INDEX

VOL 17  THE ECUMENIC AGE
ORDER AND HISTORY VOLUME IV
M to Z


Ma'at, 99, 126, 210
Maccabees, Book of, 99, 153
Macedonia: conquest of, by Aemilius
Paullus, 268; ecumenic empire of,
169-78, 188, 193, 210-22, 271, 357,
371-72; Polybius on, 176, 180, 182,
186, 187, 197, 202; and temple in
Jerusalem, 168. See also Alexander;
Philip II of Macedon
Macedonian Wars, 174-75, 176, 177
Maghada kingdom, 223
Magians, 88
Magic pneumatism, 73-74
Mahalalel, 137
Mailla, Père de, 343n2
Makeosi kai Persais, 214, 214n31
Manchu period, 363
Manes, 143
Manetho, 117, 143, 162
Mani, 12, 49, 193-98, 199
Manichaean Psalm, 196-97
Manichaeism, 270, 293-98
Mankind: absolute epoch and axis time,
380-85; Aristotle's definition of,
as zoon noun echon, 318; dialogue
of, and process of history, 237-52;
and divided self, 239, 320-21, 326;
ecumenic humanity, 107; epoch and
structure of consciousness, 385-88;
eschatology and earthly existence,
376-80; factors beyond human
control, 279-81; Hellenic view of,
159; Heraclitus on mortals and
immortals, 233, 238; history of, 50-
51; human person as metaxy, 24n55;
imperial mediation of humanity,
141-53; and mystery, 50-51, 64-65;
one or two mankinds, 342, 371;
process of history and process of the
Whole, 404-10; question and mystery,
388-404; selfishness and egoism of,
253-54; as sons of God, 306-7, 316;
universality of, 371-410; and wheel
of human affairs, 238
Marathon, battle of, 156, 172
Marcus Aurelius, 131, 187n2
Marduk, 98, 144, 206
Mark, Gospel of, 332
Marnostes (harmonizer), 212
Marx, Karl, 48, 49m, 118, 252, 319, 327,
    407
Marx, Rudolf, 253n10
Marxism, 276, 277, 377, 403
Mary, 95
Mashiach (Anointed), 276
Masoretic text, 136-37
Maspero, Henri, 343n3, 348
Mataia, 312
Mataiotes (senselessness), 304
Materialism, 90, 117, 249
Materia prima, 249
Mathemata (wisdom), 239
Matthew, Gospel of, 151, 189
Maurya empire, 198, 223-24, 225, 268,
    269
Mazdakist empire, 198
McCarroll, Joseph, 27n59
McKnight, Stephen A., 27, 27n59
Meaning: cosmic rhythm and
uniqueness of, 282-83; denial
of, 389; experiences constituting, 107,
236, 318-20, 400; in history, 14-15,
277, 316-17, 321, 335, 373, 374, 388;
literal and underlying meaning, 82,
84-85, 86; of literary texts, 82, 84-85;
mystery of, 303, 304; and Polybius,
180; of Question, 389; in reality, 282,
2, 88, 308; symbols' loss of, 107
Medea, 158
Media and Medians, 171, 187, 215,
    219-20, 242
Megalopolis, 89
Megasthenes, 224
Megiste amathia (Greatest Folly), 284
Melian Dialogue, 241-43
Memory, limits of, 288-89
Memphite Theology, 98, 118, 144, 166,
    361, 390
Menander, 226, 227-28
Mencius, 349-50, 362, 364-65, 368
Menelaus, 165
Menes, 144
Mens (mind), 379
Menschsein (humanity), 382
Menschweidung des göttlichen
Wesens
(divine being becoming man),
    328
Me on (not-being), 124
Mesene, 196
Mesopotamia: archaeological
excavations in, 48; Christianity
in, 193; empire of, 55, 147, 148, 151,
352; Enuma elish of, 110, 361; and
historiogenesis, 108-9, 114, 116-17,
140, 154; Iranian tribal societies'
conquest of, 170; and Roman empire,
188; wars between Assyria and
Babylonia, 171
Metalepsis and metaleptic reality, 3n6,
    87, 105, 250, 257, 259, 260, 278, 306,
    317, 318, 320
Metaphysics, 91, 96, 123-24, 332
Metaphysics (Aristotle), 85, 125, 250,
    251, 296, 300
Metaxy (In-Between): and alienation,
319-21, 326; in Apocalypse of
Abraham,
398; and concupiscential
roots of action, 258; and cosmological
style of truth, 127-28; cosmos as,
24n55; definition of, 24, 337; and
De Mundo, 259, 261; disappearance
of, and egophany, 327, 336; escape
from, 302; and Hegel, 252, 320-21;
and hierarchy of being, 408; historical
metaxy, 24n55, 230-31; and history,
375; and language symbols, 104-5;
Lucretius on, 379-80; and Marx, 252;
and Nietzsche, 320; and Paul, 306,
308, 312-14, 323, 339, 374; and Philo,
80; of Plato, 14, 24n54, 50, 56, 78, 83,
