INDEX

VOL 34— AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL
REFLECTIONS
The printed version of this index also indexes the glossary found in Volume 34. The index presented here is limited to names and terms found in Autobiographical Reflections itself.

Adler, Alfred, 37
Adler, Max, 33, 111-12
Adventures of Ideas (Whitehead), 58
Aftalion, Albert, 62
A la Recherche du temps perdu
    (Proust), 63
Alchemy, 65
Alexander the Great, 129,
Alienation: definition of, 125; and
    deformation, 124-25, 131; and
    philosophy of history, 127; and
    second reality, 122; and Stoics,
    101-2, 125
Allotriosis, 101-2, 125,
Amor Dei , 94
Amor sui , 94
Amour-de-soi , 94
Anamnesis (Voegelin): and
    consciousness, 97; contents of,
    64; Monk of Heisterbach in, 97;
    and Voegelin's teaching style, 7; writing
    and publication of, 16, 17
Andersen, Hans Christian, 97
Anti-Americanism, 14
Anti-Semitism, 36, 112
Aphtharsia , 145, 147
Apocalypse of man, 94
Apocalypticism, 145-46
Apology (Plato), 20
Apostrophe , 125-26,
Apperzeptionsverweigerung , 122-23
Arendt, Hannah, 47
Aristotle, 105, 133; on athanatizein ,
    etiological argument of, 76, 77;
    on euthyoria, 159; on existential
    order, 126; and meta ta physica , 105;
    and noetic differentiation, 135;
    on Nous , 133, on philomythos , 133,
    Voegelin's study of, 34, 67;
    Voegelin's teaching of, 3
—Work: Metaphysics , 3, 105, 133
Aron, Raymond, 128, 142
Astrology, 65
Augustine, Saint, 11, 20, 94,
Austria: Christian Socialist party
    in, 68; civil war in, 53, 67-68, 79;
    constitution making in, 80-81;
    German occupation of, 70, 79;
    Kelsen's drafting of constitution
    (1920) in, 48; Social Democratic
    party in, 32-33, 68-69, 111-12;
    Voegelin's emigration from, 16,
    70-72, 82-83
Austrian Institut für Geschichts-
    forschung, 31
Austrian School of Marginal Utility, 31
Authoritarian State (Voegelin): on
    ideologies, 69; overview of, 79-81;
    publication of, 69, 79, 81
Autobiographical Reflections
    (Voegelin): overview of, 15-22;
    reviews of, 20-21; and Sandoz's
    interviews of Voegelin, 17-20;
    writing and publication of, 17, 18
"Autobiographical Statement at
    Eighty-Two" (Voegelin), 20
Averroës (Ibn Rushd), 80
Axis-time, 129

Bacon, Sir Francis, 118-19
Bakunin, Mikhail, 90
Balthasar, Hans Urs von, 53, 92
Baumgarten, Eduard, 40
Baur, Ferdinand Christian, 92-93
Bayazid I, 64
Bennington College, 16, 84-85
Bergson, Henri, 63, 139,
Bertram, Ernst, 44
Beziehungslehre , 54
Biology, 52-53, 66
Blacks: in the United States, 142
Bloch, Ernst, 72
Bloch, Mrs. Ernst, 72
Bloom, Arthur, 21
Bodek, Hermann, 67
Bodin, Jean, 64, 65, 138-39,
Böhm-Bawerk, Eugen, 31
Böhme, Jakob, 93
Brooks, Cleanth, 86-87
Brunner, Otto, 32
Brunschvicg, Léon, 62
Buddha, 129

