INDEX

VOL 33— —The Drama of Humanity
and
Other Miscellaneous Papers,
1939-1985


Abstractions, 285-86
Academy of Plato, 63, 337
Acculturation, 177-78
Adams, John Quincy, 148
Addiction, 239-41, 242, 330, 382
Adorno, Theodor, 322
"Advance" metaphor, 323-24
Aeschylus: on Promethean man, 280;
    Prometheus story of, 339
Aesthesis, 200, 254, 263
Africa, 261, 269, 276, 326, 346, 413
Agathon, 202
Age des Empires, L' (Grousset), 310
Agnoia (ignorance), 329
Agnoia ptoiodes, 319
Agnosticism, 342
Agricola, 404, 455
Aition (origin), 202, 366, 372, 387
Akhenaton, 204-5
Alazoneia, 121
Albertus Magnus, 82
Albright, William E, 205
Alchemy, 275, 347
Aletheia (truth and reality), 212, 357
Alexander the Great: beginning of
empire of, 310; and destruction of ethnic cultures, 381, 437; and ecumenic age, 346; expansion of empire of, 412, 437; Greeks in armies of, 375; and homonoia, 216
Al-Farabi, 254
Alienation: and anxiety, 341; Cicero
on, 330; and deculturation, 178; and division of labor, 444-45; and fools, 329-30; and gnosis, 280; and paranoia, 379-83; Pascal on, 330; and revolution, 283
Aliquid rationis, 126-28
Altizer, Thomas J. J., 340
Amathes (unwise, fools), 250, 3r3, 365,
    366
Ambrose: and dispensatio salutis, 166;
    on iustitia, 164, 165
America: civil government in, 92;
and communism, 85; Constitution of U. S., 26; defense against antidemocratic tendencies in, 3; Negro revolution in, 157; and nuclear war, 73; population and size of, 69, 72; as standard for humanity, 74-75; standard of living in, 126; Voegelin as Rockefeller Fellow in, 14, 434-35; in World Wars I and II, 72
Amicitia, 161
Amon Hymns, 192, 376-77, 421
Amour propre, 226
Analogy of being, 212-13
Analysis: definition of, 100
Analytica Posteriora (Aristotle), 418
Analytics, Aristotle on, 364
Anamnesis (remembrance), 427
Anamnesis (Voegelin), 10, 203, 422,
    426, 451-52
Anaximander, 321
Anaximenes, 388
Andary, Maria, 338
Andrzejewski, S., 106
Angels, 258, 378
Anima animae, 207, 209
Animal rationale, 185
Anoia (lack of nous ), 365, 371
Anthropogony, 316
Anthropology: as deformation type,
    389-90; and experience of man in
    tension, 363
Anti-Semitism: Arendt on, 446, 449;
    in German Reich, 20-21; in Vienna,
    436, 440-41. See also Jews
Antony and Cleopatra (Shakespeare),
    383
Anxiety, 319, 322, 341
Apeiron, 321
Apistia, 249
Apocalypse: characteristics of, and
modern man, 175, 177-81; and consciousness, 359-60; and "fifth monarchy," 150; in Judaism, 437; symbols of, 90
Apocalypse of Abraham, 208-10
Aporein (questing), 329, 362
Aporias, 287, 290, 429
Arabic philosophy: on cycle, 45-46
Arabic states: and Israel, 140
Arche (ultimate ground), 121, 202, 387
Archeology, 161, 178, 308, 326
Archetypes, 284
Arendt, Hannah: on anti-Semitism,
446, 449; compared with Voegelin, 445-46; and Marxism, 446, 449; on race, 446, 448; reading by, 446; work, Origins of Totalitarianism, 446, 449-50
Arete, 54
Aristarchus, 289
Ariste polis (best city), 374
Aristotle: on aesthesis, 200, 254, 263;
on analytics, 364; on aporein, 362; on arche, 121; on Arete, 54; on Beginning, 418; on bios theoretikos, 99; on eros, 362; on eternal return, 45, 191; on euzen, 132, 160; on form and matter, 158, 184, 257; on homonoia, 216; on human nature, 62, 63, 100, 113, 115, 155-56, 184, 185; on justice, 165; and Justinian's code, 78; on kinesis, 213, 214, 251, 362; and Macedonian conquest, 375; on meditative complex, 390; on metalepsis, 251; on meta ta physika, 390; on natural law, 114-16, 132-33; on noetic theology, 11; on nous, 214, 215, 249, 298, 315, 329, 363; on philia, 118, 119, 362; philosophical language of, 358; on philosophy, 312-13, 319, 363-64, 419, 420; on phronesis, 215; on physei dikaion, 115, 116; on physical universe, 289-90; on plethos (the mass of the people), 417, 419, 437; on polis, 401-2; political science of, 53-54, 56-57, 59-60, 62-65, 91; on politikos, 53-54, 56-57, 59-60; on psyche, 363, 399-400; reading of, 82; and revelation, 386; and Roman Law, 78; on social disorder, 5; on spoudaioi (mature people), 62, 63, 113, 313, 419, 437; on stasis, 170, 351; on theology, 247-48
—Works: Analytica Posteriora,
418; Eudaemonian Ethics, 121; Metaphysics, 246, 247, 251, 257, 259, 312, 334, 359, 366, 387, 390; Nicomachean Ethics, 100, 115, 116, 118, 120, 200; Organon, 247; Politics, 57, 63, 115, 118, 119, 130, 185, 419, 437
Arnold, Matthew, 180
Aron, Raymond, 97, 98, 103, 104-6,
    108-11, 240
Arrow, Kenneth, 97
Aspernatio rationis, 381
Assyria, 189
Athanatizein, 313
Atman, 377
Atom bomb, 94, 95, 137, 138-40, 324
Auer, Albert, 119, 125
Augustine, Saint: on absolute, 417;
on anima animae, 207, 209; on Chosen People, 158; on civitas Dei, 154; compared with Eliot's Four Quartets, 4; on God's creation of world, 428; on history, 50, 168; on peace, 146; and Platonism, 82;
—Work: Confessions, 252, 304
Austria: anti-Semitism in, 436, 440-41;
    National Socialism in, 440
Austro-Hungarian empire, 432
Authoritarianism, obedience in
   authoritarian states, 166-67
Authority: of ancient authors, 405-6;
ideology and sources of, 79; Kant on, 167; Luther on, 167; of philosophers, 55-56, 62-63, 76, 77; sources of, 6; temporal and spiritual sources of, 75-80; and totalitarianism, 78-79
Autobiographical Reflections
    (Voegelin), 15
"Autobiographical Statement at Age
    Eighty-Two" (Voegelin), 1, 14-15,
   432-56
Autobiography, 184-85
Averroës, 76
Averroism: and cycle, 46; and Dante,
    75-76
Avicenna, 254
Axis time of mankind, 197
Ayer, A. J., 257-58

Babylon, and Great Year, 45
Bacon, Francis, 80, 405-6, 408
Bad faith, 235-39
Bakunin, Mikhail, mysticism of, 59
Balthasar, Hans Urs von, 338, 401
Baudelaire, Charles-Pierre, 239-40,
    241, 330, 371, 382
Bauer, Bruno, 47
Baumann, Hermann, 161
Beauvoir, Simone de, 322
Becoming: importance of, 341; Plato
    on, 400
Beginning: Aristotle on, 418; beginning
of, 14, 415-31, 456; and being-already-in, 456; question on, 416-17; timeline of, 422; truth of, in relation to doctrinal truth, 420-21
"Beginning of the Beginning, The"
   (Voegelin), 14, 415-31, 456
Being: of act versus act's meaning,
113-14; analogy of, 212-13; ground of being, 211-12, 224-27; Heidegger on, 244, 372; ideal being, 113, 127-28; Kelsen on, 113-14; Marx on, 244; meanings of, 211-12; natural law, 126-35; and obligation, 112-13, 122; origin of term, 211; Parmenides on, 244; Plato on, 399-400; Plotinus on, 244; Thomas Aquinas on, 127, 244
Being and Nothingness (Sartre), 235,
    237-39
Belair, John, 328
Bellum justum (just war), 94
Berdyaev, Nikolay, 51
Bergson, Henri: academic treatment
   of, 324; on experience, 177, 303; on
   openness of soul to transcendence, 101-2
—Work: Les deux sources de la morale
    et de la religion,
51, 177
Bernauer, James, 445-49
Berthollet, Claude-Louis, 339
Beyond: and Amon Hymns, 376-77,
420-21; and parousia, 13-14, 396- 414; Plato on epekeina, 202, 256, 367, 368, 372, 376, 378, 396, 418; as tensional pole of one's experience, 430
"Beyond and Its Parousia, The"
    (Voegelin), 13-14, 396-414
Bible: and David Memoir, 410; Hegel
on, 407; Pascal on, 406-7, 409. See also New Testament; Old Testament; and specific books of Bible
Biology: and beginning of speech,
    286-87; and evolution, 106, 355
Bios theoretikos, 65, 99
Bloom, Dr. Alan, 373
Bodin, Jean: on hierarchy, 129; on
    temporal and spiritual order, 76; on
    wars of religion, 425
—Works: Lettre a Jean Bautru, 425; Six
    libres de la République,
76, 153
Boethius, 380
Boke named The Gouvernour (Elyot),
    36-37
Bonhoeffer, Dietrich, 175
Bonum commune, 132
Book of Changes. See I Ching
Bossuet, Jacques Bénigne, 50, 168, 231,
    308
Boston College, 14
Brahma, 377
Brainwashing, 383
Brandon, S. G. F., 261
Breasted, James Henry, 204
Brentano, Franz, on value, 391
Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, 206-7
British analysis, 179-80
Browning, Robert, 180
Brunner, Otto, 433
Bruno, Giordano, 338
Brutus, 342
Buber, Martin, 118-19
Buddha, 197, 251, 262, 309, 326-27
Buddhism, 163, 178, 266, 268, 321,
    326, 346, 361
Budget, federal, 171, 172-73
Buffon, Georges-Louis Leclerc de, 448
"Burnt Norton" (Eliot), 36, 39
Byrne, Patrick, 450-51
Byzantine empire: empires derived
    from, 163; and Nicean Council,
    77-78; as Orthodox empire, 413