86-87, 90, 101, 234, 244-47, 252, 291,
295, 302, 306; problems concerning,
407; and process of the Whole, 409;
Question in, 404; reality as, 24n55,
107, 128; as status of human person,
24n55; and symbolism of oikoumene-
okeanos,
264-65; symbols of, 320;
as term used by Voegelin, 3n6, 24,
24nn54-55; and theophanic events,
104-5, 314, 317, 318; and time, 131;
and universality of mankind, 376-77;
as unrecognizable, 257. See also
Metlepsis and metaleptic reality
Metaxy sophias kai amathias (between
    knowledge and ignorance), 245
Metempsychosis, 192
Methexis, 320
Methusela, 137
Midrashic exegesis, 83
Mikron (small), 261
Millennial constant, 22, 51-52, 116-17,
    338
Min (commoners), 358
Ming (mandate), 360, 367
Minoan civilization, 167, 353
Mishnah, 103n14, 104
Missionary activities, 189, 190-91, 196
Mitanni, 119, 352
Modes of time, 128-33
Mohammed, 12, 49, 198-201. See also
    Islam
Mohammedanism, 116
Molnar, Thomas, 27n59
Moloch, 262
Momigliano, Arnaldo, 271-72
Monas, 295
Monasticism, 335-36
Monogenes, 133, 294, 295
Monotheism, 75, 118, 325, 394
Moralia (Plutarch), 81
Morality, 256
Moral law, 128
More, Thomas, 159, 272
Moses: and Chosen People, 151, 203,
205; Clement of Alexandria on, 165;
epiphany of, 12, 62; and exodus, 205,
293; Freud on, 49n1; Jaspers on, 49,
49n1; Josephus Flavius on, 164; in
line of spiritual evolution, 48, 49n1;
Philo on, 76-80; and pneumatic
consciousness, 69; and revelation,
45, 63, 203; temporal priority of,
over Apollo, 406; and theophanies
generally, 77; and Thornbush Episode,
57, 59, 60-61, 78-80, 98, 149, 167,
293, 298; and Torah, 76-77, 102, 103;
Toynbee on, 49n1
Mueller, Max, 392n8
Multicivilizational empires, 75, 271,
    284-86, 354, 372
Multicivilizational piety, 68
Mummius, Lucius, 179
Musaeus, 87
Mycenaean civilization, 167, 279, 283,
    378
Mycerinus, 240
Myriakis myria ete (thousands of years),
    286
Mysterion, 305
Mystery: and balance of consciousness,
403; of cosmos, 74-75; of existence,
109, 122; of history, 388-89; horizon
of divine mystery, 387; and mankind,
50-51, 64-65, 109; of meaning, 303,
304; pagan mysteries, 104; of process
of history, 15, 22, 23, 50-51, 409-10;
and Question, 388-406; of Reality,
403-4, 409-10; and tension, 304;
transformation of, into metastatic
expectations, 304; of truth, 86-87;
and unconscious, 288
Mystery religions, 68
Mysticism, 96, 102, 327, 332, 369,
    397-403
Mysticism East and West (Otto), 394-95
Mythe de 1'eternel retour (Eliade), 123
Mythopoesis: Cicero on, 93; and myth-
speculation, 113; and noesis, 113;
and order, 108; of Paul, 314-16, 334,
336-38; of Plato, 83, 88-89, 90, 97, 99,
104, 166, 287-89, 314; and Stoics, 86,
93; tension between older myth and,
92; and Torah, 103-4. See also Myths
Mytho-speculation, 105, 109-13, 128,
    133-34, 153-54, 314, 326, 344, 387,
    390, 391, 401, 402
Mythou schema (form of the myth), 289
Myths: ages of theophany myth of Plato,
290-91; allegoric method applied to
epic myth, 81-84, 88-90; of Ancient
Near East, 132; Aristotle on, 252; of
Babylon, 98, 99, 141, 390-92, 400;
Cicero on older myth of superstition,
92; compact types of, 314-15; cosmic
catastrophes myth of Plato, 283,
288-89; cosmogonic myth, 54, 55,
77-78, 97-99, 105; cosmological
myth, 55, 70, 152; creation of, 391;
definition of, 287; Deucalion myth of
Plato, 283, 288-89; of Egypt, 54, 63,
68, 77, 88, 98, 99-100, 126, 152, 161;
epic myths as danger to young, 84-85;
form of, 289; of Hellenic people, 55; of
Hesiod, 55, 57, 81, 83-84, 87, 89, 110,
119, 155-56, 166, 251; historization
of, 166; of Homer, 55, 81, 83-85, 87,
89, 110, 118-19, 155, 157, 166, 251;
literal versus underlying meaning
of, 82, 84-85, 86; Pauline, 313-16,
334, 336-38; Philo on, 78; Plato and
philosopher's myth, 55, 56-57, 78,
314-15; and Stoics, 87-90; theory of,
55; of tragic poets, 55; truth of, 390.
