INDEX

VOL 31— HITLER AND THE GERMANS


Abendzeitung (Munich), 67
Accessory to crime, 234-36
Achreios, 89
Adenauer, Konrad, 11n26, 12, 66-67,
   66n25
Administrative model, 216
Agnoia, 34. See also Nous 34
Aion, 179-80, 181
Alethos pseudos, 34
Alibi, 91-96
Allgemeine Staatslehre (Krüger), 214
Althaus, Paul, 167
Amathes, 89
Amathia, 89, 98
Ambros, Otto, 68
Amery, Carl, 102-5
Anamnesis, 18, 28, 32, 34, 37, 40
Anamnesis (Voegelin), 18, 28
Ananke, 136, 258, 264, 269
"Anatomy of a Dictator" (Schramm),
   29, 53-63, 110-54 Andreia, 259
Anstand (propriety), 103
Anthropological principle, 25-29, 37
Antiquarian history, 33
Anti-Semitism: and Catholic Church,
   189-92; Cologne synagogue
   defacement, 14, 174; in Evangelical
   Church, 171-77; and Holocaust, 39-
   40; in West Germany in 1950s-1960s,
   14. See also Jews
Apperzeptionsverweigerung (refusal to
   apperceive reality), 255
Aquinas. See Thomas Aquinas
Archontes (municipal authorities), 180
Arendt, Hannah, 4, 7, 11, 26-27, 38,
   39, 64, 64n19, 65, 234-35
Aristotle: on corruption, 157; on
    homonoia, 32, 18o; on human
   nature, 26, 29, 88-89, 96; logic of,
   248; on nous, 73, 253; politics of,
   205-6, 265; rejection of, by Weber,
   269; on slavery, 89, 96-97; on
    spoudaios, 265; on stasis, 85; on
   virtues, 180
   —Works: De Sophisticis Elenchis,
   248n12; Nicomachean Ethics, 88;
    Politics, 206, 271
Armin the Cherusker, 252, 252n15
Augstein, Rudolf, 61, 62
Augustine, Saint, 36
Auschwitz (Naumann), 39
Auschwitz concentration camp, 67-68
Auschwitz trials, 63-65, 63n18, 105,
   213, 236
Authoritarian state, 221-22
Authority: in Don Quixote, 244;
   Justinian on, 79-80; in Romans 13,
   178-83

Baptism, 31. See also Sacraments
Basic Law of Federal Republic of
   Germany, 216-19, 220, 222-23,
   226-30
Baumgarten, Eduard, 270, 273
Bea, Augustine, 201
Beck, Ludwig, 174
Benn, Gottfried, 95, 95n25, 252
Bergmann, Ernst, 163, 163n14
Bergneustadt Conference, 176-77
Berning, Wilhelm, 194, 195
Bertram, Adolf, 160, 160n6
Besson, Waldemar, 58, 58n10, 60, 89
Bible. See specific books of Bible
Biedermann und die Brandstifter
   (Frisch), 100, 106
Bierce, Ambrose, 169
Bismarck, Otto von, 78
Bodenschatz, Karl, 118
Bodin, Jean, 73, 215, 222, 223
Bölsche, Wilhelm, 137, 137^0
Bonhoeffer, Dietrich, 17, 165, 174, 196
Bormann, Martin, 118, 133
Bourgeois culture, 102-5, 254, 259, 262
Braun, Eva, 135
Breiden, Hugo, 64
Britain. See Great Britain
Broch, Hermann, 26, 26n72, 28, 252
Brzezinski, Zbigniew K., 11
Buber, Martin, 206
Buchheim, Hans, 231
Bullock, Alan, 61, 125, 147, 149,
   150-54
Bultmann, Rudolf, 16, 167-68, 167n28,
   169-71
Bumke, Erwin, 66, 236
Bütefisch, Heinrich, 67-68
Buttermelcher Syndrome, 26, 58, 60,
   64, 81, 89, 244-45