Calvin, John, 62
Camus, Albert, 342
Caringella, Paul, 10, 431, 450, 454
Carnap, Rudolf, 433
Carthage, conquest of, 314
Cassirer, Ernst, 262
Casus belli , 148
Catastrophe, apprehension of, 46-48
Catholic Church: dialogue between
Catholic theologians and communists, 324-25; and resistance, 30; and spiritual power of popes, 75, 83-84
Catlin, George E. G., 95
Cave paintings, engravings, 277, 279,
    285, 451
Cave Parable, 294, 373, 413-14
Central America. See Latin America
Central Europe: and ideology, 92; loss
    of democracy in, 3, 26, 29-30
Chalcedon, 420
Charismatic leadership, 159
Chicago Institute of Oriental Studies,
    123, 229, 442
China: Buddhism in, 163, 361; capital
of Chou empire in, 279; Communists in, 273; compared with the West, 261, 280; Confucius in, 55, 163, 251; culture of, 161; empires in, 169, 310, 332, 346, 425; and geomantics, 273; Hegel on, 407; historiography of, 410-11; history of, 107, 231, 389; and international order, 148-49; and Opium War, 148; population and size of, 70, 72; as power bloc, 72; and too, 55, 123; and yin-yang, 43-45
Ch'in dynasty, 169, 346, 410
Chomsky, Noam, 357
Chora (material), 428
Chosen People, 150, 158-60, 169, 293
Chou empire, 55, 279
Christ: baptism of Jesus, 293; eminent
presence of God in Jesus, 281; on God's relationship with humans, 282; and historicity of Jesus, 368; as imperator and rex, 160; and incarnation, 372-73; Mystical Body of, 216, 301; and parousia, 373; and participation, 252; presence of, 427; as representative human, 119; and revelation, 368, 386; and sacred history, 50; as Salvational God, 429; Second Coming of, 50; and Sermon on the Mount, 7, 117, 119; as standard of knowledge in Christianity, 113; on suffering injustice, 21; Thomas Aquinas on, 160
Christianity: and angels, 258, 378;
balance between State, Church, and Science, 65-66; Christ as standard of knowledge in, 113; Comte on, 247; and creationism, 336, 417, 441; on death, 321; and de-divinization of world, 80-81; degenerative doctrinism in, 299; and democracy, 85; dialogue between Jews and Christians, 245; dialogue between Moslems and Christians, 244-46; Diderot on, 299; and division between temporal and spiritual power, 75-80; and T. S. Eliot, 33-40; and Enlightenment, 178; on fools, 337-38; and grace, 121, 213; history as viewed by, 42, 45; and incarnation, 372-73; and missionaries, 148; and Mystical Body of Christ, 216, 301; and natural law, 7, 82, 117-19, 144; nominalist and fideist conceptions of, 340; omission of, from university departments of religion, 326; and philosophy, 82, 302; and political theory, 81-82; and resistance, 30; and revelation, 301, 358, 368, 386; and Roman empire, 81, 82, 91; and saints, 378; significance of, 282-83; as source of disorder, 80-83; as successor of mystery religions, 311; theology of, 248, 257, 268, 301-2; and universal divinity, 205; virtues of, 249-50, 268; Voltaire on, 299. See also Church; Religion; Theology
Ch'un-tse (princely man), 55
Church: achievement of, 159; and
fundamentalism, 86; separation of state and, 84, 86; and spiritual power of popes, 75, 83-84. See also Christianity; Religion
Cicero: on quality and quantity, 334;
    reading of, 82; on religion, 420; on
    theologia civilis, 92
—Works: De Natura Deorum, 420;
    Tusculan Disputations, 329-30
"Civilization and Foreign Affairs"
    Notes (Voegelin), 11-12, 344-50
Civilizations: in Africa, 346;
apprehension of catastrophe in, 46-48; characteristics of, 345; and climate of opinion, 347; cosmological civilizations, 186-96; curriculum on civilization and foreign affairs, 11-12, 344-50; cycle theory of, 41-52, 67-68; and historical sciences, 345, 347-48; imperial-ecumenic genesis of, 345-46; multiplication of types of, 310-11; and permitted or obligatory conduct, 346-47; plurality of, 265-66, 309; and race, 446-47; Spengler on, 41, 48, 50, 51, 67-68, 74, 309; Toynbee on, 42-45, 48, 50, 51, 67-68, 74, 265, 309, 310, 311; Western civilization generally, 177-78, 346-48
Civil theology, 92-93
Civitas Dei, 154
Classes of things, 258, 259
Class struggle, 155, 225
Clauberg, Johannes, 391
Climate of opinion, 347
Cloud of Unknowing, 325, 333, 426
Cohen, Herman, 434
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor, 239
Colonialism, 439-40
Colossians, Letter to, 301, 372-73
Columbia University, 271, 338, 434,
    435
Commentary to Aristotle's
    Metaphysics (Thomas Aquinas),
    246, 334, 359, 390
Common law, 130
Commons, John R., 434-35
Commonsense philosophy, 266-67,
    269, 369, 435
Communism: and America, 85;
compared with Marxism, 179, 228; and ecumenic rule, 144, 145; and Europe, 86; history of, 232; and institutionalization, 154-55; Laski on, 59; Sartre's attitude toward, 58, 239; in Soviet Union, 155, 179, 227, 402
Community: desire for, 304-6; and
    homonoia, 216-17, 304, 316; and koinonia, 316; and
    revolutionary communes, 305
Competition, 225, 226
Complex, 389-90, 394
Comte, Auguste: on Christianity, 247;
and doctrine of ultimate validity, 385; and Fourier, 450; Gouhier's study of, 450; on history, 90, 175-76, 178, 179, 180-81, 232, 405, 409; on industrial society, 76-77; on intellectuals, 76-77; on metaphysics, 246; as new Christ, 240-41, 423; positivism of, 79, 102, 106, 267, 307
Concepts: and intentionality, 393
Concupiscential Exodus, 314-15, 412
Condorcet, Marquis de, 90, 168, 232,
    233
Confessions (Augustine), 252, 304
Confidence game, 328
Confucianism, 163, 272, 321,
    346, 361, 410, 411
Confucius, 55, 179, 251, 269, 309, 326
Conscious existence, 254, 260
Consciousness: and analogy of being,
211-12; definition of, 199-200, 353-54; development of, 263; differentiation of, 186-87, 241, 281-82; and divine presence, 366-67; as event in process of reality, 354-56; and existential tension, 219-20, 263-64; and ground of being, 211-12, 224-27; Hegel on, 307, 354; historical structure of, 365-66; historic differentiation of, 323; Husserl on intentional consciousness, 398; and illumination experience, 365-66; and immanence and transcendence, 202-3, 213, 256, 258; intentionality of, 13, 353-54, 363, 392-93, 398, 429, 456; William James on, 176-77; and languages, 356-61; luminosity of, 13, 342, 355-56, 363, 392, 393, 429, 456; and metaxy, 213, 356, 361-64; noetic consciousness, 254, 315; of meaning, 312-13; of order, 323; original consciousness, 260; paradox of consciousness, 398-99; and participation, 206-10, 263; and periagoge, 367-68; public consciousness, 395; questions and discussion on, 368-83; and reflective distance, 13, 14, 364, 371, 393-94, 399, 422-23; and self-consciousness, 200-201; and space-time, 263-64; structures of, 12-13, 351-83, 398-99, 456; and subject-object relation, 391-92, 398; and universal ideas, 203-6, 220; vocabulary
Consolationis Philosophiae (Boethius),
    380
Constitutio imperatoria majestas
    (Justinian), 77, 78
Constitution: Aristotle on
constitutional primacy, 130; Kelsen on, 133; and natural law, 118; and positive legal order, 131; U. S. Constitution, 26
"Contemporary Situation" (Voegelin),
    9, 174-86
Contingent existence, 255
Contra Gentiles (Thomas Aquinas),
    244-46, 248
"Conversations with Eric Voegelin at
   the Thomas More Institute for Adult
    Education in Montreal" (Voegelin),
    l0-11, 243-343
Conversion: experience of, 4
Coonan, Patricia, 263, 264, 326-29,
    341-42
Copernicus, 289
Corpus mysticum, 92
Corradini, Enrico, 29
Corruption budget, 171, 172
Corso (courses), 50-51
Cosmion: definition of, 190
Cosmogonic myths, 335-36
Cosmogony, 316
Cosmological civilizations, 186-96
Cosmos: definition of, 186-87, 201;
    man in, 186-96, 201, 218; new
    cosmos, 187
Crashaw, Richard, 38-39
Creatio ex nihilo, 428-29
Creationism, 336, 417, 441
Creation of world: Augustine on, 428;
date of, 407; T. S. Eliot on, 33-34; Empedocles on, 421; by God out of nothing, 295; myths of, 211, 335-36
Creator of Heaven and Earth (Gilkey),
    295
Critique of Judgment (Kant), 222
Critique of Pure Reason (Kant), 167
Crying of Lot 49 (Pynchon), 379
Cujas, Jacques de, 78
Cycle: definition of, 42; symbol of,
    45-46
Cycle theory: and apprehension of
extinction, 46-48; decline and fall of Rome, 48-49; definition of, 41-42; and definition of cyclical movement, 42; and disintegration, 4-5, 41-52; Nietzsche on, 43; opposition to, 42; origins of, 5; and sacred and profane history, 50-51; Spengler on, 41, 43-45, 48, 50, 51, 67-68; and symbol of cycle, 45-46; Toynbee on, 42-45, 48, 50, 51, 67-68; Vico on, 4, 48, 50, 52
"Cycle Theory and Disintegration"
   (Voegelin), 4-5, 41-52
Cyrus (first), 314
Czechoslovakia, 432

Daemonen (Doderer), 381, 389, 434
Daimonios aner (spiritual man), 250,
    313, 365
Dance of Genghis Cohn (Gary), 380
Dante Alighieri: and political
    collectivism, 19; on temporal
    versus spiritual power, 75-76
—Works: De Monarchia, 76; Divina
    Comedia,
76
Darkness at Noon (Koestler), 236
Darwin, Charles, 222, 225-26
Dasein: Heidegger on, 254
David Memoir, 410
Death, 321. See also Suicide
Decalogue, 7, 117, 118-19
Decline of the West (Spengler), 41, 48,
   67-68, 74
Deculturation, 178-80
De Ente et Essentia (Thomas Aquinas),
    258
Defensor Pacis (Marsilius of Padua), 46
Deformations of existence, 280
Demiurge: compared with gods, 421;
   and Four Quartets by Eliot, 35; Plato
   on, 375-76, 399, 421, 428
Democracy: and Christianity, 85;
classic idea of, 26-27; dangers threatening, 3, 25-30; and hierarchy, 3; Locke on, 26; loss of, in Central Europe, 3, 26, 29-30; and pluralism, 170-73; prerequisites for, 3, 24-25, 85; remedies for problems of, 30-32; role of individual in, 24-32; and voting, 24
"Democracy and the Individual"
    (Voegelin), 3, 24-32
De Monarchia (Dante), 76
Demons (Doderer), 381, 434
Dempf, Alois, 160-63
De Natura Deorum (Cicero), 420
Dependence of the individual, 27-30
Depositum fidei, 86
De Quincey, Thomas, 180, 183, 239
Derrida, Jacques, 371
Descartes, René, 97, 177, 269
Despland, Michel, 323-24, 337
Determinatio, 121
De Tradendis Disciplinis (Vivès), 37
Deussen, Paul, 343
Deux sources de la morale et de la
    religion, Les
(Bergson), 51, 177
Developing countries: industrialization    of, 73-74
Dewey, John, 216, 435
Dharma, 123
Dialectics: and Hegel, 283, 356, 414;
    Plato on, 364
Diderot, Denis, 299, 360
Differentiation of consciousness,
    281-82
Digest (Justinian), 157
Dignitas humana, 132
Disappearance of God (Miller), 261
Discourse sur 1'histoire universelle
    (Bossuet), 50
Disorder: Aristotle on, 5; Plato on,
429; and positivism, 385; process of, 83-84; sources of, 78-83; Stoicism as response to, 381, 430. See also Order
Dispensatio salutis, 166
"Dispute of a Man, Who Wants to
    Commit Suicide, With His Soul,"
    194-96, 197
Divertissement, 330
Divina Comedia (Dante), 76
Divine right of kings, 151-54
Division of labor, 444-45
Doctrine, 299, 302, 302-5, 319, 320,
    420-21
Doctrine of ultimate validity, 385
Doderer, Heimito von, 381, 434
Dogmas, 175-77, 179, 189, 246, 283,
   292-93, 296-99, 319, 320-21
Dogmatomachies, 175
Dominicans, 82
Doxa, 99, 101, 110, 212, 430
"Drama of Humanity, The" (Voegelin),
   8-10, 174-242
Drug use, 239-41, 242, 330, 382
"Dry Salvages" (Eliot), 37-38, 39
Durkheim, Emile, 444-45
Dvorak, Max, 433