See also Mythopoesis

Nabonidus, 171
Nahor, 137
Nakshatras (stars), 392
Nanda dynasty, 223
Napoleon, 116, 256, 261-62n12, 276,
    403
Nasqsh-i-Rustam Inscription NRa, 207
National Socialism, 3 84
Natur, 329, 330-31
Natura (Nature), 93
Natural law, 96, 96n9
Natura rerum, 379
Nature, 71n2, 77, 87, 93, 97
Near Eastern empires. See Ancient Near
    Eastern empires
Nebo, 144
Nec fas (sin), 94
Nehemia, 97
Neoplatonism, 75, 116, 125
Nero, 187n2
Neroi, 136
Nesos (islands), 263
Nestorian Christianity, 270-71
New Christs, 319-20, 325, 326, 328,
    333, 336
New Science of Politics (Voegelin), 27
New Testament. See Bible; Christ;
    specific books of New Testament
New Year rituals, 114, 123, 391
Nicaea, Council of, 325, 326
Nicholaus Cusanus, 272-73
Nicomachean Ethics (Aristotle), 301
Niemeyer, Gerhart, 3n5, 19n41, 26
Nietzsche, Friedrich, 235, 259, 320, 327
Nineveh, destruction of, 171
Nirvana, 402
Noah, 137, 151
Noein (knowing), 250
Noemata (thoughts), 78
Noesis and noetic consciousness, 236,
318-20, 332, 400; and Anaximander,
277-79, 337; and Aristotle, 62, 82,
88, 96, 246-52, 278-80, 300, 315-16,
324, 374, 394; and Burckhardt,
256-58; compared with historical
consciousness, 386; and cosmological
style of truth, 126; in De Mundo,
261; emergence of and participation
in, 279-80; and Gnosticism, 67, 73;
and Gospel of John, 62; Hellenic
noetic consciousness generally,
75; and Herodotus, 237-40; and
historiogenesis, 108-14, 117; and
historiogenetic speculation, 114,
117; and Ionian philosophers, 90-91;
of Israelites, 75; and meaning in
history, 316-17; and movement
of historical analysis, 106-7; and
mytho-speculation, 109-13; noetic
theophany, 96-97, 305-8, 315-17,
324-25, 327, 337, 375; parallels
with pneumatism, 101; Philo and
noetic semiconsciousness, 82-83; and
Plato, 78, 80, 82, 88, 96, 99, 243-46,
278-80, 287, 288, 291, 297, 305-6,
324, 374, 394; and process of history,
235-36; and Stoics, 86, 88, 90; and
Thucydides, 240-43
Noetic semiconsciousness, 82-83
Noetic theophany, 96-97, 305-8,
    315-17, 324-25, 327, 337, 375
Noeton (object of knowledge), 250
Nomoi, 156
Nomos, 219
Nonexistence. See Existence and
    nonexistence
Nooumena (known), 297
Nosos (spiritual disorder), 300
Noun Christou echomen, 310
Nous/nous: Alexander's conquest and
Nous, 274; Aristotle on, 125, 248-50;
balance between Apeiron and Nous,
302; and Hegel's Geist, 382; hokhma
compared with, 101; homonoia and
nous, 215; man's consciousness of
nous, 53; and Metaxy, 244; and noetic
consciousness, 236; Paul on nous,
309-11, 322; Philo on Nous, 79;
philosophers' differentiation of Nous,
57; Plato on Nous, 284, 289-92,
294-301, 315, 325, 374, 375; and
psyche, 296, 301; Stoic philosophy
and Nous, 87; theophany of Nous,
301; as Third God, 375, 393-94
Nü-kua, 345
Numbers: and ages, 133-41; and Plato,
    133, 138; and time, 133
Numerical speculation, 134-39
Nung (peasants), 358

Ochlocracy, 181, 182, 183
Odysseus, 264
Odyssey (Homer), 264
Oeri, Jakob, 253n10
Oesterley, W. O. E., 97n10
Ogdoads, 66, 70
Oiesis (self-conceit), 80
Oietai (conscious), 250