Camus, Albert, 75, 120
Cancer Ward (Solzhenitsyn), 119
Chicago Oriental Institute, 90, 98, 120
China, 91, 109, 113, 129, 130
Chou Dynasty, 91
Christ. See Jesus Christ
Christianity: parallel events between
    Greek philosophy and, 134-35; and
    pneumatic differentiation, 134-35;
    and reason, 134
Christliche Gnosis, Die (Baur), 92-93
"Cimetière Marin" (Valéry), 63
Civilizations, 129-30
Closing of the American Mind (Bloom),
    21
Cohen, Hermann, 50
Cohn, Norman, 93
Columbia University, 52, 56-58
Commentary on Aristotle's
    Metaphysics (Thomas Aquinas),
    105
Commons, John R., 58, 60
Common Sense philosophy, 56-57,
Communism, 85, 112, 143, 146
Communist Manifesto (Marx and
    Engels), 82, 109
Comparative civilizational knowledge,
    40-44, 60
Comte, Auguste, 42, 123, 127
Condorcet, Marquis de, 127
Confessions (Augustine), 20
Confucius, 91, 129
Consciousness:and divine presence,
    137-39; Hegel on, 123-24; Husserl on,
    96-97; and In-Between, 98-99;
    James on, 98; luminosity of,
    99; modern conception of, 123-
    24; and participation, 98; and
    symbols, 137; theory of, 96-100.
Consciousness of kind, 58
Constancy of reality, 133
Consubstantiality, 98,
Critique of Pure Reason (Kant), 50
Crowther, Ian, 21
Czechoslovakia, 70

Dämonen, Die (Doderer), 122
Death of God, 94, 102
Decline of the West (Spengler), 42
De Descartes à Proust (Lalou), 63
Deformation: and alienation, 124-
    25, 131; and ideology, 127; and myth of polis,
    125; prepositional metaphysics as
    deformation of philosophy, 124;
    and refusal to apperceive, 122-23;
    use of philosophy in recapturing
    reality from, 118-26.
Delegationszusammenhang , 48
Demiurge, 138
Democracy, 69
Dempf, Alois, 115
Deux sources de la morale et de la
    religion, Les
(Bergson), 63, 139
D'Evelyn, Thomas, 21
De Vera Religione (Augustine), 11
Dewey, John, 56, 57-58
Dialogue of a Suicide with His Soul ,
    101
Dichter als Führer, Der (Kommerell),
    44
Disorder, 101-2, 127-28
Divine presence, 137-39
Doctrine, 130-31
Dodds, E. R., 120
Doderer, Heimito von, 113, 122
Dogmatomachy, 139,
Dollfuss, Engelbert, 79
Dopsch, Alfons, 31-32
Dostoevsky, Fyodor, 62, 113
Dottrina del Fascismo (Mussolini), 82
Dreimal Österreich (Schuschnigg), 82
Dritte Walpurgisnacht (Kraus), 46
Duguit, Leon, 63
Dvorak, Max, 32

Eckhart, Meister, 138
"Eclipse of Reality" (Voegelin), 75
Eclipses of reality, 134-35
Ecumene , as symbol, 129.
Ecumenic age, 128-30,
Ecumenic Age (Voegelin): overview of,
    128-30; writing and publication of, 17
Edman, Irwin, 56, 59
Edwards, Jonathan, 60
Egophanic revolt, 94, 102,
Egypt, 101
Einstein, Albert, 37-38
Eliade, Mircea, 120
Elliot, W. Y. (Bill), 84
Empires, 130-31
Engel-Janosi, Carlette, 36
Engel-Janosi, Friedrich von, 35-36
Engels, Friedrich, 109
English language, 55, 86-87
English revolution, 140
Epistrophe , 125,
Equivalence, 133
Ersatzform , 75
Essai sur les données immediates de
    la conscience
(Bergson), 63
Essay Concerning Human
    Understanding
(Locke), 90
Ethnic-cultural diversity, 131-32
Etiology, and Marx, 76-77
Europe: ethnic-cultural diversity of,
    132
Evil: Arendt on banality of, 47
Existentialism, 134
Existential psychology, 125-26
Experiences: and ideas, 90, 104-5; and
    symbols, 121-22

Fackel, Die ( The Torch ; Kraus), 45, 46,
    78
Faith: experiential grounding of, 5;
    metastatic faith, 94-95; nominalist
    versus mystical faith, 138.
Fascism, 68
Federalist Papers , 5
Fichte, Johann Gottlieb, 34, 51
Flaubert, Gustave, 62, 63
France: and French Revolution, 140;
    religious civil wars in, 138; riot in
    Paris (1968), 142; Voegelin's studies
    in, 56, 62-65
Frankfort, Henri, 98
Frankfort, Henriette A., 98
French Revolution, 140-41
Freud, Philip, 37-38
Freud, Sigmund: on Eros, 158; Herwig's
    study on, 113; on sublimation,
    95; Voegelin's association with men
    trained by, 32
Friedemann, Heinrich, 44
Friedlander, Paul, 44-45, 120
From Enlightenment to Revolution
    (Voegelin), 17
Fuerth, Herbert, 35
Funktionentheorie , 33
Furtwaengler, Philipp, 33