Caesar, 265
Carstens, Karl, 12n26
Catholic Church: advances and
regressions of, in differentiation of knowledge of presence under God, 204-9; in Austria, 188; and concentration camps, 194- 96; and conscientious objectors, 192-93; as corpus mysticum, 211; dehumanized response of, to state authority and those outside church, 188-94; Delp's resistance to dehumanization, 17, 174, 196-99, 201; and Fourth Commandment, 178, 200; "guidelines" for German clerics and theologians, 199-201; intellectual and spiritual decline of, in Germany, 157-62; and Kristallnacht, 192; and murder of Catholics in 1934, 188-89; and race question, 189-92; and research into ancestry to establish Jewish origin, 192; and resistance against Hitler, 174, 188, 193-94, 196-99, 221; response to National Socialism by, 31, 74, 160-62, 178, 185-212, 221; as social institution, 155, 201-4; as supranational institution, 155; tension between church as social institution and as community of universal humanity under Christ, 201-4
Catholic Church and Nazi Germany
   (Lewy), 160, 162
Central Office of State Administrations
   for the Prosecution of National
   Socialist Crimes, 13-14
Cervantes, Miguel de, 32, 184, 240-47,
   251
"Character of consciousness," 34
Charisma and charismatics, 149, 265
Christ. See Jesus Christ
Christianity: and Haeckel, 126, 128-29;
and Hitler, 121-29; and Pauline hos me (as-if-not), 273; and presence of God in society and history, 204-5; and science, 124-25; and Trinity, 204-5; and Weber, 272. See also Catholic Church; Church; Evangelical Church
Christliche Ständestaat (Vienna), 188
Church: as corpus mysticum, 23,
31, 156, 178, 200, 201-4, 211; corruption of, in corrupt society, 157-58; intellectual and spiritual decline in German churches, 157-62; lack of theoretical articulation of, 155-57; and representation of universal humanity, 209-12; as social institution versus corpus mysticum, 201-4. See also Catholic Church; Christianity; Evangelical Church
Churchill, Winston, 84, 84n8
Cicero, 208
Circulus vitiosus deus, 265
Clemens, Detlev, 1-21
Coch, Friedrich, 165
Cold war, 9-10
Collective guilt, 5-7, 5-6n12, 9-11,
   75-82
Communism, 78, 157, 159, 222, 253
Comte, Auguste, 126, 262
Concentration and extermination
   camps, 5n12, 6, 19, 40, 67-68, 94,
   158, 160n3, 194-96
Concupiscentia, 107, 258, 259
Conditio humana, 72
Condorcet, Marie Jean Antoine
   Nicholas de Caritat, Marquis de, 262
Confessio Germanica (Bergmann), 163, 163n14
Congar, Yves, 190
Conscientious objectors, 192-93
Constitution: and England, 229; of
   Federal Republic of Germany, 216-
   19, 220, 222-23, 226-30; in France,
   229-30; Weimar constitution, 229
Contemplation, 108-9
Contra legem, 216
Corinthians, First Epistle to, 169,
   169n33, 273
Corpus mysticum, 23, 31, 200, 201-4,
   211, 218
Corpus mysticum Christi, 156, 178
Cretan paradox, 248, 251
Crimes. See War-crime trials
Criminal law, 225-26
Critical history, 33
Critique of Pure Reason (Kant), 73
Cromwell, Oliver, 265

Darwin, Charles, 143-45
Dasein (existence), 86
Death of God, 262
Dedivinization, 27, 87, 96
Defensor fidei (defender of the faith), 80
Dehumanization, 16, 20, 27, 87, 107,
   153, 163, 173, 188-94, 196-99, 261-64, 263
Delp, Alfred, 17, 174, 196-99, 201
Democracy, 83-85, 84nn8-9, 265
Demons (Doderer), 29, 30, 32, 239, 254
Denazification, 3-8, 5n11, 9n21, 10, 11
Denzinger, Henricus, 198, 198n31
Derealisierung (unrealization), 19
Des deutschen Spießers Wunderhorn (Meyrinck), 106
De Sophisticis Elenchis, 248n12
Destruction of the European Jews
   (Hilberg), 68
Detwiler, Donald S., 110n1
Devils (Dostoevsky), 30
Devil's Dictionary (Bierce), 169
Dialectic, 146
Diary of Anne Frank, 19
Dibelius, Otto, 162, 181-82, 181-82n52
Dichtung und Wahrheit (Goethe), 148,
   149
Dietrich, Otto, 118
Dignity, loss of, 87
Disillusionment, 262-63
Divertissement, 242-51
Doctor Faustus (Mann), 30-31
Doderer, Heimito von: as
representative of intact spirit and morality, 17; on second reality, 101, 108, 184, 239, 252-56 —Works: Demons, 29, 30, 32, 239, 254; Die Merovingians, 100, 239, 254-56
Dönitz, Karl, 154
Donne, John, 153, 177, 200
Don Quixote (Cervantes), 240-47, 249,
   151, 253-54
"Dorische Welt" (Benn), 252
Dostoevsky, Fyodor, 30
Dritte Walpurgisnacht, Die (Kraus),
   30, 91-98, 91n15, 122, 131-32, 189,
   195-96, 252

East Germany. See German
   Democratic Republic
Ecclesia (church), 202, 203, 204
Ecumenic Age (Voegelin), 22, 23, 35-36
Eichmann, Adolf, 14, 64, 65, 234-35
Einsatz commandos, 210
Einsatzgruppen trials, 13, 14, 213, 214,
   214n1, 230-31
Eleatic problems, 249, 251
Elert, Werner, 167
Eliot, T. S., 30, 73
Enabling Law of 1933, 106, 106n44
England. See Great Britain
Enlightenment, 264
Epimenides, 248
Episteme, 262
Esse gratiae (grace), 202
Esse naturae (natural existence), 202
Esser, Hermann, 133
Euthanasia trials, 63, 63n18, 65-66,
   213, 230-32, 236
Evangelical Church: anti-Semitic
tendencies in, 171-77; intellectual and spiritual decline of, in Germany, 157-62; participation of, in nationalistic- völkisch ideology, 162-65; anti-Semitism in, 173-77; response to National Socialism, 31, 74, 155-83, 185-86; as social institution, 155; theological opinions of, on race laws, 165-71; and theoretical inquiry into Romans 13, 178-83
Existential representation, 80-81
Existenz (existence), 86
Existenzlüge (lie of existence), 34-35
Existenzmacht (power of existence),
   107, 117
Experience, 261-62
Extermination camps. See
   Concentration and extermination
   camps
Ezekiel, 75, 200

