge, 168-69; desensualization of, through Western rationalism, 74; of Egypt, 134-35, 161; of equality, 72, 73; of Eros, 325; and historiogenesis, 104, 105; of human nature by Plato, 70-71; of Last Judgment, 159, 305, 327, 330; and noesis/noetic exegesis, 349-50, 352-53; of Okeanos and Tethys, 161, 331; of origin of imperial order, 346; and Plato, 37, 70-71, 138, 161, 163, 165-66, 168-69, 324, 327, 328, 330, 336; and pragmatic history, 101-2; of prehistorical fall, 115, !59; and Roman history, 104; tensions between philosophy and, 343; Time of the Tale myth, 173, 174; and transcendence, 70


Nabal (fool) and nabalah (foolishness),
    310
Nag-Hammadi texts, 390
Nahor, 112
Napoleon, 316
Napoleon III, 299
National Socialism, 13-14n9, 49, 50,
    51, 54, 360, 387, 399. See also Hitler,
    Adolf
Natural law, 35, 140, 144, 146, 151, 387
Natural sciences. See Science
Nature: Aristotle on, 7, 157, 158,
160-61, 169; and Aristotle on human nature, 154-55, 166-74; and consciousness, 79; definition of, 157-60; and demiurgic experience of God, 163-74; Empedocles on, 167; Hellenic concept of, as form, 160-67; Kant on human experience of, 8o; man's mastery of, 18; right by nature, 140-56. See also Human nature
Near East, 317-18. See also specific
    countries
Nefanda crudelitas (abominable
    cruelty), 209
Neo-Kantianism, 10, 33, 42
Neo-Platonism, 393
Neo-positivism, 308-9
Nestorianism, 252
Netherlands, 92-93
New Science of Politics (Voegelin), 1,
    9-10, 22, 34
New Testament, 53-54, 124, 159, 390.
    See also Christianity; Jesus Christ
    New Year festival and coronation
    ceremonies, 105
Nicholas I, 281, 282, 284, 287, 288, 294,
    296
Nicomachean Ethics (Aristotle),
    141-42, 146, 148, 150-56
Niemeyer, Gerhart, 3, 28
Nietzsche, Friedrich, 17, 52, 291, 370,
    399
Nihilism, 12, 17, 83, 290, 386
Nirvana, 81
Niveau (new level), 408
Noah, 111, 122, 124. See also Flood
    sagas
Noei, noein (thinks, thinking), 166, 169,
    321, 346-47, 365, 366
Noema, 37, 66
Noesis and noetic experience:
and change in mode of knowledge, 376; characteristics of noetic insight, 375- 8i; classical versus modern, 372-73, 382, 391, 405-6; and consciousness of the ground, 345-73, 379-80; definition of noetic interpretation, 345; function of, 404-12; Hellenic phase of generally, 383-84; Husserl on noetic structure, 63; Jewish-Christian phase of, 384-85; lines of movement of, 407-8; and linguistic indices, 373-81; and logos of realization, 326; luminosity of noetic consciousness, 351-55, 365, 372-74, 376, 380, 381, 402, 404, 412; and man's status as temporal being, 322-23; and myths, 352-53; and natural law, 140; and nature, 166-74; and noetic exegesis, 25, 346-50, 352-65, 381, 397, 404-12; and philosophy, 12, 25, 43; political science as noetic science of order, 342-45; problem of objectification through, 350-52, 354, 355; and realm of man's being, 406-7; symbols of, 350, 362-63, 375, 405; tension between noesis and society's self-interpretation, 343; and tensi
Noetic exegesis, 25, 346-50, 352-65,
    381, 397, 404-12. See also Noesis and
    noetic experience
Noeton (known, object of thought), 347,
    366
Nome of Heliopolis, 118
Nomikon (conventional) right, 142, 145
Nomoi (Plato), 129
Nomos (law), 143, 144-45
Non-noetic interpretations and
    experiences, 342-46, 350-51, 376,
    377, 380, 383, 386, 404
Nonobjective reality, 374
Nonsense, 360-61, 388
Nosos, 65
Nothing versus Something, 75, 77
"Notice" (d'Avezac), 232
Noumena, 80
Noun echon, 170, 353, 354
Nous (reason, mind, intellect), 149, 152,
    153, 169-72, 174, 320, 328, 347-50,
    353, 356, 359, 365-66, 373
Numinous, 71

Objectification: origin of, 365; through
    noesis, 350-52, 354, 355, 377-78; of
    truth, 18-20
Objectivity of the world, 58
Objects: and history, 377-80; meanings
    of, 377-78; of political science as
    political reality, 342-44; subject-
    object relationships, 12, 22-23,
    25
Oblivion, 36-37
Odon de Châteauroux, 233, 274
Odor perception, 67
Oenotrians, 136
Ogodai Khan, 227
Ogul Gaimish, Princess-Regent, 230,
