CUMULATIVE INDEX

HISTORY OF POLITICAL IDEAS (VOLS 19-26)

Roman numerals preceding page numbers refer to the eight volumes in History of Political Ideas

Aachen assembly of 802, II:61
'Abbasid empire, II:35
Abel and Cain, II:93
Abelard, II:173
Abel-R‚musat, Jean Pierre, V:146n16
Ab infinito usque nihil, III:260
Ab initio, III:258
Abraham, I:211, 220; II:129, 130;
    III:182; IV:169, 266; V:213; VIII:196
Absolute monarchy, III:48-49; V:24;
    VII:101
Absolute space and motion, VI:189-
    91, 193-99, 199n, 202-3, 205, 210,
    213-15
Absolutist theory, III:46-53, 49n6,
    84, 105
"Absorption," IV:10
Ab urbe condita, IV:59
Academic institutions and academics,
    IV:219-20, 237-38; V:191
Academy in Athens, I:78, 81
Acarnanians, I:145
Acceptatio, III:256
Acciajuoli, Niccolo, III:222
Accidentia, VII:27
"Accident of existence, " V:41
Accolti, Benedetto de', IV:41
Accursius, II:13, 169
Aceleratezza of conspiracy, VII:124
Acephalus, III:158
Achaean war, I:141
Achaemenians, I:104
Acheronta (depths), VIII:310
Achill (Hölderlin), VII:243
Achilles, I:145; IV:78
Achillini, Alessandro, IV:91
Achtzehnte Brumaire des Louis
Napoleon
(Marx), VIII:312n7
Aconcio, Giacomo, V:56n
Acquiescentia, VII:129
Acre, fall of, III:39
Act in Restraint of Appeals, V:75
Actio, V:235n75
Actium, battle of, I:143
Active Intellect, II:184
Activism, IV:173-77, 178
"Activists," IV:166-67
Act of Settlement of 1701, VI:156
Act of Supremacy of 1534, V:20, 71,
    73-76, 78-80, 89
Act of Uniformity of 1662, VI:153
Acts, Book of, VII:98
Actus, II:135
Adalbert of Bremen, III:201
Adam: as ancestor of Jesus, I:2II; in
    art, IV:197-99; Bodin on, V:217, 222;
    Christ as second Adam, I:170-71,
    192n4; in Old Testament, III:182;
    in profane history, I:220; sin of, III:
    185; IV:196
Adamitic sectarians, III:175; IV:179,
    195-98, 202, 255, 274
Adams, H. P., VI:92n
Address to the Christian Nobility of
    the German Nation
(Luther), IV:12,
    231-48, 261-62
Ad Gebhardum liber (Manegold of
    Lautenbach), II:89n13
Adiáphora, V:89
Ad jussum imperatoris (by the order
    of the emperor), III:51n
Ad nutum (at the nod), III:51, 51n
Adolescentes, VI:II6
Adolf of Nassau, III:229
Adolf of Schaumburg, III:201
Adriatic Sea, IV:43
Aegidius Romanus. See Giles of Rome
Aemilius Paullus, I:123
Aeneid (Virgil), I:143-45; III:73
Aequitates naturales, III:II8n13
Aequum utile, VI:II2
Aeschylus, VII:217, 228-29
Aeterna et divina mens (partaking of
    the divine mind), V:221, 221n65
Aeterni veri semina, VI:108
Aetolians, I:145
Africa and Africanism, I:177, 206, 222;
    II:32, 215; III:40; IV:43; V:13II; VI:38;
    VII:105; VIII:156
Agathocles, IV:56, 77, 83
Age of Reason, VII:52, 195-96, 230
Ages of the World (Schelling), VII:199
Aggrandizement, V:II9-20
Agreement of the People (England),
    VII:81-83, 97
Agrippa, I:166
Agrippa of Nettesheim, V:171n86
Ahriman, I:181
Ailly, Pierre d', IV:226
Aion (world), IV:206
Aisthesis (sensuality), IV:161
Akme, VI:88, II7, II8, 123, 133-34
Alamanni, Luigi de Tommaso, IV:60
Alamannis, IV:60
Alans, II:47, 48
Alanus, III:55
Alaric, I:209
Alaric II, II:161-62
Alazoneía tou bíou, VII:272
Albertists, IV:94
Albert the Bear, III:201
Albertus Magnus, II:80, 179, 185;
    IV; 93, 94, 136, 155, 268; V:63,
Albi, Synod of, IV:158
Albigensian Catharism, III:175
Albigensians, III:172-75; IV:135, 157,
    158-60, 164, 222; V:109
Albigensian wars and Albigensian
    Crusade, II:106, 139, 155; IV:136,
    151; VIII:19
Albornoz, Cardinal, III:165; IV:38-39
Albrecht of Brandenburg, IV:230
Alchemy, V:168-69; VIII:20, 194,
Alcibiades I (Plato), V:142
Alcohol use in England, VI:152-5 3
Alcuin of York, II:62; VII:289-90
Alembert, Jean Le Rond d', IV:202, 237
Alexander: conquests of, I:90-91,
    103, 120; II:32; death of, I:88, 90;
    deification of, I:89, 91-93; enigmatic
    nature of, I:87; father of, I:89; and
    homonoia, I:93-94, 98, 197; imperial
    rulership of, I:91-93, 122; on king
    as harmostes (harmonizer of the
    world), I:94, 105, 149; mother of,
    I:89; personality of, I:90; significance
    of, I:235; IV:49; V:140, 145
Alexander I, Tsar, VIII:224-27
Alexander II, Pope, II:90
Alexander Vl, Pope, IV:95n5
Alexander Helios, I:142
Alexander of Aphrodisias, II:184
Alexander of Hales, II:8o
Alexander Severus, I:193
Alfonse of Castile, III:198
Alfonso VII of Castile, II:149
Alfonso VIII of Castile, II:145
Alienation, Marx on, VIII:352-53, 357,
    370, 371
Aliquem Italicum, III:237
Alien, Cardinal, V:78, 79n2
Alien, J. W., IV:31n2; V:19
Allen guten Anstand (against all
    decency), VII:291
Alle Tugund des Worts (virtue of the
    word), IV:253
Allgemeine Gesinnung (public
    sentiment), VIII:255
Almohad Caliphate, II:187
Alsace, IV:139
Alsace-Lorraine, III:218
Althusius, Johannes, V:55-59, 56n, 66;
    VII:49, 49n2
Altruism, Comte on, VIII:189-90, 248
Amaurians, IV:155-57, 164, 181
Amaury of Chartres, IV:155, 181, 201
Amazons, II:44
Ambiziosi, VI:141
Ambrose, Saint, I:205; III:257, 261n;
    IV:95; VII:137
Ambrosius, I:201n5, 203, 208
Amentes (imbeciles), V:127
America. See United States
American Indians, V:121-27
American Political Science Associa-
    tion, VI:2, 6
Amicitia (true faith as friendship
    between man and God), I:36; IV:19,
    250-51, 254n14
Amiel, Henri Fr‚d‚ric, VII:62n29
Amor Dei (love of God), I:215; II:II4-
    15; IV:64; V:157; VII:236; VIII:57,
    58, 189-90
Amor mundi, V:157
Amor sui (love of self): Augustine on,
    II:114-15; VII:236; VIII:57; character
    traits of, VI:113; and cupidity,
    VI:111-12; and membership in
    civitas dei or civitas terrena, II:114;
    spiritual character of, I:215, 216; and
    spiritual indifference, V:206; and
    superbia, IV:120; Vico on, VI:95, 108,
    145; and virtù, IV:64
Amos, I:115
Amour de gloire, VIII:70
Amour de soi, VIII:56, 57-59, 70
Anabaptists, IV:139, 179, 191, 195,
    276; V:20, 48, 54, 102; VI:69n38;