"East Coker" (Eliot), 36-37, 39
Eastern Byzantine empire, 413
Eastern Europe, 322
Eckhart, Meister, 340, 426
Eclectisme, 360
Economics: and competition, 225; and
dependence of the individual, 29; in eighteenth century, 225; and "good life," 95-96; and inflation, 443-44; Reagan's economics, 444
Ecumene, 144, 313-14, 411-12
Ecumenic age, 315-16, 345-46
Ecumenic Age (Voegelin), 8, 9, 11,
   307-43
Ecumenic empires, 412-13
Eddington, Sir Arthur Stanley, 177
Education, 107
Educational institutions: departments
of religion in, 325-26; problems of, 306-7, 324; specialization in, 331 See also specific universities
Egbert, 163
Ego, 352-53
Egophanic symbolisms, 353
Egypt: Amon Hymns from, 192,
376-77, 420-21; cave paintings in, 279; construction of history in, 229; culture of, 161; "Dispute of a Man, Who Wants to Commit Suicide, With His Soul, " 194-96, 197; elemental gods of, 210; empire of, 197-98, 315; 335; Hyksos' invasion of, 189, 192-93; literary documents of, 189; and ma'at (order), 123, 193-94, 196; monotheism of, 204-5; myths of, 190, 335; pharaoh in, 192-94, 197, 293, 388; priesthood in, 387; Queen Hatshepsut in, 192-94
Eidos (ideas), 56, 98-99, 401
Einstein, Albert, 98, 287
Eisenhower, Dwight, 85
Elements, 210-11
Eliade, Mircea, 188
Eliot, T. S, 3-4, 33-40, 60, 181
Elpis, 249
Elyot, Sir Thomas, 36-37
Emory University, 9
Empedocles, 421
Emperors: functions of, 77-78, 157;
    and temporal order, 75, 84
Empires: beginning of, 310;
as cosmions, 190; different conceptions of, 163; Hegel's sequence of, 230; levels of, 412-13; multicivilizational empires, 310; national empires, 413; orthodox empires, 163-64, 413; parallelism of, 310; Plato on, 375; Polybius on, 313-14, 375; Toynbee on, 163-64, See also specific empires
Encomion Helenes (Gorgias), 382
Encyclopedie (Diderot), 360 Engels, Friedrich, on history of
   communism, 232
England: civil government in, 92; and
communism, 86; Egbert as emperor in, 163; as industrial society, 71; intellectuals in, 157; as nation, 92; parliament in, 170; Reformation in, 151-53
Enlightenment: and alchemy, 347; and
Christianity, 178; dogma during, 297; dogmatism of, 189; rational order of, 408; Romanticism versus, 424
En meso, 400
Ens rationis, 127, 130
Ens reale, 127
Enthusiasm (Knox), 293-94, 320
Enzyklopaedie (Hegel), 360-61, 424
Epekeina: Plato on, 202, 256, 367, 368,
   372, 376, 378, 396; presence of, in
   reality of history, 397-414
Epictetus, 403 Epicurean schools, 257
"Epiphany of Man" (Voegelin), 9,
   197-218
Episteme, 65
Epistemology, 391
Equality, 62, 106
Erikson, Erik, 342
"Eristic" constructions, 356
Erkenntnistheorie, 391
Eros, Aristotle on, 362
Es, Kraus on, 398, 428
Eschatology, 323
Essay Concerning Human
   Understanding
(Locke), 303
Essence of Christianity (Feuerbach),
   253
Essenes, 208-10
Eternal return, 191
Ethics: of conviction, 439;
Oppenheimer, J. Robert and, 93;
    Postan on, 93-94; of responsibility,
    439; Weber on, 439
Ethnography, 161
Ethnology, 161, 162
Eucharist, 427
Eudaemonian Ethics (Aristotle), 121
Endaimonia, 54, 319
Europe: economic communities in,
71-71; population of, 69; as power bloc, 72; Renan on, 79; as standard for humanity, 74-75; after World War I, 74. See also specific countries
European Coal and Steel Community, 72
Euzen, 118, 132, 159-60
Evil: of National Socialism, 2-3, 22-23;    and natural law, 116
Evolution: and consciousness, 354;
creationism versus, 336, 417, 441; Darwinian theory of, 222, 226; in eighteenth-century concept of, 221-22; of humans, 106, 221, 276-78; Kant on, 222-23, 291-92, 336, 354-55, 440-41
Existence, 251, 253-58, 263-64, 280,
    297-98
Existence of God, 255-57, 319
Existentialism, 58-59, 297-98
Existential justice, 165
Existential tension, 219-20, 249-51,
    258, 260, 263-65, 270, 318-19, 363
Exodus, Book of, 210
Exodus story, 293
Experience: analysis of, 295-96;
Bergson on, 177, 303; Hegel on, 176; language symbols attached to concrete experience, 258-59; new experiences, 198, 287-90; philosophers' attempts to recapture, 176-77; symbolizations of original experiences, 179
Extinction: apprehension of, 46-48

Fackel, Die (Kraus), 434
Faith: bad faith, 235-39; as Christian
   virtue, 249-50, 268; Heraclitus on,
   213, 217
Farbenlehre, 424
Father-and-Son symbolism, 293
Felix Krull: The Confidence Man
   (Mann), 328
Ferguson, Adam, 48
Ferrar, Nicholas, 38
Festugière, André-Jean, 339-40
Feuerbach, Ludwig: on divine as
   projection of human consciousness,
   394; on psychology of projections,
   223-24, 253
Ficino, Marcilio, 338
Fideist, 340, 342
"Fifth monarchy," 150
Filmer, Sir Robert, 153
Finis ultimus, 122
Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy,
    11-12, 344-50
Flow of presence, 182-83, 213, 264
Flux of presence, 340-41
Fools, 313, 318-20, 329-30, 337,
    365-66
Foreign affairs and civilization
   curriculum, 11-12, 344-50
Forma iustitiae, 164-66
Form and matter, 158, 184, 257
Fortescue, Sir John, 92
Fourier, Charles, 423, 450
Four Quartets (Eliot), 3-4, 33-40
Fraenkel, Ernst, 170-72
France: cave paintings, engravings in,
279, 451; centralized planning activity in, 29; civil wars in, 47, 76; "classical" French theory of government, 170; communism in, 86; and French language, 371; as industrial society, 71; monarchy in, 153; Voegelin as Rockefeller Fellow in, 435
Francis, Saint, 327
Franco-Prussian War (1870), 28
Freedom: as collective singular
term, 400; and grace, 294; law and protection of, 135; Toynbee on, 67-68
Freud, Sigmund: on censor, 237;
on divine as projection of human consciousness, 394; and projection, 253, 394; and psychoanalysis, 433
Friedlander, Paul, 303, 434
From Enlightenment to Revolution
    (Voegelin), 450
Fundamentalism: characteristics of,
    175-77; and churches, 86; and
    creationism, 336, 417, 441; and
   dogmas, 175-77; and modern man,
   175
Fundamentalontologie, 335
Future: cautions about predictions of,
67-68; Kant on, 182; meaning of,
181; spiritual and political future of Western world, 67-88; and spiritual order, 75-88; and viable order, 69-75

Gadamer, Hans-Georg, 371, 373, 374,
    378, 422
Galileo, 289
Gandhi, Mahatma, 107
Garaudy, Roger, 266
Gary, Romain, 380
Gebhardt, Jürgen, 151-54, 156, 166-67,
    169
Gelasian principle, 75
Gelasius, Pope, 75
Genes (kinds), 399
Genesis, 399-400
Genesis, Book of, 316, 388
Geomantics, 273
Geometry, 452
George, Stefan: influence of, on
   Voegelin, 434
Germanic Tribes, Great Migration of,
    46-47
German Idealists, 400
Germany: centralized planning activity
in, 29; character of Germans, 167; federal budget of, 171, 172-73; as industrial society, 71; Institute of Political Science (Munich), 348-50; loss of democracy in, 26; Marxists in, 86; reparations from, after World War I, 438; value codex in, 171-72; and World War I, 74
Geschichte (history), 397
Geschichte des politischen Denkens,
   349
Gibbon, Edward, 48
Giddings, Franklin Henry, 216
Gilkey, Langdon Brown, 295
Gilson, Étienne, 254
Gnosis: and alienation, 280; ancient
    gnosis, 150-51; and messianism,
   90-91; modern gnosis, 151
Gnosticism: on different types of
people, 421; of Hegel, 60-61; and messianism, 90-91; and oikonomia, 166; and Promethean man, 280; in second and third centuries, 280; types of, 360
Gobineau, Joseph-Arthur de, 226
Goclenius, 391
God: and Amon Hymns, 192, 376-77,
420-21; and Apocalypse of Abraham, 208-10; attributes of, 212-13; being drawn to, 282, 294; creational God, 428-29, 453; creation of world by, 295, 421, 428-29, 453; definition of, 207-8; eminent presence of, 281; existence of, 255-57, 319; as function of man, 223-24; indelible presence of, 366-67; Leibniz on, 355; and love, 4n9; and Moses, 210, 261, 326; and mythic God-of-the-Beginning, 321; nature of God, 420; Otto on, 253; paradoxical propositions on, 272-73; participation between man and, 206-10, 251-53, 263, 272; Plato on Demiurge, God, 281, 375-76, 399, 421, 428; Plato on divine reality, 396, 431; presence of, 293, 427; revolt against, 224, 280; Salvational God, 428-29, 453; soul's journey toward, 4; Thomas Aquinas on, 258; as transcendent, 80, 187, 201, 202, 256, 258; as Trinity, 304; universal divinity, 204-6, 220; unknown God, 191-92; Voltaire on, 253; and world religions, 326. See also Gods
Gods: of cosmological civilizations,
188, 210-11; Demiurge compared with, 421; of Egypt, 210; elements as replacement for, 210-11; function of, 421; Hesiod on, 426; in Homer, 270, 378; Jeremiah on, 91; and parousia, 410; Plato on, 281, 372; in Plato's Phaedrus, 377; Plotinus on, 377, 421; revolt against, 280; Sophists on, 318. See also God; Myths
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, 424, 434
Going, Cathleen, 282, 286, 292-97,
    300, 301, 324-25, 334, 339
"Good life," 6, 95-98
Good society, 6, 98, 102-3
Gorgias (Plato), 56, 195, 318, 382
Gospels. See New Testament; and
   specific gospels, such as John, Gospel
   of
Gouhier, Henri, 450
Governance of England (Fortescue), 92
Grace: and Christianity, 121, 213; and
    freedom, 294; and natural reason,
   328
Granet, Marcel, 334
Gravity's Rainbow (Pynchon), 379
Greaney, Francis, 265
Great Year (Babylon), 45
Greece: legal theory of, 130; origin of
   history of, 411; priesthood in, 387.
    See also Polis; and specific Greek
   philosophers
Grey, Earl, 170
Ground: origin of term, 202; search for,
   in cosmological sphere, 210
Ground of being, 211-12, 224-28
Ground of existence, 199-200, 218-19,
   260, 318, 329, 362-64
Grousset, René, 310
Grynszpan, Herschel, 2, 20-23
Guard, Barbara, 340
Gundolf, Friedrich, 434
Gupta empire, 346
Guyon, Madame Jeanne-Marie de la
   Motte, 293-94, 304

