CUMULATIVE INDEX

HISTORY OF POLITICAL IDEAS (VOLS 19-26)

Roman numerals preceding page numbers refer to the eight volumes in History of Political Ideas

Fabbio, VI: 134
Fable of the Bees (Mandeville), VIII:
    45
Façon de parler, V: 214
Factum, VI: 96-101, 109
Factum creatum, VI: 100
Fairfax, Lord, Queries to, IV: 167-73,
    174
Faith: amicitia (true faith), I: 36; IV: 19,
    250-51, 254n14; Bakunin on "faith
    under will," VIII: 270-71; in Bible,
    VI: 167; Bossuet on, VI: 46-47; and
    Christianity, I: 31, 33, 36, 39-40, 167-
    68; "civilizational schism" between
    reason and, III: 8, 18-21; cognition
    of, VI: 8, 59; and credo ut intelligam,
    VI: 60; as fides, VII: 222; fides caritate
    formata,
IV: 13, 19, 249-51, 257-58,
    267, 274; and healing mana of Jesus,
    I: 154-55, 155n; Hume on, VII: 160; of
    Israelites in Yahweh, I: 114, 117;
    justification by, I: 39; II: 229-31, 230n; IV:
    13, 234-36, 248-60, 254n, 267,
    274, 275, 277, 280; Machiavelli on,
    IV: 80-81, 85; Marsilius on, III: 97-98;
    Nicholas of Cusa on, III: 25, 258-
    59, 263-66; Paul on, I: 167-68; and
    predestination, IV: 281; and reason,
    I: 39-40, 42; II: 182, 183-84, 187, 188-
    90, 209-10; III: 8-9, 18, 25; Schelling
    on, VII: 222; Spinoza on, VII: 134; and
    symbolism, VI: 183; Thomas Aquinas
    on, II: 209-10; III: 20, 98, 103, 105; and
    Voegelin as mystic-philosopher,
    I: 45; Voltaire on, VI: 65, 68, 71;
    William of Ockham on, III: 7-8, 17,
    25, 107-11, 108n, 126, 265
Faktum der Wissenschaft, VI: 199
Falkenhausen, F. Frh. von, III: 80n8
"Fallacy of misplaced concreteness"
    (Whitehead), VI: 182, 183, 184
Fall of Adam and Eve, II: 152-53
Fall of Man, I: 202-3; III: 53; IV: 160-62,
    196; VIII: 279
Falsa cognitio, III: 97
False Decretals, II: 172-73
Falsi Dei, VI: 115
Fame, IV: 46-52, 47n13; V: 138-43
Familia, II: 218
Familia Caritatis, IV: 191-92
Family, VI: 115, 138
Family of Love, IV: 191, 192
Famuli, VI: 138, 139
Fanatiques, VIII: 74
Farabi, Abu Nasr al-, II: 186
Fasci, II:76
Fascism, I:97; II:76-77, 198n; III:49-50,
    80n7; IV:151; V:111; VI:92n, 101,
    141; VIII:132-34, 139-40, 319
Fatality and authority of empire,
    I:123-24
Faylasuf, II:183-87
Fear of death, VII:64-66, 131
Federalism, IV:169-70; VIII:298
Feidh, V:243-44
Felix Ill, Pope, II:53
Felix V, Pope, III:250
Feminism, VIII:190-91
Fénelon, François, VII:270
Ferdinand of Aragon, III:69; IV:36
Ferguson, Adam, VIII:130
Ferrara, III:224
Ferrara/Florence, Council of, III:250
Ferrari, Giuseppe, VI:92n
Ferrers, George, V:71, 72
Festus, I:166
Feudalism: and Carolingian ernpire,
    II:119; and Christianity, II:93,
    110; III:163; and city-states,
    III:218-19; diffused authority of,
    VII:55; and economic changes,
    III:175; establishment of, II:117-
    21; in France, II:221; III:130, 141;
    Harrington on government of,
    VII:102; John of Salisbury on, II:117
    21; and law, V: 52; and Magna Carta,
    III: 131-36; Occidental feudalism,
    II: 118; opposition to, III: 130; and
    pactum, I: 120n; II: 119; and papal
    authority, II: 89-91; and political
    realm, III: 154, 160, 163; and property
    rights, II: 229; and religious fervor,
    III: 163; Wycliffe on, III: 185
Feuerbach, Ludwig, VIII: 254, 257, 258,
    343-47, 352, 368-69
Fichte, Johann Gottlieb, II: 46, 130, 132;
    VI: 11, 77; VII: 49-50, 201, 202, 204,
    22. 4; VIII: 132, 204n42, 233n80
Ficino, Marsilio, V: 200; VI: 102, 105
Fidelitas (oath of allegiance), II: 87-90,
    91, 93, 110
Fides (loyalty, faith), I: 187; II: 49, 90;
    VII: 222
Fides caritate formata, I: 36; IV: 13, 19,
    249-51, 257-58, 267, 274; VI: 59
Fides quaerens intellectum, I: 47
Fides Quaerens Intellectum (Barth),
    IV: 20
Fielding, Henry, VI: 153
Fiesco, VII: 121
Fifth Ecumenic Council, II: 54
Fifth Monarchy of Christ, IV: 167-73
Figuratur (symbolized), III: 72
Filosofia dello spirito, VI: 89
Filosofo, IV: 208
Finite, V: 147-49, 176-77. See also
    Infinity
Fiore, Joachim of. See Joachim of Fiore
    (Flora)
Fiore, Tommaso, IV: 109n3
First International, VIII: 283-84, 285,
    303
First Rule (Francis of Assisi), II: 137-38
First World War. See World War I
Fisch, M. H., VI: 92n, 132n
Fitzralph, Richard, bishop of Armagh,
    III: 169, 185; V: 122
Five Mile Act of 1655, VI: 154
Flanders, III: 60, 217, 226
Flaubert, Gustave, VI: 68
Flavians, I: 186
Flora, Joachim of. See Joachim of Fiore
    (Flora)
Florence: ciompi revolt in, IV: 40-41;
    coinage of, III: 235; Council of,
    IV: 220; and election of emperor,
    III: 237; historians of, IV: 59; and
    humanistic historiography, IV: 41-
    42,; Machiavelli's younger male
    friends in, III: 243; IV: 60; as major
    political unit in Italy, IV: 36; Medicis
    in, IV: 32, 33, 36, 40, 60, 72n;
    Ordinances of Justice, III: 230-32;
    Poggio Bracciolini as chancellor
    and historiographer of, IV: 46;
    republicanism in, IV: 32-33; and
    Savonarola, IV: 69
Florensian order, II: 133; III: 66
Florentine Histories (Machiavelli),
    III: 233-34; IV: 41, 87
Florentine History (Bruni), IV: 41
Flotte, Pierre, III: 62, 62n15
Fludd, Robert, V: 168, 179; VI: 165;
    VII: 206; VIII: 137
Foederatus, II: 57
Fondamenti (foundations), IV: 73
Fondateur de la Société positiviste,
    à quiconque désire s'y incorporer
    (Comte), VIII: 178
Fontebuono, II: 70
Fontenelle, Bernard Le Bovier de,
    VII: 252
Fonti della gnoseologia vichiana
    (Croce), VI: 102
Food supply, III: 220-21
Foolishness, III: 261-63
Force, Nietzsche on, VI: I: 258-59,
    259n20
Foreign policy, III: 44-45. See also
    Empires; and specific countries
Forma, IV: 250
Forma securitatis, in: 133, 137, 153
Formosa, travels to, VII: 171
Formula naturae, VI: 110, 126
Formula of Concord, V: 19
Fortescue, Sir John, I: 33; III: 23, 155-62
Fortuna: and Castruccio Castracani,
    IV: 57-58, 87; and charisma, II: 175;
    Machiavelli on, IV: 32, 56, 71, 76-
    78, 80-81, 84, 91; V: 130; Poggio
    on, V: 139-40; Polybius on fortune,
    I: 122-23; and Reformation, IV: 48
Fortuna imperialis, II: 165-66
Fortuna secunda et adversa, IV: 48;
    V: 137, 139-40; VIII: 265
Fougue (impetuosity), VI: 73
Fouquet, Surintendant, VII: 124-25
Fourier, Charles, IV: 110; VIII: 168, 306
Frageverbot, VIII: 23
France: abolition of prime minister
    position by Louis XIV, VII: 122; Al-
    bigensians in, IV: 157, 158; apostatic
    revolt in, VI: 10; aristocracy under