Gaia, 133
Gebhardt, Jurgen, 113
Geistkreis (Spiritual or Intellectual
    Circle), 34-36
Geltung , 37
Genetics, 52
George, Stefan, 44-45, 46
Germany, universities in, 116-17
Geschichte des politischen Denkens ,
    113
Gesinnungsethik , 39
Gezweiung , 54
Giddings, Franklin Henry, 56, 58
Gilson, Etienne, 53, 120
Gnosis, history of, 92-93; and
    metastatic apocalypse, 93-95;
    and Parousiasm, 171-72
God: death of, 94, 102; Voegelin's
    teaching on, 5;
Goethe (Gundolf), 44
Greek philosophy: and eschatology,
    145, 147-48; parallel events between
    Israelite-Christian revelation and,
    134-35; theophanic core of, 134-35.
    Gruenberg, Carl, 32
Grundnorm (basic norm), 48
Gundolf, Friedrich, 44
Gütersloh, Albert Paris, 122

Haberler, Gottfried von, 34, 35, 71, 84
Hallowell, John H., 17
Hamilton, Sir William, 56-57
Harris, Robert J., 86, 87-88
Hartmann, Heinz, 32
Harvard University, 16, 56, 58, 71, 72,
    84, 89
Hauriou, Maurice, 80
Havard, William C, 6
Hayek, Friedrich August von, 34, 35
Hegel, G. W. F.: on consciousness,
    123-24; on death of God, 94,
    102; final philosophy of, 96;
    Marx on, 76; and neo-Platonism,
    76, 77; and philosophy of history,
    127; and philosophy of religion, 93;
    premises of, 75-76, 77, 123; Voegelin's
    education in, 34
—Works: Phenomenology , 123-24;
    Philosophy of Law , 76
Heidegger, Martin, 57, 60-61,
Heilman, Robert B., 86-87
Henningsen, Manfred, 7n10, 113
Hentze, Carl, 109
Heraclitus, 129
Herodotus, 129
Herwig, Dagmar, 113
Herwig, Hedda, 113
Hildebrandt, Kurt, 45
Hinduism, 138
Historiography, 129,
History, advances in historical
    sciences, 107-9, 128
History of Antiquity (Meyer), 42
History of Caesar's Fame (Gundolf), 44
"History of Political Ideas" (Voegelin),
    17
History of Political Ideas (Voegelin):
    assumptions underlying, 104;
    "Astrological Politics" in, 65; Bodin
    in, 64; publication of, 17n4; value
    of research for, 106; Voegelin's
    dissatisfactions with, 90-91, 104-6;
    writing of, 90
History of Political Theory (Sabine), 89
History of the Peloponnesian War
    (Thucydides), 127-28
History of the Race Idea from Ray
    to Carus
(Voegelin): banning of,
    by National Socialists, 53; and
    biological theory of race, 52-53; and
    Gestapo search of Voegelin's home,
    83; influences on, 45
Hitler, Adolf: and Austria, 34, 70; Mein
    Kampf
  by, 82; success of, 46, 78; U.S.
    participation in war against, 142;
    Voegelin's opposition to, 15
Hitler and the Germans (Voegelin), 7
Hobbes, Thomas, 79, 94
Holcombe, Arthur, 71, 72, 84
Homonoia, 57-58
Humanisme et Terreur (Merleau-
    Ponty), 75
Human nature, 147
Human Nature and Conduct (Dewey),
    56
Human Nature and Property
    (Commons), 58
Hupka, 33
Husserl, Edmund, 59, 96-97,
Hypostasis, hypotases, 99,