Haberler, Gottfried von, 433
Haiku, 299
Han dynasty, 169, 346
Harvard University, 229, 243, 342, 433,
   434, 435, 436-37
Hatshepsut, Queen, 192-94
Hayek, Friedrich August von, 443
Health insurance, 3
Hearst, Patty, 321
Hebrews. See Israel; Israelites; Jews
Hegel, G. W. F.: Adorno on, 322;
on China, 407; on consciousness, 307, 354; and daring, 167; and deformations, 331-32; and dialectics, 283, 356, 414; and Enlightenment versus Romanticism, 424; error in system of, 394; on experience, 176; gnosticism of, 60-61; on history, 60-61, 90, 178, 179, 180-81, 230-32, 308, 405, 409, 414; introductions to works by, 303; and Logos of God, 408; and Neoplatonism, 360-61; as new Christ, 252-53, 331-32, 423; on philosophy, 385; and Plato, 423; Ricoeur on, 305; on Scripture, 407; and speculative systems as form of sorcery and alchemy, 275-76; and truth versus ideology, 423; on Umkehrung, 414; on vacuum situation, 380-81
—Works: Enzyklopaedie, 360-61,
424; Logic, 331-32, 408, 414; Phenomenology of the Spirit, 176, 385, 414; Philosophy of Right, 380-81
Heidegger, Martin: on being,
244, 372; and Enlightenment, 424; on existence, 254; and Fundamentalontologie, 335; and National Socialism, 58; on trees, 129; Voegelin on, 435
Helkein (to draw), 282, 294
Henry VIII, King of England, 153
Heraclitus: contemporaries of, 197;
   date for, 262, 309; on elements, 211;
   on faith, hope, and love, 213, 217; on
   flux, 340-41; on Life and Death, 409;
   on logos, 249, 395; on private versus
   public, 395; and public affairs, 55
Herbert, George, 38-39
Heresy, 338
Hermeneutics, 370-71
Hermes, 339
Hermes Trésmégiste (Festugière),
   339-40
Hermeticism, 275-76
Herodotus, 313, 314, 411-12
Herrenhochkulturen (high cultures),
   161-63
Hesiod: formula of reality in, 456; on
gods, 426; on knowledge, 407; on memnosyne, 426; myths of, 301, 366, 419; as prophet, 417; and revelation, 386
Hierarchy: Bodin on, 129; and
   democracy, 3; and dependence of the
   individual, 29
Hieronymus, 435-36
High cultures: genesis of, 161-63
Hildebrandt, Kurt von, 434
Hinduism, 191, 261, 272, 321, 326,
   346, 361, 387
Hippias, 117
Hippie movement, 425-26
Hippocratic medicine, 56, 98
Hippodamus of Miletus, 55
Histoire et Vérité, (Ricoeur), 305, 322
Historical constants, 413-14, 418-19
Historical structure of consciousness,
   365-66
Historiogenesis, 218, 233-34, 316; 317
Historiography: of China, 169, 410-11;
and conflict and tension, 411-14; and David Memoir, 410; focus of, 309; of Greece, 411
History: and accumulation of
knowledge, 404-7; Bacon on, 405-6, 408; Comte on, 90, 175-76, 178, 179, 180-81, 232, 405, 409; definition of, 186; development of modern concept of, 397, 400-401; Eurocentric interpretation of, 424-25; immanentist constructions of, 180-81; Kant on, 182, 407-9; and La Querelle des anciens et modernes, 405-6; Marcus Aurelius on meaning of, 403-4, 407, 408; Marx on, 90, 178, 179, 180-81; meaning of, 397-414, 443; as open field of existence, 181-83; parallel histories, 231-32, 308; Pascal on, 406, 408; presence of epekeina in reality of, 397-414; sacred and profane history, 50-51; timeline of, 308, 311, 412; unilinear history, 191, 229-34, 308, 412; Voegelin's approach to, 441-43. See also Philosophy of history; and specific historians
History of Antiquity (Meyer), 308-9
History of Chemistry (Berthollet), 339
History of Ideas (Voegelin), 450
History of the Peloponnesian War
   (Thucydides), 56
History of the Race Idea (Voegelin),
   447-48
Hitler, Adolf: and fear of Russia, 47-48;
as power figure, 381; victims of, 175, 338. See also National Socialism
Hittites, 272
Hobbes, Thomas, 5, 49, 59, 60, 117,
   332
Holcombe, Arthur, 437
Hölderlin, Friedrich, 80
Holland, 30
Holy Roman empire, 413
Homer: formula of reality in, 456; gods
    in, 270, 378; on knowledge, 407;
    on mortals, 250, 263, 313, 365; on
    psyche, 199
Homo faber, 276, 323
Homonoia, 216-17, 304, 316
Homo Novus, 252
Homo sapiens, 276, 277
Hooker, Richard, 152
Hope: as Christian virtue, 249—50, 268;
    Laplace on, 451
Huish, Peter, 332-33
Humanity: definition of, 9, 186; drama
    of, 8-10, 174-242. See also Human
   nature
Human nature: actualization of, 101-2;
analysis of, 122; Aristotle on, 62, 63, 100, 113, 115, 155-56, 184, 185; and beginning of speech, 286-87; changes in, 106, 107; Christianity on nature of man, 420; and contemporary situation, 174-86; and drama of humanity, 8-10, 174-242; epiphany of man, 187, 197-218, 218-20; and equality of man, 62, 106; Gnostics on different types of people, 421; as historical discovery, 281; Hobbes on, 5, 59, 60, 117; of humanity versus nature of man, 9, 183-86; as imago Dei, 2; immutability of, 105; international law and image of man, 141-46; and man in the cosmos, 186-96, 218; Marxist view of, 102; misconstructions of, 116-19; misuses of term, 102; and modern man, 174-86; and natural destiny of human beings, 122; and obligation, 112-13, 122; perfectibility or nonperfectibility of, 106-7; Plato on, 62-63, 100, 250, 263, 313, 365, 366; representative humanity, 7, 113, 117; revolt of man, 187, 218-42; Rousseau on, 6o; and secular man, 175; and world-immanent man, 175, 187
Hungary, 432
Huns, empire of, 162
Husserl, Edmund, 113, 398, 434
Hyksos, 189, 192-93
Hypostasis, 199

I Ching, 333-34, 426
Idea innata, 126
Ideal being, 113, 127-28
Ideas: and consciousness, 203-6; and
Plato's demiurge, 375-76; theoretical development of, out of experience, 296; of universal divinity, 9, 204-6, 22O; of universal humanity, 9, 203-6, 219-20; of universal world, 9, 205-6, 22O; world as, 220-21
Ideas Concerning Universal History
    from a Cosmopolitan Standpoint

   (Kant), 407-9
Id-elements, 394
Identity, 342, 364
Idéologie, 317
Ideologies: and apocalyptic
construction, 178-79; cautions on use of term, 316; as deformation, 361; destruction of experience of transcendence by, 204; and general ideological suspicion, 268; and industrial society, 107-8; institutionalization of, 227-28; and international law, 147-49; Kelsen on, 149; Lifton on, 321-22; and magic operations, 339; and mytho-speculation, 316-17; and Nazi murders, 337-38; and paranoia, 380; problem of dialogue with ideologues, 6, 267-69; and sources of authority, 79; as totalitarian, 233; truth versus, 423
Idéologues, 317
Ignatius, Saint, 454
Iliad (Homer), 270
Illiteracy, 177, 217, 223
Imago Dei, 2
Immanence: immanentist construc
tions of history, 180-81; Joachim of Fiore on, 91; meanings of, in nineteenth and twentieth centuries, 180; and messianism, 90; modern man as immanentist, 175, 187; paired with transcendence, 202-3, 206, 256, 258; symbolisms of, 6; and universals, 206
Immortality, 321-22, 330
Imperator (emperor), 77, 157
Imperator in regno suo, 413
In-between: and consciousness, 213,
356, 361-64; definition of, 250, 390; Plato on metaxy, 213, 250, 264, 362, 422. See also Metaxy
Incarnation, 372-73
Inclinationes naturales, 120
India: Buddha in, 163, 251; compared
with the West, 261, 280; and dharma, 123; empires in, 310, 346; history of, 107, 231, 272, 389; languages of, 361; philosophy of, 271; and Upanishads, 206-8, 209, 272, 304, 333, 334, 343, 377; and Vedas, 272, 387
Indus civilization, 161-62
Industrial Revolution: and alienation,
381, 438; and dependence of the individual, 27-30; and social structure, 27-28
Industrial society: Comte on, 76-77;
conditions for, 69-71; and decline of messianism, 89-93; definition of, 69; and developing countries, 73-74; and ideologies, 107-8; meaning of, and the West, 89-111; and power blocs, 72-73
"Industrial Society in Search of
   Reason" (Voegelin), 6
Inflation, 443-44
Innocent III, Pope, 338
Inquisition, 338
In Search of Order (Voegelin), 2
Inside the Whale (Orwell), 283
Insight, 315, 452-53, 456
Insipiens (fool), 366
Institute for the Study of World
   Religions, 243
Institute of Political Science
   (University of Munich), 12, 348-50
Institutio eucharistiae, 160
Institutions (Justinian), 77, 157
Intellectuals: Comte on, 76-77; Plato's
    philodox as, 99-100; political
   significance of, 155-57
Intellectus (reason, intellect), 245, 249
Intentionality: and concepts, 393; of
consciousness, 13, 353-54, 363, 392- 93, 398, 429, 456; Lawrence on, 452- 55; paradox of luminosity and, 429; Voegelin's later comments on, 451
Intercivilizational law, 148
International law: and Asiatic
civilizations, 124; as coercive law, 135-36; existence of, 140-41; image of man from perspective of, 141-46; and international order, 146-49; Kelsen on, 135-37, 140, 142, 149; and natural law, 142, 144; and peace, 146; positive international law, 136-37; and positive law, 142; and prisoners of war, 136; and universality of human nature, 144-45; and war, 136-38
International order, 146-49
Intoxication, 242, 330, 331, 382
Intuitus ordinarius, 128
Iran, 438-39
Irradiatio, 121
Isaiah, 366
Islam: dialogue between Christians and
    Moslems, 244-46; empire of, 413; and
   Koran, 245; and Old Testament, 268
"Ismology," 336-37
"Isms," 205, 336-37, 338, 342, 351-53,
    356, 358
Israel, 140, 274
Israelites: as Chosen People, 150,
158-60, 169, 293; and Exodus story, 293; and messianism, 89-90; and priesthood, 387; prophets of, 91, 387-88, 417; and revelation, 358, 386, 387-88; and ruach, 198, 315. See also Jews
It: Kraus on, 398, 428; nature of, 428;
    Nietzsche on, 392
Italy, 86, 432-33
It-reality, 13, 14, 392, 398-99, 414, 428
Ius (ethical virtue), 157
Iustitia, 157, 164-66
Iustitia commutativa, 165
Iustitia distributiva, 165
Iyer, Raghavan, 107

Jacobsen, Thorkild, 229
James, William: on consciousness,
176-77, 303; philosophy of generally, 271; radical empiricism of, 303
James I, King of England, 151-54
Japan, empire in, 164
Jaspers, Karl: on axis time of mankind,
197; compared with Voegelin, 445;
influence of, on Voegelin, 435; Oppenheimer on, 93
—Work: Philosophy of History, 309
Jennings, Margaret, 262
Jeremiah, 91, 261, 262, 388
Jesus Christ. See Christ
Jews: murder of, and National
   Socialism, 2; in Prussia, 449; in
   Vienna, 436, 440-41. See also
   Anti-Semitism; Israelites; Judaism
Joachim of Fiore, 91
John, Gospel of, 281, 282, 332, 408,
    428-29
John, Saint, 90
Johns Hopkins University, 261
John the Baptist, 293
Jonah, 283
Joseph (Thomas Mann), 208
Jouvenel, Bertrand de, 95-97, 101
Judaism: and angels, 378; apocalyp-
ticism in, 437; dialogue between Christians and Jews, 245; and revelation, 386. See also Anti-Semitism; Israelites; Jews
Jung, C. G., 241, 253, 284
Justice: Aristotle on, 165; existential
justice, 165; and iustitia and oikonomia, 164-66; and Negro revolution in America, 157; in Old Testament, 165
Justinian: code of, 6, 77-78; on
functions of ruler, 77-78, 157; heresy in empire of, 338; on Paul, 302
Justin the Martyr, 301
Just war ( bellum justum ), 94