    Louis XIV, I: 88-89; assassination of
    kings in, VII: 53; Blum's government,
    I: 73; Bodin on generally, I: 232; VII: 19,
    93; Capetian kings in, III: 58-
    59, 58n8; and Cardinal de Retz,
    VII: 118-21; Cathars in, IV: 139;
    Catholic Church in, VIII: 209; and
    Charles of Anjou, III: 39,
    49n6, 59-61; church in, III: 253-
    55, 256; VI: 10, 51n, 74-75; civil
    wars in, VI: 84; and Clericis Laicos,
    III: 43, 44; communes in, III: 136;
    compared with England, III: 140-
    41; conflict between Catholicism
    and Protestantism in, VI: 10, 51n,
    74-75; conflict between national
    and religious loyalties in, V: 26-27;
    conflict with Boniface VIII, III: 38,
    41, 43-45, 56, 59, 62n15, 165, 210;
    constitutionalism in, III: 22; and
    Council of Constance, III: 249; coup
    d'êtat of Louis-Napoleon,
    VIII: 164-65, 170; Dreyfus affair in,
    VII: 86, 172; and Dubois, III: 10n8,
    39-40, 61-65, 63-64n, 72, 77,
    104, 239; and England, IV: 106;
    Enlightenment in, V: 237; Estates
    of, V: 246, 249; feudalism in, II: 221;
    III: 130, 141; and Fourth Crusade,
    III: 221-22; franchise in, VII: 84;
    Fronde movement in, VII: 118-21; and
    Gallicanism, III: 252-56; and
    healing power of king, I: 156; III: 58-
    59, 122; V: 37; heretical popular
    movement in, II: 80; Huguenot wars
    in, VII: 105; and Hundred Years War,
    III: 40, 62, 128, 141, 210; imperial
    policy of, III: 39-40, 59-61, 238-39; and
    independence from imperial
    power, III: 55-57; internal disorder
    in, during fourteenth and fifteenth
    centuries, III: 68; invasion of Italy
    by, IV: 32, 36-38, 71n53, 75, 106,
    263; V: 41; VI: 13, 83; Jacquerie
    of 1358, III: 176; Jesuits in, V: 64; John
    of Salisbury on, II: 216; July
    Revolution in, VIII: 211; kingship in,
    I: 156; II: 48-51; III: 17, 39-40, 54-65,
    69, 93, 122, 127, 141, 167; IV: 35-
    36, 90; V: 37; in late eighteenth
    century, VII: 51; Machiavelli on,
    VI: 13; Medici influence in, VI: 85;
    military in, VI: 13; and Napoleon,
    IV: 175; national bourgeoisie in,
    IV: 205; national characteristics
    and consciousness of, II: 46; VI: 9,
    10, 11, 73; national cosmion in,
    VII: 170; National Council of 1398,
    III: 252-54; National Council of
    1406, III: 254-55; and nationalism,
    III: 194-95, 199, 200, 210, 216,
    238-39; and Occidental Republic,
    VIII: 202-4; as omphalos, V: 230-31,
    241-42; Parlement in, VII: 115-
    18, 119; Patarenes in, IV: 150;
    period preceding fall of, III: 145;
    political articulation in, III: 140-41;
    politiques in, V: 24; realm of, III: 160;
    Reformation in, III: 130; regional
    assemblies of villes in, III: 136, 140;
    religious wars in, IV: 151; V: 160,
    192, 216; representation in, III: 147;
    Restoration in, VII: 107; VIII: 211-16;
    Salic Law in, V: 249; as schismatic
    nation, VI: 74-75; Second Republic
    of, VIII: 213; and Spain, VI: 33; state-
    ordered society in, VII: 25, 106-7;
    Templars in, II: 74; and thaumaturgic
    kingship, III: 57-59, 122, 127; third
    estate in, III: 139, 141, 200; Third
    Republic of, VI: 75; VII: 107; VIII: 86,
    213; in thirteenth century, II: 148; and
    Thirty Years War, VI: 84; time
    structure of closure in, VI: 79-81; Trojan
    descent as part of French
    national myth, I: 146; universities in,
    IV: 155, 219; and Vindiciae contra
    tyrannos,
V: 27, 51-54; wars of the
    Fronde in, VII: 105. See also French
    Revolution; and specific monarchs
Franchise, VII: 83-84, 84n5, 110, 156
Francis I, Emperor of Austria, VIII: 226-
    27
Francis I, King of France, IV: 90
Franciscans: and Albigensian war,
    IV: 222; compared with Lollards,
    III: 174; Dante on, II: 76n; III: 66, 79;
    Dominicans' rivalry with, IV: 183-
    84; and Eckhart, IV: 184; founding
    of, VIII: 19; and hierarchy, II: 211-12;
    history of movement, IV: 149-50;
    Joachimism, I: 37; II: 199; III: 113; IV:
    81n66; Langland on, III: 180; and
    law, II: 171; mendicant order of,
    II: 77-81; III: 171; missionizing of,
    II: 73; III: 76n; in political society,
    I: 227; V: 63; and pope, III: 123; and
    poverty, II: 138, 198-203; III: 114; and
    rearticulation of Christian era,
    VI: 32; Richard Rolle of Hampole on,
    III: 176; Rienzo on, III: 239, 243; in
    Roman empire, IV: 139; Saint Francis
    as leading figure, II: 110, 139; III: 66,
    108; and scholasticism, III: 182n14;
    spiritualism of, II: 210; III: 14, 17,
    79, 105, 108, 112-14, 123, 176, 180,
    182n14, 239, 243; IV: 150, 184, 222;
    VI: 7, 32; structure of movement,
    III: 14-15; IV: 148-50; and suffering
    Christ, II: 150; William of Ockham
    on, III: 104, 105, 108, 112-14, 123,
    125,. Wycliffe on, III: 176, 185. See
    also Francis of Assisi, Saint
Franciscus de Zabarellis, III: 247n5
Francis of Assisi, Saint: anti-
    intellectualism of, II: 210-11;
    compared with John of Salisbury,
    II: 136; compared with Thomas
    Aquinas, II: 210-12, 219, 231; III: 41;
    and conformance with Christ,
    II: 140-43, 150, 157, 185, 198, 204;
    III: 108; doctrine versus actions of,
    II: 135-36; and ecclesia of laymen,
    II: 139-40; in Evangelium aeternum,
    II: 199; importance of, II: 29, 77,
    110; III: 9, 103; IV: 16, 69; VI: 32;
    and intramundane Christ/Christian,
    II: 142-43, 191; III: 120; and Joachim
    of Hole, II: 135, 137; Machiavelli on,
    III: 243-44; IV: 86; and nature,
    II: 141-42; VII: 248, 249; open
    letters to faithful by, II: 137, 137n4;
    organization of Franciscan Order by,
    II: 78; III: 66; overview of thought of,
    II: 12, 231; personality of, II: 138-39; and
    poverty, II: 137-38, 139; in Praise
    of Virtues,
II: 135-37; Rienzo on,
    III: 241-44; stigmatization of, II: 143; and
    submission to the church,
    II: 138-39; as symbol, III: 72; William
    of Ockham on, III: 120, 121. See also
    Franciscans
—Works: First Rule, II: 137-38, 139;
    Praises of the Creatures, II: 141-42,
    159; Testament, II: 139
Franger, Wilhelm, IV: 180, 190, 197,
    198, 200
Frankenstein (Shelley), VII: 190
Frankish kingdom, II: 32, 33, 37, 48-49,
    52-53, 55-62, 90; III: 194-96; IV: 71;
Frankish myth, I:46; II: 10, 42-43
Franklin, Benjamin, VI:150
Franks, I:183; II:32, 33, 45, 48-49, 52,
    55-58; III:58, 195, 214-15.