Ibn-Khaldun, 113
Ideas, 90, 104-5
Ideology: and American students, 85,
    114-15; criterion for diagnosis of,
    123; and deformation of existence,
    127; discrepancies between science
    and, 109; and dogmatomachy, 139;
    and intellectual dishonesty, 73-74;
    and interdict on questioning, 123;
    and killing of people, 74-75; and
    language, 45-46, 75, 78; and order
    and disorder, 127; and refusal to
    apperceive, 122-23; Voegelin's
    opposition to, 73-81; Weber on,
    39-40, 74
Ikhnaton, 79
Immanentism, 93-94
"Immortality: Experience and Symbol"
    (Voegelin), 101
In-Between, 98-99, 147,
India, 129
In Search of Order (Voegelin): publication
    of, 17
Institute of Political Science (Munich),
    4-5, 16, 112-17
Institutionalism, 80
Intellectual Adventure of Ancient
    Man
(Frankfort, Wilson), 98, 154
Intellectus unus , 80
Interaction and Spiritual Community
    (Voegelin), 54n1
Isaiah, 94-95
Israel and Revelation (Voegelin), 16,
Israelites: and metastatic apocalypse,
    93, 94-95

Jackson, Robert H., 69
Jäger, Werner, 120
James, William, 98, 99,
Jaspers, Karl, 57, 129, 134
Jean-Paul (Kommerell), 44
Jesus Christ: as head of all men, 135;
    and Logos, 135; and pneumatic differentiation,
    134; and Second Coming, 137, 146;
    theophany of, 138;
Jung, Carl, 93, 113
Justice Department, U.S., 115

Kaiser Friedrich II (Kantorowicz), 44
Kant, Immanuel, 50.
Kantorowicz, Ernst, 44
Kapital, Das (Marx), 38
Kaufmann, Felix, 34, 35, 36, 48
Kelsen, Hans: and Austrian
    constitution (1920), 48; and
    neo-Kantianism, 49, 50; on norm
    logic, 60; and Pure Theory of Law, 31,
    48-51, 81; and Staatslehre (political
    theory), 49-50; at University
    of Vienna, 31, 32, 33, 34, 48,
    49; Voegelin as assistant to, 67;
    Voegelin's differences with, 49-50;
    on Voegelin's New Science of
    Politics, 81
Kerenyi, Karl, 120
Kierkegaard, Soren, 105
Kinesis , 127-28,
Koinai ennoiai , 90
Kolberg, Eckard, 113
Kommerell, Max, 44
Kopatschek (mathematician), 38
Kraus, Karl, 45-47, 69, 78, 113
Kraus, Otto Erwin, 37
Kries, Ernst, 32
Krisis der europäischen Wis-
    senschaften
(Husserl), 96
Kronos, 138
Kuntz, Paul G., 21

La Fayette, Madame de, 63
Lalou, René, 63
Landshut, Siegfried, 76
Land und Herrschaft (Brunner), 32n1
Language: Humpty-Dumpty
    philosophy of, 122; and ideology,
    45-46, 75, 78; as social phenomenon,
    118-19; social stratification
    of, 86-87; and symbols, 99-
    100
Lao-tse, 91, 113
La Rochefoucauld, Duc de, 64
Law: French theory of, 63
Leap in being, 105
Lettre a Jean Bautru (Bodin), 138-39,
Letzten Tage der Menschheit, Die
    (Kraus), 46
Leviathan (Hobbes), 79
Levy-Bruhl, Lucien, 98
Likemindedness, 57-58
Locke, John, 5, 90
Logos , 102, 135
Long, Huey, 74
Louisiana State University, 3, 5, 6, 16,
    49, 86-88, 114, 115
Lozinski, G., 62
LSU. See Louisiana State University
Lubac, Henri de, 53, 120
Ludwig-Maximilian University, 3-4,
    16
Luminosity, of consciousness, 99