    VII:93, 124
Anagni affair, III:38, 41
Anakyklosis, IV:64, 71
Analogia entis, IV:285; VI:60
Anamnesis, VII:28-29, 31, 33, 211-14,
    218, 280
Anamnesis (Voegelin), VII:29
Ananias, I:158
Anarchism, I:231; IV:170; V:30;
    VIII:91, 98, 276-83, 306
Anarcho-syndicalist movements,
    IV:144
Anatolia, IV:52
Anaximander, VIII:3n2
Anchoritic reform, II:69-70
Ancilla et famula, III:52
Ancillary political ideas, VII:18
An den Aether (Holderlin), VII:243
Anderson, Benedict, VII:16-17
Anderson, Charles, I:5, 7, 8-9, 50n4
An die Natur (Hölderlin), VII:243
An die Parzen (Hölderlin), VII:244
Andler, Charles, VII:252-53, 272n53
Andreas of Escobar, III:252n
Andreia, V:33, 34, 38, 39
Angelo, Fra, III:241, 242, 243
Angels, V:161-62, 196-204, 205n42
Angelus Silesius, VII:235
Angevin kings, II:145, 146, 149
Angli, II:90
Anglicanism. See Church of England
Anima animi, III:4; VI:61, 129
Animae vires, V:235n75
Anima intellectiva, II:226; III:99-100
Animal analogies, III:87-88, 89, 259n25
Animality: of acceptance, IV:75; of
    human imperfection, IV:79-81;
    prince as fox and lion, IV:78
Animal politicum, II:219, 220
Anima mumdi, VI:100, 106; VII:205,
    207, 234, 243
Animi factus liber, VII:179-80
Anjou, IV:36
Ankara, battle of, IV:44, 52; V:141
Annales (Livy), IV:59
Annales Laureshamenses, II:59
Annates, III:167, 253; IV:240, 245
Anne, Queen, III:59n9
Annenkov, P., VIII:265
Annus climactericus et enneaticus
    magnus,
V:153-54
Anonymous. See Norman Anonymous
Anonymous of Rouen, I:32
Anonymous of York, I:32-33; III:129,
    190
Anoxios, IV:225
Anselm of Canterbury, Saint, I:32;
    II:95; 97; III:129; IV:20
Anselm of Havelberg, II:128
Ansprache dei Zentralbehörde an den
    Bund
(Marx), VIII:312-13n7
Anthropology: Augustinian anthro-
    pology, VI:147; of Bodin, V:201-2,
    219-23; and history, V:219-23;
    philosophical anthropology as center
    of political thought, VII:51; and
    Schelling, VII:28, 30-31; of Vico,
    VI:111-113
Anthropomorphic phase, VIII:107
Antichrist, II:131; III:181, 183, 188,
    192; IV:146, 147, 190, 235
Anticivilizationalism, IV:135, 143-45
Anti-Dühring (Engels), VIII:233, 339
Anti-etatist attitude, IV:144
Anti-Machiavellian propaganda, IV:31-
    32, 75, 82-85
Antinomianism, VII:91, 145; VIII:26
Antiochus Epiphanes, I:108, 150
Antiochus the Great, I:121
Antipater, I:93
Antiphilosophism, IV:237-38, 247,
    267-68, 277, 286; V:4, 90-92
Antique e moderne cose, IV:62
Antiquity: cosmology of, V:158n56;
    fame of, IV:49; and freedom, IV:68-
    69; paradigmatic importance of,
    IV:61-63; Roman republic, IV:59-6o,
    62-71. See also Hellenism; Paganism;
    Rome
"Antireligious" realism in politics,
    IV:42
Antispiritual movements, I:35; IV:138,
    145
Antisthenes, I:75, 76, 77
Antonines, I:198, 207
Antoninus Pius, I:221
Antony, Marc, I:138, 140-43, 150, 188,
    189
Anxiety, VII:65
"Anxiety of existence, " VII:282
"Aorgic, " VII:247-48, 250
Apeiron (unbounded; Anaximander),
    V:177
Aperte cognoscere (to know plainly),
    VI:96, 98
Aphorisms: of Helvetius, VIII:81;
    of Nietzsche, VII:261-62; VIII:81;
    of Schelling, VII:203-4. See also
    Nietzsche, Friedrich
Apocalyptic idea: and Christ, I:30-32;
    and eschatological mood, IV:142; of
    kingdom of Heaven, I:31, 166-67;
    Le Roy's apocalyptic pessimism,
    V:143-44; of Machiavelli, IV:76, 81,
    81-82n66, 85, 87, 246
Apokatastasis, IV:153, 162, 185
Apoliticism: of Aristippus of Cyrene,
    I:79-80; of Cynics, I:76-78;
    Diogenes and Plato, I:78-79; formal
    apoliticism, I:73-74; political and
    apolitical revolutions, I:71-73;
    problem of, I:70-72; and Socrates,
    I:69
Apolitism, IV:132-34
Apollonian imperium, IV:11, 201-14
Apollonian virtù, IV:212
Apology (More), V:79n2
Apospasma (spark), I:97, 98; II:226
Apostasy: and Bossuet, VI:34-38;
    continuity of Christian with
    intramundane problems, VI:44-
    51; introduction to, VI:9-11, 20-
    22; and "parallel" histories, VI:7;
    reconstruction of historical meaning,
    VI:40-44; secularization, VI:51-57;
    Vico's reversal of, VI:94-96; and
    Voltaire, VI:9, 10, 21, 38-40, 57-70,
    95, 113
Apostles, IV:277n31. See also specific
    apostles
Appel au conservateurs (Comte),
    VIII:I78
Appel au public occidental (Comte),
    VIII:178
Appetitus societatis (desire for
    community), VII:57-58
Apuleius, II:114
Aquaviva, V:6a
Aquinas, Thomas. See Thomas
Aquinas
Arabic philosophy, II:182-86, 182n12;
    III:100; IV:136, 139; V:211, 239, 244,
    250
Arabs and Arab empire, II:34, 35n,
    170, 182-86, 182n12; IV:53; V:233;
    VII:169
Arbitrio umano, VI:134
Arbre généalogique or encyclopédie,
    VIII:90, 91
Archipelagus (Hölderlin), VII:243
Architetta, VI:134
Ardashir I, I:185
Areopagitica (Milton), VII:95
Arete (virtue), I:99; II:218; III:12, 86,
    87; VII:239
Argument against Abolishing
Christianity in England
(Swift),
    VI:182-83
Arianism, I:76, I74n, 177, 208; II:37;
    IV:158, 194; VI:66
Aristippus, I:75, 79-80, 83
Aristocracy, III:121, 122; IV:62, 209-11;
    V:191; VII:74, 101-3, 299-302
"Aristocratism, " IV:206n
Aristotelianism: Arabic-Aristotelian
    intellects, IV:136, 139; Averroist
    form of, III:105; and Christianity,
    II:80, 81, 178-79, 185, 189n14,
    195-97n; Erasmus on, IV:92, 94, 97;
    importance for later generations,
    V:180, 236, 250; and intellect, II:208;
    Luther on, IV:237-38, 259, 267;
    metaphysics of, IV:227, 272; of
    Paris, II:81; and political theory,
    II:15-19, 22-23, 107, 110; III:56;
    Pompanazzi on, IV:91; and poverty,
    II:204; principal theory of, II:178-87;
    Siger de Brabant on, II:195-97n; of
    Thomas Aquinas, II:80, 81, 179, 185,
    189n14, 215-19, 222-23, 231; III:85,
    86; IV; 250; V:66-67; Vico on, VI:105,
    141; and Western civilization,
    II:189n14; IV:139. See also Aristotle