   
Carolingian empire; Charlemagne;
    Frankish kingdom
Fra Salimbene, IV:44
Fraticelli, III:239-43
Fratres Minores, IV:149
Frederick I (Barbarossa), Emperor: and
    Bohemia, III:202; and Charlemagne,
    III:58n8; compared with Charles
    III:204; defeat of, II:148; and
    designation of reguli, III:207;
    diminished power of, III: 197; and
    empire, II:7n17; lineage of,
    II: 145; Lombard and Tuscan policy
    of, III: 198; opposition to pope, II: 177;
    opposition to Sicily, II: 147; and
    Silesia, III: 201
Frederick II, Emperor: as Antichrist,
    II: 111, 143, 149, 151; III: 59; attempt
    to abolish law school of Bologna,
    II: 172; and Battle of Bouvines, II: 147,
    148-49; and Caesarean Christianity,
    II: 157-59; and d'Alembert, VIII: 94-
    96; and Deliberatio Papae of
    Innocent III, II: 174, 176; and
    dominus mundi, III: 207; and law
    de resignandis privilegiis, II: 148; as
    leading figure, I: 140; II: 106, 144, 145,
    149-51, 231; III: 103, 197; letter as
    literary form of, III: 72; personal
    qualities of, II: 150-51; VI: 32; VII:
    255; Privilegium in favorem
    principum ecclesiasticorum,
II: 148;
    roles of, II: 150, 191; III: 147, 198;
    struggles with popes, II: 111, 146,
    151, 158; and Swiss Confederation,
    III: 228; Teutonic Order constitution
    by, II: 74; and Thomas Aquinas,
    II: 212, 218, 231
—Works: Constitutions of Melfi, II: 12,
    13, 148, 151-57, 173; III: 205; Letter
    to Jesi,
II: 151, 158-59
Frederick III, Emperor, II: 7n17
Frederick the Great (II of Prussia),
    III: 162n; V: 30; VI: 35
Freedom: Bakunin on, VIII: 253-56,
    269-70, 301-2; Bodin on, V: 248; of
    Christians, IV: 103, 252-56, 266;
    Engels on, VIII: 73, 333-35; Hegel
    on, VIII: 256, 333; of intellect,
    III: 52; La Beetle on, V: 30-34, 36,
    38; Machiavelli on, IV: 64, 68-69,
    79-80; Marx on, VIII: 307-8, 334,
    343; Milton on, VII: 92-96; and
    National Socialists, VII: 92; Nicholas
    of Cusa on, III: 264; in Rome, IV: 65-
    66; Schelling on, VII: 217-20, 234;
    VIII: 301; of speech, VII: 132-33;
    Spinoza on, VII: 132-33. See also
    Liberty
Freedom of a Christian (Luther), IV: 12,
    18, 251-58
Freemasonry, VIII: 21
Free Spirit movement, IV: 177-201, 205
Freethinking, symbols of, VI: 164
Free will, I: 82, 215-16; III: 181, 181-
    82n14
Fregoso, Battista, IV: 54
Freigeisterische Kühnheit, VII: 247
French Revolution: as antireligious,
    VI: 75; VIII: 168, 207-9; Bakunin
    on, VIII: 298; causes of, VI: I: 115-16;
    and closure, VI: 12, 79-81; clubs of,
    VIII: 132; compared with Bismarck's
    Realpolitik, VI: 11; compared with
    English situation, VII: 74; and Comte,
    VIII: 195-211; dates of, VIII: 211;
    international aspects of, VIII: 219-
    20; intramundane religiousness of,
    VIII: 213-14; liberals on, VIII: 216-19;
    Marx on, VIII: 348; as "outburst"
    in dynamics of Western politics,
    V: 110; outcomes of, VI: 84, 150; and
    Paris Commune, VIII: 313-14; and
    Positivism, VIII: 195-96; and
    Reason as religion, VI: 75; relation
    between revolution and restoration,
    VIII: 211-16; and Religion of
    Humanity, VIII: 194-210; and
    Robespierre, IV: 175; VI: 63; Schelling
    on, VII: 224; and spontaneity of
    collective religiousness, VIII: 209-
    10; undercurrents during and after,
    VIII: 9, 17
Freud, Sigmund, I: 82; V: 152n39; VII:
    241, 278
From Enlightenment to Revolution
    (Voegelin), I: 2; III: 4; IV: 19n,
    255n; VIII: 1, 4
Fronde, III: 154
Fronde movement, VII: 118-21
Frontinus, II: 114
Fruitio Dei, III: 69; V: 160, 191, 199, 239,
    240, 251; VII: 61, 63, 129, 269n45
Fruitio hominis, VII: 63-64
Fruitio in conspectu Dei, VII: 129
Fueter, Eduard, VI: 36n
Fuggers, IV: 230, 244, 245, 260
Fulco, Adrienne, VI: 14n18
Fundamental Constitutions for the
Government of Carolina
(Locke),
    VII: 141-42
Fundamentalism, III: 9
Fundamentum, III: 205
Futurus imperator, III: 206, 208
Gabriel, Ralph H., III: 143n
Gadamer, Hans Georg, VIII: 3n2
Gaguin, Robert, II: 43n3
Gaius, I: 198
Galatians, Epistle to, IV: 225nn, 255n,
    257
Galileo: Cassirer on, V: 177n94;
    Christian opposition to, V: 136;
    VI: 186-89; conflict with Inquisition,
    VI: 186-89; and Italian decadence,
    VI: 83; and mathematization of
    physics, V: 156, 177; theories of,
    II: 189n14; VI: 53, 164, 183, 186-89,
    187n47, 210
—Work: Dialoghi delle science nuove,
    VI: 18, 93
Gallicanism, II: 203; III: 129, 168,
    252-56; IV: 233; VI: 52
Gallic tribes, I: 146
Gandhi, Mahatma, VIII: 283
Garden of Eden. See Adam; Fall of Man
Gardiner, S. R., VII: 78-80, 83, 84, 108
Garosci, A., V: 187
Gattungswesen (generic being),
    VIII: 352
Gaudium et Spes ( The Pastoral
    Constitution in the Modern World
),
   III:112n
Gaul and Gauls, I:14 6; II:30, 33, 42, 43,
    64, 215; III:195, 214; IV:71
Gebhardt of Salzburg, II:87n
Gedoppeltes Leben (double life),
    VII:218-19
Gegenstandlich ("objectional"),
    VIII:346
Geist (political spirit), VII:2, 29-3O
Geisteswissenschaften, VI:77; VII:29
Geistigen Vorstellungen (mental
    conceptions), VIII:338
Geistiger Mittelstand (intellectual
    middle class), VII:288
Geistreichsten (spiritual), VII:299
Geistwesen (spiritual beings), VII: 30
Gelasian theory, II: 52-53, 59-62, 65,
    81, 86, 1O5, 106, 148, 177, 212, 220;
    III:46, 51n, 74, 83; IV:217, 233; V:47
Gelasius I, Pope, II:11, 53-54
Gelnhausen, Conrad of. See Conrad of
    Gelnhausen
Généalogie des passions, VIII:55--59
"General history," VI:2-3, 4
General will theory, VII: 51
Genesis, Book of, II:153; III:185;
    IV:255; V:154, 200 ; VII:186n6