Mach, Ernst, 31
Machiavelli, Niccolò, 64, 65, 121
Machlup, Fritz, 34, 35
Macmahon, Arthur Whittier, 56
Magic, 95
Magie und Manipulation (Vondung),
    114
Maier, Robert, 37-38
Mallarmé, Stéphane, 44, 63
Mannheim, Karl, 57
Mann, Thomas, 120
Mao Tse-tung, Madame, 91
Maritain, Jacques, 53
Martin, Mildred, 85
Martin, Roscoe, 85
Marx, Karl: Communist Manifesto
    by, 82, 109; and etiology in human
    existence, 76-77; final philosophy
    of, 96; on Hegel, 76; and interdict
    on questioning, 123; and Paris Manuscripts
    (1844), 124; and philosophy of history,
    127; on revolution, 146; in
    Voegelin's History of Political
    Ideas
, 90; Voegelin's study of, 38,
    52
Marxism: Voegelin's interest in and
    rejection of, 38, 39, 52, 74, 111;
Weber on, 39
Mass media: on Vietnam War, 143
Matière et Mémoire (Bergson), 63
McGraw-Hill, 89
Mein Kampf (Hitler), 82
Mémoires literature, 63-64
Merkl, Adolf, 31, 34, 48, 67
Merleau-Ponty, Maurice, 75
Metaphysics:origin of term, 105;
    propositional metaphysics as
    deformation of philosophy, 124
Metaphysics (Aristotle): myth in,
    133; Nous in, 133; Voegelin's teaching
    of, 3
Metastatic apocalypse, 93-95
Metastatic faith, 94-95,
Meta ta physica , 105
Metaxy , 98, 99
Metropolitan Museum of Art, 34, 35
Meyer, Eduard, 42-43, 44
Mises, Ludwig von, 31, 34
Mochulski, Konstantin V, 62
Modernity, meanings of, 128
Morgan, Thomas Hunt, 56
Morgenstern, Oscar, 34, 35
Morstein-Marx, Fritz, 89
Munich University, 7
Murray, Gilbert, 55
Musil, Robert, 113, 122,
Mussolini, Benito, 68, 70, 82
Mysticism, 137-39
Mysticism East and West (Otto), 138
Mystiques politiques, Les (Rougier), 78
Myth: Aristotle on, 105, 133

Nabi , 135
National Socialism: Austrian
    resistance to, 53; banning of
    Voegelin's work by, 53, 79; damage
    of, 116; and firing of Voegelin
    from University of Vienna, 16, 70,
    111; and Kraus, 46-47; and race
    conception, 52-53, 66; symbolisms
    of, 79; and University of Vienna,
    34; Voegelin's brief interest in, 70;
    Voegelin's opposition to, 70, 72-74,
    77-78, 82-83, 85, 111
Nature of the Law and Related Legal
    Writings
(Voegelin), 49n1
Naumann, Michael, 113
Neo-Kantianism, 49, 50, 121
Neo-Platonism, 76, 77, 93-94
Neo-Thomism, 53
New School for Social Research, 34
New Science of Politics (Voegelin): on
    apocalypse of man, 94; on chiliasm,
    152-53; on Gnosticism, 161; Kelsen's
    critique of, 81; writing and
    publication of, 16
Nietzsche, Friedrich, 90, 94, 95
Nietzsche (Bertram), 44
Normlogik , 50
Northwestern University, 16
Nous : Aristotle on, 133; Christians'
    ignoring of, 134; Plato on, 138
Novum Organum (Bacon), 118-19

Onken, Luise Betty. See Voegelin,
    Luise Betty "Lissy" Onken
On the Form of the American Mind
    (Voegelin): contents of, 59-60; and
    Gestapo search of Voegelin's home,
    83; on Husserl's conception of
    consciousness, 96-97; influences on,
    45, 59-60; writing and publication
    of, 66
Opitz, Peter J., 113
Order: definition of, 101,; and
    logos,102; and philosophy of history,
    127-28
Order and History (Voegelin): and
    advances in historical sciences,
    107-9; background of, 104-9; Ecumenic
    Age in, 128-30; organizational plan for,
    106-7; writing and publication of,
    16, 17; Oriental Institute (Chicago),
    90, 98, 120
Origins of Totalitarian Democracy
    (Talmon), 80
Orwell, George, 120
Otto, Rudolf, 138
Ouranos, 133
Oxford University, 55