Fackel, Die ( The Torch ),satirical
    magazine edited by Karl Kraus ( See ), 91n14
Faulhaber, Michael von, 16, 189-91,
   190n8, 192, 193
Federal Constitutional Court, 217-19,
   226, 229
Federal Republic of Germany:
amendments to constitution of, 228-29; anti-Semitism in 1950s-1960s, 14; beginning of, 3; and cold war, 9-10; and collective guilt, 9-11, 75-82; and collective silence about Nazi past, 8, 11, 13; compensation payments by, to individual victims, 9; constitution of, 216-19, 220, 222-23, 226-30; as countermodel to East Germany, 10; as countermodel to Nazi regime, 9, 10; and denazification, 3, 8, 10, 11; economic and political success of, 10; former Nazis in government of, 9n21, 11, 11-12n26; and individual guilt for Nazi past, 6-8, 7n14, 12-13, 15; and memory suppression about Nazi regime, 19; and "policy of the past," 13; presence of past in, 2-3; German laxity toward former Nazis, 63-69; and prosecution of Nazi crimes in 1950s-1960s, 13-14; and rehabilitation of "victims of denazification," 13, 13n31; reintegration of Nazi party members in, 12-13, 13n31; and Spiegel affair, 52n1; and Sudetenland, 78; Voegelin's challenges toward, regarding Nazi past, 14-18
Feudalism, 239
Fichte, Johann, 24, 107
First reality, 108-9, 241-44, 246,
   262-64
Fleischer, Josef, 193
Forsthoff, Ernst, 220
Fourth Commandment, 178, 200
France, constitution of, 229—30
Frank, Hans, 93n19
Freedom, 227-28
Freisler, Roland, 197
Freud, Sigmund, 258-60
Friedrich, Carl ]., 11
Frings, Joseph, 201
Frisch, Max, 100, 106
Fritsch, Werner von, 235-36
Fundamental rights, 226-28, 229

Galen, Clemens August von, 162, 185,
   185n1, 194
Ganivet, Ángel, 253-54
Gargantua and Pantagruel (Rabelais),
   240
GDR, See German Democratic Republic (GDR)
Gebhardt, Friedrich, 164
Gehrlich, Fritz, 189
George, Stefan, 265
Gerade Weg, Der (Munich), 189
German Democratic Republic (GDR),
   9n21, 10, 78
German Folkdom (Jahn), 159n2
German National People's Party,
   175n45
Germany: and Bismarck, 78; bourgeois
"propriety" in, 102-5; collective guilt of, 5-7, 5-6n12, 9-11, 75-82; denazification of, 3-8, 5n11, 9n21, 10, 11; and Enabling Law of 1933, 106, 106n44; extermination of Poles by, 210; Holocaust memorial in, 20- 21; illiteracy in, 90-91; and Law for the Restoration of the Civil Service, 164-65; and "mastering of the past," 2, 3, 11-12, 14, 17, 18, 24, 70-74; and "mastering of the present," 2-3, 19, 70-74; partitioning of, 76; postwar collective silence about Nazi past, 8, 11, 13; reunification of, 76; spiritual decline of, 15-17, 25-28, 153; and stupidity of individuals and society, 25-28, 55-63, 81, 89-90, 93, 97; "unrealization" and "orientation toward the unreal," 19; Voegelin's lectures on treatment of Nazi past by Germans, 1-21; Weimar republic in, 11, 78, 157, 186, 222, 224, 226, 229; withdrawal from League of Nations, 172. See also Federal Republic of Germany; German Democratic Republic (GDR)
Gesinnungsethik (ethics of intention),
   271n11
Gespräch (conversation), 241-42
Gestapo, 187
Giordano, Ralph, 12
Gisevius, Hans Bernd, 58, 58n10, 60
Globke, Hans, n1126, 66-67, 66n25
God: and Israel, 86, 207; and just war,
   210; as mystery, 86; Nietzsche on
   death of, 262; "presence under God,"
   70-75, 204-9, 212
Godforsakenness, 262-63
Goebbels, Joseph, 57, 132, 252
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, 30, 42,
   136, 148-49, 184, 245, 257, 265
Goldhagen, Daniel J., 20, 39
Goldschmidt, Dietrich, 161-62
Gollwitzer, Helmut Hans, 175-76, 201
Gorgias (Plato), 25, 71, 146
Göring, Hermann, 235
Great Britain, 10, 10n23, 229
Greek philosophy, 205-6. See also
    Aristotle; Plato; specific terms
Greek tragedy, 36n98
Greiner, Helmut, 118-19, 118n16
Gröber, Konrad, 189, 189n5, 191
Grundgesetz (German Basic Law),
   216-19, 220, 222-23, 226-30
Guilt: Broch's "guilt of the guiltless,"
   26, 26n71, 28; collective guilt of
   Germans, 5-7, 5-6n12, 9-11, 75-82;
   individual guilt of Germans, 6-8,
   7n14, 12-13, 15; Jaspers on categories
   of, 7n14
Guiltless (Broch), 26, 26n72, 28
Gürtner, Franz, 171
Gymnastic movement, 15n22