    233, 235, 249, 276
Oikonomikon dikaion (husband-wife
    right), 144
Okeanos, 161, 331
Ölberg mountain, 88
Old seamstress memory, 89
Old Testament, 53, 73, 109-16, 119,
    121-26, 135, 138, 310, 319-20, 351,
    390. See also Israel; Jews and Judaism
Oliva Rhodiginus, Joannes, 177-78nn3-
    4
Olympiads, 128
"On Liberty" (Mill), 297-302
"On Multiple Realities" (Schütz), 42
On the Form of the American Mind
    (Voegelin), 1, 33, 42, 62
"On the Theory of Consciousness"
    (Voegelin), 41, 62-83
Ontological speculation, 77, 80-81
Ontology, 308, 393; ethics, 148-53
Opening toward Being, 22-24, 25
"Openness of the soul," 347
Oratio Joannis Trithemii de vera
    conversione mentis ad deum,
393
Order: and classical politics, 42-43;
and consciousness, 33-38, 43-44; consciousness of ground of order, 345-73, 379-80; counter-movements for regaining order in consciousness, 23; experiences of, as equivalent, 15; Hegel on history of man's search for, 24; philosophy of, 36-38; political science as noetic science of, 342-45; social order, 398-99; and structure of consciousness, $; symbols of, 342-43, 390, 400, 403; and technological domination, 18; and theory of politics, 399-400
Order and History (Voegelin), 1, 6, 7, 8,
    9, 15, 16, 34, 37
Order of being, 18, 19, 164-69
"Order of Consciousness" (Voegelin),
    7-9, 34
"Order of God" (Voegelin), 7, 29, 36,
    224-79
Orders of Submission. See Mongol
    Orders of Submission
Ordo, 387
Organisms, 171
Organon (instrumentary), 149
Orgiastic cults, 72, 74
Oriental history, 385, 390
Orlov, Count, 280
Ormuzd, 107
Orphic mysteries, 349, 350
Osiris, 117
"Other," 71-74
Otto, Rudolf, 71
Ousia (reality of things), 348, 358-63,
    358n1, 366, 373, 379

Pagani, 334
Painting, understanding of, 63-64
Palermo Stone, 117
Palmieri, M., 195, 196n29, 212n52
Pan, 116
Pan to daimonion, 324
Paradise, 115
Paradoxes, 66, 94
Parekbasis (derailment), 358n1, 377,
    381, 383, 384, 386, 391, 395, 397
Parmenides, 103, 162, 163, 165, 166,
    319, 365, 366, 388
Parousia, 365
Pars pro toto, 80-81
Parthia, 189-90, 191n25, 198n31, 210,
    218n58
Pascal, Blaise, 165
Patrios doxa (fathers), 356, 357
Patristics, 390
Paul, Saint, 349
Peirce, Charles, 62
Pelasgians, 136
Peleg, 112
Pelliot, Paul, 228, 229, 231, 232, 234-37,
    239-43, 245-49, 256-58, 266, 269,
    274
Penia, 325
Peras (end, limit), 170-73, 353
Perception, 62-67, 321-22. See also
    Consciousness
Periagoge (conversion), 168, 369, 386
Periegesis, 128, 130-31
Peripatetics, 358
Perondinus, 212-14n54, 217n57,
    219n58, 221n59
Perseus, King, 138
Persia and Persians: Aldjigiddai
as military commander of, 229; as empire, 316-18, 320, 402, 405; expedition against Hellas by, 225; Hegel on, 316; Herodotus on Persian Wars, 131; Hulagu as founder of Mongol dynasty of, 231; Il-khans of Persia, 246, 248, 251; Polybius on, 316-17; polytheistic to monotheistic symbolism of, 70; Timur's warfare against, 181, 188, 191n25, 194, 195n28, 198n31, 201n35, 204n40, 211, 218n58, 221, 222n61, 225, 228, 229, 231
Persian language, 239-40
Persians (Aeschylus), 130
Persian Wars, 131
Perspective, 362
Perspectivity of reality, 372, 373, 374,
    379
Petersberg mountain, 90
Petrarca, Francesco, 221
Phaedo (Plato), 349
Phanera (celestial divinities), 154, 357
Pharisees, 334
Phenomenology: and Heidegger, 12-13;
of Husserl, 5, 11-13, 42, 43, 53, 66; and ideologies, 386; limitations of, 11; and philosophy of consciousness, 4, 5, 76; and Schütz, 42-43; versus classical philosophy, 42, 43; Voegelin's break with, 11-13
Philia (love), 153, 168
Philia politike, 153
Philip, 406
Philip III, King of Spain, 221
Philip the Fair, 245-46
Philodoxos, 377
Philology, 390
Philomythos, 356, 377, 380
Philomythoteros (lover of myth), 356
Philo of Alexandria, 384
Philosophia peri ta anthropina
    (philosophy of human affairs), 141
Philosopher-king, 37
Philosopher versus tyrant, 166
Philosophes, 392
Philosophia (Husserl), 45
Philosophia perennis, 364
Philosophical anthropology, 298, 308,
    375. See also Human nature
Philosophie positive (Comte), 385