Parmenides, 67,
Participation, 98,
Paul: and aphtharsia, 145; and
    metastatic apocalypse, 93; and
    pneumatic differentiation, 134, 135;
and Second Coming, 137, 146
Periagoge , 125
Perlman, Selig, 58
Persian Empire, 129
Phenomenology, 96-97
Phenomenology (Hegel), 123-24
Philomythos, 133
Philosophers, tasks of, 148
Philosophos, 133,
Philosophy: and eschatology,
    145-48; meaning of, as symbol, 122;
    propositional metaphysics as deformation
    of, 124; use of, for recapturing reality, 118-26
Philosophy of history: beginnings of,
    127; and Ecumenic Age, 128-30; and
    eschatology, 147; and ethnic-cultural
    diversity, 131-32; and In-Between,
    147; and order and disorder, 127-28;
    and orthodox empires, 130-31;
    and range, constancy, eclipse, and
    equivalence of truth, 133-36
Philosophy of Law (Hegel): Marx on,
    76
Plato: on athanatizein ,
    145, 147; on being and not-being,
    102; on Demiurge, 138; dichotomic
    nature of concepts of, 119; on existential
    order, 126; on form, 160; on
    justice, 119; on metaxy , 98, 99,and
    noetic theophany, 135; on Nous , 138;
    on periagoge , 125; on philodoxy,119;
    on Philosopher versus Sophist,
    119; on philosophy, 119,
    Voegelin's study of, 34, 44-45, 67
—Works: Apology , 20; Protagoras , 3
Plato and Aristotle (Voegelin), 16
Plotinus, 76, 102,
Polarization, 141-44
Polis , 125,
Political Apocalypse (Sandoz), 113n1
Political Religions (Voegelin), 78-79
Polybius , 129
Polynesian cultures, 109
Porter, Katherine Anne, 86
Powell, Thomas Reed, 58
Princesse de Cleves, La (La Fayette),
    63
Prince , The (Machiavelli), 64
Prometheus (Balthasar), 92
Prophets, 93, 94-95, 134-35
Protagoras (Plato), 3
Proust, Marcel, 63
Pseudo-Dionysius, 137-38
Psyche , 137
Puech, Henri Charles, 93, 120
Pure experience, 98, 99,
Pure Theory of Law, 31, 48-51, 81
Pursuit of the Millennium (Cohn), 93

Quadragesimo anno , 53
Quispel, Gilles, 93, 120

Race, 52-53, 66
Race and State (Voegelin), 52, 66-67,
    83
Rad, Gerhard von, 95
Radiocarbon dating, 108
Rafael (Stein), 44
Reality: eclipses of, 134-35;
    second reality and alienation, 122;
    systematic falsification of, 102-3;
    use of philosophy for recapturing,
    118-26. See also Reality, divine;
Reason, 134
Rechtslehre , 49-50
Reformation, 74
Reid, Thomas, 56, 153
"Reine Rechtslehre und Staatslehre"
    (Voegelin), 50
Relativity theory, 37-38
Retz, Cardinal de, 64
Revelation, 134-35,
Revel, Jean-François, 141n1
Review of Politics , 65
Revolutions, 140-41, 146
Rickert, Heinrich, 40, 50
Ritschl, Albrecht, 50
Rockefeller Foundation, 56, 62,
Roman Empire, 129, 131
Romans, Epistle to, 174
Roosevelt, Franklin D., 115
Rougier, Louis, 78
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, 80