Kafka, Franz, 263
Kafka, Gustav, 131, 140, 141, 147
Kallipolis (beautiful city), 374
Kant, Immanuel: aporias of, 287; on
authority, 167; on evolution, 222-23, 291-92, 336, 354-55, 440-41; on history, 182; on meaning of history, 407-9; on progress, 408; on time, 182
—Works: Critique of Judgment, 222;
Critique of Pure Reason, 167; Ideas Concerning Universal History from a Cosmopolitan Standpoint, 407-9; Kritik der Urteilskraft, 222, 354-55, 441
Kelsen, Hans: on being, 113-14; on
constitution, 133; and euzen, 159; on ideal being, 127; on ideologies, 149; on international law, 135-37, 140, 142, 149; on natural law, 112, 115, 124, 132, 133-35, 141-45; on natural order, 146; on physei dikaion, 115, 116; on positive law, 115, 116, 133, 135, 142-45; on pure theory of law, 132, 133-34; on value judgment, 120; on violator of the law, 137; Voegelin's relationship with, 8, 433; on will, 113-14
Kennan, George, 92-93, 95
Khomeini, Ayatollah, 425
Khrushchev, Nikita, 141
Kibbutzim experience, 274
Kinesis: Aristotle on, 213, 214, 251,
362; and search for ground of one's existence, 330-31, 362-63, 384; Thucydides on, 56, 58, 94-95, 98-99, 411
Kingship: Bodin on, 76; creation of,
158; divine right of kings, 151-54; and imperator in regno suo, 413; in Old Testament, 153; Sumerian King List, 229, 412. See also Rulership
Klemm, Gustav Friedrich, 226
Knox, John, 293-94, 320
Koestler, Arthur, 236
Koinai ennoiai (common concepts),
    303, 317
Koinonia, 316
König, Marie, 277, 451
Koran, 245
Koselleck, Reinhart, 397, 400
Kraus, Karl, 398, 428, 434
Kritik der Urteilskraft (Kant), 222,
    354-55, 441
Kulturtheorie, 336

Labor. See Division of labor
Labor movement, 29
Language: and consciousness, 356-61;
contemporary linguistic conceptions of, 357, 399; contradictions in, 400; decay of German and English languages, 434; French language, 371; It-reality language, 399; Kraus on, 428; and magic of words, 382; plurality of languages, 13, 357-61; and reality, 427; as referring to anything outside of itself, 427; reflective distance language, 399; Thing-language, 422; thing-reality language, 399; Voegelin's learning of, 435-36
Language, Truth, and Logic (Ayer),
   257-58
Laplace, Pierre-Simon de, 450-51
Laski, Harold, 59
Latin America, 439-40, 447
Law: as coercive order, 135-38;
intercivilizational law, 148; unconstitutional laws, 131; violator of, 137. See also Common law; International law; Natural law; Positive law; Pure theory of law
Lawrence, Fred, 14, 444-45, 452-55
Laws (Plato), 282, 318, 329, 365,
   374-75, 382, 414, 418, 437-38
Leakey, Richard, 276
Leere, 380
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm, 222,
   251-52, 300, 355
LeMontais, Harold, 260
Lenin, V. I., 83
LeRoy, Louis, 46, 47, 49
Lettre a Jean Bautru (Bodin), 425
Leviathan, 59
Leviathan (Hobbes), 332
Lévi-Strauss, Claude, 358
Lex aeterna, 121, 128
Lex naturalis, 121, 124
Libido dominandi, 7, 117, 121, 226,
   381
Lifton, Robert Jay, 321-22
List der Vernunft, 61
Literary criticism, 261
"Little Gidding" (Eliot), 38-40
Locke, John, 26, 303, 424
Logic (Hegel), 331-32, 408, 414
Logic (Sigwart), 113
Logical empiricism, 104
Logical Investigations (Husserl), 113
Logos: Hegel on, 408; Heraclitus on,
   249, 395; Marcus Aurelius on, 403;
   meaning of, 156; transcendent Logos,
   100
Lonely Crowd (Riesman), 194
Lonergan, Bernard Joseph Francis, 297,
   299, 330, 452, 455
Lotze, Rudolf Hermann, 391
Love: as Christian virtue, 249-50, 268;
   of God, 4n9; Heraclitus on, 213, 217;
   Nietzsche on, 217; philia as, 118,
   119, 216, 249, 362
Löwith, Karl, 402
Ludwig Maximilians University, 5-6
Luminosity, 13, 330, 342, 355-56, 363,
   392, 393, 429, 456
Luther, Martin, 167
Lykeion, 65

Ma'at (order), 123, 193-94, 196
Macedonia, 306, 375
Machiavelli, Niccolò, 52, 53
Machlup, Fritz, 433
Machnik, Roberta, 269, 335
Machnik, Stanislaus, 261, 270, 314-17,
   320, 325, 329-30, 340-41
Machnik, Stephan, 272, 273
Magic: definition of, 339; history of,
   339; speculative systems as form
   of sorcery and alchemy, 275-76; of
   Trobriand Islanders, 339; of words,
   382
Magyars, 47
Maier, Hans, 167-69
Majestas, 163
Malinowski, Bronislaw, 339
Mallarmé, Stéphane, 371, 435
Malta, 447
Mandala, 284
Manichaeism, 22, 311
"Man in Political Institutions,"
   (Voegelin), 8, 150-73
"Man in Revolt" (Voegelin), 9, 218-42
"Man in the Cosmos" (Voegelin), 9,
   186-96
Mann, Thomas, 208, 328
Mannerism, 275
Mannheim, Karl, 268
Man Without Qualities (Musil), 381
Marcic, René, 116, 126-29, 130-34,
   139, 146-47, 155-57
Marcus Aurelius: on meaning
   of history, 403-4, 407, 408; as
   philosopher, 156-57; Stoicism of,
   430
Marsilius of Padua, on cycle, 46
Marx, Karl: on being, 244; on class
struggle, 225; and deformations, 331; on divine as projection of human consciousness, 394; and doctrine of ultimate validity, 385; on history, 90, 178, 179, 180-81; on history of communism, 232; positivism of, 267; and power problem, 381; on Prometheus story, 339-40; on religion, 240; and speculative systems as form of sorcery and alchemy, 276; on superman, 224, 253; on surplus theory of value, 324
Marxism: and Arendt, 446, 449; Aron
on, 240; changes in, 147; compared with Soviet Communism, 179, 228; decline of, 227; and dialectical materialism, 308; and genesis of high culture, 161; and historical process, 42, 167-68; on human nature, 102; as influence on University of Vienna, 433, 434; Weber's critique of, 227
Mason, Thérèse, 273
Masse totale, 232
Mass media, 87-88
Materialism and Empiric-Criticism (Lenin), 83
Mathematics: development of,
    404; geometry, 452; Laplace's
   deterministic mathematics, 450-
   51; Pascal on accumulation of
   knowledge in, 406; questioning in, 300
Mattar, Sam, 331, 336
Matter and form, 257
Matthew, Gospel of, 21
Maurya empire, 346
McGraw-Hill, 441
Meaning: consciousness of, 312-13; of
   history, 397-414, 443; problem of,
   312, 322
Meaning in History (Löwith), 402
Meaninglessness, 341
Meaning of History (Berdyaev), 51
Media. See Mass media
Medicine, 56-57, 98-99
Meditation: as basic form of
philosophy, 2; definition and discussion of meditative complex,
361, 389-95; disappearance of, as cultural factor, 303-4, 306; Four Quartets by Eliot as, 34-40; as origin of philosophical knowledge of order, 384-95; Plato and Aristotle on meditative complex, 390; and reading of Upanishads, 304
Méditations (Descartes), 177
"Meditative Origin of the
    Philosophical Knowledge of Order,
   The" (Voegelin), 13, 384-95
Mehta, Asoka, 95
Melville, Herman, 328
Memnosyne, 426
Merleau-Ponty, Maurice, 182
Messianism, 6, 89-93
Metalepsis, 251
Metaphysics: Comte on, 246; as
corruption of philosophy, 246-47; development of, 359; first use of term, 246, 334; as meaningless term for Voegelin, 390; ontology as replacement term for, 334, 359; and Stoicism, 246, 283, 303; Thomas Aquinas on, 246, 334, 359; Voegelin's definition of, 283
Metaphysics (Aristotle), 246, 247, 251,
    257, 259, 312, 334, 359, 366, 387, 390
Metastasis: definition of, 90; historical
   types of, 90
Meta ta physika, 334, 390
Metaxy: and consciousness, 356,
361-64; and flux, 340-41; Plato on, 213, 250, 264, 362, 422; tension of, 250, 362-64. See also In-between
Methexis, 251
Meyer, Eduard, 48, 308-9
Michels, Thomas, 158-60, 164-66
Mill, John Stuart, 102
Miller, Hillis, 261
Mimesis, 164
Mises, Ludwig von, 443
Missionaries, 148
Mommsen, Theodor, 48
Mongols, invasion of, 47
Monogenes, 428-29
Monogenes theos, 281, 292
Monotheism, 204-5. See also God
Montesquieu, Charles-Louis de
    Secondat, Baron de La Brède et de, 48
Moon symbol, 284-85
Mores, 271
Morgan, Thomas Hunt, 276
Morgenstern, Gert, 272
Morstein-Marx, 441
Moses: Amon Hymns parallel with,
376, 421; date for, 262; and God, 210, 326; Thornbush Episode of, 210, 261
Murder, 2, 21, 116, 337-38, 437-40
Muses, 426
Musil, Robert von, 381, 434
Mussolini, Benito, on race, 447
Mutations, 276-77
Mysticism: of Bakunin, 59; Eastern
mysticism, 332, 333-34, 335; of Eckhart, 340, 426; of Ficino, 338; objections to, 320; and phronesis, 425; recovering experiences of, 425-26; as state of consciousness, 361; Voegelin's study of, 4
Mysticism East and West (Otto), 333
Mystic Man (Neumann), 281
Myth and Reality (Eliade), 188
"Myth as Environment" (Voegelin), 11,
   307-43
Mytho-speculation, 316-17
Myths: cosmogonic myths, 335-36;
of creation of world, 211, 335-36; definition of, 188-89; of Egypt, 190, 335; Eliade on, 188; as environment, 307-43; and God-of-the-Beginning, 321; Greek myths, 358; Hegel on, 423; of Hesiod, 301, 366, 419; Levi-Strauss on, 358; Oriental myths, 358; and Plato, 301; plurality of, 419; problem of, 419-20; of Prometheus, 339-40; Schelling on, 442; and superstition, 420; and symbols, 278-79; types of, 190-92