Haeckel, Ernst, 124-28, 137n50, 138,
   139,145
Harvard University, 18, 29
Hasselbach, Hanskarl von, 133, 134
"Hebraism," 207
Hefelman, Hans, 65
Hegel, G. W. F., 9, 73, 82-83, 257, 262
Heidegger, Martin, 95, 100, 250, 261
Hellas, 22, 86. See also Greek
   philosophy; Greek tragedy
Helldorf, Wolf Heinrich Graf von, 196
Heraclitus, 27, 28, 32, 141-43, 145, 181
"Herrschaftslehre" (Voegelin), 36
Hesiod, 26, 88, 89
Hierarchical legal systems, 215—19,
   222-25
Hilberg, Raul, 68
Hilfrich, Antonius, 191
Hillesum, Etty, 40
Himmler, Heinrich, 32, 104
"Historical necessities," 231
Historikerstreit, 39
Historiography: in early postwar
   period, 10-11; German neo-Kantian
   school of, 139; "revisionist" German
   historiography, 12; Voegelin's
   exploration of, 22, 29-30
History: antiquarian history, 33;
   critical history, 33; Eliot on, 30;
   linear view of, 71; monumental
   history, 33; Nietzsche on, 33;
   Voegelin on "History I" and "History
   II," 24-25, 35-36, 37, 40
"History from a Cosmopolitan
   Viewpoint" (Kant), 264
Hitler, Adolf: appearance of, 55,
116-17; attempted assassination of, 58n10; attitude of, toward Germans and foreigners, 82; "aura" of, 114-21, 123-24; Bullock on, 61, 150-54; as charismatic leader, 149-50; and Christianity, 121-29; core problem of, 88; demonization of, 11, 38, 58-59; and election of 1933, 175, 175n45; and Enabling Law of 1933, 106, 106n44; as enigmatic, 115-16, 123-24; entourage of, 118-19, 133-36, 235; Greiner on, 118-19; and irrational, 150-51; Kraus on, 256; libido or existence-power of, 107-8, 117-18, 151; Mann on, 120-21, 126-27; Mein Kampf by, 137-40, 172, 196; planetarium planned by, 125, 126; pneumopathology of, 150-51; as politician, 62-63, 81-82; power of, 80-81; reading by, 136-42; reasons for rise of, 15-16, 25-28, 51-53, 77-78; relationship with generals and admirals, 123-24, 235-36; 193-94, 196-99, 221; Schramm on, 16, 16n35, 26, 53-55, 107, 110-54; Schramm's conceptual and stylistic incomprehension of, 26, 102, 107, 110-14; Schramm's spiritual illiteracy on, 147-49; social Darwinism of, 142-47; as strong willed, 107; as stultus (fool) or idiot, 60-61, 89; and stupidity of German individuals and German society, 25-32, 55-63, 81, 89-90, 93, 97; success of, 62-63, 81-82; and Sudetenland, 78; suicide of, 30n84, 154; Table Talks of, 16, 53, 82, 110n1, 111-14, 124, 141, 146, 235; Voegelin's characterization of, 15-16; and withdrawal of Germany from League of Nations, 172; and women, 129-32, 134, 135; Wucher on, 54-55. See also National Socialism
"Hitler and the Germans" lectures:
anamnetic method of, 29; on anthropological principle versus radical stupidity in individuals and in society, 25-28; antipathy aroused by, 1, 1n1, 18; by Voegelin at Munich University, 1-3, 17-18; on diagnosing radical stupidity, 28-32; editing of, for publication, 41-42; on Germans' treatment of Nazi past, 1-21; importance of, 18-21; layout of, 184; on overcoming radical stupidity in the present, 33-40; philosophical context of, 21-40; on restoration of order, 33-40; typescript of, 41-42; on universal humanity versus closed racial society, 21-25; Voegelin's decision not to publish, 17-18
Hitler's Willing Executioners
   (Goldhagen), 20, 39
Hobbes, Thomas, 258
Hoffmann, Heinrich, 133
Holocaust, 19, 39-40. See also
   Concentration and extermination
   camps
Holocaust memorial in Germany,
   20-21
Holy Sonnets (Donne), 177
Homologein, 32
Homonoia, 32, 180
Honnêteté (decency), 103
Hossenfelder, Joachim, 163-64
Human nature: Aristotle on, 88-
89, 96; Freud on, 258-59; Greek philosophers on, 205-6; Hesiod on, 88, 89; Hobbes on, 258; and imago Dei, 205, 2,28, 262, 263; and imago hominis, 262; Marx on, 258-59; Nietzsche on, 258-59; philosophical and biblical understanding of, 85-91, 96; as theomorphic, 87; Weber on, 258-59. See also Dehumanization
Hupka, Herbert, 59
Huxley, Aldous, 90, 90n13

Idearium español (Ganivet), 254
Ideologies, 72-73, 102, 157, 222, 239,
   258-59,271
Illiteracy, 90-91, 93, 97, 147-49
Imago Dei, 40, 87, 205, 228, 262, 263
Imago hominis, 262
Im Namen des deutschen Volkes
   (Langbein), 230-33
Inability to Mourn (Mitscherlich and Mitscherlich), 19
In Search of Order (Voegelin), 35
Institute for Contemporary History, 10
Irrational, 150—51
I Shall Bear Witness (Klemperer), 34
Israel, 22, 86, 164, 190, 206-7, 208
Italy, fascism in, 221