Aristotle: Althusius's use of, V:57,
    58; Arabic translations of, II:13,
    180; IV:139; on autarkeia (self-
    sufficiency), I:77, 106; and bios
    theoretikos,
I:77; II:183, 184, 219-
    20; V:7, 58, 184, 190, 191, 241;
    VII:63, 269n45; VIII:93, 96, l00,
    308, 344; and Bodin, VII:129, 132;
    and catholicity of problems, VII:169;
    and climatic theory of human types,
    V:227, 241, 242; on comets, V:165;
    Dante on, III:75-76; IV:208-10;
    and Dominican schools, II:80, 81;
    Erasmus on, IV:92-95, 97; on forms
    of government, I:126; Fr„nger on,
    IV:190n30; and Frederick II, II:153;
    "good life" of, V:44; Harrington's
    study of, VII:100; and "historicity
    of truth, " VII:8; histories built on,
    I:234; Hooker on, V:93, 101, 103;
    on human as zoon politikon, I:129;
    importance for later generations,
    V:180, 236, 250; and intellectual
    religiousness, II:183; interpretation
    of conversion using Aristotelian
    metaphysics, IV:226; on kingship,
    I:103-5; on laws and liberty, VI:143;
    Luther on, IV:237-38, 259, 267;
    Marcilius on, III:85-90, 93-95, 97n,
    101; on movement along finite
    straight line, V:166-67; Muslim
    view of, II:13, 181-86; mythical
    Aristotle, II:184-85; on natural
    hierarchy in society, V:103; and
    Nicholas of Cusa, III:257, 260-62;
    and omphalos, V:231; ontology of,
    V:167; Orientalisms in, I:105; on
    patres, V:91; philosophy of generally,
    I:42; II:107, 112; polis of, I:103-
    5, 232; II:13, 65, 183-84, 215-19;
    III:75, 86, 95; V:33, 58, 181, 229;
    VII:19; politics of, and Bodin, V:192,
    193, 229, 240; politics of, and John
    of Paris, III:56; renaissance of, in
    thirteenth century, I:236; II:107;
    revived knowledge of, II:13, 80, 107,
    110, 112, 171, 178-82; on lightness
    of action judged by wise man,
    V:117; and ritornare al suo principio,
    V:199; and rules of equity, III:251n;
    Salamonius's use of, V:42; on soul,
    II:154; on theory and practice,
    VII:18; VIII:344; Vico on, VI:105; on
    virtue and happiness, I:99; Voegelin's
    analysis of generally. III:12, 19-20;
    IV:2; V:8; Voegelin's revision of
    section on, I:23, 50, 51; William of
    Ockham on, III:105, 121; Wycliffe
    on, III:190. See also Aristotelianism
—Works: Cosmos, V:158n56; De
    Anima,
II:184, 185; III:75; IV:237;
    Ethics, III:97n; IV:237, 259; V:II7;
    Metaphysics, II:179, 184; IV:237;
    Organon, II:184; Physics, II:179, 184,
    125; IV:237; Politics, II:184, 212,
    215, 225; III:75, 85-90, 95, 101
Army. See Military
Arnold of Brescia, II:85; III:233
Arnold of Villanova, I:38; IV:207
Arrian, I:93
Ars, V:235n75
Arsacid dynasty, I:185
Arsinoe, I:103
Arte della Guerra (The Art of War;
    Machiavelli), IV:38n, 60
Arti, III:231
Articles of the Barons, III:133
Articulation, III:137-41, 151-53, 163,
    231-32
Artificiality in politics, VIII:83-85
Ascelin, IV:44
Asceticism, I:77; III:119; IV:100, 142;
    VII:274, 292
Ascetic prince, IV:7-8, 91-92, 97-109,
    116
Asciburgium, II:42
Ashley, Lord, VII:141
Asia: Chinese empire, IV:43; Condorcet
    on, VIII:156; Crusaders' attempts
    to reach, III:40; and Europe, V:140-
    45; and historiography of Western
    political ideas, IV:42-43; importance
    of, to Western civilization, IV:5-6,
    42-45, 54-55; migrations from, II:10,
    31-32, 33, 34, 35n; Mongol empire,
    IV:43-44; Ottoman empire, III:166n,
    175; IV:44-45, 55; Timur in, IV:6,
    44-55, 46-47n12, 49-50n16; Turgot
    on, VIII:126-27; Vita Tamerlani,
    IV:52-55, 56. See also specific
    countries
Aspect, Alain, II:17
Assisi, Francis of. See Francis of Assisi,
    Saint
Assize of Clarendon, II:155, 156
"Associationism, " IV:134
Assyria and Assyrians, IV:71; V:232
Astrology: ancient conception of,
    V:135-36; judicial astrology,
    V:148n26; and Melanchthon, V:151-
    52; papal constitutions on, V:154-55; and
    Rantzau, V:153-54; reactions
    against, V:136, 150-51; Savonarola's
    attack on, V:136, 150-51, 150nn
Astronomy, V:136, 138, 162-66; VI:53;
    VII:48, 182, 185. See also Cosmology
Astuzia fortunata (astuteness assisted
    by good luck), IV:78
Ataraxy (peace of mind), I:81, 82, 83
Ataulf, king of Visigoths, I:223
Athanasian Creed, VI:66, 173
Atheism, I:227; IV:167; VI:8, 49, 57,
    71, 75-76, 117, 182, 193; VIII:359
    Athens, I:143, 178; III:144-45, 222, 224;
    IV:76; V:142. See also Hellenism
Atlantica (Rudbekii), VII:170
Atomic bomb, I:45; VII:192
Atoms, I:82
Attila, IV:43
Auctoritas (authority), II:8, 62
Auctoritas publica, II:221
Auctoritas sacrata pontificus, II:53
Aufgehoben, III:259
Aufheben (abolish), VIII:358
Auge, II:44
Augsburg Interim, V:19, 25
Augustine, Saint: as African, I:177; on
    amor Dei and amor sui, II:114-15;
    VII:236; VIII:57; and anima animi,
    VI:61, 129; Bodin on, V:232; and
    Bossuet, VI:35; characterology of,
    II:114, 114-15n3, 116; Charlemagne
    and Mirror of Saint Augustine, II:63;
    on the church, II:138; on civitas
    Dei
and civitas terrena, I:79, 134-
    35, 213-16, 214n, 218, 219; II:114;
    IV:43, 85, 110, 263-65; compared
    with Schelling, VII:26; conversion
       to Catholicism, I:206; and crede
    et manducasti,
IV:227; critique of
    Cicero by, I:217-19; and Dante,
    III:81-82; IV:212n55; doctrines
    concerning, III:188; and Donatism,
    I:209, 213; and end of age, II:65,
    66; VII:241; and Fortescue, III:158;
    on free small nations protected
    by papacy, II:90; on goal of life,
    VII:235; on God, VI:111; and gulf
    between Christian communities
    and imperial organization, II:140;
    on history, VI:20, 40, 116-26, 136,
    147; VIII:122; Hooker on, V:84;
    and Huss, IV:22; on ideal ruler,
    I:220; on imago dei, IV:202; on
    imperial authority, I:178, 205; II:188;
    and incompleteness of political