Nabal (fool), 366
Napoleon, 71, 84, 316, 317
Napoleonic Wars, 138
National Socialism: Doderer on, 434;
ethical judgments against, 19-20; evil of, 2-3, 22-23; and Grynszpan case, 2, 20-23; and murder of Jews, 2, 337-38; rise of, in Austria, 440; and suppression of Voegelin's books
on race, 447; in Vienna, 236. See also Hitler, Adolf
NATO, 72
Natural law: Aristotle on, 114-16,
132-33; as being or aliquid rationis, 126-28; and Christianity, 7, 82, 117-19, 144; compared with pure theory of law, 132, 133-34; and euzen, 159; and evil, 116; and history, 125-26; and image of man in international law, 141-46; and international law, 140-41, 142; and iustitia, 164-65; Kelsen on, 112, 115, 124, 133-35, 142-45; and legal obligation of individual excluded from community, 20; misconstructions of, 116-21, 141; as mutable, 115; and nuclear war, 138-40; and ontological status, 112-14; and order of being, 123-25, 128; and Paul, 132; and pneumatic experience, 151; in political theory, 112-49; and positive law, 141, 143-44; and representation, 120; and return to ground of being, 125; as therapeutic knowledge, 121-23
"Natural Law in Political Theory"
    (Voegelin), 7-8, 112-49
Natural order, 145-46
Natural reason: and grace, 328;
   revelation versus, 325-28, 385-89
Natural sciences. See Science
Nazism. See National Socialism
Neanderthal man, 286-87
Neo-Kantianism, 391, 433-34
Neolithic civilizations, 312
Neo-Pelagianism, 60
Neoplatonism, 275, 360-61
Nephesh, 199
Neumann, Eric, 281
New experiences, 198, 287-90
New Science of Politics (Voegelin), 5,
    338
News media, 87-88
New Testament: and Islam, 244-45;
    social order and Gospels, 81; symbols
   of, 248. See also Bible; and specific
    books of the Bible
Newton, Sir Isaac, 287, 424
Nibelungenlied, 47, 48
Nicean Council, 77
Nicholas, Henry, 252
Nicholas of Cusa, 289
Nicomachean Ethics (Aristotle), 100,
    115, 116, 118, 120, 200
Niebuhr, Reinhold, 48
Nietzsche, Friedrich: on cycle, 46; on
    cycle theory, 43; on end of the West,
    47; on the "It," 392; on love, 217; on
    superman, 106, 224, 253
Noetic: versus pneumatic, 198-99,
    418; Voegelin's use of term, 329
Noetic consciousness, 254, 315
Noetic theology, 11, 249-60
Nomikon dikaion, 116
Nomos (law), 165
Nomothetes, 131
Nonexistence, 341
Nosos (disease), 56, 64
"Notes on 'Civilization and Foreign
    Affairs'" (Voegelin), 11-12, 344-50
"Notes on T. S. Eliot's Four Quartets "
    (Voegelin), 3-4, 33-40
Nous: classical concept of, 100, 185,
214, 215, 216, 298, 315, 329, 363, 384; differentiation of, and noetic experience, 198; meanings of, 249, 329; and reason, 105; tension of existence toward, 298; translations of, 213-14; Voegelin's use of term, 329. See also Consciousness; Reason
Novum Organum (Bacon), 405, 406
Nuclear war: as deterrent, 73; and
   natural law, 138-40. See also Atom
    bomb

Obedience: in authoritarian states,
   166-67; limits of, 133
Object-subject relation, 391-92, 398
Obligation: and being, 112-13; and
   representation, 114
O'Callaghan, Michael, 455
Ockham, William of, 340
O'Connor, Eric, 10-11, 272-93, 295-
   301, 303-7, 312, 314, 317, 321, 324,
   339, 343
O'Doherty, Patrick, 273
Odyssey (Homer), 270
O'Hara, Martin, 271
Oikonomia (process of salvation,
    dispensation), 165-66
Old Testament: and Islam, 268; and
Jews, 245; justice in, 165; kingship in, 153; Philo Hebraeus on, 248; as unilateral history, 234. See also Bible; and specific books of the Bible
O'Neill, John, 368-70
One-line history. See Unilinear history
One-man conception of mankind,
   406n7
Ontology: as meaningless term for
    Voegelin, 390-91; of order, 124; as
    replacement term for metaphysics,
   334, 359
Ontosophie, 391
OPEC cartel, 444
Opium War, 148
Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 93, 95, 109,
   161
Opsis (vision), 418
Oratio directa, 35
Order: categories of, in different
societies, 123-24; consciousness of, 323; Gelasian order, 75; healthy versus diseased order, 56-61, 63, 65, 98-99; meditative origin of philosophical knowledge of, 13, 384-95; natural order, 145-46; ontology of, 124; and process of disorder, 83-84; and sources of disorder, 78-83; spiritual order, 75-88; viable order, 69-75. See also Disorder
Order and History (Voegelin): on
Christianity, 282-83; development of volumes of, 10-11, 11, 14, 307-12; on differentiation of consciousness, 282; genesis of, 441-43; on quaternarian structure of reality, 456; research for, 275-80, 451
Order of being, and natural law, 123-25, 128
Organon (Aristotle), 247
Origenes, 302
Original sin, 7, 121
Origins of Totalitarianism (Arendt),
   446
Orthodox empires, 163-64, 413
Orwell, George, 283-84
Otto, Rudolf, 253, 333
Ouranos, 377
Ousiai (existing things), 372
Ousias eidos (two kinds of being), 399
Ovid, 82

Paleontology, 276-77, 286
Paradis artificiels (Baudelaire), 239-40,
   241, 330, 382
Paradox of consciousness, 398-99
Paranoia, 379-83
Parekbasis (pathological states of
   society), 59, 64
Parmenides: on being, 211, 244; on
   construction of universe, 289;
   contemporaries of, 197
Parmenides (Plato), 371-72
Parousia: and Beyond, 13-14, 396-414;
   and Christ, 373; definition of, 396,
   427; Plato on, 366-67, 403; and
   polytheism, 410; and Sermon on the
   Mount, 119
Participatio, 251
Participation, 203, 206-10, 251-53,
   263, 272, 290
Participatory self, 394
Pascal, Blaise: on accumulation
   of knowledge, 406-7, 408; on
    divertissement, 330; pessimistic
   psychology of, 49; on Scripture,
   406-7, 409
Patrios politeia, 131
Paul, Saint: effectiveness of, 302; on
   Eucharist, 427; on Mystical Body of
   Christ, 216; and natural law, 132;
   symbols used by, 302; vision of, on
   road to Damascus, 294, 342
Paulus-Gesellschaft, 243
Peace: Augustine on, 146; and
   international law, 146-49; and
   justice, 157
Peace of Utrecht, 225
Peace of Westphalia, 83-84
Peasants, 30, 449-50
Peitho (persuasion), 215
Pelagianism, 60, 294, 297
Periagoge, 280, 367-68, 414
Perichoresis, 304, 305
Persian empire: beginning of, 310; as
   ecumenic, 346; Herodotus on, 313,
   411-12; history of, 230-31, 389;
   kingdom states within, 231
Persian Wars, 169, 411
Pessimism: and apprehension of
extinction of civilization, 46-48; and internal moral and spiritual disintegration of the West, 48-49
Peter (apostle), 21
Phaedrus (Plato), 372, 377, 418
Phenomenologie de la perception
    (Merleau-Ponty), 182
Phenomenology of the Spirit (Hegel),
   176, 385, 414
Philebus (Plato), 340
Philia (love), 118, 119, 216, 249, 362
Philia politike (love among men), 194,
    216
Philo, 165, 388
Philodox, 99-100
Philo Hebraeus, 248
Philosophers: authority of, 55-56, 62-
   63; 76, 77; Bodin on, 76; Dante on,
   76; Plato on, 62-63, 99; statesmen
    versus, 55-56
Philosophes, 317
Philosophical reflection, 111
Philosophie du Boudoir (Sade), 332-33
Philosophy of Mythology and
    Revelation
(Schelling), 51
Philosophy: Aristotle on, 312-13, 419,
420; and Christianity, 82, 302; early literature distinguished from, 261; Hegel on, 385; identity philosophy, 364; Leibniz on fundamental philosophical questions, 222, 251-52, 300; as love of wisdom, 385; Pascal on accumulation of knowledge in, 406; Plato on, 298, 312-13, 363-64; problems in currently, 86-87; relation of prophetic and philosophical, 417-48; relation of theology to, 419-20; renaissance of, 93-108; revelation versus, 198-99; separation of science and, 84. See also specific philosophers
Philosophy of history: definition of,
90; existence of, 8, 167-70; of Hegel, 60-61, 90, 178, 179, 180-81, 230-32, 308, 405, 409, 414; and relevance,
169-70; and unilinear history, 228-34; and Voltaire, 168, 228
Philosophy of History (Jaspers), 309
Philosophy of Right (Hegel), 380-81
Philosophy of speculation, 400
Philosophy of Symbolic Forms
   (Cassirer), 262
Phronesis: as eschatological concept,
   430; Gadamer on, 422; and
    mysticism, 425; Plato and Aristotle
   on, 215; problem of, 422, 423, 453;
   and reflective distance, 423
Physei dikaion, 115, 116
Physics: and construction of "physical
universe," 287-90; development of, 404; Einstein on, 98; and evolution, 354; nuclear physics, 292; Pascal on accumulation of knowledge in, 406
Pistis, 249
Planic, Zdravko, 12-13
Plants, 290-91
Plato: Academy of, 63, 337; on aition,
366, 372; on amathes, 250, 313, 365, 366; on anarche (disorder), 429; on anoia, 365; on apeiron, 321; on aporia, 429; on ariste polis and kallipolis, 374; on Athens as doomed, 306; on becoming, 400; on being, 399-400; on Beyond, 376, 418; and Cave Parable, 294, 373, 413-14; on chora, 421; on daimonios aner (spiritual man), 250, 313, 365; on Demiurge, God, 281, 375-76, 399, 421, 428; on dialectics, 364; dialogues of, 103, 271, 306, 373, 393; on divine reality, 396, 431; on education, 107, 324; on eidos, 56; on empirical average, 117; on epekeina, 202, 256, 367, 368, 372, 376, 378, 396; on "eristic" constructions, 356; existential experience of, 296; on fools, 337; on genesis, 399-400; on god as puppeteer, 282, 329; and God in Promethean fire, 326; and Hegel, 423; on helmsman myth, 46; on human nature, 62-63, 100, 250, 263, 313, 365, 366; on In-between, 390; interpretations of, 370; on last judgment, 367-68, 374; on meditative complex, 390; on metaxy, 213, 250, 264, 362, 422; on methexis, 251; on monogenes, 428-29; and myths, 301; on noetic theology, 11; on nous, 214, 249, 298, 315, 329, 363; on ousias eidos (two kinds of being), 399; on parousia, 366-67, 403; on peitho, 215; on periagoge, 280, 414; on philodox, 99-100; on philosophers, 62-63, 99; philosophical language of, 358; on philosophy, 298, 312-13, 319, 363-64; on phronesis, 215; on plethos (the mass of the people), 417, 419; on polis, 62-63; political science of, 54, 59-60, 62-65, 91, 99; as prophet, 418; on psyche, 363, 399-400; question of thingness in, 430; reading of, 82; on reflective ego versus participatory self, 394; and revelation, 386; on Sophists, 262, 271; on ta onta, 369, 372; on theology, 247-48, 262, 318, 319, 326, 334; on types of persons, 250, 263, 313, 365, 366; Voegelin's introduction to, 434; on war, 137, 375, 437-38
—Works: Gorgias, 56, 195, 318, 382;
Laws, 282, 318, 329, 365, 374-75, 382, 414, 418, 437-38; Parmenides, 371-72; Phaedrus, 372, 377, 418; Philebus, 340; Politeia, 202, 262, 294; Politicus, 46; Protagoras, 103, 337; Republic, 62, 318, 334, 367-69, 373-75, 378, 396, 4I3-14 418; Symposium, 252, 304, 313, 365; Timaeus, 46, 368, 399-400, 421, 429, 431
Pleonexia (power), 117, 121
Pleroma (optimal presence), 373
Plethos (the mass of the people), 417,
   419, 437
Plotinus, 244, 377, 421
Pluralism, 170-73
Pneuma (spirit), 198, 315, 360, 388
Pneumatic, 198-99, 418
Poland, 432
Polanyi, Michael, 93
Polis: Aristotle on, 401-2; and euzen,
   118; genesis of, 162-63; non-imperial
   character of, 425; philosophers in,
   55-56; Plato on, 62-63; Plato on war
   among poleis, 137, 375, 437-38
Politeia, 62, 115, 130-31
Politeia (Plato), 202, 262, 294
Politeuma (constitution), 401
Political institutions: democracy
and pluralism, 170-73; and genesis of high cultures, 161-63; iustitia and oikonomia, 164-66; misconstructions of, 150-55; obedience in authoritarian states, 166-67; and philosophy of history, 8, 167-70; and political significance of intellectuals, 155-57; as problem of "tension," 158-61; state and sovereignty, 163-64
Political Religions (Voegelin): first
   edition of, 2, 19; foreword to second
   edition of, 1, 2-3, 15, 19-23
Political science: branches of, 57-59;
classical political science, 251-56; confusion in currently, 66; and "good life," 96; and Institute of Political Science (Munich), 348-50
Political theory: and balance between
State, Church, and Science, 65-66; and branches of political science, 57-59; and Christianity, 81-82; meanings of politikos, 54-57, 59; and modern derailments, 58-62; nature of, 53-66; origins of, 92; and Platonic-Aristotelian science of politics, 53-60, 62-65; principles and beginnings of, 5, 53-66; range of problems relevant to, 64-65
Politics (Aristotle), 57, 63, 115, 118,
    119, 130, 185, 419, 437
Politicus (Plato), 46
Politikos, 53-57, 59
Polybius, 144, 313-14, 375
Polytheism. See Gods
Pontifex Maximus, 77
Popes, 75, 83-84
Population of industrial society, 69-71
Populos (people), 157
Pornography, 332-33, 426
Portman, Adolf, 276, 277
Positive law: and formal basic norm,
    133, 134; and international law, 142;
    and iustitia, 164-65; Kelsen on, 115,
   116, 133, 135, 142-45; and natural
   law, 141, 143-44
Positivism: of Comte, 79, 102, 106,
   267, 307; decline of, 227; of Marx,
   267; as phenomenon of disorder, 385;
   and science, 104
Postan, M. M., 93-94
Post-Christian man, 175
Potentia (power), 96
Potestas (accrual of power), 96
Potvin, Colette, 330-31, 334, 342
Power: division between temporal
   and spiritual power, 75-80; human
   striving for, 117; knowledge as, 80-
   81; problem of, 85, 381; Shakespeare
   on, 96
Power blocs, 72-73
Praz, Mario, 275
Predestination, 62
Préface pour le traité du vide (Pascal),
Presence, 181-83, 264, 293, 366-67,
   427
Princeton University, 162
Principia Mathematica (Russell and
   Whitehead), 258
Prisoners of war, 136
Problemata (Pseudo-Aristotle), 45
Produktionsverhaltnissse, 226
Profane versus sacred history, 50-51
Projections, 223-24, 253
Projectum, 421
Promethean man, 280
Prometheus, 339-40
Pronoia, 380
Propaganda of atrocities, 94
Prophetic: relation of philosophical to,
   417-18
Prophetica administratio, 158
Prophets: on false gods, 91; relation of
   prophetic and philosophical, 417-18;
   and search for or possession of truth,
   418
Protagoras (Plato), 103, 337
Protée philosophia (first philosophy),
   247
Protestantism, 30. See also
   Christianity
Proust, Marcel, 183
Prudentia, 161
Prussia, 28, 449
Psalms, 318
Pseudo-Aristotle, 45
Pseudos (falsity, lie), 386
Psyche, 199, 200, 202, 363
Psyche-logike, 403-4
Psychoanalysis, 105, 241, 433, 434
Psychology: as deformation type,
389-90; identity psychology, 364; of projection, 223, 253; of seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, 226
Psychopathology, 329-30
Public consciousness, 395
Public unconscious, 324, 394-95
Purcell, Leo, 260, 264
Pure theory of law, 132, 133-34
Puritanism, 60, 90, 147, 153, 154
Pynchon, Thomas, 379-80
Pythagoras, 199