Philosophos, 355-56, 377
Philosophy: as academic discipline,
390; and anti-metaphysical taboo, 390, 391; as constituent of history, 312-13, 320-30; critique in, 23-24; and dogmatism, 385; existential mode of, 18; as exploration of psyche or consciousness, 3-4, 24; and framework of finite, critical cognition, 75; and Heidegger, 14; Heraclitus on, 3; historical consciousness of, 14; history as constituent of, 313, 330-33; history as sphere of phenomena of philosophical investigation, 313-14, 333-37; history of, 11, 14, 48-56, 59; and Husserl, 11, 48-49, 61; as linguistic index, 375; as movement of soul in openness toward Being, 24; as noetic exegesis, 25; as phenomenon in field of history, 312, 314-20; relationships between history and, 312-37; and revelation, 26-27; separation of Christianity from, 26; and soul of the philosopher, 313; tensions between myth, theology, ideology and, 343, 384-85; and transcendental I, 83; Voegelin's approach to, 8-9; Voegelin's view of challenge of, 17-18
Philosophy of consciousness: central realization of, 2; and community of the psyche, 15-17; concrete consciousness, 398-404; consciousness of the ground, 345-73; as core clement of philosophy of politics, 4-5; at core of Anamnesis, 2-5; in Ecumenic Age, 20; and flowing presence, 16-17, 35n 38; formulation of "radical" philosophy of consciousness, 81-83; function of noesis, 404-12; general principles of, 81; as historical, 4-5, 14-15, 24, 34; and linguistic indices, 21, 35; linguistic indices and type-concepts, 373-81; and obstacle to anamnesis, 17-18, 20; and order of consciousness, 44; and phenomenology, 4, 5, 76; and philosophy of history, 10, 15-17, 35, 356-57; and philosophy of politics, 33; and possibility of transhistorical dialogue, 15-16; and Schütz, 5, 11, 34; science and reality, 341-45; and selection of materials for Anamnesis, 5-8; and structure of consciousness, 2-4, 5, 25; tensions in the reality of knowledge, 381-98; Voegelin's assumptions on consciousness, 84
Philosophy of history, 9-10, 15-17, 35,
    53, 56, 316-18, 333, 334, 336-37,
    355-56, 404, 408
Philosophy of order, 36-38
Philosophy of politics, 4-5, 33, 34
Phoenicians, 131
Phronesis, 147-56, 411
Physei, 144
Physei dikaion (right by nature),
    140-47, 160
Physicalism, 46, 70
Physics, 164, 341-42
Physics (Aristotle), 171
Physis (nature), 141, 145-46, 161, 167
Pian de Carpini, Friar, 228, 231-32, 240,
    242,244-45, 268
Piccolomini, Aneas Silvio (Pius II),
    178, 178n4, 186-94, 186n12, 187n18,
    189n21, 189-94nn23-27, 199-203,
    206-8, 211-14, 216, 221
Pico della Mirandola, Giovanni, 394
Pietistic communities, 365
Pilgrims (Purchas), 233
Pindar, 138
Pistis (faith), 168
Pius II, Pope. See Piccolomini, Aneas
    Silvio
Plato: on agnoia of the soul, 37; on
amathia (ignorance, ignorant), 304, 305-6, 309-10, 325-26; Aristotle's arguments against, 16; on body's relationship with soul, 159; and Cave parable, 37; and demiurge myth, 168-69; on erotic tension, 365-66; eschatological interpretations of, 404; on freedom of speech, 304; and God, 73, 305; on human types, 70-71, 325-26, 352, 377; on ideas, 58; and Judgment myth, 37, 305, 327, 330; metaxy of, 38, 329, 375; and Mill, 301; mistaken view of, as "metaphysician," 390, 391; and myths, 37, 70-71, 138, 161, 163, 165-66, 168-69, 324n 327n 328, 330, 336; noesis of, 382, 394; nosos of, 65; on philosopher versus tyrant, 166; and philosophy of history, 333, 335; and polis, 82, 302, 405; on reason, 298; on remembrance, 36-38; solstitial form of, 8; and symbolic language of new spiritual experiences, 82; and transcendence, 152; twentieth-
century interest in, 390; on virtue, 151-52, 302-6; Voegelin's continuing interest in, 2, 15
—Works: Critias, 38, 265; Gorgias,
165, 304, 305, 327, 334; Laws, 8, 71, 129, 305; Meno, 37; Phaedo, 349; Protagoras, 298, 302-6, 309-10; Republic, 37, 70-71,151-52, 165, 305, 309, 400; Sophist, 169; Statesman, 165. 168-69; Symposium, 324-25, 331, 352, 394; Timaeus, 38, 128, 132, 166. 168, 325-28
Plotinus, 37, 38, 393
Poggio Bracciolini, Giovanni Francesco,