Geneva, I:110; II:69
Geneva theocracy, V:49-50
Genghis Khan, II:31; IV:44; VI:207
Genio vagante (Aurelio degli Anzi),
    VII: 170
Genitum, VI:99, 100
Genoa, duke of. See Fregoso, Battista
Genoa and Genoese, II:72; III:220-21
Gens (nation), II:37, 48, 170, 215;
    V:122-23; VI:115. See also Nations
Gens Germanica, III:210n
Gentes, 1:198-99, 200, 219, 220, 222;
    V:123; VI:114-15, 118, 133
Gentes, ta ethne, I: 174
Gentile, Giovanni, VI: 87-90, 92n, 102
Gentili, Alberico, V: 114
Gentilician history, VI: 20, 115-16, 119,
    128-29, 133, 135, 145
Genus, VI: 116
Genus humanum, VI: 116, 117, 125,
    126
Genzano, Concordat of, III: 256
Geoffrey of Anjou, II: 145
Geoffrey of Monmouth, III: 159n
Géographic Politique (Political
Geography)
(Turgot), VIII: 106,
    140-47
Geographistorici, V: 227
Geography, V: 225, 241; VII: 169-72;
    VIII: 140-47
Geometry, V: 167; VI: 186, 199, 200;
    VII: 50
George, Stefan, II: 45n; VII: 203;
    VIII: 134
George of Podiebrad, V: 112
Gepids, II: 47
G‚rard of Abbeville, II: 203; III: 46
Gerard of Borgo San Donino, II: 198-99,
    200
Gerard of York, Archbishop, II: 95,
    95n20
Germania (Tacitus), II: 42
Germanic myth, II: 41-46
Germanic tribes and migrations: and
    Asiatic migrations, II: 31; IV: 43;
    Burgundians, II: 11, 45-46; Franks,
    II: 10, 32, 33, 42-43, 45, 48-49, 52,
    55-58; kingdoms, II: 32-33, 46-49;
    kingship and national existence,
    II: 46-49; and legal construction of
    Roman empire, II: 55-56; and myth
    of the defeat, II: 45-46; Ostrogoths,
    II: 31, 327 33, 43-44, 45, 48, 52,
    54; structure of Germanic myth,
    II: 41-42; time period of, II: 10, 30-31;
    Visigoths, II: 30, 31, 32, 33, 44n6,
    45, 56; warfare of, II: 30, 41; and
    wholeness of national kingdom,
    II: 7n17, 10
Germany: apostatic revolt in, VI: 10-
    11; Bismark's Realpolitik in, VI: 11,
    12, 79; in Bodin's human types,
    V: 230; causa justa of Anglo-German
    war, IV: 127-28; censorship in,
    IV: 261; church in, III: 198, 256; IV:
    233; city-states in, III: 216-19,
    224-28; VI: 82; and colonization
    of the East, III: 199-203; compared
    with Italy, VI: 82; concentration of
    royal power in, III: 196-99; conflict
    between imperial authority and
    territorial political units in, V: 26;
    constitutional development in,
    III:: 83-84; constitution of, VIII: 367;
    and Council of Constance, III: 249; East
    Frankish kingdom and Italy,
    III: 194-96; election of king-emperor
    in, III: 206, 208, 210-15, 211n; empire
    in, II: 144; III: 10, 39, 83-84, 194, 238-
    39; IV: 243-44; V: 26; encirclement
    complex of, III: 161n; estates and
    state in, VII: 106, 107; franchise in,
    VII: 84; and Frederick II, II: 148; and
    Golden Bull, III: 198, 203-16, 228; Hansa in,
    III: 224-27; historiography
    of nineteenth century, III: 194;
    institutional creativeness in, III: 143; and
    interregna, III: 194, 196-99, 203; Jesuits
    in, V: 62, 64; kingship in,
    II: 119, 157-58; III: 130, 193, 198-99,
    205-16; and Lupold of Babenberg's
    juristic theory, III: 214-16; Luther
    on reforms needed in, IV: 244; Marx
    on revolution in, VIII: 348-52; and
    Maximilian I, III: 69; middle and
    lower classes in, III: 141; missed
    opportunity for revolution in, VI: 11-
    12, 78; national characteristics
    of, III: 194, 200, 225-26; IV: 268; VI: 9,
    10-11, 73; and nationalism,
    III: 194, 210; VII: 51; natural law
    in, VII: 49-50, 51; obstacles to
    political unity in, III: 194; oligarchy
    of princes in, III: 212-14; Parliament
    in, VI: 11, 76-77; and particularism,
    II: 146, 150; III: 194, 195, 198-200,
    216-17, 225; Patarenes in, IV: 150;
    Peasant War in, IV: 139, 150-51,
    238, 266; V: 90; VII: 97; VIII: 351; poet
    as divine voice of nation in,
    III: 74; and printing, IV: 218-20, 230;
    Protestantism in, V: 19, 20; VI: 10,
    11, 76; VII: 93-94, 270; VIII: 350-
    52; Reformation in, III: 130, 172,
    256; VII: 226n56; religious wars
    in, V: 19; and Rienzo, III: 236-37; as
    schismatic nation, VI: 76-78; Social
    Democrats in, VIII: 312, 313,
    3l4n8, 371; Soldatenräte in, VII: 80;
    southwest German leagues, III: 227-
    28; splintering of, into towns and
    principalities, V: 25; subimperial
    politics in, III: 193-203; and Swiss
    Confederation, III: 228-29; Thirty
    Years War in, VII: 53, 105; time
    structure of closure in, VI: 79-81;
    universities in, IV: 219; unlimited
    authority of ruling elite in, III: 92;
    Voegelin on contemporary Germany,
    IV: 71; wars in, VII: 52, 53; Weimar
    Republic, III: 145. See also National
    Socialism
Germinal institutions, III: 128
Gerson, Jean, III: 251, 251n
Gersonides, VII: 127
Gesamtzusammenhang (total context),
    VIII: 326
Geschichte des Bunds der Kommunis-
    ten
(Engels), VIII: 313n7
Geschlossene Handelsstaat (Fichte),
    VII: 224
Gestis Caroli (Monk of Saint Gall),
    II: 58
Ghazali, Muhammad al-, II: 186
Ghibellines and Guelfs, II: 145, 146,
    147, 172; III: 231, 232; IV: 58
Giannone, Pietro, VI: 83, 85
Gianotti, Donato, IV: 41; VII: 101
Gibbon, Edward, IV: 138-39, 148-49,
    157
Giddings, Franklin Henry, VII: 57
Gigon, Olof, I: 9
Giles of Rome (Aegidius Romanus;
    Egidio Colonna): absolutism of,
    III: 46-53, 49n6, 104, 110, 111; and
    ecclesiastical totalitarianism,
    III: 52-53; as fascist, III: 49-50; and
    mysticism of Hugh of Saint Victor,
    III: 47-48, 47-48nn; overview on,
    III: 12; IV: 155; V: 49; and sacrificium
    intellectus,
I: 39; III: 52; as papal