Jahn, Friedrich Ludwig, 31, 159, 159n12,
   164, 167, 170, 200, 252
Jaspers, Karl, 6-7, 7n14, 8, 14, 17,
   156-57
Jeremiah's Lamentation, 30-31
Jesus Christ: as head of corpus
   mysticum,
200, 201-4, 211; as Jew,
   191; Jews as not guilty for crucifixion
   of, 176-77; as Savior, 202
Jews: anti-Semitism against, 14, 39-40,
171-77, 189-92; Catholic Church's views on, 189-92; and Cologne; synagogue defacement, 174-76; conference on depiction of, in teacher training and schoolteaching, 176-77; elimination of, from civil service, 165; Evangelical Church's views on, 164, 165-77; Jesus as Jew, 191; and Kristallnacht, 192; as not guilty for crucifixion of Jesus, 176-77; persecution of, as secret, 66-67; and rationality of Judaism, 273; and research into ancestry to establish Jewish origin, 192; statistics on, in Germany, 156. See also Concentration and extermination camps
Jodl, Alfred, 115, 118, 119, 134, 235
John, First Epistle of, 202
Judaism. See Jews
Judentum (Jewry), 168
Just war, 210
Justinian, 79-80, 79-80n3
Justitia (intellectual virtue), 80

Kairos, 181
Kant, Immanuel, 73, 179, 2,62, 264, 269
Kapitulation oder deutscher
Katholizismus heute, Die
(Amery),
   102-5
Katholische Kirche und die
   Rassenfrage, Die
( The Catholic
   Church and the Race Question
)
   (Congar), 190
Katholische Kirche und National-
   sozialismus
(Müller), 162
Keitel, Wilhelm, 118, 134, 235
Kelsen, Hans, 32
Khrushchev, Nikita, 125
Kiesinger, Kurt Georg, 11-12n26
King Lear (Shakespeare), 106
Kingship, 206-7
Kirchentag, 174, 201
Kirchentum, 170
Kirchentümer (churchdoms), 167—68
Kirchenvolk (church people), 156
Klausener, Erich, 189
Klemperer, Viktor, 34
Kogon, Eugen, 6, 12
Kollektivschuld (collective guilt), 5-7,
   9-11, 75-82
Kölnische Volkszeitung, 194
Kosmos (Bölsche), 137
Kraus, Hans-Joachim, 161-62
Kraus, Karl: on Christianity and
Hitler, 122; on concentration camps, 19, 194-96; on Hitler, 122, 256; on National Socialism's lies and propaganda, 91-98, 109; on Oberammergau Passion play, 123; on "rabble," 26; Voegelin's portrayal of, 17; on women under National Socialism, 130-32 —Works: Die Dritte Walpurgisnacht, 30, 91-98, 91n15, 122, 131-32, 189, 95-96, 252; Last Days of Mankind,The ( Die letzen Tage der Menscheit ) 91n14
Krausnick, Helmut, 58, 58n10, 59, 60
Kreuz and Hakenkreuz (Neuhäusler),
   160
Krima (judgment), 179
Kristallnacht, 192
Krüger, Herbert, 214, 2,18

Lactantius, 208
Langbein, Hermann, 2,30-33
Last Days of Mankind (Kraus), 91n14
Law: conflict between hierarchical
legal systems and separation of powers, 215-19, 222-23; criminal law, 225-26; German Basic Law, 216-19, 220, 222-23, 226-30; historical background to closed legal systems, 223-25; judge-made law in Anglo-Saxon countries, 220; Justinian on, 80; natural law, 208, 209, 225-30, 268, 272; positive law, 219-22, 225-30; study of, 127-28. See also Rechtsstaat
Law for the Restoration of the Civil
   Service, 164-65
League of Nations, 172
Lebensraum, 210
Legal education, 127-28
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm von, 86
Leiden an Deutschland (Suffering from
   Germany)
(Mann), 120-21, 126
Leiturgoi (servants), 179
Lewy, Guenter, 160, 161, 162, 190, 193
Libidines, 258
Libido, 27, 107-8, 151, 258
Lichtenberg, Bernhard, 192, 192n14
Liénart, Achille, 177
Lie of existence, 34-35
Lies: and Cretan paradox, 248, 251; and
   propaganda of National Socialism,
   91-98, 109; and Russell's paradox,
   247-51
Life of the Mind (Arendt), 26-27
Logic, 247-52
Love (in revelation and philosophy),
   253
Luther, Martin, 178, 179, 265

Malthus, Thomas, 144
Man and Superman (Shaw), 265, 266
Mann, Golo, 53
Mann, Thomas: on Hitler, 120-21,126-
   27; on "rabble," 26; as representative
   of intact spirit and morality, 17;
   Voegelin's lecture on, 42, 184; on
   Voegelin's Political Religions, 36-37
   —Works: Doctor Faustus, 30-31;
    Leiden an Deutschland (Suffering
   from Germany),
120-21, 126
Man without Qualities (Musil), 32, 98,
   108, 239, 253
Marx, Karl, 108, 109, 209, 258-63
Marxism, 23
Masks, 264, 267
"Mastering of the past," 2, 3, 11-12,
    14, 17, 18, 24, 70-74
"Mastering of the present," 2-3, 19,
   70-74, 82
Matthew, Gospel of, 24
May, Karl, 136, 136n49
Megarian problem, 249
Meier, Charles, 39
Meinecke, Friedrich, 10n24
Mein Kampf (Hitler), 137-40, 172, 196
Merchant of Venice (Shakespeare), 249
Merovingians, The (Doderer), 100, 239,
   254-56
Metanoia, 37
Methexis, 87
Meyrinck, Gustav, 106
Middle Ages, 239, 251, 254-55
Mill, John Stuart, 265
Mitscherlich, Alexander, 19
Mitscherlich, Margarete, 19
Moeller van den Bruck, Arthur, 252
Moltke, Count Helmuth James von,
   196
Monasticism, 240, 273
Monism, 126-28, 137n50
Monumental history, 33
More, Thomas, 240, 273
Morell, Theodor, 133
Moses, 206
Müller, Hans, 162
Müller, Ludwig, 163, 164
Munich University, 1-3, 1n1, 17
Murderers Are among Us (Staudte), 6
Musil, Robert von: on second reality,
   108, 184, 239, 252, 253; on simple
   and intelligent stupidity, 62, 98-102,
   255; Voegelin's lecture on, 42
   —Work: Man without Qualities , 32,
   98, 108, 239, 253
Mystici Corporis Christi (Pius XII), 211
Mythus des 20. Jahrhunderts
   (Rosenberg), 187