    evocation, II:37; and individual
    illumination, II:226; V:189; and
    intentio animi toward God, VII:258;
    on justice, I:218; on law, I:219-20;
    and liberum arbitrium, IV:285; on
    love, I:215; and magna latrocinia,
    III:53; on national individualities,
    I:219-20; and Nicolas of Cusa,
    III:257, 266; on the people, I:218; and
    Peter Damian, II:83; and Platonic
    symbolism in civitas Dei, I:209-10;
    on predestination, I:215-16; on
    relative natural law of fallen man,
    I:203; on sacred history, I:210-12,
    214, 220; on saeculum senescens,
    I:211-13; II:106, 131; III:241; VI:20,
    32, 43, 119, 121, 124; significance
    of, I:206-7; II:187; and spiritual core
    of human personality, VII:29; on
    structure of history, II:96, 97, 127,
    128, 130; on superbia, VII:273n55;
    and symbolic history, I:209-13; on
    theory of the republic, I:216-20;
    on tolerance, IV:259; and Vico,
    VI:20, 113, 116-25, 136, 147; on war,
    IV:105; and Wycliffe, III:189
—Works: Civitas Dei, VI:35, 110, 111;
    Confessions, I:206, 207; VI:213n;
    De civitate Dei contra Paganos,
    I:209-10; Retractationes, I:209
Augustinians, III:53; IV:230, 248
Augusto augurio, I:187
Augustus, I:149, 179, 187, 190, 193,
    220-21; II:30; VI:140
Aulard, F. -A., VIII:207, 209
Aulus Gellius, II:114
Aurelian, Emperor, I:193-94
Aurelio degli Anzi, VII:170
Austin, John, VII:69
Austria, I:124; III:166n, 202; V:112;
    VII:84; VIII:9, 144, 224-28
Autarkeia (self-sufficiency), I:77, 106
Authoritarianism, I:37-38
"Authoritative present, " VIII:99-100
Authority: Christianity's view of,
    I:172, 172n, 202, 203; Dante's
    symbols of, III:72-74; of German
    ruling elite, III:92; governmental
    authority based on concordantia,
    III:263-65; Harrington on, VII:100-
    101, 102; imperial authority and
    divine authority, I:204-5; papacy's
    universal political authority, III:11,
    165; representative authority, III:88-
    91. See also Empires; Kingship;
    Power
Autobiographical Reflections
    (Voegelin), I:2, 16, 26, 29, 52;
    II:15-16; III:1
Autobiography (Vico), VI:15, 18, 92n,
    93, 94, 105
Autokrator (ruler), I:189
Autonomous persons, brotherhood of,
    II:132-34
Autonomy of the spirit, VI:113-14
Autori delle nazioni, VI:137, 142, 144
Auxilium, III:136, 144
Avars, II:31
Avempace (Abu Bakr Ibn Bajja), II:186
Averroës (Ibn Rushd): on agreement
    of religion with philosophy, II:186;
    on Aristotle, II:13, 154, 185; Bodin
    on, V:202; Dante on, III:75; Hooker
    on, V:93, 98; influence of, V:44; on
    nonphilosophical human, II:192;
    Siger on, II:196-97n; and Voltaire,
    VI:65
—Work: Commentaries, II:179-82
Averroism: and anima intellectiva,
    II:226; and Christian thought, IV:93;
    and Commentaries of Averroës,
    II:179-80; Dante on, III:67n, 75,
    76n, 81; and ethics, II:193-95; and
    intellectualism, III:104, 105; and
    legal theory, II:171; Leo X on, IV:91;
    Marsilius on, III:85, 94-99, 101;
    and naturalism, I:39; pathos of,
    II:208; and philosophical existence,
    II:191; and principle of intellectus
    unus, I:37; and Prooemium, II:153-
    54; and recurrent world cycles,
    V:149; scholars' attitudes toward,
    II:195-97n; and science theories,
    III:109; and spiritualism, IV:196;
    VI:51; Voegelin on generally, III:12;
    Voltaire on, VI:63, 65
Avignon papacy, III:11, 41, 61, 79,
    121, 164-67, 182-83, 242, 253-54;
    IV:38-39
Avitus, Emperor, II:56

Baader, Franz von, I:29; VII:215
Baal of Emesa, I:193-94
Babenberg, Lupold of. See Lupold of
    Babenberg
Babenbergs, III:197
Babeuf, Fran‡ois-No‰l, VIII:98
Babylon and Babylonians, IV:145-48;
    V:232; VI:122, 123; VII:125
Babylonian Captivity, III:163, 164
Bacchus, VII:228, 232, 233
Bachofen, Johann-Jacob, I:96
Bacon, Francis, IV:112; V:63; VI:18, 93;
    VIII:20, 101, 118, 195
Bacon, Roger, II:81
Badaloni, Nicola, VI:132n
Baif, Jean-Antoine de, V:29
Bakunin, Mikhail: on activism
    and historical agent, VIII:255-
    57; on anarchism, iv: 170; V:30;
    VIII:276-83, 306; antistatism of,
    VIII:297-99; charisma of, VIII:288;
    and Christianity, VIII:253-55,
    264; and Communism, VIII:266-
    67; compared with Kropotkin,
    VIII:278-79; compared with Marx,
    VIII:258-59, 271-72, 273-75, 359;
    and corruption of the West, VIII:266-
    67; death of, VIII:276; on democracy,
    VIII:252-53; on disappearance
    of contemplation, VIII:292-93;
    disillusionment of, VIII:266; escape
    from Siberia, VIII:276; on evil,
    VIII:294-96, 298-99; on "faith
    under will, " VIII:270-71; and
    fantastic element, VIII:288-90; on
    federalization, VIII:298; and First
    International, VIII:283-84, 285; on
    freedom, VIII:253-55, 269-70, 301-2;
    on future state of society, VIII:297-
    99; heroic consistency of, VIII:29;
    imprisonment of, VIII:259-62, 276;
    and International Social-Democratic
    Alliance, VIII:284-85; and La Bo‚tie,
    V:29, 30; late work of, VIII:296-
    302; letters for understanding the
    Confessions, VIII:26o-71; life of,
    as demonic adventure, VIII:265;
    materialism of, VIII:3oo-302; on
    metanoia, VIII:11-12, 253, 258; and
    Muraviov-Amurski, VIII:273n29;
    on mystery of historical drama,
    VIII:271-72; as mystic, VIII:257-58,
    265, 293-94, 299; and Nechaiev
    affaire, VIII:290-96; on new elites,
    VIII:132-33; nihilism of, VIII:251;
    overview on, VIII:7-8, 11-12,
    29; and pan-Slavic imperialism,
    VIII:272-76; and philosophes,
    V:62; political eros of, VIII:264;
    on poor classes, VIII:256-57, 259;
    on reactionaries, VIII:263-64; on
    reaction in Germany, VIII:251-
    59; and repentance, VIII:262-63,
    265-66; revolt of the soul versus
    Marxian necessity, VIII:273-75;
    on revolution, VIII:92, 251-59,
    267-68, 268-69n23, 270, 272-75,