    counselor, I: 37; theory of power of,
    III: 50-51, 71, 105; V: 42, 235n75;
    and will to power of intellectual,
    III: 48-49, 67
—Works: De ecclesiastica potestate,
    III: 46-47, 50-53, 55, 84, 97; De
    regimie principum, III: 48-49
Gin Age in England, VI: 152-53
Giovane Italia, II: 76
Giovani, IV: 60
Giovio, Paolo, IV: 53n
Giuliano, IV: 72, 72n
Gladstone, William Ewart, VI: 161-63
Gleichschaltung, VIII: 157
Glimpse of Sion's Glory, IV: 10, 145-48,
    165
Global intercourse, VIII: 140-41
Global Republic, VIII: 179
Glorious Revolution, V: 91; VI: 154-55;
    VII: 107, 137; VIII: 214
Gnosticism: and antinomianism,
    VIII: 26; Bodin on, V: 220-22; and
    Boniface VIII, I: 38; IV: 207;
    and Christianity generally, IV: 182; of
    Comte, VIII: 236-41, 368; connection
    between ancient Gnosticism
    and modern variant of, VIII: 19-
    22; definition of, V: 1; doctrine
    of, IV: 186-87, 199; VI: 100, 125;
    VIII: 18-28; dual nature of morality
    of, VIII: 26; and Free Spirit, IV: 194,
    201; of Hegel, VIII: 23, 342; heyday
    of, coinciding with settings of ebbing
    transcendence, VIII: 27; influences of,
    IV: 151, 178-79, 186n25; intellectual
    basis of, IV: 17; and Luther, IV: 235-
    36; and Machiavelli, IV: 84-85; of
    Marx, VIII: 23, 340-43, 368; and
    mater Francisca Hernandez, IV: 195; as
    modern ideological phenomenon,
    I: 2-3, 44; IV: 10-11; V: 3n, 6; VII: 3,
    6-8; in New Science of Politics,
    VII: 3; VIII: 18, 22-23, 22-23n; and
    Nietzsche, VII: 33; and Origen,
    I: 177; and Paul, I: 236; and phases
    of growth, V: 3-4; and philosophy
    of consciousness, VIII: 24-25; and
    pneumatici and psychici, V: 49;
    religious idealism of, III: 13-14;
    research and scholarship on, VIII: 19,
    25n29; and Romanticism, VIII: 21; in
    Science, Politics, and Gnosticism,
    VIII: 23-24; and self-illumination,
    VIII: 26; as spiritual mixture,
    VIII: 27; and symbolism, IV: 190,
    228; and Vico, VI: 90, 99; Voegelin's
    development of concept, VII: 6-8, 31;
    VIII: 18
Gobineau, Joseph-Arthur de, II: 46; VII:
    171; VIII: 126
God: Alexander on, I: 93; amicitia
    with humanity, IV: 19, 250-51, 254n;
    Aristotle on, II: 191, 208; IV: 209-10;
    Augustine on, VI: 111; Berkeley on,
    VI: 197; Bodin on, V: 159-62, 188-91,
    196-205, 217, 238, 250-51; Bruno on,
    V: 174; VII: 207-8; Calvin on, IV: 281-
    84, 286-87; Cicero on, I: 137; VII: 57;
    as common father of all men, I: 93; as
    Comte's Grand-Être, VIII: 96, 113,
    184-85, 196-99, 214; Comte's murder
    of, VIII: 202; consubstantiality of
    humans and, IV: 181; cosmos as work
    of, I: 212; and creation, IV: 159-63,
    187; Cromwell on will of, VII: 110-
    12; and Culverwel's reason, VI: 167-
    69; Dante on, III: 78; IV: 211-13;
    death of, I: 35; VII: 136, 203, 287-89;
    VIII: 23, 202; and Divine Providence,
    VI: 129-33, 135, 138, 145; Egyptian
    polytheism, I: 227; Epicurus on, I: 83;
    VII: 58; Erigena on, IV: 153, 160;
    existence of, VI: 59-60; exploration
    of history in partnership with, I: 42,
    44, 47; Feuerbach on, VIII: 345; as
    fundamentum of spatial extension,
    VI: 193-94; in Glimpse of Sion's
    Glory,
IV: 145-47; governmental
    authority ordained by, I: 172, 172n,
    202, 203; Grotius on, VII: 55-56,
    58-59, 147; Hobbes on, VII: 63,
    147; H"lderlin on, VII: 246-47; humans
    created in image of, I: 37,
    38; IV: 163; inscrutability of, IV: 84;
    kingdom of, I: 31-32, 169, 201-2; IV:
    154, 165-67, 286-87; Laplace on,
    VI: 183; Le Roy on, V: 148, 149n31:
    Locke on, VII: 145-47; and Logos,
    VI: 99, 100, 124; love of, I: 215; II: 114-
    15; IV: 64, 70, 255, 259, 274; V: 157;
    VII: 236; VIII: 57, 58, 189-90; Luther
    on human's relation with,
    IV: 254n, 255; Marcion on, I: 181;
    Marx on, VIII: 340-41; mediator
    relationship between human and,
    IV: 190-91; Melanchthon on, V: 151-
    52; Mongol's Order of God, IV: 44;
    monotheistic idea of, I: 227; VI: 115;
    Montesquieu on, VII: 164; More on,
    VI: 192, 193; Newton on, VI: 59, 192-
    93; Nicholas of Cusa on, III: 258-59,
    264, 266; IV: 202; Nietzsche on death
    of, VII: 136, 203, 287-89; Pascal on,
    VII: 280, 283-84, 287; VIII: 65, 66,
    82; personal relationship between
    humans and, I: 36; VI: 59-60; in
    Piers Plowman, III: 182; Plato on,
    I: 77, 167-68; III: 21; IV: 190; V: 189; in
    prayer of Licinius, I: 194; and
    predestination, III: 189; as prima
    causa, IV: 284; prime attributes
    of, IV: 103; prince as analogue of,
    IV: 100-101, 103; proprietorship
    of, VII: 145-47, 146-47n3, 147n5;
    Puritans and covenant with, VII: 69;
    Rantzau on, V: 154; revolt against,
    I: 4, 36-37; Savonarola on, V: 151;
    Schelling on, VII: 202, 203, 204, 206-
    9, 216, 218-19, 221, 223, 232-34, 238; Sons
    of God, IV: 190, 191n33; and
    soul, VI: 60-61; Spinoza on, VII: 128-
    29, 130, 133, 134, 136; and spiritual
    hierarchy, II: 201; and summum
    bonum,
IV: 70; Thomas Aquinas
    on, II: 207-9, 214-15, 217, 219, 220,
    223, 225; transcendental existence
    of, and created world, VI: 99-100;
    Trinitarian character of, II: 165, 209;
    Tycho de Brahe on, V: 163-64; Vico
    on, VI: 97, 98, 105, 106, 109-14,
    118, 119, 126, 129-32; Voltaire on,
    VI: 59-61; Warburton on, VI: 158-59; and
    Whichcote's reason, VI: 169-71;
    William of Ockham on, III: 107,
    107n2, 111, 119n16, 126; Wisdom
    of, VI: 97, 99; word of God, IV: 253;
    Wycliffe on, III: 185-87, 191, 192;
    Yahweh, I: 109, 111-15, 117-18, 181.