    176-86, 176-77n2, 178-80nn4-6,
    184n10, 186n12, 187n18, 190n24,
    193n25, 216
Poland, 289n14
Polis: and Aristotle, 141-44, 147, 150,
    158, 405, 406; democracy of, 299, 300,
    359; disorder of, 37; and ecumenic
    empires, 384; Historiogenesis of, 106,
    126-35; as organized society, 401,
    405; and philosopher as atheist, 343;
    and Plato, 82, 302
Polish insurrection (1863), 296
Politeiai (constitutions), 146
Political reality. See Noesis and noetic
    experience; Political science
Political science: as academic discipline,
389; and common sense, 409-12; and concrete consciousness, 398-404; and consciousness of the ground, 345-73, 379-80; difficulties in defining, 344; and function of noesis, 404-12; as historical science, 9-10; and linguistic indices and type-concepts, 373-81; Mill on politics, 300; as noetic science of order, 342-45; "object" of, as political reality, 342-44; personal attacks in, 307; philosophy of politics, 4-5, 33n 34; phronesis as, 154-56; poor state of, 33; propositions of, 373, 409-11; science and reality, 341-45; solstitial form of Voegelin's essay on, 8; tensions in reality of knowledge, 381-98; theory of politics, 399-400, 411; twentieth-century contributions to, 390
Politics (Aristotle), 141-42, 146, 158, 160, 411
Politikon, 142, 144, 148
Politischen Religionen, Die (Voegelin),
    42
Polybius, 316-17, 402
Polytheism, 70, 72, 73-74, 161-62, 356
Poros, 325
Positivism, 107, 299, 308, 344, 359, 385,
    386
Potency theory, 74
Power. See Mongol Orders of
Submission
Praxeis, 134
Priestly document, 115, 126
Prime Mover, 356, 359
Prince (Machiavelli), 36
Prince of Peace, 119
Principal Navigations (Hakluyt), 232
Principes de la Philosophie (Descartes),
    392
Principia Mathematica (Russell and
    Whitehead), 341
Principles, 341-42, 410, 412
Process theology, 74-77
Progress, 52-53, 56, 297, 300, 302
Progressivism, 107, 344
Proletariat, 52
Promethean spirit, 18, 330
Prometheus, 138, 168, 303
Prophecy of Nefer-rohu, 118, 125
Prophets, 115, 119, 125, 310, 315, 319,
    336, 351, 354, 365, 406
Propositions, 373, 409-11
Protagoras (Plato), 298, 302-6, 309-10
Prussia, 94-95, 286, 292, 293, 299
Psalms, 125
Pseudo-Dionysius Areopagitica,
    393-94, 396-98
Pseudos (falsehood, lie), 336
Psyche, 3-4, 15-17, 321, 324, 328. See
    also Consciousness; Soul
Psychoanalysis, 65, 67, 307
Psychological ego, 56-57, 59-60
Psychologism, 70
Psychologization, 386
Ptah of Memphis, 116, 117, 161, 174
Pullé, F., 232
Punktuelle Existenz (isolated
    existence), 360
Puppet symbol, 71
Purchas, Samuel, 233
Purificatio, 56
Pushkin, Aleksandr, 294
Pythagoras and Pythagoreans, 74, 159

Quatremère, E. M., 251
Qumran texts, 368, 390

Rabbinism, 126
Radicalism, 50, 54, 60, 82-84
Ramus, Joannes, 197n31
Rashid-ad-Din, 251
Rassenidee in der Geistesgeschichte
    von Ray bis Carus, Die
(Voegelin), 42
Ratio, 172, 174, 184, 347, 352-53, 367,
    372, 376, 377, 379, 382-85, 387-92,
    404, 408, 411-12
Rationalists. See Reason
Rationis particeps, 410
Reactionaries, 284-85
"Reaction in Germany" (Bakunin),
    284-85
Readiness for discussion, 297-311
Realissimum (ultimately real), 58
Realitätsbild (image of reality), 357,
    405
Realitätsform (form of reality), 367
Realitätsförmlichkeit (form of reality),
    386
Reality: of consciousness, 363-66,
378-79; constancy and changeability of, 364-65; definition of, 367; finding way from revolt back to, 386-87; images of, 357, 367-69, 372-73, 405; loss of, 361, 366-73; nonobjective reality, 374; as "object" of political science, 342-44; perspectivity of, 372, 373, 374, 379; and science, 341-45; "second reality," 369; tensions in reality of knowledge, 381-98. See also Political science
"Realperson," 55
Reason, 52-53, 76, 77, 80, 149, 298, 392
"Reason: The Classic Experience"
    (Voegelin), 3
Recollection, 5
Recueil de la Société de Géographic,
    233
Recueil de voyages et de mémoires, 232
Re-formatio, 159
Reform liberalism, 299, 302
Reid, Thomas, 410-11
Relevance, 52-53
Religion: Bodin on true religion, 393.