Napoleon Bonaparte, 265
National Democratic Party (NPD), 14
Nationalistic- völkisch ideology,
   162-65
National Socialism: Catholic Church's
response to, 31, 74, 160-62, 178, 85-212, 221; and denazification, 3-8, 5n11, 9n21, 10, 11; early postwar research on, 10-11; and election of 1933, 175, 175n45; and Enabling Law of 1933, 106, 106n44; Evangelical Church's response to, 31, 74, 155-83, 185-86; as farce, 36n98, 100; German historiography on, 10-11; Germans' postwar collective silence about, 8, 11, 13; as "Hitlerism," 11, 38; intentionalist versus structuralist interpretations of, 38; Kraus on, 91- 98, 109; and Law for the Restoration of the Civil Service, 164-65; lies and propaganda of, 91-98, 109; "Luciferic" attractiveness of, 23-24; and outbreak of Second World War, 11; German laxity toward former Nazis, 63-69; and reasons for Hitler's rise to power, 15-16, 25-28, 51-53, 77-78; recrudescence of, 14; resistance against, 174, 188, 193-94, 196-99, 221; as "satanic," 23-24, 36, 36n100; and Schramm, 110; and stupidity of individuals and society, 25-28, 55-63, 89-90, 93, 97; Voegelin's lectures on Germans' treatment of Nazi past, 1-21 and witchcraft, 30; women's role under, 130-31. See also Hitler, Adolf
National state: and closed legal system,
   223-25; definition of, 223. See also
    Rechtsstaat; State
Natural law, 208, 209, 225-30, 268, 272
Natural selection, 143-44
Nature of the Law (Voegelin), 32
Naumann, Bernd, 39
Nazism. See National Socialism
Neo-Kantian school of historiography,
   139
Neopaganism, 187
Neuere Entwicklung des Rechsstaates
   in Deutschland, Die
(Scheuner), 215
Neuhäusler, Johann, 16, 160-61, 160n3
New Logic, 249
New Science of Politics (Voegelin), 28,
   80, 271n11
New Testament, 164, 176-77, 208.
    See also specific books of New
   Testament
Nicomachean Ethics (Aristotle), 88
Niemöller, Martin, 16, 166, 166n23,
   171, 172-73, 186
Nietzsche, Friedrich, 33, 37, 107-9,
   258-65, 267
"Nietzsche, the Crisis, and the War"
   (Voegelin), 37
Nihilism, 37
Nolle, Ernst, 39
Notre Dame University, 18
Nous, 32, 73, 86, 88, 253. See also
    Agnoia
Novalis, 27, 42, 88, 184, 245
NPD. See National Democratic Party
   (NPD)
Nuremberg Laws, 67
Nuremberg trials, 3-4, 67, 68, 149

Oberammergau Passion play, 121-23
Objectivity, Weber on, 270, 271
Odysseus, 254
Old Testament, 30-31, 164, 176,190,
   191, 200, 202, 206-7. See also Israel
On the Advantage and Disadvantage
   of History for Life
(Nietzsche), 33
Order and History (Voegelin), 18, 22
Order Pour le Mérite, 16, 154, 154n180
Origin of Species (Darwin), 143-45
Origins of Totalitarianism (Arendt),
   38, 64n19
Osservatore Romano, 186