    See also Holy Spirit; Jesus Christ;
    Trinity
Godfort of Beaulieu, III: 59
God-kings. See Divine kingship
Goebbels, Joseph, VIII: 153
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, IV: 85n;
    V: 170; VII: 233, 257, 260, 263n35
Goffe, William, VII: 111
Golden Age: Aeneid and victory
    of Troy, I: 143-45; Antony and
    Cleopatra, I: 141-43; Caesar,
    I: 139-40, 150; of Hesiod, I: 199;
    Monumentum Ancyranum, I: 141;
    I: 145-46; V: 232, 233; of
    myth of, Seneca, I: 199-200, 202
Golden Bull of Eger (1213), III: 198
Golden Bull of Rimini (1226), II: 74
Golden Bull of 1356, III: 203-16, 228
Golden Fleece, Order of, III: 224
Golden Rule, VI: 62
Good and evil, II: 136-37, 193-94,
    194n27. See also Evil
Goodenough, Erwin R., I: 104
Good life doctrine, III: 94, 101; V: 44
Good works, IV: 254-55, 257-60,
    257m7
Gorce, Matthieu-Maxime, II: 181, 193,
    193n25, 204
Gorgias (Plato), IV: 83, 289; VI: 178; VIII:
    320
Gorton, Mr., VII: 91
Gospels: announcement of fifth gospel
    in Revelation, II: 134; composition
    of, I: 153n; condemnation of violence
    in, IV: 105; eschatological character
    of, I: 158-59; Francis of Assisi on,
    II: 137-38; insufficiency of critical
    exegesis of, I: 151-52; of John, I: 165,
    179-82; II: 124, 208; IV: 213, 272; and
    John of Salisbury, II: 124-25; of Luke,
    I: 156, 158, 159, 161, 163,
    179, 181; of Mark, I: 152, 153n, 154,
    155, 163; V: 125-26; of Matthew,
    I: 156, 161, 163, 165, 169, 179; II: 124,
    125, 134, 137, 159; V: 116; and
    messianic consciousness of Jesus,
    I: 162-63; nature of, as "reflection"
    of experiences and events, I: 152-54; rich
    and poor in, I: 156-57; Sermon
    on the Mount compared with
    Sermon in the Plain, I: 156, 159-62;
    Synoptic Gospels, I: 151, 154, 179,
    180; Thomas Aquinas on, II: 213;
    Voegelin's detachment in discussion
    of, I: 53. See also Jesus Christ; New
    Testament
Gothic war, I: 184
Goths, II: 43-44, 43nn5-6, 47; V: 143
Gotland, law of, V: 113
Götterddmmerung, VI: 125
Gottschalk (Godescalchus of Orbais),
    IV: 153, 153-54n
Gouhier, Henri, VIII: 170n14, 173, 174,
    206, 207, 211-12, 228
Government: "according to ancient
    prudence versus modern prudence,"
    VII: 101-2; Calvin on, V: 46-50;
    Christianity's view of authority of,
    I: 172, 172n, 202, 203; IV: 140; cyclical
    revolution of political forms, IV: 62-
    65, 69-70, 85-86; differentiation
    between religion and, II: 3; existence
    of, V: 248; forms of, IV: 62-63;
    governants (rulers) and gouvernés
    (ruled), VIII: 236; Harrington on,
    VII: 100-103; Locke on limited
    monarchy, VII: 138-40; Locke's
    contract theory of, VII: 137-38;
    Luther on authority of, IV: 260-68;
    Machiavelli on origin of, IV: 63;
    Montesquieu on, VII: 163, 165-66,
    168-69; myth of, I: 136; obedience to
    governmental power, IV: 144; Plato
    on, I: 126-27; IV: 114; Spinoza on,
    VII: 134-3 5; theory of government in
    England and United States, VII: 107;
    world government, IV: 170. See
    also Constitutionalism; Empires;
    Kingdoms; Kingship; Monarchy;
    Polis; Politics; Republicanism;
    Roman empire; and other specific
    governments and rulers
Grabmann, Martin, II: 180, 181; III: 67n
Grace: and Albigensians, IV: 159; Calvin
    on, IV: 285; Christian view
    of, VII: 286; Dante on, IV: 208-13;
    dominion by, III: 185-87; H"lderlin
    on, VII: 244; and human nature, I: 36-
    37; of king, II: 99; through love of God,
    IV: 250; VI: 112; and nature, III: 262-
    63; Nietzsche on, VII: 241, 259, 285,
    287, 289-94; Pascal on, VII: 255-56,
    285-87, 289; through sacraments,
    IV: 141-43; salvation by, V: 139;
    VI: 112; Schelling on, VII: 219-22,
    244; and verum dominium, V: 122;
    Wycliffe on, III: 189
Gradualis concordantia, III: 258-59
Graeff, Ortwin de, I: 6
Granada, battle of, IV: 36
Grande Chartreuse, II: 70
Grande Monarchie de France (Seyssel),
    IV: 90
Grand-Être, IV: 47n13; VIII: 96, 113,
184-85, 196-99, 214
Grandi, III: 230, 231, 232
Grand Inquisitor (Dostoevsky),
IV: 117n47
Grandissimo esemplo , IV:57, 76
Grandmont, 11:70
Grand Remonstrance of 1641 (England),
    VII:78, 79
Granet, VIII: 127
Grassaille, Charles, II:43n3
Gratia , VI:59
Gratian, I:208; II:172-73
Grauert, Heinrich, II:60n
Great Awakening and Second Great
    Awakening, VIII:9n9
Great Britain. See England; English
    Parliament; and specific monarchs
Great Design, V:111-12
Great Schism, III:41, 163, 188, 191,
    192, 245-53
Great Year, V:147
Greece and Greeks. See Hellenism
Greek Church, I:i76, 177; III:250;
    IV:16, 220-23, 279-80n35
Greek State (Nietzsche), VII:263
Gregory I (the Great), Pope, 11:55, 60,
    87n
Gregory III, Pope, II: 5 7
Gregory VII, Pope, II:67, 82, 87-91,
    89n13, 144, 175, 177; III:38, 55, 164,
    197
Gregory IX, Pope, II:111, 139, 146,
    173-74
Gregory Nazianzen, IV:221
Gregory of Catina, II:87n
Gregory of Nazianzus, I:177
Gregory of Nyssa, 1:177
Gregory the Great, 1:203, 212
Grey, Earl, Ill: 142
Grosseteste, Robert, 11:80; III:176
Grotius, Hugo: and authority of
    rulership, VII:54; and Bodin, V:160,
    as Calvinist, VII:47; on civil
    society, VII: 58; on commercial
    imperialism,II:214; VII:56, 154;
    compared with Locke, VII:140, 154;
    on desire for community, VII: 57-58,
    65; and Epicurus, VII: 58-59; on God,
    VII: 55-56, 58-59, 147; on human
    nature, VI: 135, 145; VII: 55, 57-58,
    62, 154; and Hume, VII: 158; on
    inequalities among nations, VII: 55-
    56, 154; and international law, VI: 51; and
    interstate relations, V: 114; VII: 56,
    154; and justice, VI: 112; and
    natural law, III: 263; V: 22; VI: 16, 91,
    94; VII: 54, 59; on reason, VII: 57-58,
    65, 154; and reconstruction of state
    order, VII: 23; and regulation of war,
    VII: 52-54, 153; on rules of nature,