    283-94, 299, 302-3; revolutionary
    activities of, VIII:259, 276, 283-84;
    revolutionary societies created by,
    VIII:283-90; on Russian social order
    of nineteenth century, VIII:267-70;
    on Satanism, VIII:251, 299-302;
    on self-annihilation, VIII:293-
    94; significance of, VIII:216; and
    terrorism, VIII:277; Voegelin's
    development of ideas on, VII:6; and
    withering away of the state, VIII:233
—Works: Confession, VIII:259-76;
    Dieu et l'état, VIII:299-302, 299n57;
    Principles of Revolution, VIII:291-
    93; Rapport sur l'Alliance, VIII:284;
    "Reaktion in Deutschland,"
    VIII:258, 263-64
Baldwin, Emperor, III:60
Baldwin II, III:60
Baldwin of Trier, Archbishop, III:214
Balkans, IV:138; V:143
Balthasar, Hans Urs von, I:6; IV:118-
    19n; VII:6
Baltic coast, III:200, 217, 218, 227
Bangorian controversy, VI:155
Banking, VIII:230
Baptism, I: 170; IV:159, 213, 275, 276
Baptists, IV:194
Barbarians, I:93-94, 98, 132, 197, 209,
    222; V:116, 117, 120, 127-28
Barbarous principle, VII:202, 203
Barclay, William, V:39, 40
Barker, Professor, III:151
Baronage, III:152-53, 158, 160
Barth, Karl, IV:20
Bartolus of Sassoferato, II:170
Basel, Council of, III:41, 250-52, 256,
    258; IV:40
Basil, IV:95, 221
Basil I, IV:158
Basil of Nyssa, I:177
Basileus, I:204
Bassermann, Albert, III:80-81n8
Bauer, Bruno, VIII:254, 352
Bauer, Otto, VIII:315n9
Bautru, Jean, V:188-90
Bavaria, III:202
Bayazid to Charity Bayazid I, IV: 44, 46, 48, 51, 52; V: 141
Bayle, Pierre, VI: 95n7, 112
Bazard, Amand, VIII: 168, 223, 233
Beatitudes, I: 156, 161-62
Beatitudine imperfetta, IV: 211
Beatitudine quasi perfetta, IV: 211
Beatitudo, II: 219
Beatus possidens, V: 125
Beccaria, Cesare Bonesana, VIII: 44
Becket, Thomas à. See Thomas à
    Becket
Beckford, VII: 162
Beckmann, Josef Hermann, III: 80-81n8
Bedani, Gino, VI: 15n20, 132n
Beghardism, II: 78; IV: 183, 184, 195
Beguinism, IV: 182-85
Being and truth, II: 207-9
Bekenntnis, V: 26
Belgium, III: 218
Belisarius, II: 32
Bellarmine, Cardinal Robert, III: 112;
    V: 61-66, 64n, 68; VI: 187, 188
Belli dux (war leader), I: 189
Bellum justum. See Just war
Bellum omnium contra omnes (war of
    all against all; Hobbes), VII: 65
Belon, Pierre, VII: 170
Benedetti, Giovanni, V: 167
Benedict of Nursia, II: 35, 63-64
Benedict XI, Pope, III: 164
Benedict XIII, Pope, III: 254
Benedictines and Benedictine Rule,
    I: 227; II: 35, 63-64, 69, 70, 133, 164;
    IV: 149; V: 77
Bene posta (well ordered), IV: 210
Benevento, battle of, III: 39, 60
Benevolent despotism, IV: 103-4
Bennington College, I: 3
Bentham, Jeremy, VI: 72, 114, 150;
    VII: 69; VIII: 44-45, 52n23, 71n64, 72,
    80-81n80, 114, 210
Benz, Ernst, V: 210-12
Berber revolts, II: 32
Berdyaev, Nikolai, VII: 199
Bergin, T. G., VI: 92n, 132n
Bergson, Henri-Louis, VI: 148, 200-
    201n67; VII: 199; VIII: 30, 138-39
Berith (covenant), I: 109-17, 205;
    V: 52-53, 54, 244; VII: 48
Berkeley, Bishop George, VI: 20, 21,
    151, 164, 184, 194-98, 214; V: 184
Berlin, Isaiah, VI: 14nn18-19, 132n
Bernard of Clairvaux, II: 71-73, 81, 133;
    III: 51in; IV: 212n55
Bernheim, Ernst, II: 96n
Bernice, I: 166
Bernstein, Eduard, VIII: 304, 311
Berry, Thomas, VI: 15n
Bertrand de Got, III: 164
Bertrand of Bayonne, II: 200-203, 204;
    III: 45-46
Bewusstsein, bewusstes Sein
    (consciousness and conscious being),
    VIII: 354
Beyond Good and Evil (Nietzsche),
    VII: 255, 275-77
Bhakti, I: 155
Bible: abolition of poverty ordered
    in, VII: 98; Bodin on, V: 197, 208-
    9, 218; Calvin on, V: 48; celestial
    hierarchy in, V: 200-202, 204; Comte,
    VIII: 196; and cosmology, V: 157;
    VI: 53; and creation of humans,
    VII: 186n6; critical editions of, VI: 48-
    49; faith in, VI: 167; Harrington's
    study of, VII: 100; Israelic influence
    in, I: 108-9; and Jewish philosophy,
    VII: 127; Knox on, V: 51; Locke
    on, VI: 173-75, 178-79; Milton
    on, VII: 94-95; and propagation of
    Christianity, V: 125-26; Protestant
    scripturalism, II: 100-101, 134;
    Rantzau on, V: 154; and science
    of religion, V: 237; Vindiciae on,
    V: 52-53; and war as explained in,
    V: 116, 118; Whichcote's Sermons
    on, VI: 169-70; Wycliffe's preparation
    of English Bible, III: 170. See also
    Gospels; Israel; New Testament; Old
    Testament
Bierbaum, Max, II: 180
Bildung (cultural formation), IV: 204
Bill of rights, VI: 156, 172; VII: 82
Biological diversification of humans,
    VII: 169-72
Biological phenomenalism, VII: 27-28,
    184-87, 193, 194
Biologism, VI: 54; VII: 172
Biology, V: 178, 179; VII: 50, 176,
    185-87, 186n6
Bios theoretikos (contemplative life):
    Aristotle on, I: 77; II: 183, 184, 219-
    20; V: 7, 58, 184, 190, 191, 241;
    VII: 63, 269n45; VIII: 93, 96, 100,
    308, 344; Bodin on, V: 184, 190, 191,
    241; Cynics on, I: 77; disappearance
    of, VIII: 92-94, 103, 114, 200, 292,
    334-35; disinterested contemplation
    of, II: 219; V: 7, 58; and life of spirit,
    VI: 209; mystical religiousness of,
    II: 183; system of conduct, II: 184;
    theory of, III: 101
Bishops, confirmation of, IV: 240
Bismarck, Otto von, III: 83; VI: 11, 12,
    79; VII: 271, 271n51; VIII: 313n7
Blacas, VIII: 221
Black Death, III: 175
Blackstone, Sir William, II: 117
Blainville, Henri-Marie Ducrotay de,
    VIII: 173, 183
Blanc, Louis, VIII: 315n8
Blanqui, Adolphe, VIII: 132
Bloch, Marc, III: 59n9
"Blond beast, " VII: 259, 301-2
Bloody Tenant of Persecution
    (Williams), VII: 88-92
Blum, Léon, I: 73
Blumenbach, Johann Friedrich, VII: 171
Boccaccio, Giovanni, II: 114
Boccalini, Traiano, VI: 83
Bodin, Jean: achievements of, V: 7-8,
    17, 18, 23, 34, 63, 66, 69, 180-81, 192,
    236-37; anthropology of, V: 201-2,
    219-23; on Aristotle, V: 192; on
    ascent to God, V: 250-51; attacks
    on, VII: 60-61, 126, 198; biographical