Oikonomike basileia (household
    kingship), 220
Oikos, 286
Oikoumene (ecumene), 177, 212,
    258-59, 262-64, 27O, 272, 340-42,
    352, 380, 387
Okeanos, 251, 262-68, 265n16, 270,
    272, 340-42, 380, 387
Old Testament. See Bible; Israel and
    Israelites; Moses; specific books of
    Old Testament
Oligarchy, 181, 219
Olympiads, 154
On (being), 124
One and Unlimited, 244, 249, 252
"On Hegel: A Study in Sorcery"
    (Voegelin), 2n4, 26
On the Creation of the World According
    to Moses
(Philo), 76-77
On the Study of History (Burckhardt),
    253-55
Opitz, Peter-Joachim, 343n3
Oppenheim, A. Leo, 145n14
Optimism, 235-36
Orbis terrarum, 271
Order: Chinese political order, 356-60;
and Christ, 374; contraction of
divine order, 67-68, 69, 71, 72,
73; cosmological order dissociated
into power and spirit, 202-5; and
mythopoesis, 108; temporal and
spiritual order, 168-71; tension
between disorder and, 373; three
dimensions of, 375; trust in cosmic
order and differentiating Question,
401-2. See also Order of history
Order and History (Voegelin), 1-23,
    4n8, 17n38, 25, 33, 45-46, 55, 106-7
Order of being, 8-9
Order of history: definition of, 9; and
history of order, 13, 13n29, 22, 45;
Plato on phases in evolution of
social order, 283-85; spectrum of,
and Ecumenic Age, 168-71; and
succession, 9, 11-12, 13; tension
between disorder and, 373; types
of order, 9, 10-13, 22, 45-46; and
Western Ecumenic Age, 371-76
Oregesthai (desiring), 250
Orekton (object of desire), 250
Oribis terrarum, 187
"Oriental" origin of Gnosticism, 69-70,
    71-72n2
Origen, 325, 326
Ormuzd, 71n2
Orpheus, 87
Orthodox Church, 320
Otto, Rudolf, 394-95
Otto of Freising, 335
On homophylou genous, 174
Ousia (essence), 297

Pa (Five Hegemons), 365
Pagans, 51, 64, 104, 129, 162, 298, 299,
    325, 335, 406
Palermo Stone, 144
Pambasileia (autocratic monarchy),
    220, 286
Pan, 143
Pan-Babylonians, 48, 49n1
Panchaea, 160
Panta agnoein (state unconsciousness),
    80
Pan to daimonion (realm of the spirit),
    247
Paraclete, 196
Paradigms, 281-82, 288, 291
Paradox of Reality, 337
Paradoxon, 185
Paradoxon kai mega theorema
    (extraordinary and grand spectacle),
    176
Parakletos (Paraclete), 196
Parallaxis (deviation), 289
Parallel histories, 287
Parmenides, 110, 204, 292, 293
Parmenio, 210
Parousia, 125, 191-92, 313-14, 324,
    328, 335, 336. See also Christ; Second
    Coming of Christ
Parsons, H. L., 27n59
Parthians, 224, 225, 227
Pathemata (sufferings), 239, 306
Pathos, 79, 251
Patijaisa (came forward to serve),
    206n18
Patres, 69, 75, 93, 94, 95, 298, 325-26
Patriarchs, 136-40, 151
Patrios doxa, 294
Paul, Saint: and Abraham, 323; as
Apostle to Gentiles, 399; on Christ
as Son of God, 306-7, 334; compared
with Anaximander, 304, 306, 337;
compared with Aristotle, 310, 312;
compared with Hegel, 333-34, 403;
compared with Plato, 305-6; and
connection between Roman empire
and Christianity, 276; on death and
transfiguration, 312-14; on depths
of God, 331-32; despair and hope of
generally, 371; and ecumene, 189-93;
on God, 309, 315, 316, 322, 325, 331-