Pan aristos, 88
Participatio, 87
Pascal, Blaise, 109, 242, 263
Passion, Weber on, 270
Passiones, 258
Paul, Saint, 24, 31, 169, 179, 180,273
Periagoge, 34, 35, 37, 270
Persil-Scheine, (denazification certificates) 5
Philia, 180
Philia politike, 180
Philosophy of Law (Hegel), 82-83
Picasso, Pablo, 267
Pius XII, Pope, 211
Planck, Max, 120-21
Plato: and amathia, 89; on andreia,
259; anthropology of, 29; on "being-under-judgment," 71-72; on corruption, 157; and nous, 73; and parable of the cave, 270; and periagoge, 33-34, 35, 37; and pneumopathology, 102; and polis, 25, 72; politics of, 205; rejection of, by Weber, 269; on "serious play" of life, 264; spiritual realism of, 24; and zetema, 87 —Works: Gorgias, 25, 71, 146; Politeia, 35, 71; Republic, 25
Pneuma, 74
Pneumopathology, 101-2, 108, 109,
   150-52, 155
Poland, 210
Polis, 25, 72, 180, 205-6, 249, 251
Politeia (Plato), 35, 71
Political Religions (Voegelin), 36-37
Politics: of Aristotle and Plato, 205-
   6, 265; Weber on "politics as a
   vocation," 35, 266
Politics (Aristotle), 206, 271
"Politics as a Vocation" (Weber), 35,
   266
Polus, 25, 26
Polybius, 24
Positive law, 319-22, 225-30
Praeter legem, 216
"Presence under God," 70-75, 204-9,
   212
Preysing, Konrad Graf von, 162,
   162n13,185, 192n14
Prima causa (first cause), 87
Private property rights, 227
"Probleme der Lyrik" (Benn), 252
Pröbst, Adalbert, 189
Progress, 264, 269
Propaganda of National Socialism,
   91-98, 109
Property rights, 227
Propheticism, 273
Proportion, Weber on, 270-71
Propriety, 102—5
Purcell, Brendan, 21-40
Puritans, 207, 273

Question of German Guilt (Jaspers),
   7n14, 14

"Rabble," 26, 32, 89, 97, 119, 12,1, 219
Rabelais, François, 32, 184, 240
Race question and race laws, 23,
   164-71,189-92
Raeder, Erich, 115, 123
Rahner, Karl, 2, 10-11, 212, 218
Ramsey, Frank P., 249, 250
Ratio, 268-69, 272-73
Rationalism, 268, 272-73
Raubal, Angela, 135n48
Raubal, Geli, 135n48
Rauschning, Hermann, 149-50, 152
Reality: first reality, 108-9, 241-44,
   246, 262-64; frictions between first
   and second reality, 262-64; loss of,
   87-88, 105-9; nonexistent reality,
   262, 263. See also Second reality
Reason, 86,107
Rebellion, 88, 104-5
Rechtsstaat: and conflict between
hierarchical legal systems and separation of powers, 215-19, 222-23; and historical background to closed legal systems, 223-25; and legal positivism, judge-made law, and authoritarian rule, 219-22; and positive law and natural law, 225-30; problems of, 31-32, 65, 94, 213-15, 218-19, 221-23; and question of morality in German war-crime trials, 230-36; as second reality, 31-32, 231; as untranslated term, 65n22
Reinisch, Franz, 193
Relevance, 250, 250n13
Religiosissimus iuris, 79-80, 79-80n3
Representation, 28, 75-76, 79-82,
   209-12
Republic (Plato), 25
Resistance, 174, 188, 193-94, 196-99,
   221
Responsibility, Weber on, 270
Revolutionist's Handbook (Shaw), 267
Rights, 226-28, 229
Romans, Epistle to, 31, 162, 178-83,
   200
Romanticism, 88, 159, 252, 257
Rosenberg, Alfred, 187
Russell, Bertrand, 249, 267
Russell's paradox, 247-51

Sacraments, 211-12. See also Baptism
Saint Joan (Shaw), 266
Saints, 266, 271-72
Santayana, George, 84, 265
Schaub, Julius, 133
Schelling, Friedrich von, 101, 10n235,
   102, 141
Scheuner, Ulrich, 215
Schindler's List (Spielberg), 19
Schlegelberger, Franz, 65-66
Schlußstrich (bottom line), 11
Scholder, Klaus, 31
Scholl siblings (Hans and Sophie), 104
Schramm, Percy E.: on "aura" of Hitler,
114—21; biographical information on, 16n35, 53n2; as chancellor of Order Pour le Mérite, 16, 154, 1541280; on Christianity and Hitler, 121; conceptual and stylistic incomprehension of Hitler, 26, 102, 107, uo-14; on Darwin, 143-45; on entourage of Hitler, 133-36, 235; on Hitler as strong willed, 107; and National Socialism, no; on psychopathology, 102; reactions to "Anatomy of a Dictator," 53-63, 110, 111; on reading by Hitler, 137; on social Darwinism of Hitler, 142-47; spiritual illiteracy of, on Hitler, 147-49; Voegelin's criticism of, 16, 234; on women and Hitler, 129-32 —Work: "Anatomy of a Dictator," 29, 53-63, 110-54
Schütz, Alfred, 240n2, 250n13
Science, 124-25, 212, 261, 264, 269
Second reality: criteria for, 244-45;
Doderer on, 102, 108, 184, 239, 2,52-56; of Don Quixote, 240-47, 2,51, 253-54; frictions between first reality and, 262-64; and "historical necessities," 231; and language, 250-52; Musil on, 108, 184, 239, 252, 253; phases of, in modern period, 239-40, 251-52; Rechtsstaat as, 31-32; and Russell's paradox, 249-50; and system, 108-9
Seebohm, Hans-Christoph, 78, 78n2
Self-determination, 253,
Self-love, 253
Separation of powers, 217—19, 223
Shakespeare, William, 106, 240, 249
Shaw, George Bernard, 265-67, 267n7
Slavery, Aristotle on, 89, 96-97
Social Darwinism, 142-47
Social Democrats, 209
Socialist Unity Party of Germany, 78n1
Soden, Hans von, 167
Spencer, Herbert, 144
Spiegel, Der 52, 52n1, 53, 57, 61
Spielberg, Steven, 19
Spirit, 86, 107
Spiritual sickness, 101-2, 108, 109
Spoudaios, 96, 265
Stalin, Josef, 125
State: cliché of, 82-83; closed legal
   system in national state, 232-25;
   definition of national state, 223;
   Hegel on, 83
Staudte, Wolfgang, 6
Stoics, 179, 208
Strauss, Franz Josef, 52n1
Stultus (fool), 60-61, 89-90
Stupidity: as act of abuse, 99-100;
criminal stupidity and loss of experience of reality in disordered society, 105-9; definition of, 98; and fool ( stultus ), 60-61, 89-90; of German individuals and society, 25- 32, 55-63, 81, 89-90; and illiteracy, 90-91, 93, 97; Musil on simple and intelligent stupidity, 62, 98-102, 255; in relation to social and historical context, 99
Stürmer, Der, 132
Süddeutsche Zeitung, 53-63, 53-
   54nn4-5, 110
Sudetenland, 78
Summa theologiae (Thomas Aquinas),
   201-2, 208
Superman, 265-68
Supreme Court, U.S., 220
Survival of the fittest, 143-44