    data on, V: 186-87, 186nn3-4; on
    certainty and catharsis, V: 160-
    61; compared with Althusius,
    V: 59; compared with Machiavelli
    and Hobbes, VII: 59-62; compared
    with Plato, V: 8; compared with
    Spinoza, VII: 129, 132; compared
    with Vitoria, V: 130-31; construction
    of state from top of cosmological
    pyramid, VII: 49; on contemplative
    life, VII: 269n45; on contemplative
    realism and Aristotelian problem,
    V: 240-41, 250; on cosmic hierarchy
    and political hierarchy, V: 161-62;
    cosmological thought of, V: 158-62,
    242-43; criticisms of, V: 180-81; on
    diffused authority of feudal period,
    VII: 55; on enemies of spiritual order,
    V: 204-7; and feidh, V: 243-44; on
    French national state, VII: 19, 93; and
    fruitio Dei, VII: 63, 129, 269n45; on
    God, angels, and men, V: 196-204,
    205n42; on harmonious cosmion,
    V: 248-50; on hierarchy, II: 202;
    III: 69; V: 243-44; on history, V: 219-
    36; on individual and universal
    history, V: 223-26; as influence on
    Hooker, V: 86; and intercivilizational
    relations, V: 122; and Judaism,
    V: 182, 187; on legal hierarchy
    and structure of modern state,
    IV: 205; V: 244-46; Luther on, IV: 243;
    as medieval thinker, V: 180; and
    Mediterranean modernity, V: 181-84,
    237; mysticism of, I: 35; V: 196-204;
    VII: 129, 159, 193; VIII: 30; on natural
    order and political order, V: 15 9-60;
    and Orientalism, VII: 126; Platonism
    of, V: 195-96, 202, 203, 212-15,
    218, 221-22, 227, 229, 243; political
    theory of, I: 232; II: 122, 131-32;
    IV: 217; V: 181, 241-50; on power,
    V: 247-48; on power structure versus
    legal superstructure, VII: 54; and
    preciosa mors, V: 190-92, 191n13,
    194, 196; on proper arrangement
    of historical material, V: 192-96;
    as realist, I: 34; VII: 59-62; religion
    of, V: 186-90, 238-39; on science
    and contemplation, V: 158-59; on
    sovereignty, III: 55; V: 55, 181, 246-
    47; on spatial order of history,
    V: 226-31; style of work of, V: 180,
    184-86, 237-38; on temporal order
    of, V: 231-36; and theory of
    climates, V: 229-31, 241-42; VII: 169;
    on tolerance, V: 204-18, 239-40;
    on true religion versus historical
    religions, V: 208-18; and Turgot,   
    VIII: 142; Voegelin's debt to, VIII: 30;
    Voegelin's development of ideas on,
    I: 23; VI: 19
—Works: Colloquium Heptaplomeres,
    I: 35; II: 80; V: 23, 181, 184, 185,
    187, 196, 205-18, 222, 238, 239-
    40; VII: 193; Démonomanie des
    sorciers,
V: 186, 197, 202, 205-7;
    Lettre à Jean Bautru, V: 187, 188-90,
    190n11, 216, 238; Methodus ad
    facilem historiarum cognitionem,

    IV: 243; V: 185, 190-96, 219-20,
    224-25, 225n67, 231-32, 236-38,
    240; Response au Paradoxe de M.
    de Malestroit,
V: 185; Six livres de
    la République,
IV: 90; V: 55, 160-61,
    180, 184, 185, 196, 196n19, 204,
    137-38, 247; Universae Naturae
Theatrum,
V: 137-38, 159-62, 185,
    196, 238, 250
Boehme, Jacob, IV: 202; VI: 77; VII: 133,
    214, 235
Boethius of Dacia, II: 35, 179, 191, 192,
    196n, 232; III: 86, 104
Bogomil sect, IV: 138
Bohemia, III: 10, 174 75, 200, 202, 204,
    212n12, 213; IV: 139
Bohemian Brothers, IV: 220-21, 222,
    242-43
Böhmer, Heinrich, II: 95n 20
Boleyn, Anne, V: /5
Bolognese revival of Roman law,
    11:12-13, 160, 162, 167, 168-72, 173
Bolsheviks, 11:76; IV: 172
Bonald, Louis-Gabriel-Ambroise de,
    VIII: 2l6, 220-21, 230
Bona spiritualia, III: 179
Bona temporalia, III: 179
Bonaventure, Saint, 1:47; II: 200; III: 67n;
    V: 63
Bonham, VII: 76
Boniface VIII, Pope: Burdach on,
    IV: 208n50; compared to Calvin,
    V: 47, 49; conflict between France
    and, III: 38, 41, 43-45, 56, 59, 62n15,
    165, 210; and Giles of Rome, III: 12,
    104; Gnostic empire of, VII: 7; and
    homo spiritualis, IV: 206-8, 210, 235;
    papal authority of, 1:37, 38; successor
    of, III: 164
Boniface IX, Pope, III: 174
Boni viri officium, IV: 113-14
Bonizo of Sutri, 11:84-85, 96
Bonum, V: 199
Borgia, Cesare, II: 151; IV: 56, 56n25,
    58,77
Borniert (limited nature of revolutions),
    VIII: 358
Bosch, Hieronymus, IV: 180, 194-201,
    202
Bossuet, Jacques-Bénigne: on Calvin,
    IV: 271; and Christianity, VI: 46-51;
    on civil magistrate's punishment of
    religious error, VI: 69n38; conference
    with M. Claude, VI: 49-51; debate
    between Voltaire and, VI: 7-9, 34-
    40, 71; on heresies, VI: 46-48; on
    Israel, VI: 35, 36; on libre examen,
    VI: 48-49; and Louis XIV, VII: 122;
    Marquise du Châtelet-Lorraine on,
    VI: 35, 36, 38; on Rome, VI: 35, 37-38;
    on secularized or profane history,
    VI: 36-37; VIII: 119, 142; as teacher
    of the Dauphin, VII: 123n13; and
    Turgot, VIII: 147; and universal
    history, VI: 35-36, 71; Voltaire on,
    IV: 42, 50n18; V: 233
—Works: Discourse on Universal
    History,
VI: 9, 35-39; VIII: 110;
    Histoire des variations des Eglises
    protestantes,
VI: 45-48
Boucher, Jean, V: 39
Bouleversements (violent upheaval),
    VIII: 124-2 5
Bourgeoisie: in England, III: 139, 140,
    142; and Locke, VII: i49-52; Marx
    on, VII: 150-52, 188-89; VIII: 305-6,
    318, 362-63, 366; Saint-Simon on,
    VIII: 233
Bourget, Paul Charles Joseph, IV: 176
Bouvines, Battle of, 11:147-49
Bracton, Henry de, V: 105
Bradwardian doctrines, III: 188
Brandenburg, III: 202, 213
Brandenburg, Great Elector, VII: 105
Brandenburg-Prussia, VII: 106
Brave New World (Huxley), IV: 113;
    VII: 191
Breviarium Alaricianum (Alaric),
    II: 161-62
Bribery in England, V: 71-/2
British imperialism. See Imperialism
British Parliament. See English
    Parliament
Brooke, Lord, VII: 109
Brooks, Cleanth, I: 7, 15
Brotherhood of autonomous persons
    (Joachim of Fiore), 11:132-34
Brothers and Sisters of the Free Spirit.