Sabine, George H., 89
Sacrae litterae, 155,
Saint-Juste, Louis Antoine Leon, 75
Sandoz, Ellis: on Dostoevsky, 113;
   interviews of Voegelin by, 17-20; photograph
   of, 28; as Voegelin's student, 3-4, 18
Santayana, George, 59-60, 63
Sartre, Jean-Paul, 134
Saving tale, 5
Schabert, Tilo, 113
Scheler, Max, 57, 66-67
Schelling, F. W. J. von, 34, 90, 93, 174
Schey, 33
Schiff, Georg, 35
Schleiermacher, Friedrich, 93
Schlick, Moritz, 31
Schmitt, Carl, 80
Schreier, Fritz, 34, 48
Schriftenreihe zur Politik und
    Geschichte
, 113
Schumpeter, Joseph A., 31, 71, 84
Schuschnigg, Kurt von, 82
Schütz, Alfred, 34, 35, 36, 96
Science, 5, 50
Science, Politics, and Gnosticism
    (Voegelin), 76,
Second Coming, 137, 146
Second reality, 122,
Sein und Zeit (Heidegger), 60-61
Sergillanges, A. D., 53
Shakespeare und der Deutsche Geist
    (Gundolf), 44
Siger de Brabant, 80
Simmel, Georg, 54
Sivers, Peter von, 113
Slavery, 142
Snell, Bruno, 120
Social Democratic party, 32-33, 68-69,
    111-12
Social science: Weber on, 40
Sociology of Religion (Weber), 39
Solzhenitsyn, Alexander, 119
Soul, 94
Southern Political Science Association,
    86
Southern Review , 86
Spann, Othmar: and Gezweiung ,
    54; and universalism, 49, 54; at
    University of Vienna, 32, 33, 34, 48,
    49
Spengler, Oswald, 42, 44, 60, 140
Sprung , 105
Ssu-ma Ch'ien, 129
Ssu-ma T'an, 129
Staat , 51
Staatslehre , 49-50, 66
Stanford University, 16-17, 18
Stefan-George-Kreis, 44-45, 67
Stein, Wilhelm, 44
Stellung des Menschen im Kosmos,
    Die
(Scheler), 67
Stern, Kurt, 52
Stoicism: and alienation, 101-2, 125;
    and apostrophe , 125-26,
Strebinger (chemist), 38
Strisower, Leo, 33
Strzigowski, Josef, 32
Study of History (Toynbee), 113
Sublimation, 95
Supreme Court, U.S., 58-59, 60, 69, 87
Swoboda, Hermann, 32
Symbolism: participatory philosophy of, 99-100;
    and transcendental representation,
    92
Symbolist poetry, 44
Symbols: and consciousness,
    137; definition of, 99-100; and
    experiences, 106, 121-22; "total"
    and "authoritarian" as, 79-80.
Systems, 102-3

Talmon, J. L., 80
Tamerlane, 64
Tatsachenwissenschaften (sciences of
    facts), 50
Terminiello case, 69
Thibaudet, Albert, 63
Thomas Aquinas: and Aristotle, 80;
    on Christ as head of all men, 135;
    metaphysics as term used by, 105;
    and mysticism, 138
Thucydides, 126, 127-28,
"Timurbild der Humanisten, Das"
    (Voegelin), 64
Topoi , 118
Toynbee, Arnold J., 42, 44, 60, 113,
    129-30
Transcendental representation, 92
Trois Contes (Flaubert), 62
Truth, 5
Tufts University, 4-5

United States: blacks in, 142;
    citizenship for Voegelins in, 16, 115;
    ethnic-cultural diversity of, 131-32;
    intellectuals in, 141, 143-44; and
    polarization, 141-44; revolutionary
    tradition of, 140-41; slavery in, 142;
    university students in, 85, 114-15;
    and Vietnam War, 142-43; Voegelin's
    immigration to, 16, 71-72, 140
Universities: comparison of European
    and American students in, 85,
    114-15, 116; in Germany, 116-17.
University of Alabama, 16, 85-86,
    89-90
University of Chicago, 90, 98, 120
University of Vienna: anti-Semitism
    at, 36, 112; firing of Voegelin from,
    by National Socialists, 16, 70, 111;
    Kelsen at, 31, 32, 33, 34, 48, 49;
    Spann at, 32, 33, 34, 48, 49; Voegelin
    as faculty member at, 15-16, 67,
    79, 112; Voegelin as student at, 15,
    31-36, 49, 121
University of Wisconsin, 56, 58-59, 61