    See also Christianity; God; Jews and
    Judaism; Theology
Religionswissenschaft, 390
Remembrance. See Anamnesis
"Remembrance" (Voegelin), 4
"Remembrance of Things Past"
    (Voegelin), 3
Renaissance, 175n1, 206, 216, 221,
    393-94
Re of Heliopolis, 116, 117, 118, 161
Republic, 299
Republic (Plato), 37, 70-71, 151-52,
    165, 305, 309, 400
Res gestae (brute events), 101, 107, 120,
    123, 128-31, 133, 134
Res publica, 412
Reu, 112
Revelation, 17, 19, 25-27, 122, 171, 343,
    383,384-85, 394
Revolt and revolutionaries, 7, 280,
    284-88, 290-96, 369-71, 406
Revue de 1'Orient Chrétien, 232
Rhine River, 90-91
Ricoeur, Paul, 408-9
Right by nature: and phronesis, 147-56;
    and physei dikaion, 140-47
"Right by Nature" (Voegelin), 7, 35,
    140-56
Risch, Friedrich, 234
Romaike Archaiologia (Dionysius of
Halicarnassus), 136, 137
Romanticism, 47, 315
Rome: and empire, 402; Historiogenesis
    of, 104, 106; history of, 136-37, 139;
Piccolomini on, 188
Römische Geschichte, 104
Ruach, 172
Rubruquis, William of, 230, 232,
    242-45, 248-49, 262, 277
Rumanians, 293
Russell, Bertrand, 341-42
Russia and Russian revolution, 225,
    227, 228, 250, 280, 286-96, 344, 387

Sacchi, Bartolomeo, 194-95, 195n28
Sachgehalt (content), 352
Sachgerüst (framework), 347
Sachprinzip (principle), 403
Sachproblematik (problems), 379
Sachstruktur (structure), 347, 353, 354,
    367, 376, 377, 379, 385, 392, 404, 411
Sacrae litterae, 135, 336
Sacra Historia, 134-35
Sacra Scriptio, 134
Sade, Marquis de, 370
Saguntinus, Nicolaus Euboicus, 196n331
Saints, soul of, 159-60
Salamis, battle of, 130
Salimbene, Fra, 232, 258, 269-71
Samarkand, 180, 191
Sansovino, Francesco, 197n31, 209-
    10n47
Santayana, George, 10, 62, 81
Sartach, Prince, 230
Satanism, 292
Satz vom Grund (Heidegger), 166
Saxony, 286
Scepticism, 384, 385, 412
Scheler, Max, 387
Schelling, Friedrich, 15, 23, 74, 75, 77
Schnabel, Paul, 110
Scholasticism, 59, 390
Schütz, Alfred: death of, 41; friendship
and correspondence between Voegelin and, 5, 11, 41-61; and phenomenology, 42-43; philosophical explorations by, 41-44; and philosophy of consciousness, 5, 11, 34; Voegelin on, 41-44; writings
by, 41, 43
Science, 176, 177n2, 221, 341-45, 358,
    374, 376, 385, 392
Scientific communism, 344
Scientism, 376, 386
Scottish School, 410-11
Scriptura sacra, 135
Scythia and Scythians, 181, 191n25,
    194, 198n31
Sebba, Gregor, 28
"Second reality," 369
Seinsbereich Mensch (realm of man's
    being), 406-7
Seinsbild (image of being), 373, 405
Seinsereignis (event of being), 151
Seinsgott (God of being), 165
Seinsverhalt (constitution of being), 312
Seleucid empire, 135, 319
Self-disclosure of reality, 11
Seneca, 184
Sensory perception, 62-67, 321-22
Separation of Church and State, 299
Septuagint, 111
Serug, 112
Sestos, 130
Seth, in
Shah Mohammed, 225-26
Shakespeare, William, 15
Shelah, 111
Shem, 111
Siberia, 280, 294n320
Siger de Brabant, 50-51
Silesia, 227, 293
Silva, Don Garcia de, 221-23, 222n361
Simon de Saint-Quentin, 231-32, 271
Sinaitic Covenant, 122, 123, 124, 125
Sinica Franciscana, 233
Sinnhafte Aufbau der sozialen Welt:
    Eine Einfuhrung in die verstehende
    Soziologie, Der
(Schütz), 42
Sinnica Franciscana (Van den
    Wyngaert), 277
Sinnlinien (meaning), 403
Skotosis, 399, 400
Slavic Federation, 292-93, 293n319
Slavic peoples, 292-93, 296
Social fields of consciousness, 400-401
Social order, 398-99
Social sciences, 308-9
Société de Géographie, 232
Sociologization, 386
Socrates, 38, 302-4, 309-10, 324-25,
    327, 331, 349
Solomon, 138, 319
Solon, 132, 147
Solstitial form, 8
Soma, 328
Something versus Nothing, 75, 77
Son of God, 243, 260, 265, 285. See also
    Jesus Christ
Sophia (wisdom), 151, 153, 154, 326
Sophistes, 377
Sophist (Plato), 169
Sophocles, 144
Sophrosyne (temperance), 151
Soteria (well-being), 305
Soul: and agnoia (ignorance of soul