    VII: 57-58
—Work: De Jure Belli ac Pacis, VII: 52-
    59
Grundmann, Herbert, III: 67n
Grund zum Empedokles (Hölderlin),
    VII: 247
Gubernaculum Conciliorum (Andreas
    of Escobar), III: 252n
Gubernatio (law of government), V: 57
Guelfs and Ghibellines, II: 145, 146,
    147, 172; III: 231, 232; IV: 58
Guicciardini, Francesco, IV: 33-34,
    3411, 36, 40, 42; VI: 13
Guignebert, Ch., I: 151-52, 162
Guild Socialist plan, III: 142-43
Guillaume de Nogaret, III: 38, 62
Guinea, travels to, VII: 171
Guinigi, Francesco, IV: 58
Guiscard, Robert, II: 89
Guise, Cardinal Louis, VII: 53
Guise, elder duke of, VII: 53
Guise, Henry, duke of, VII: 53
Gulliver (Swift), IV: 112
Gunpowder, V: 146n16
Gunpowder Plot, VII: 53
Guntram, King, II: 48-49
Gurian, Waldemar, I: 8
Gustavus Adolphus IV, King of Sweden,
    VIII: 224, 225n72
Guy of Lusignan, II: 216
Guyon, Mme. de, VII: 270
Gymnasia Graecae gloriae, IV: 237
Gynaiocratic stage of development,
    I: 236
Habeas Corpus Act of 1679, VI: 156
Haberler, Gottfried von, I: 14
Habsburgs, II: 7n17; III: 166n, 194, 198;
IV: 106; VI: 33
Hactenus, III: 210n
Hadock, B. A., VI: 14n18
Haecceitas, IV: 94
Haeruli, I: 146 Hainaut, Comte de, III: 58n8
Halbheit (indecision), VII: 271n51
Halley, Edmund, VI: 210
Hallowell, John, I: 1-2; VIII: 1
Hamilton, Alexander, IV: 4, 89, 125
Hanc potestatem a populo effluxam
    (this power flowing from the people),
    III: 158
Handgreiflichkeiten (tangible
    experiences), VIII: 359
Hannibal, IV: 51, 52
Hansa, III: 224-27
Happiness: Bentham on, VIII: 45; Bodin
    on, V: 194-95; d'Alembert on,
    VIII: 97; greatest-happiness principle,
    VIII: 73-75, 97; Helvétius on, VIII: 56,
    58-59, 73-75, 97; Lenin on, VIII: 72-
    73; Locke on, VIII: 45-46; Marx on,
    VIII: 347; More on, IV: 118, 121;
    Nietzsche on, VII: 274; Pascal on,
    VII: 235, 280-81; VIII: 65, 67; and
    Platonic and Aristotelian ethics,
    I:99. See also Eudaimonia
Harding, Stephen, II: 71
Harem, I: 192
Harmonious cosmion, V: 248-50
Harmony, III: 257-58
Harmostes (harmonizer of the world),
    I: 94, 105
Harrington, Sir James, II: 85; IV: 41; VII:
    100-103
Hartmann, Eduard von, VII: 199
Hatred, eschatological, I: 160-61
Hauriou, Maurice, II: 50-51
Hausmacht policy, III: 194, 198-99, 203
Haute bourgeoisie, III: 139, 142, 230
Hayek, Friedrich A. von, I: 14; VIII: 230
Hayek, Thaddaeus von, V: 164
Healing by Jesus, I: 154-55, 155n, 163
Hearnshaw, F. J. C., I: 214n
Heaven, I: 156-62, 166-67, 169, 201,
    207; IV: 165-67
Hebert, Jacques-Rene, VIII: 214
Hebrews: berith of, I: 109-17, 205; V: 52-
    53, 54, 213, 244; Bodin on,
    V: 189, 191; and fate of Israel,
    VI: 158; God revealed to, IV: 141;
    Joachitic conception of, IV: 198-99;
    kingship of, II: 47, 49, 119; religion
    of, VIII: 146; Selden on, VI: 135; and
    senso commune, VI: 132-33; and
    spiritual assent, V: 200; and
    "utopianism of Jesus," IV: 110. See
    also
Israel; Judaism and Jews
Hebrews, Epistle to, I: 167-72; IV: 85,
    168, 272; V: 48-49
Hedone (pleasure), I: 79, 83
Hegel, G. W. E: anthropological
    philosophy of, VII: 162; and
    aufgehoben, III: 259; and Bakunin,
    VIII: 256; on Bruno, V: 173; VII: 205;
    on capitalism, VIII: 13n13; compared
    with Augustine, I: 212-13; compared
    with Luther, IV: 19, 20n; compared
    with Nietzsche, VII: 266, 303;
    compared with Thomas Aquinas,
    II: 215; compared with Vico, VI: 89,
    90, 100; death of, VII: 157; dialectic
    of, VII: 213-14, 266; VIII: 321, 322-24;
    and Engels, VIII: 331-34; and formula
    of objective mind, I: 37; II: 192; on
    freedom and necessity, VIII: 256, 333;
    and Gnosticism, IV: 178; VIII: 23,
    342; on history, VII: 266; VIII: 123;
    and history of ideas, I: 234; II: 65, 132;
    VI: 3, 11; Idea in, VIII: 14, 322, 342,
    343; and List der Vernunf t (cunning
    of reason), VI: 109, 114; VIII: 71; and
    Marx, VII: 197-98; VIII: 14, 82, 307,
    311, 320-25, 324n15, 330-31, 340,
    341, 347n49; metaphysics of, VI: 114;
    and mysticism, VII: 214; and natural
    law, VII: 49; Protestant principle of,
    IV: 20n, 257n16; on reason, VIII: 342;
    and "rediscovery of man," VII: 23,
    51; and Reform Bill of 1831, III: 142;
    relation between systems of Marx
    and, VII: 197-98; and "revolution
    of the spirit," VII: 5; and Schelling,
    VI: 103; VII: 213-14; on state as
    objective morality, VII: 157; and
    Stoicism, I: 97; theories of, VI: 76-78;
    and Third Realm, II: 130; and Vico,
    VI: 89
    —Works: Logik, V: 178; Philosophy of
    Law,
VIII: 348; Philosophy of Right,
    VI: 73
Heidegger, Martin, VII: 199; VIII: 3,
    3n2, 23, 28
Heilman, Robert, I: 7, 15, 28; VII: 31
Heimarmene (necessity), IV: 186,
    186n25; VII: 243
Heliocentric cosmology. See Coperni-
    cus
Helios, VII: 243
Hell, IV: 200, 201, 221, 290
Hellenism: and Alexander, V: 145;
    apolitism of, I: 69-84; IV: 132,
    133, 134; and Aristippus, I: 79-
    80; and Christianity, VI: 5 2, 54;
    and cosmology, V: 137-38; Cynic
    school, I: 69, 75-78, 97, 98, 149;
    II: 184; VII: 160, 228; as "dark age,"
    I: 101-2; Epicurean school, I: 69, 75,
   80-84; and ethics, VIII: 96-97; final
    stages of political breakdown of
    Hellas, I: 69, 72-73; V: 141; Greco-
    Roman civilization, III: 154; IV: 83;
    V: 141; Greco-Roman myth, II: 41-43;
    Greek theory, I: 235-36; V: 232; and
    homonoia, I: 93-94, 98; identity of,
    II: 41-42; and Jews, I: 108-9; and
    kingship, I: 101-7; koine of, I: 75, 97;
    VI: 37, 74; VIII: 138; and law, I: 135,
    195-96; and the mysteries, I: 114;
    new category of the "school," I: 75-
    76; Nicholas of Cusa on, III: 261-63;
    and Philip, I: 88; and philosophy,
    I. 74-75; II: l83-84, 187, 211, 226;
    pneumatics of, I: 175; and political
    realm. III: 159; and political versus
    apolitical revolutions, I: 71-73; and