Valery, Paul, 44, 59, 63
Values, 50-51
Verantwortungsethik (ethics of
    responsibility), 39-40
Verdross, Alfred von, 31, 34, 48
Vernunft , 134
Vettori, Francesco, 121
Viator, 147
Vietnam War, 142-43
Violence, 146
Voegelin, Elisabeth Ruehl, 15
Voegelin, Eric: American influence on,
56-61; as Bennington College faculty member, 16, 84-85; biographical summary on, 15-17; birth date of, 15; Chinese language study by, 91; and Christian Socialist party, 68; as Columbia University student, 52, 56-58; and Communism, 85, 112; and comparative civilizational knowledge, 40-44; criticisms of, 74; death of, 15, 17; development of history of political ideas by, 89-92; on differences between European and American students, 114-15, 116; emigration of, from Austria, 16, 70- 72, 82-83; and English language, 55, 86-87; finances of, 67, 85, 115; firing of, from University of Vienna, 16, 70, 111; flight by, from Gestapo into Switzerland, 16, 71-72, 82, 83; and French language, 62; Stefan George's influence on, 44-45; Gestapo search of home of, 82-83; Greek language study by, 67; as Harvard University instructor, 71, 72, 84, 89; as Harvard University student, 56, 58; Hebrew language study by, 90; high school education of, 15, 37-38, 53; home of, in California, 18; immigration of, to U.S., 16, 71-72, 140; and Institute for Political Science (Munich), 4-5, 16, 112-17; interviews of, by Sandoz, 17-20; and Kelsen's Pure Theory of Law, 48-51; Kraus's influence on, 45- 47; library of, 63, 82-83; as Louisiana State University professor, 3, 5, 6, 16, 49, 86-88, us; marriage of, 16; and Marxism, 38, 39, 52, 74, 111; Meyer as teacher of, 42-43; as Munich University professor, 7; and National Socialism, 16, 53, 70, 72-74, 77-78, 82-83, 85, 111; as Oxford University student, 55; parents of, 15; in Paris as student, 56, 62-65; personality of, 15; Ph.D. dissertation by, 49, 54, 54n1; photographs and portrait of, 10, 25, 26, 28-30; retirement of, 17; return of, to Vienna in 1927, 66-69; Rockefeller Fellowship for, 56-65; and Russian language, 62; and Social Democratic party, 33, 68-69, 111-12; as Stanford University professor, 16-17; teaching career of, 2-7, 15-17, 84-88,110-17; as University of Alabama faculty member, 16, 85-86, 89-90; as University of Vienna faculty member, 15-16, 67, 79, 112; as University of Vienna student, 15, 31-36, 49, 121; as University of Wisconsin student, 56, 58-59, 61; U.S. citizenship for, 16, 115; vocabulary of, 1-2; Walgreen Lectures by, 91; Alfred Weber as teacher of, 43; Max Weber's influence on, 39-41, 73; writings by summarized, 16-17, 50, 66-67, 69, 83. See also specific works Voegelin, Luise Betty "Lissy" Onken: in Alabama, 85; burial place for, 17; California home of, 18; immigration of, to U.S., 16, 72; Louisiana home of, 3; marriage of, 16; photographs of, 27, 28; search of home of, 83; U.S. citizenship for, 16, 115; and Voegelin's escape from Gestapo, 71; and Voegelin's retirement, 17
Voegelin, Otto Stefan, 15, 33
Voegelinian Revolution (Sandoz), 17
Vondung, Klaus, 113-14

Waelder, Robert, 32, 35
Warburg Institute, 65
Warren, Robert Penn, 86, 87
Weber, Alfred, 43, 44, 57
Weber, Max: and comparative
civilizational knowledge, 40-41, 44, 60; on ethics of intention and ethics of responsibility, 39-40; on ideologies, 39-40, 74; influence of, on Voegelin, 39-41, 73; on intellectual integrity, 5, 73, 74; on Marxism, 39; on social science, 40
Weber-Schaefer, Peter, 113
Wechselwirkung , 54
Weininger, Otto, 32
Wellesz, Egon, 32
Wertbeziehende Methode , 51
Wertwissenschaften , 50
Wesley, John, 56
Whitehead, Alfred North, 58
Wieser, Leopold von, 31
Wilde, Johannes, 35
William of Ockham, 138
Williams, T. Harry, 115
Windelband, Wilhelm, 40, 50
Winternitz, Emanuel, 34, 35, 48
Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft (Weber),
    39
Wissenschaft und Politik (Weber), 39
Wittgenstein, Ludwig, 31
World of the Polis (Voegelin), 3, 16
World War II, 142-43

Zeus, 138

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