    See Free Spirit movement
Brot und Wein (Hölderlin), VII: 245
Brownists, V: 21
Brumes du Nord (Nordic obscurity),
    VI: 73
Bruni, Bruno, VI: 36n
Bruni, Leonardo, IV: 41, 59
Bruno, Giordano: and anima mundi,
    VII: 205, 207; attack on science of
    "accidences of accidences," VIII: 137;
    Christian awareness versus, V: 136;
    compared with Spinoza, VII: 201;
    condemnation and death of, V: 170,
    170n81; VII: 198, 207; Copernican
    cosmology defended by, V: 156, 170-
    72, 170n81; on cosmos empsychos,
    V: 172; on ecstasy of speculation,
    V: 172-73; Hegel on, VII: 205;
    and heliocentric concept, VI: 53;
    importance of, V: 63, 138, 162, 176;
    VI: 102-6; on infinity, V: 173-75,
    175H92; VI: 185-86; VII: 178-80, 182,
    183, 211; and intellectual liberation,
    V: 170-71; and Italian "decadence, "
    VI: 83; and phenomenalism, VII: 5, 27,
    176, 178-80, 182, 183; predecessors
    of, V: 175n92; on revelation of God in
    universe, VII: 207-8; and Schelling,
    V: 176; VII: 176, 200-203, 205-8,
    210-11, 240
—Work: De la causa, del principio et
    uno,
VI: 105; VII: 183n5
Brutus, III: 159, 159n
Brutus, Junius, V: 39
Brutus, Lucius Junius, VII: 260; VIII: 68,
    69
Brutus, Marcus Junius, IV: 60
Bryce, James, II: 1, 36-37, 55
Buchanan, George, V: 39, 53
Bücher der Zeiten (Hölderlin), VII: 247,
    248-49
Büchner, Maximilian, II: 60n
Buddhism, I: 164; II: 75, 79; VI: 122;
    VIII: 196
Buergertum, III: 139
Buffon, Georges-Louis Leclerc de,
    VII: 170-72
Bulgaria, I: 124; III: 39; IV: 45
Bulgars, II: 34
Bulgarus, II: 172
Bund aller Völker (Covenant of All
Peoples), VII: 225
Bünde, II: 76
Buondelmonti (Guelph family), IV: 60
Burckhardt, Jacob, VIII: 121, 124
Burdach, Konrad, III: 234, 236; IV: 202-
    5, 208n50
Bürgerliche (bourgeois), VIII: 346
Bürgerliche Gesellschaft (bourgeois
    society), VIII: 348
Burgundians and Burgundian myth,
II: 11, 45-46
Burgundy, II: 68-69; III: 206, 207,
    223-24, 228, 229
Burke, Edmund, V: 103
Bury, J. B., V: 149n31
Business community, VIII: 78-79
Butler, Samuel, IV: i13
Butterbriefe, IV: 242, 242n
Byron, George Gordon Lord, VII: 258
Byzantine empire, I: 76; II: 32-35, 53-56,
    61-62; III: 195; IV: 44
Byzantine Greek Church, I: 176, 177
Byzantine Iconoclastic movement,
    IV: 158
Byzantinism, V: 71
Byzantium, IV: 45; V: 233

Cabala, VII: 127, 133, 146-47n3;
    VIII: 20, 27
Cabet, Etienne, VIII: 306
Caesar: and Cicero, I: 133, 140; and
    Cleopatra, I: 142; compared with
    Pascal, VII: 255; death of, I: 138, 187;
    as Divus lulius, I: 190; funeral speech
    by, for widow of Marius, I: 145; and
    Golden Age, I: 139-40,150; imperator
    as title of, I: 189; myth of, I: 139-40,
    150; and oath of the princeps, I: 189;
    role of, I: 121; V: 145; as tyrant, IV: 40,
    60; veterans of, in Campania, I: 188;
    war with Germanic tribes, II: 30
Caesar as term, III: 206
Caesarean Christianity, II: 157-59
Caesarism, VI: 140, 141, 143, 146
Caesaropapism, II: 61-62
Cain and Abel, II: 93
Caius Calligula, I: 191
Cajetan, Cardinal, IV: 231
Calabria, II: 70
Calendrier positiviste (Comte),
    VIII: 178, 178n20, 196, 201
Callicles, IV: 83
Callisthenes, I: 92, 102
Calvin, John: antiphilosophism of,
    V: 90, 91; on apostles and evangelists,
    IV: 277n31; authoritarianism of,
    VII: 93; on baptism, IV: 275, 276;
    on Catholic Church, IV: 279-80,
    279-80n35; and Christian discipline,
    III: 119; and church in civil society,
    VII: 142; on civil government,
    V: 46-50; compared with Bodin,
    V: 237; compared with Clarke,
    VI: 66; compared with Luther, III: 9,
    42, 69; compared with Wycliffe,
    III: 169, 189; denial of existence of
    Catholic Church, V: 20, 83; on elect,
    IV: 280-90; "electrocentrism" of,
    IV: 284; and eschatology, III: 187;
    on financier, V: 240; on Greek
    Church, IV: 279-80n3; historical
    circumstances affecting, IV: 285-91;
    Hooker on, V: 92-93; influence of
    Augustine on, I: 206; introductory
    comments on, IV: 13-15; in middle
    class, IV: 150; Nietzsche on, VII: 292;
    on predestination, IV: 14, 268-91;
    on prophet in arms, IV: 287-88;
    and Reformation generally, II: 69;
    III: 9, 174; IV: 4, 5; V: 4, 20, 27, 89;
    resistance doctrine of, V: 26; on
    rulership, V: 48-59; on sacraments,
    IV: 274, 275, 277, 278; scripturalism
    of, V: 90; on terrestrial paradise,
    IV: 259; "theocentrism" of, IV: 283-
    84; theocracy of, V: 45-50; on
    transubstantiation, IV: 227; on true
    church, IV: 278-83; on universal
    federation of reformed churches,
    III: 173; V: 5, 19, 20, 108-10; and
    Vindiciae contra tyrannos, V: 54;
    Voegelin's reading of, I: 34; IV: 15-20,
    271-72, 273n, 276-77, 276-77n30,
    284-85. See also Calvinism
—Work: Institutes, IV: 13-14, 239,
    269-91; VIII: 108
Calvinism: Althusius's Politica on,
    V: 55-57, 56n; Bodin on, V: 202,
    208-10; Bossuet on, VI: 46; and
    Catholicism, V: 20; and Christian
    idea of humankind, VII: 51; compared
    to Cistercianism, II: 133; and
    connection to royal authority,
    I: 205; Culverwel's speculation
    on, VI: 168; Cusa on, III: 261; and
    English Reformation, V: 27; in
    France, V: 109; moderate persons'
    response to, VII: 47; in Netherlands
    in seventeenth century, VII: 134; and
    populus universus, V: 54; and
    Puritans, V: 79; recognition of,
    V: 112; Richelieu's pacification of, in
    southern France, VII: 113-14; theory