32, 375; on Hagar and Sarah, 81; and
history, 306, 316-21, 324; and Jews,
191; Mani on, 195; and Metaxy (In-
Between), 306, 308, 312-14, 323, 339,
374; missionary activities of, 190-91,
322, 323; myth of, 313-16, 334,
336-38; and pneumatic theophany,
305-8, 316, 327, 337, 382; as prophet,
322; on Resurrected, 306-8, 312-14,
319-24, 326, 328, 331, 333-36,
373, 374; and theophany, 304-26;
on "tongue-speaking" (glossolalia),
309-10; on transfiguration, 312-14,
321-26, 329, 334-53, 336-38; on
virtues, 311-12; vision of, and reason,
308-12; Voegelin's analysis of, as
extension of conquest and exodus, 24
Pearl of Salvation, 71
Peisistratides, 172
Peitho (persuasion), 280, 294
Peleg, 137
Peloponnesian War, 84, 172, 178, 272,
    285
Pen-chi, 345
Penia, 245
Pentateuch, 104. See also Torah
Peras (Limited), 243, 244, 248
Perditio in nihilo, 338
Pergamon, 174
Periagoge, 85
Periegesis, 155-58, 242, 242n5, 404. See
    also Herodotus
Persepolis daiva Inscription of Xerxes,
    207, 208-10
Perseus, 222
Perseus, King, 165, 186
Persia: and Alexander, 210-11, 213-15;
Aristotle on, 219-20; Christianity in,
193; civilization of, 154; conquest of
Babylon by, 68, 98, 205; conquest of
Ionian Greeks by, 171; conquest of
Lydians by, 242; Darius as king of,
143; in De Mundo, 260; and ecumene,
187; empire of, 116, 168, 169-74,
177-78, 197, 205, 371-72; as ethnic
culture, 75; fall of Persian empire,
180, 187; and Gnosticism, 67, 68, 69;
and Hellas, 171-74, 187; and Hellenic
federation, 284-85; Herodotus on,
240, 266; Mani in, 196; Polybius on,
180, 182, 197, 202; and Zaradusht,
194
Persians (Aeschylus), 157
Persian Wars, 84, 156, 157, 158, 172,
    240, 285
Persis, 207
Pessimism, 235-36, 254
Petrarca, 335
Phaedrus (Plato), 294, 296, 297
Phänomenologie (Hegel), 330-31
Phaeton, 289
Phaidon (Plato), 263n13
Phanotaton (bright), 244
Pharisees, 59-60, 62
Pheugein ten agnoian (escape from
    ignorance), 249-50
Phiale (loving cup), 217
Philebus (Plato), 243-44, 248, 249, 293,
    295
Philia (love), 101, 248, 256, 310, 317
Philip II of Macedon, 170, 172, 173-74,
    210-11. See also Macedonia
Philip V of Macedon, 174
Philippus (Isocrates), 173-74
Philo, 75-83, 86, 89, 99
Philoctetes (Sophocles), 239
Philomathes (lover of knowledge), 79
Philomythos, 56, 251, 317
Philosopher-King, Plato on, 73, 261
Philosopher's myth of Plato, 55, 56-57,
    78, 314-15
Philosophia , 101
Philosophie der Religion (Hegel), 332
Philosophic positive, 336
Philosophoi , 249
Philosophos, 56, 251, 317
Philosophy: Aristotle on, 251, 317; of
consciousness, 15, 25; deformation
of, into doctrine, 83-91, 96, 101;
in De Mundo, 259, 260, 261-62;
doctrinal philosophy, 96-97; of
history, 114, 255, 256, 327, 335, 336;
and koine epinoia, 182; and noetic
consciousness, 236; Philo on, 78,
82-83; philosophers as historical
type, 337; Plato on philosopher's role
in history, 244; and Polybius, 182;
and postulate of balance, 291-92; of
religion, 93; theologians' inadequacy
regarding, 301; and Torah, 82-83;
truth of, 236
Philosophy of History (Hegel), 52,
    115-16
Phoenicians, 157, 353