    psychology, I: 79-80; and spiritual
    disintegration, I: 69-84; and subject
    population, I: 70-71; and translatio
    imperii,
III: 215; Utopian literature,
    IV: 111-12. See also Aristotle;
    Plato; Stoicism; and other Greek
    philosophers
Hellenism, Rome, and Early
    Christianity
(Voegelin), IV: 132,
Helvétius, Claude-Adrien: on amour
    de soi,
VIII: 56, 57-59, 70; anti-
    Christian religiousness of, VIII: 68-
    71; aphoristic style of, VIII: 81; and
    atheism, VI: 71; on class struggle,
    VIII: 77-79; compared with Pascal,
    VIII: 63-64, 67-71; compared with
    philosophes, V: 62; concluding
    comments on, VIII: 81-87; on
    désir du pouvoir, VIII: 56-59; on
    disorder as nature of humans,
    VIII: 60-62; on equality VIII: 85-
    86; and eschatology, VIII: 87, 99;
    on genealogy of passions, VIII: 55-
    59, 90; on happiness of greatest
    number, VIII: 7 3-7 5, 97; hedonism
    of, VIII: 52, 52n23; on human
    nature, V: 39; VIII: 47-49, 51-63;
    on inertia and ennui, VIII: 53-54;
    influence of, on Bentham, VIII: 44,
    52n23, 72; and instrumentalization
    of humans, VIII: 6, 58-59, 83;
    on internationalism, VIII: 76-77;
    intramundane religiousness of,
    VIII: 6, 82; introductory remarks
    on, VIII: 6, 43-44; and inversion
    of direction, VIII: 51-52, 82; on
    Jesuit Order, VIII: 79-80, 132; on
    legislator, VIII: 71, 75, 78-79, 80, 83,
    84, 92; Locke's influence on, VI: 150;
    VIII: 44, 45-51; materialism of, VI: 8; on
    nationalism, VIII: 76-77; new
    philosophy of existence of, VIII: 51-
    63; Nietzsche on, VIII: 44, 52n23,
    60; on passions, VIII: 54-58, 70-71,
    82-83; physicism of, VIII: 47-49; on
    power, VIII: 56-62; and salvation as
    social process, VIII: 62-63; social
    evolution theory of, VIII: 74-76,
    86-87, 90; social immanentism of,
    VIII: 84-85; on two selves, VIII: 68-
    69; utilitarianism of, V: 38; VI: 114; on
    veil of maya, VIII: 69-71
    —Works: De l'esprit, VIII: 43-44, 45, 47,
    68, 75-77; De 1'homme, VIII: 47-48,
    75
Henoticon, II: 53
Henry I, King of England, II: 145; III: 133
Henry II, King of England, II: 113, 145;
    III: 59n9
Henry III, King of England, III: 137
Henry VII, King of England, III: 219,
    231; VII: 101
Henry VIII, King of England, III: 168;
    V: 71, 70-76, 78, 90; VII: 101
Henry I, King of France, III: 58
Henry III, King of France, V: 40n; VII: 53
Henry IV (Navarre), King of France,
    V: 65; VII: 53
Henry III, Emperor, II: 82; III: 196
Henry IV, Emperor, II: 67, 82, 87, 89n13;
    III: 58n8, 196-97; V: 112, 217; VI: 41,
    43
Henry V, Emperor, II: 177; III: 197
Henry VI, Emperor, II: 10, 29, 145-47,
    149, 177; III: 197, 198, 207
Henry VII, Emperor, III: 39, 72, 74, 79
Henry of Langenstein, III: 246, 247n3
Henry of Luxemburg, III: 229
Henry, Prince of Portugal, III: 40
Henry the Lion, II: 145; III: 197, 201
Heracles, I: 88
Heraclitus, I: 97, 105; II: 108; III: 68;
    V: 147, 189; VII: 227, 252
Herbert of Cherbury, V: 30
Hercules, II: 44
Herder, Johann Gottfried von, I: 29;
    VI: 11, 77, 150; VII: 171, 212
Heresies, I: 75-76, 178-79, 208; II: 155-
    56, 165, 211; III: 124-25, 170, 172;
    VI: 46-48, 69-70. See also specific
    heresies
Hermann of Metz, II: 88
Hermeneutics, VII: 29
Hermes Trismegistus ("Hermes the
    Thrice-Greatest"), V: 158. See also
Hermetical knowledge; Magic
Hermetical knowledge, V: 169; VIII: 20
Hermits, II: 70-71
Hermogenianus, I: 198
Hernandez, Francisca, IV: 195
Hero: Brutus as republican hero, IV: 60;
    Castruccio Castracani as, IV: 56-59;
    and heroizations, I: 103, 190-91; in
    Machiavelli's Prince, IV: 56, 76-77;
    mente eroica (heroic spirit), VI: 141-
    44, 147; Nietzsche on, VII: 294;
    Timur as, IV: 6, 51-52; virtu of,
    IV: 59, 60, 64, 82n
Herodotus, I: 124; IV: 50, 55, 81n66;
    V: 29; VI: 137n
Heroic age, VI: 137, 139
Heroica sapientia, VI: 111
Herrlichkeit (way to glory), VII: 216
"Herrschaftslehre" (Voegelin), I: 19;
    VII: 12, 29
Heruli and Herulian kingdom, II: 32,
    45, 47
Herzen, Alexander, VIII: 260-61, 263
Hesiod, I: 72, 199; II: 66
Hexaemeron, V: 233
Hicktowns, V: 50, 50n
Hierapolis temple, I: 193
Hierarcha homo, II: 201
Hierarchy: Aristotle on, III: 261;
    Bertrand of Bayonne on, II: 200-
    204; Bodin on, V: 161-62, 201-4,
    243-44, 244-46; celestial, V: 200;
    construction of sovereign state
    through intermediate steps from
    bottom of, VII: 49; of Dionysius
    Areopagita, V: 199-200; Erigena on,
    IV: 163; feidh as symbol of, V: 244;
    Hegel on, I: 37-38; of legal forms,
    V: 245; Maimonides on, V: 244;
    Marsilius on hierarchy of status
    groups, III: 90-91; Nicholas of Cusa
    on, III: 259-60; Pauline, III: 260; of
    persons, V: 244; political, II: 220-
    21, 220-21n; III: 261; of powers,
    III: 45-46; IV: 101; pseudo-Dionysian
    theory of, III: 45-48, 47-48nn, 259;
    IV: 155; of sciences, III: 52; of souls
    in Divina Commedia, III: 78-79;
    Thomas Aquinas on, II: 211-12
Hieroglyphic use of ideas: Aristotle
    on zoon politikon, I: 129; by Cicero,
    I: 52, 131-32, 134, 136-37; legal
    theory, I: 195-96; lex regia, I: 204; by
    Polybius, I: 128-30
Hieronymus of Prague, III: 174
High Middle Ages. See Middle Ages
Hillel, Rabbi, I: 151
Hilton, Walter, III: 177
Hincmar of Reims, II: 63, 63n10
Hindu philosophy, II: 3; VIII: 69-70
Hippocrates, III: 259n25
Hiroshima, atom bomb dropped on,
    VII: 192
Histoire de la conquête de la Chine
    par les Tartars
(Palafox), VII: 170
Histoire de la science politique dans
    ses rapports avec la morale
(Janet),
    VI: 2
Histoire des variations des Églises
    protestantes
(Bossuet), VI: 45-48
Histoire générale des voyages, VII: 171
Histoire naturelle (Buffon), VII: 170-72
Histoire philosophique des Deux-Indes
    (Raynal), VIII: 208

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