Quaternarian structure of reality, 456
Querelle des anciens et modernes, La,
   405-6
Questioning, 299-300, 330-31
"Questions Up" (Voegelin), 275-307

Race: Arendt on, 446, 448; Buffon's
classification of, 448; and civilizations, 446-47; Gobineau on, 226; history of concept of, 447-49; Klemm on, 226; Mussolini on, 447; struggle between the races, 226
Race and State (Voegelin), 447
Radiocarbon dates, 312
Radix, 23
Randa, Alexander von, 163
Ray, John, 277
Reagan, Ronald, 444
Reality: aletheia as, 357; and common
sense, 369; definition of, 353-54, 357; quaternarian structure of reality, 456. See also It-reality; Thing-reality
Reason: in classical philosophy,
214-17, 219; and consciousness of tension, 328; Descartes on, 97; and ground of existence, 218-19, 260; meanings of, 214-17, 219, 225, 329; natural reason versus revelation, 325-28, 385-89; origin of term, 329; religious roots of, 3; and science, 347; techniques for blocking rational discussion, 103-4, 110
"Reason: The Classic Experience"
   (Voegelin), 370-71
Recherche du temps perdu (Proust),
    183
Rechtsgemeinschaft (legal
   relationship), 20
Reconquista, 163
Reflections (Meditations) (Marcus
   Aurelius), 403-4
Reflective distance, 13, 14, 364, 371,
   393-94, 399, 422-23
Reformation, 75, 152-53
Regna, 163
Reibstein, Ernst, 154
Reid, Thomas, 266, 369
Reinhold, Christian Ernst, 391
Relevance, 169-70
Religion: Bodin on wars of religion,
425; Cicero on, 420; confrontation between theology and world religions, 243-74; importance of, 108-9; Marx on, 240; psychological explanation of religious ideas, 223-24, 253; in Russia, 82-83; wars of religion, 49, 76, 83, 138, 381, 425. See also Christianity; Church; Theology
Religiosissimus iuris, 78, 157
Remembrance, 426, 427
Remusat, Abel, 309
Renan, Ernest, 28, 79
Representation, 114, 119-20
Representative humanity, 7, 113, 117,
    119-20
Republic (Plato), 62, 334, 367-69,
    373-75, 378, 396, 413-14, 418
"Responses at the Panel Discussion of
    'The Beginning of the Beginning'"
   (Voegelin), 14, 415-31, 456
Responsio, 386, 390
Revelation: and Christianity, 301,
358, 368, 386; fantasy versus, 328; and Israelites, 358, 386, 387-88; natural reason versus, 325-26, 385-89; philosophy versus, 198-99; as process in history, 300-301; and world religions, 326
"Revolt of Man" (Voegelin), 9, 218-42
Revolution, 283, 400
Revolutionary communes, 305-6
Revolutionary deformations, 280
Ricoeur, Paul, 305, 322
Riesman, David, 194
Rig-Veda, 361
Ritter, Gerhard A., 151-53
Rituals, 299
Roman empire: and Agricola, 404, 455;
beginning of, 310; and Christianity, 81, 82, 91; decline and fall of, 48-49; destruction of ethnic community by, 437; as ecumenic, 346; expansion of, 412-13, 437; and Germanic tribes, 47; legal theory of, 130; and Pontifex Maximus, 77; Vico on, 50-51
Roman Law, 78
Romanticism, 197, 275, 347, 424
Rostoftzeff, Michael I., 48
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques: Baudelaire
on, 240, 330, 382; on education, 107; on human nature, 60; theory of qualified sovereignty of the people prior to, 154
Ruach (spirit), 198, 315, 388
Rulership: Justinian on functions of
    ruler, 77-78; symbols of, 286. See
    also Emperors; Kingship
Russell, Bertrand, 258
Russia: and Napoleon, 71; religion in,
   82-83. See also Soviet Union
Russo-Japanese war, 28-29
Rüstow, Wilhelm, 161

Sabine, George, 441
Sacred versus profane history, 50-51
Sacrum imperium, 164
Sade, Marquis de, 332-33
Saints, 337, 378
Saint-Simon, Claude Henri de Rouvroy,
   comte de, 423
Salman, Dominic, 267-70
Samuel, Second Book of, 410
Santa Clara University, 13
Sartre, Jean-Paul: on bad faith, 235,
   237-39; and communism, 58, 239;
   existentialism of, 297-98; and
   French language, 371; on old age and
   death, 322
Schaff, Adam, 322
Scheler, Max, 4n9, 126
Schelling, F. W. J.: and daring, 167;
   influence of, on Voegelin and Jaspers,
   445; on myth, 442; on sacred history,
   51
Schiller, Johann Christoph Friedrich
    von, 322
Schlick, Moritz, 114, 433
Schmitt, Carl, 171
Schmolz, Franz-Martin, 116, 120-22,
124-30, 132, 138, 141, 142, 145-47, 150-51, 153, 155, 157-61, 164-66, 168-70
Scholasticism: and natural law, 114,
    126-27; and order, 125; and reason,
    215; and Thomas Aquinas, 123, 189
Schriftenreihe zur Politik und
   Geschichte,
349
Schütz, Alfred, 4, 433
Science: balance between State,
Church, and Science, 65-66; methodology of, 104; in organizations outside of universities, 306-7; origins of, 81; and reason, 347; separation of philosophy and, 84; specialization in, 331; and universal world, 205; and Wertbeziehung Method, 104. See also specific scientific disciplines, such as Physics
Science of society, 98-99
Scientia divina, 61-62
Scientia humana, 61-62
Scienza Nuova (Vico), 50
Scipio, 314
Scripture. See Bible
Second Reality, 234-40, 381-82, 434
Sein, das (the being), 112
Seinsanalyse (analysis of nature), 122
Sein und Zeit (Heidegger), 435
"Self" compounds, 352-53
Self-consciousness, 200-201
Self versus object, 398
Sensorium, 200, 203, 215
Separation of church and state, 84, 86
Serenitas, 163
Serfs, 449-50
Sermon on the Mount, 7, 117, 119
Shakespeare, William, 96, 382-83
Siger de Brabant, on cycle, 46
Sigwart, Christoph, 113
Sin. See Evil; Original sin
Six livres de la Republique (Bodin), 76,
    153
Social sciences: and "good life,"
95-97; methodology of, 104; rational discussion in, 104-5, 110; and value judgments, 97
Social security, 3
Societas perfecta (society perfect by
    nature), 68-69, 71, 72
Society: good society, 6, 98, 102-3;
    science of society, 98-99
Sociology: and "good life," 96
Socrates: death of, 250, 368, 374; on
fools, 337; on last judgment, 367-68, 374; as savior, 368; as statesman, 56
Sollen, das (the obligation), 112
"Song of the Harper," 190
Sophism: and amathes, 250; and gods,
    318; and negative triads, 318; on
   obligation, 114; Plato on perversions
   of, 262, 271
Sorcery. See Magic
Sorel, Georges, 29
Soul: Bergson on openness of, to
    transcendence, 101-2; of Negroes,
    265
Southern Political Science Association,
   5
Sovereignty, 153, 154, 163-64
Soviet Union: centralized planning
activity in, 29; changes in, 147; communist government of, 155, 179, 227, 402; dialogue between Catholic theologians and communists in, 324-25; and ecumenic rule, 144, 145; exchanges between Western societies and, 110; Hitler's fear of, 47-48; Kennan on, 92-93; and nuclear war, 73; population and size of, 69, 72
Space-time, 263-64. See also Time
Spain, 154, 163
Spann, Othmar, 8
Specialization in academic world, 331
Species, theory of, 276-77
Speculation, 400
Speech: beginning of, 286-87
Spengler, Oswald: on civilization
as unit of history, 309; on cycle theory, 41, 48, 50, 51, 67-68, 74; on technological age, 59
—Work: Decline of the West, 41, 48,
   67, 74
Spinoza, Baruch, 283
"Spiritual and Political Future of the
   Western World, The" (Voegelin), 5-6,
   67-88
Spiritual Exercises (Ignatius), 454
Spiritual Exodus, 412
Spiritual order, 75-88
Spoudaioi (mature people), 62, 63, 113,
   313, 419, 437
Ssu-ma Chien, 410
Ssu-ma T'an, 410
Staël, Madame de, 167
Stalin, Joseph, 338, 381
Stände, 75
Stanford University, 332
Stasis, 170, 351, 353, 358
State: balance between State, Church,
and Science, 65-66; separation of church and, 84, 86; and sovereignty, 153, 163-64
Statesmen versus philosophers, 55-56
Stewart, Dugald, 266
Stoicism: and agnoia ptoiodes, 319; and
alienation, 330; and dogmatization of philosophy, 246, 283, 303; and existence, 257; and Justinian's code, 78; and koinai ennoiai (common concepts), 303, 317; and natural law, 114; and physical universe, 289; as response to disorder, 381, 430; and tasis (tension), 249
Storia eternal ideale (eternal, ideal
    history), 50
Structuralism, 370-71
"Structures of Consciousness"
   (Voegelin), 12-13, 351-83
Strzigowski, Josef, 433
Study of History (Toynbee), 42
Stufenordnung (graduated order), 129
Stupidity and idiocy, 305, 419, 437,
   439, 441, 455-56
Subject-object relation, 391-92, 398
Suicide, 194-96, 342, 403, 404, 430
Sumer: empire of, 197-98; history of,
    229-30, 233; King List of, 229, 412;
    literary documents of, 189
Sumerian King List, 229, 412
Summa Theologiae (Thomas Aquinas),
    212, 301
Summum bonum, 101, 332
Summum malum, 332
Sun symbol, 285
Superbia, 121
Super-ego, 394
Superiores, 157
Superman, 106, 224, 253
Superstition, 420
Surrealism, 275
Survival of fittest, 226
Switzerland, 30
Symbola, 61
Symbolism movement, 275
Symbols: apocalyptic symbolism, 90;
and communication difficulties, 265-66; of cycle, 45-46; definition of, 262, 415-16; development of, 334-35; and discrimination between true and false, 416; and dogmatism, 320-21; emergence of, 278-79; Father-and-Son symbolism, 293; immanence and transcendence as language symbols, 6, 202-3, 256, 258; and insight, 456; language symbols attached to concrete experience, 258-59; and luminosity, 393; of moon, 284-85; and myths, 189-90; of Paul, 302; Praz on, 275; primitive symbols, 284-86; of rulers, 286
Symposium (Plato), 252, 304, 313, 365
System: as term, 269