regarding God), 309; Anaximenes on, 163; Aristotle on, 51, 158; Bakunin on, 295; Bergson on, 347, 395; Bodin on, 394-95; body's relation with, 158-59; and Descartes, 60; Feuerbach
on, 323; Kant on immortality of, 53;
and meditation, 57; "openness" of,
347; as ousia, 359; of philosopher,
313; Plato on agonia of, 37; reality
status of, 312; reincarnation of, 159;
of saints, 159-60; Siger on world soul,
50-51; tensions of, 321-30; Thomas
Aquinas as, 50-51; Zeno on, 51
Soviet Union. See Communism; Russia
    and Russian revolution
Sozialität (social quality), 395
Spain, 204
Speculation, 105, 165-66
Speculum Historiale (Vincent of
    Beauvais), 231-32, 271-73
Spicilegium (d'Achéry), 233, 274
Spiritual outbursts, 315-16, 320
Spoudaios (mature man), 151, 153, 154,
    166-67, 169-70, 411
Ssu-ma Ch'ien, 318, 319
Ssu-ma T'an, 318
Staatsformenlehre (state forms), 359
Staatslehre, 175n1
Stalin, Joseph, 294
State: Hegel on, 316; separation of
    Church and State, 299; social fields of
    nation states, 401
Statesman (Plato), 165, 168-69
Sterngötter (star divinities), 154
Stoics, 51, 140, 358
Stream of consciousness, 66, 78, 84
Stromateis (Clement of Alexandria),
    137-38, 139
Studi italiani di filologia indo-iranica
    (Pulle), 232
Study of History (Toynbee), 401
Subjectivity: of ego, 60; intersubjec-
    tivity, 43, 330, 345; transcendental
    subjectivity, 46
Subject-object relationships, 12, 22-23,
    25
Suffering servant, 126
Sulpicius Severus, 135
Sumerian historiogenesis, 105-6,
    108-13, 401
Sumerian King List, 105-6, 108-13, 119,
    120
Summa Theologiae (Thomas Aquinas),
    160, 396-97
Superba vitae, 369
Superbia, 207, 208-9
Superman, 399
Suppiluliumas, 107
"Symbol, Reality, and Society" (Schütz),
    42
Symbols: analogical symbolization,
251-52, 265; anthropogonic symbolism, 102-3, 116; Bodin on, 395-96; and combination of historiography, mythopoesis, and rational speculation, 101-2; cosmogonic symbolism, 102-3, 116; creation of new symbolism, 82; equivalent symbolisms, 103-4, 357; eschatological symbolism, 404; of ground of being, 396; Hellenic symbolism, 128-31; historiogenetic symbolism, 102-3, 135; historization of, 139; of homonoia, 349; of ideological dogmatism, 385-86; of linear time, 35; literalization of, 17; of "man" and "humanity," 34, 402-3; of matter, 81; misconstruction of, in service of imperial justification, 19; monotheistic symbolism, 70, 74; mythical, 69-71; of Natural Law, 35; of noesis, 350, 362-63, 375, 405; of opening toward Being, 23; of order, 342-43, 390, 400, 403; of philosophical concepts, 313-14; philosophy of, 38; polytheistic, 70, 72, 73-74; puppet symbol by Plato, 71; and ratio, 383; and remembrance, 38; "something" as, 77; of termini of participation, 380-81; theogonic symbolism, 102-3; of theological dogma, 398; "thing-in-itself" as, 80; transcendent symbols for immanent objects, 21; of transcendental I, 83; triad of being-thought-symbol, 365-66, 381-82; Utopian, 399-400
Symposium (Plato), 324-25, 331, 352,
    394
Synesis (right judgment and
    understanding), 156
Synonymity, 348
Syria and Syrians, 195n28, 202, 204n40,
    218n58
Système de Politique Positive (Comte),
    301

Table of Nations, 122, 124, 128, 130
Tabula rasa, 82
Tamerlane. See Timur
Tammuz, 109
Ta onto (the being things), 332
Tartars, 254
Tauris, 191
Taxis (order, arrangement), 142, 169
Techne (artistic and technical skill), 154
Techne metretike (art of measuring),
    305, 382
Techne politike (art of politics), 302
Technological modernity, 18
Teleology, 47-55, 57, 61
Telos (end, goal), 48, 49, 51-53, 55, 57,
    61, 170, 347, 353, 402
Tension: within being, 321-30; of
consciousness, 22-23, 354~55, 378, 379-80; Hellenic phase of, 383-84; Jewish-Christian phase of, 384-85; phases in process of, 383-85; and philosophy, 385; between philosophy and myths, theology and ideology, 343; in reality of knowledge, 381-98; of soul, 321-30; toward the ground, 396-97, 403, 406, 407, 410