    of, V: 45-50. See also Calvin, John
Camaldoli, II: 70
Cambini, Andrea, IV: 53n
Cambridge Platform of 1648, VII: 87
Cambridge Platonists, VI: 167, 191
Cambridge School of political science,
    VI: 4n10
Camera apostolica, III: 166
Campanella, Tommaso, IV: 112; VI: 13,
    83
Campbell, Alexander, VI: 162n20
Canaille, V: 37
Can Grande della Scala, IV: 211
Canon law, II: 172-74, 212; III: 124, 208
Cantor, Aegidius, IV: 190-91
Cantor, Georg, II: 17
Cape of Good Hope, III: 40
Capet, Hugh, III: 58n8
Capetian kings, II: 48, 145; III: 58-59,
    58n8; IV: 151
Capitalism: Hegel on, VIII: 13n13;
Marx's critique of, VIII: 13, 307-9,
    365 Capitulary of 802, II: 60-61
Caponigri, A. Robert, VI: 19
Caput Christus, III: 188
Caput mortum, VIII: 300
Caput populi Christiani, III: 209
Cardano, Gerolamo (Geronimo),
V: 227n70; VI: 102, 105
Carinthia, III: 202
Caritas, III: 260-61; VI: 59
Caritas concorda membrorum, II: 87n
Carlisle, Statute of, III: 167, 168, 174
Carlstadt, Bodenstein von, IV: 219, 227,
    236
Carlyle, Alexander ]., I: 204n8; II: 88,
    89, 95n21; III: . 49, 49n5; VI: 7
Carlyle, R. W., I: 203-4n8; III: 49, 49n5; VI: 7
Carolina colony, VII: 141-42
Carolingian empire: and 'Abbasid
    empire, II: 35n; Charlemagne's
    creation of, II: 11, 58-59; III: 58,
    58n8, 215; construction process
    of, II: 11, 52-61, 65-68, 90; and
    coronation of Charlemagne, II: 11,
    52, 58-59; decline of, II: 81; divisions
    of, after Charlemagne's death, II: 33;
    evocation of, II: 66; and Frankish
    empire, III: 195; as holy empire, II: 8,
    58-59, 140; and migration waves,
    II: 67; and oath of allegiance to
    emperor, II: 61, 119; in organization
    of Roman empire, I: 236; refoundation
    of, under Saxon emperors, II: 67. See
    also
Franks
Carpini, John de Piano, IV: 44
Carpocratian account, I: 236
Carr, E. H., VIII: 277
Carta caritatum (Harding), II: 71
Cartesianism: attack on cogito ergo
    sum,
I: 28; VI: 99, 107-8, 145; Henry
    More on, VI: 191-92; Italian
    comparison to, VI: 104; opposition
    to, VI: 91; and physics, VI: 164, 183;
    Vico on, VI: 93-95, 98, 102, 128. See
    also
Descartes, René
Carthage, I: 123, 125, 128
Cartwright, Thomas, V: 40, 80
Carus, Carl Gustav, VII: 171
Cassander, I: 90
Cassandra, II: 44
Cassiodorus, II: 35, 43
Cassiopeia, V: 163
Castlereagh, Viscount, VIII: 227
Castracani, Antonio, IV: 58
Castracani, Castruccio, IV: 56-59, 87; V: 143
Casus reservati, IV: 240
Catalogus (Rantzau), V: 153
Catalonia, VII: 105
Catéchisme de morale, VIII: 97-98
Catéchisms industriel (Saint-Simon),
    VIII: 233
Catéchisme positiviste (Comte),
    VIII: 178
Catharism, IV: 139, 157-60, 165
Catharos, IV: 159
Catharsis, V: 160-61
Catherine of Valois, III: 222
Catholic Church: Augustine's
    conversion to, I: 206; and Augustinian
    meaning of visible church, V: 84;
    Bakunin on, VIII: 254-55; in Bodin's
    works, V: 208-10; Calvin on, IV: 275,
    279-80, 279-80n35, 281; and
    Christian idea of humankind, VII: 51; and
    Council of Trent, V: 19; and
    Counter-Reformation, IV: 88, 137; V:
    17, 21, 110, 136; and Cromwell,
    VII: 113; doctrine of generally, II: 46,
    230, 230n; emergency function
    of Roman Church, II: 98-99, 100; in
    England, V: 21, 71-72; VI: 155,
    160; in France, VI: 10, 51n, 74-
    75; VIII: 168, 209; and French
    Revolution, VIII: 168; in Germany,
    V: 62, 64; VI: 10-n, 76; Giles of
    Rome on papal power, III: 51-52;
    Gladstone on, VI: 161-62; and Great
    Design, V: 112; Hooker on, V: 83-85;
    internationalism of, IV: 130; and
    Lutheran schism, IV: 219, 244-45; V:
    19-20; Maistre on, VIII: 9, 221-
    22, 227; and Marian apparitions,
    VIII: 9n9; in Middle Ages, VI: 122;
    Newman on, VI: 162-63; as outside
    toleration, VII: 93, 94, 145; and papal
    infallibility, I: 37-39, 183; III: 111,
    124-25, 247; persecutions by, VI: 69; and
    pope's indirect temporal powers,
    V: 64-66; popes of, I: 37-38, 39,
    183; V: 64-66; and power of Rome,
    I: 124; and Reformation, V: 5, 19-28;
    Roman Church in York Tracts, II: 98-
    101, 105-6; schism between Greek
    Church and Latin Church, IV: 16,
    220-24, 279-80n35; in Spain, V: 21;
    Tridentines, IV: 18; and Vico, VI: 94-
    95, 95n7; Warburton on, VI: 156-57.
    See also Christianity; Church; Counter-
    Reformation; Jesuits; Popes
Catholic doctrine, II: 46, 230, 230n
Cato, V: 189, 238; VIII: 68, 69
Causae, III: 109
Causae formales, III: 95
Causae materiales, III: 95
Causa justa, IV: 127
Causa prima, III: 109
Cause versus occasio, VI: 114
Cave Parable (Plato), V: 195
Celibacy, IV: 241
Cellamare conspiracy, VII: 118
Censeur, Le, VIII: 216-19
Censorship, IV: 261
Censuarii, III: 50-51
Cerchio (circle), IV: 62-63
Certainty, Bodin on, V: 160-61
Certezza, VI: 99, 128
Certitudo salutis, IV: 281, 282-83
Cervantes, Miguel, VII: 233
Cesarini, Cardinal Giuliano, III: 251,
    252; IV: 35
Ceylon, travels to, VII: 171
Chacune mutation, V: 145
Chaeronea, battle of, I: 73
Chalcedon, Council of, I: 176
Chalons, battle of, II: 31; IV: 43
Chambers, R. W., IV: 109n33
Chambres des Comptes , III: 224
Champagne, Comte de, III: 58n8
Chapelain, Jean, V: 187
Characterology, II: 114-17
Chardin, Jean, VII: 171
Charismata and charismatic kingship,
    I: 173; II: 63, 66, 119, 157-58, 176-77,
    201; III: 46; IV: 289-90; V: 49
Charity, III: 178-79, 181-83, 260-61,
    265-66. See also Love


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