Table Talks (Hitler), 16, 53, 82, 110n1,
   111-14, 124, 141, 146, 235
Theo-morphes, 158
Theopolity, 206
Third Witches' Sabbath (Kraus). See Dritte Walpurgisnacht (Kraus)
Thomas Aquinas, 23, 31, 73, 89, 201-3,
   208, 211
Timothy, First Epistle to, 202
Tolstoy, Leo, 265
Totalitarianism, 21-22, 221
Transcendence: nonexperience of,
   261-64; Weber's unresolved tension
   toward, 264-70, 272
Transcendental representation, 80-81
Trials. See War-crime trials
Trinity, 204-5
Turgot, Anne-Robert Jacques, 24
Turnbewegung (gymnastic movement),
   159n2
Twain, Mark, 84-85, 84129

Unamuno, Miguel de, 254
Ungekündigte Bund, Der ( The
   Unbroken Covenant
) (Goldschmidt
   and Kraus), 161-62, 164, 176-77
United States: and denazification,
   10, 10n23; Supreme Court in, 220;
   Voegelin in, 17, 18
University of Mainz, 53124
"Unmastered past" versus "presence
   under God," 70-75
"Unmastered present," 70-71
"Unrealization," 19
Unrechtsstaat (state of injustice), 221
Utopia (More), 240, 273

Varus, 252n15
Vergangenheitsbewältigung (mastering
   of the past), 2, 3, 11-12, 14, 17, 24,
   70-74
Vergangenheitspolitik ("policy of the
   past"), 13
Virtues: Aristotle on, 180; bourgeois
   "propriety, "102-5
Vita contemplativa, 264
Voegelin, Eric: antipathy toward, at
Munich University, 1, 1n1, 18; decision not to publish "Hitler and the Germans" lectures, 17-18; dismissal from University of Vienna in 1938, 235; emigration from Austria, 17; "German University" address of, 30-31, 33; "Immortality: Experience and Symbol" lecture by, 29-30; lectures on Hitler and Germans at Munich University, 1-3, 1n1, 17; methodological approach of, 28-29; students' response to, 1-2; in United States, 17, 18. See also specific titles of works
Völkisch, 156, 167-68
"Volksbildung, Wissenschaft und
   Politik" (Voegelin), 36
Volkstum, 159, 159n2, 163-64, 167-68,
   170, 352
Voluntas (will), 107, 151
Vondung, Klaus, 42

Wagner, Adolf, 133
War as just war, 210
War-crime trials, 3-4, 63-68, 63n18,
   105, 149, 213-14, 214n1, 230-36
Wasserman, Jakob, 120
Weber, Marianne, 267, 270, 273
Weber, Max: academic career of, 268,
268n8; aristocraticism of, 259; and bourgeois culture, 259; "breakdown" of, 268, 270; centenary of, 42; on charisma and charismatics, 265; and Christianity, 272; constancy of attitude and style of, 267-68; ethics of intention, 271, 271n11; on human nature, 258-59; as intellectual mystic, 270-73; language of, 259-60; and nonexperience of transcendence leading to dehumanization, 261-64; and recovery of experience of transcendence, 32; and unresolved tension toward transcendence, 32, 264-70; Voegelin's lecture on, 170, 184 —Works: Economy and Society, 268; "Politics as a Vocation," 35, 266
Weidling, Helmuth, 154
Weimar republic, 11, 78, 157, 186, 222,
   224, 226, 229
Weltanschauung (worldview), 255, 262
Welträtsel (Haeckel), 124-28
Wessel, Horst, 196
West Germany. See Federal Republic
   of Germany
Wilhelm II, 137
Will: classical and Christian sense of,
   107; as libido, 107, 151 Will to power, 107, 258
Witchcraft, 30, 254-55
Wittgenstein, Ludwig, 251-52
Wolff, Christian, 73
Wolff, Karl, 118
Works and Days (Hesiod), 88
Worldview, 100, 128, 129, 137, 138,
   139, 221, 255
Wucher, Albert, 53, 53n4, 54-56, 58,
   60, 62
Wurm, Theophil, 171-72, 171n39

Xynon, 27

Zahn, Gordon C., 192
Zech-Nenntwich affair, 68-69
"Zum Thema Geschichte" (Benn), 252

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