Tacitus, 404, 455
Ta eonta (being-things), 407
Talmon, Jakob L., 92
Tansey, Charlotte, 262, 266-67, 271,
281, 283, 285-88, 290-92, 296, 298-99, 301-3, 306, 322-23, 325, 335, 338, 451-52
Tao, 55, 123
Taoism, 163, 321, 361, 410
Ta onta (existing things), 369, 372
Tasis (tension), 249, 254, 362
Television, 331
Telos, 117
Ten Commandments. See Decalogue
Tension. See Existential tension
Thales, 211
Theocracy, 119
Theodicy, 21
Theogony, 316
Theologia, 247
Theologia civilis, 6, 92
Theology: Aristotle on, 247-48; civil
theology, 92-93; conceptualization in, 299; confrontation between world religions and, 243-74; as deformation type, 389-90; and existence, 251, 253-58; and existential tension, 249-51, 258, 260, 263-65, 270, 318-19, 363; fallacies of, and Hellenistic philosophy, 303; first use of term by Plato, 247, 262, 334; meanings of, 247-48; medieval theology, 359; mystical versus doctrinal theology, 302; and natural reason versus revelation, 325-26, 385-89; noetic theology, n, 249-60; and participation, 203, 206-10, 251-53, 263, 272; Plato on, 247-48, 262, 318, 319, 326, 344; relation of philosophy to, 419-20; role of, 296; and universals, 259-60. See also Religion; and specific theologians
"Theology Confronting World
   Religions?" (Voegelin), 11, 243-74
Theomorphy, 125
Theopolity, 158-59
Theories and theory making, 168-69,
   283-84, 336. See also Political theory
   Thing-language, 422
Thing-reality, 13, 14, 398-99, 402, 414,
   416
Thirty Years War, 138
Thnetoi (mortals), 250, 263, 313, 365
Thomas Aquinas: and Aristotelianism,
82; on being, 127, 244; on Christ as head of Mystical Body, 301; Christology of, 160; on community, 160-61; on existence, 254-55, 158; on human being and right conduct, 130; on metaphysics, 246, 359; on natural law, 82, 120, 121, 122, 130, 144; on nous, 249; on participatio, 251; on positive law, 144; on reason, 328; and Scholasticism, 123, 189; on superiores, 157; theology of, 248, 325-26; and universal divinity, 205
—Works: Commentary to Aristotle's
Metaphysics, 246, 334, 359, 390; Contra Gentiles, 244-46, 248; De Ente et Essentia, 258; Summa Theologiae, 212, 301
Thomas More Institute for Adult
   Education (Montreal), 10-11,
   243-343
Thorndike, Lynn, 338-39
Thucydides: influence of, on Hobbes,
   59; on kinesis, 56, 58, 94-95, 98-99,
   411; on war and international law,
   137
—Work: History of the Peloponnesian
   War,
56, 94-95, 98-99
Thus Spake Zarathustra (Nietzsche),
   46
Tillich, Paul, 202
Timaeus (Plato), 46, 368, 399-400, 421,
    429, 431
Time: axis time of mankind, 197;
consciousness and space-time, 263-64; in early civilizations, 228-32; and future, 181-82; Merleau-Ponty on, 182; Ponty on, 182-83; timeline of beginning, 422; timeline of history, 308, 311, 412
Topoi, 4, 443
Totalitarianism: Arendt on, 445-46,
449-50; assumptions underlying, 233; authority in, as out of balance, 78-79; groups inclined toward, 30; and totalitarian structure, 28
Toynbee, Arnold: on axis of mankind,
197; on catastrophe in civilization, 46; on civilizations, 46, 74, 265, 309, 310, 311; on cycle theory, 42-45, 48, 50, 51, 67-68; on empire, 163-64; on freedom, 67-68; on post-Christian man, 175; on yin-yang, 43-45
Transcendence: Bergson on openness
of soul to, 101-2; God as world-transcendent, 80, 201, 202; origin of term, 202; paired with immanence, 202-3, 206, 256, 258; and universals, 206
Transcendent ground, 202
Tremendum, 253
Trobriand Islanders, 339
Truth: aletheia as, 357; of beginning in
relation to doctrinal truth, 420-21; ideology versus, 423; and meditative origin of philosophical knowledge of order, 384-95; problem of, 384; prophets' search for, or possession of, 418; propositional truth, 422
Tufts University, 11-12, 344-50
Turgot, Anne-Robert-Jacques, 232
Tusculan Disputations (Cicero),
   329-30
Tutsch, George, 264-65, 271
Type concepts: compared with
   language symbols, 203
Types: changes in, 198

Ultimate validity doctrine, 385
Umkehrung, 414
Unconscious, 394
Unemployment, 438
Unilinear history, 191, 229-34, 308,
   412
United Nations, 136
United States. See America
Universal divinity, 9, 204-6, 220
Universal humanity, 9, 203-6, 219-20
Universals, 9, 203-6, 219-20, 259-60
Universal world, 9, 205-6, 220
Universities, 79, 306-7, 325-26, 331.
    See also specific universities
University of Munich, 12, 348-50
University of Salzburg, 7, 8
University of Vienna, 8, 432-34
University of Wisconsin, 434-35
Upanishads, 206-8, 209, 272, 304, 333,
   334, 343, 377
Usher, Bishop, 407
Utopia, 430
Utopianism, 374
Utrecht, peace of, 225
V (Pynchon), 379
Valéry, Paul, 435
Value: absolute values, 116;
   as meaningless term, 116, 120, 336;
   and Neo-Kantianism, 391; and
    Wertbeziehung Method, 104

Value judgments, 6, 97, 120
Varro, Marcus Terentius, 92
Vasqeuz, Fernando, 154
Vedas, 272, 387
Verdross-Drossberg, Alfred, 128-29,
   133, 136, 140, 146-49, 154, 159, 160,
   164
Viable order, 69-75
Vico, Giambattista, 4, 48, 50-51, 52
Vienna Circle, 433
Vietnam, 266
Violence: and colonial societies, 439-
40; and heresy, 338; and Industrial Revolution, 438; and murder, 2, 21, 116, 337-38, 437-40; as unavoidable on, 404, 455-56. See also Wars
Virgil, 82
Virtues, 120-21, 249-50, 268
Vitoria, Francisco de, 148
Vivès, Juan Luís, 37
Voegelin, Eric: in America as
Rockefeller Fellow, 14, 434-35; autobiographical statement of, at age eighty-two, 14-15, 432-71; dialogues between other scholars and, 1-2; dissertation of, 8; education of, 8, 14, 432-34; and forced emigration from Austria, 2, 433, 436-37; on generalization, 451; genesis of Order and History by, 441-43; Harvard faculty appointment for, 433, 436-37; and Institute of Political Science (University Munich), 12, 348-50; languages learned by, 435-36; preparation of, to be political scientist, 435-36; as professor at Ludwig Maximilians University, 5-6; reading by, 446; as Rockefeller Fellow in France, 435; teaching of administrative law by, 434. See also specific works
Voltaire: on Bossuet's one-line
   history, 231; on God, 253, 299; and
   parallel histories, 231-32, 308; and
   philosophy of history, 168, 228
Von der Heydte, Friedrich August
   Freiherr, 120, 122, 135-40, 142-45
Voting, 24

Wagner, Richard, 330
Wakeman, Geoffrey, 371
Wars: Bodin on wars of religion, 425;
casualties from, 137-38, 375, 437-38; casus belli, 148; and international law, 136-38; just war ( bellum justum ), 94; nuclear war, 138-40; Plato on, 137, 375, 437-38; religious wars, 49, 76, 83, 138, 381, 425; Thucydides on, 137
Weber, Alfred, 161
Weber, Max: critique of Marxism by,
227; on ethics of responsibility and ethics of conviction, 439; on rational discussion, 105
Wellesz, Egon, 433
Welty, Eberhard, 119-21, 142-44
Wertbeziehung Method, 104
"West and the Meaning of Industrial
   Society, The" (Voegelin), 6-7, 89-111
Westphalia, Peace of, 83-84
"What Is Political Theory?" (Voegelin),
    5, 53-66
Whitehead, Alfred North: on climate
of opinion, 347; and commonsense philosophy, 435; on experience, 177, 303; on fallacy of misplaced concreteness, 223
—Work: Principia Mathematica, 258
Wilamowitz-Moellendorf, Ulrich von,
   378
Wilde, Johannes, 433
Wiles, Peter, 97
Will, Kelsen on, 113-14
Will to power, 381
Winternitz, Emanuel, 433
"Wisdom and the Magic of the
   Extreme" (Voegelin), 389
Wisdom literature, 190
World: as absolute, 221; as idea,
   220-21; universal world, 205-6, 220
World-immanent man, 175
"World Technology and Human
   Destiny" Conference (1959), 6
World War I, 72, 94, 138
World War II, 72, 93-94, 139

Xenophanes, 197

Yates, Frances, 338, 360
Yin-yang, 43-45
York University, Toronto, 12, 14
Yucatan, 447
Yugoslavia, 227-28

Zen Buddhism, 178, 326, 327, 361
Zetesis (search), 213, 214, 265, 294,
   329, 362, 384, 386, 388
Zeus, 339
Zoon logon echon, 156
Zoon noun echon, 185
Zoon politikon, 155-56

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