Tentation de Saint Antoine (Flaubert),
    360
Terah, 112
Termini of participation, 372-73, 374,
    376, 379-81
Terminus technicus, 399
Tertium comparationis, 146
Tethys, 161, 331
Tetragrammaton, 396
Tetraktys, 74
Thales Miletus, 161, 331
Thanatos (death), 82, 382
Thaumazein (wonder), 346, 355-56
Theios nomos (divine law), 144, 147
Theodoropoulos, Mark, 28
Theogony, 102-3, 129
Theologia Mystica (Pseudo-Dionysius),
    394, 396, 398
Theology: Aristotle on "theologizing"
    versus "philosophizing," 161-62,
    336; and dogmatism, 3, 26, 386-87,
    394, 398; Jewish-Christian theology,
    384-85; Memphite Theology, 118,
    138; process theology, 74-77; tensions
    between philosophy and, 343, 384-
    85. See also Christianity; God; Jews
    and Judaism; New Testament; Old
    Testament; Revelation
Theophrastus, 184
Theoria (theory), 376
Theory of consciousness, 33, 62-84
Theory of politics, 399-400, 411
Thigganon (touched), 366
"Thing-in-itself," 80
Thnetos (mortal man), 324, 325, 326,
    352, 377
Thomas Aquinas, 50-51, 160, 171, 183,
    334, 391-92, 396-97
Thou, 71-74
Thucydides, 95, 251
Tiefenbereiche (layers of depth), 396
Timaeus (Plato), 38, 128, 132, 166, 168,
    325-28
Time: calendar memory, 86-87; cyclical
    time, 106; eternal being in, 312-37
Time-consciousness, 62-65
Time of the Tale, 173, 174
Timur: and Bayezid I, 178n4, 181, 191,
191n25, 193, 193n26, 194n26, 195, 196n31, 198n31, 201, 207, 207n46, 209-10n47, 217, 219, 219n58, 220n59, 221-22; beginnings of, 201n35, 210- n, 211n49, 216-17, 217n57; Cambini on, 204, 207-8, 211, 212n51; and coniuratio (conspiracy), 201n35, 210-11, 211n49; conquests and warlike deeds of, 176, 178-81, 188, 188n20, 189, 191-94nn25-27, 196n29, 198n31, 201n35, 203-6, 204n40, 211- 12, 216-20, 218-20nn57-59; death of, 197n31; and fortuna, 181-86; framework of elements on, 190-95, 199, 200-201, 213-14n54; Fregoso on, 199-202, 199-201nn32-35, 204, 207- 8, 207-8n46, 210-11, 212; Giovio on, 204, 208, 211-13, 211n49; humanists' image of, 7, 36, 175-223; Le Roy on, 181, 182, 190, 205, 208, 212-21, 212-21nn54-59; as lightning bolt, 188, 189, 198n31; Mexia on, 204-5, 208, 208-9n47, 211, 212, 212n53; and new myth of power-political and historic-epochal action, 36; personality of, 203-12; Piccolomini on, 178, 178n4, 186-94, 187n18, 189-94nn23-27, 199-203, 206-8, 211-14, 216, 221; Poggio on, 176-86, 176-77n2, 178-80nn4-6, 184n10, 186n12, 187n18, 193n25, 216; positive character of, 221-23, 222n61; pride of, 181; rational and technical skills of, for military organization, 205-12; renewal of languages and sciences during reign of, 221; rise of, 202, 204; Sacchi on, 194-95, 195n28; Silva on, 221-23, 222n61; Voegelin's interest in, 175-76n1; as wrath of God, 193, 194n26, 195, 198n31, 199, 212, 212nn52-53, 219, 220n59
Tiraboschi, Girolamo., 200n33
Titanomachy, 103
Tocqueville, Alexis de, 10, 298
Tolerance, 395-97
Topics, 306
Topoi 306, 309
Torah, 126
Totalitarianism, 18, 22, 307
Toynbee, Arnold, 401-2
Traditions, 387, 389
Transcendence: and being, 21, 26,
163-65; and Christianity, 25-26; and cosmos, 165, 168; and Descartes, 46, 56-60; equilibrium between mundane and, 23; and gnosticism, 22; God as world-transcending reality, 331, 333, 357; and history of spirit, 72; in immanence, 75; and intellectual history, 55-56; as linguistic index, 374-75; and meditation, 66; and myths, 70, 73-74; and order of empire, 250; of other human beings, 71-72; and Parmenides, 163; and philosophy as constituent of history, 313; and Plato, 71, 152; and soul, 322; and speculation about being, 165; and stream of consciousness, 66; and theory of consciousness, 84
Transcendental ego, 43, 46, 47, 56-57,
    59
Transcendentalism, 43, 47, 49-56,
    60-61, 82-83
Transcendental subjectivity, 46, 47, 54
Translatio imperii (transfer of empire),
    189n22, 316, 317
Trinity, 74
Trojan War, 131, 136, 138
Truth: anamnesis and removal of
    obstacles to, 7; of Being, 17; and
    doctrinalization, 19; literalization of,
    20; and Mongol Orders of Submission,
    7; objectification of, 18-20
Turin Papyrus, 116, 117, 119, 138
Turkey, 204, 292. See also Ankara,
    battle of; Bayezid I
Turkish language, 239-40
Tyche (luck of right action, fortune),
    149, 185
Type-concepts, 10-11, 377-78, 379, 380
Typenbegriffe (type-concepts), 377
Types: human types of Plato, 70-71,
325-26, 352, 377; and linguistic indices, 373-81; mythospeculative, 102-4; pairs of comprehensive types in field of history, 334; type-concepts, 10-11, 377-78, 379, 380; Uigurisch type, 252
Tyrant, 166

Über die Form des Amerikanischen
Geistes
(Voegelin), 33, 42, 62
Uigurisch type, 252
Ultor peccatorum (avenger of sins or
    sinners), 195
Unio mystica, 56
United States. See America
Universal humanity, 403
Upanishads, 390
Uphronimos (possessor of phronesis ],
    153, 154, 156
Uranus, 133
Uruk, 108, 109
Ürworte (Goethe), 185
Utopia, 106, 131-35, 399-400
Utu-hegal of Uruk, 108

Valerius Maximus, 199, 200n33
Valery, Paul, 81
Value-free method of social sciences,
    308-9
Values and value judgments, 308
Van den Wyngaert, P. Anastasius, 233,
    277
Vedas, 390, 397
Venetus, Nicolaus, 189-90n24
Vera religio, 395
Via negativa, 4
Vico, Giambattista, 23, 73
Vincent of Beauvais, 231-32, 233,
    271-73
Virgil, 114, 136
Virtue: Aristotle on, 148-56; Plato on,
    151-52, 302-6; Poggio on, 184
Virtus, 184
Virtutem tradere (ecumene), 255
Visual perceptions, 63-64, 67
Vitae nimia cupiditas (excessive desire
    to live), 207
Vital forces, 65
Vita Tamerlanis (Perondinus), 212-
    14n54
Voegelin, Eric: ambition of project of,
14; anamnetic experiments by, 6, 41, 84-98; birthday of, 86; Book of Realities schoolbook of, 94-95; bread as childhood memory of, 94; cannons of Kronburg as childhood memory of, 97-98; childhood memories of, 6, 86-98; classifications as labels for, 307-8; and Cloud Castle, 89-90; compared with Heidegger, 12-13, 13- 14n9, 18, 19, 22, 23, 25; Dutchmen as childhood memory of, 92-93; earliest memory of, 86; early works by, 42; and fairy tales, 97; and Flag Song, 96-97; and Fool's parade, 87; freighters as childhood memory of, 90-91; friendship and correspondence between Schütz and, 5, 11, 34, 41-61; and Halley's Comet, 93-94; Kaiser as childhood memory of, 95-96; and Koln-Düsseldorfer boats, 91-92; and Monk of Heisterbach, 87-88; and Netherlands Line boats, 92; and Olberg mountain, 88; old seamstress as childhood memory, 89; and Petersberg mountain, 90; scholarly habits of, 1-2, 4; translation of parts of Anamnesis by, 28; in Vienna as child, 90, 98. See also specific works
Voegelin, Lissy, 49
Volk, 52
Vollgott (full God), 165
Voltaire, 292, 317-18, 334, 392
Von Rad, Gerhard, 114, 115, 121

Wahrheitshypotheken (mortgages on
    truth), 404
Warfare, 74, 176, 177n2, 178-81, 253,
    266, 334. See also Timur; and specific
    wars
Weber, Max, 42, 185, 409, 410
Weltbild (world), 357
"What Is Nature?" (Voegelin), 7, 35,
    157-74
"What Is Political Reality?" (Voegelin),
    5, 7-9, 21, 29, 34, 341-412
Whitehead, A. N., 341-42
William II, 95
William of Rubruquis, 230, 232, 242-45,
    248-49, 262, 277
Will under faith, 291
Wissensrealität (reality of knowledge),
    382
Wolff, Christian, 392-93
Word of God, 19, 261
World: meaning of term, 332
"World Empire and the Unity of
Mankind" (Voegelin), 36
World-intentional methodologies, 386
World soul, 50-51
World Wars I and II, 387, 389
Wright, Thomas, 233

Xenophanes, 319
Xerxes, 177n2, 180, 194n26
Xynon (common), 153, 349

Yahwist document, 115
Yarlik (edict), 241, 245, 265

Zen Buddhism, 390
Zeno, 51, 82, 94
Zetesis (restless quest), 346
Zeus Triphylius, 133, 134
Zoroaster, 315, 320

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