Phronesis, 256, 284, 310
Phthisis (decay), 184
Phthonos (envy), 238
Phthora (perishing, death), 237, 262,
    283, 304-6, 311, 312, 313, 320, 337,
    339
Physei dikaion, 96n9
Physics (Aristotle), 248-49
Physiologoi (philosophers), 248, 249
Physis (Nature), 71n2, 77
Pietas, 93
Piety, multicivilizational, 68
Pindar, 165
Pirke Aboth, 103
Pistis (faith), 317, 323
Planeton (movement), 124
Plato: and Academy, 368; on Agathon,
297-98; ages of theophany myth,
290-91; on Apeiron, 243-45, 282, 292,
293; Aristotle's cycle of sages, 368; as
Athenian Stranger, 169; on Beyond,
297-300, 397; Cave parable of, 280,
293; compared with Paul, 305-6;
and consciousness, 56-57; cosmic
catastrophes myth of, 283, 288-98;
Demiurge of, 57, 88, 89, 99, 294-98,
314, 315, 325, 331; Deucalion myth
of, 283, 288-89; on doxa-aletheia,
374n1; on epekeina, 54; on eristics,
252; on ethnos, 284-86, 290, 303;
on factors beyond human control,
279-81; on faith of true believer, 85;
on God and gods, 54, 92, 100, 125,
243-44, 260, 290-91, 293-95, 298-
301, 325, 374, 375; on government,
181; and Hellas, 90; on history, 279,
281-92, 306, 317, 377, 378; and
Joachim of Fiore, 335; metaleptic
consciousness of, 260; Metaxy of,
14, 24n54, 56, 78, 83, 86-87, 9°,
101, 234, 244-47, 252, 291, 295, 302;
mythopoesis of, 83, 88-89, 90, 97, 99,
104, 166, 287-89, 314; and myths of
Homer and Hesiod, 83-84; and noetic
consciousness, 78, 80, 82, 88, 96, 99,
243-46, 278-80, 287, 288, 291, 297,
305-6, 324, 374, 394; and Nomoi,
156; on Nous, 284, 289-92, 294-301,
315, 325, 374, 375; and numbers, 133,
138; on One and Unlimited, 244; on
Peitho, 280; on phases in evolution
of social order, 283-85; and Philo,
78, 80; Philosopher-King of, 73, 261;
and philosopher's myth, 55, 56-57,
78, 314-15; on philosopher's role in
history, 244; on Plethos, 256-57; on
polis, 255, 279-85, 287; and Polybius,
183; and pre-Stoic Allegoresis of epic
poets, 83-84; and process of history,
243-46; on psyche, 86, 289-90, 294,
397; Puppet Player of, 325; Royal
Ruler of, 73; skepticism of, about
ecumenic enterprise, 372; on soul,
245-46; and theophany, 289-93,
297, 299, 303, 305-6, 317, 325; and
uncertainties, 295-99, 315, 324,
374-75; on world-soul, 125, 295, 296
—Works: Cratylus, 85; Epinomis, 85;
Gorgias, 247, 266n16; Laws, 169, 220,
282-85, 290-91, 294-97; Phaedrus,
294, 296, 297; Phaidon, 263n13;
Philebus, 243-44, 248, 249, 293, 295;
Republic, 84, 266n16, 287, 293, 297,
374n1; Statesman, 140, 247, 290-91,
293-94; Symposion, 245-47, 398;
Timaeus, 55, 57, 78, 80, 88, 89, 99,
158, 289, 294-97, 301, 315
Plato and Aristotle (Voegelin), 10, 45-46
Pleni, 47
Pleroma (fullness), 66, 316
Plethos, 256-57, 280, 303
Plotinus, 54, 295, 298
Plutarch: on Alexander, 212-13, 214,
    216-17, 218
—Works: De facie in Orbe Lunae, 91n6;
Fortune and Virtue of Alexander,
212-13, 221; Isis and Osiris, 71n2;
Life of Alexander, 216-17, 218, 221,
222, 223; Moralia, 81
Pneuma/ pneuma (spirit): and Christ,
306-7; and Gnosticism, 65, 66, 70;
and Hegel's Geist, 382; meaning of,
53; movement of divine pneuma in
man's soul, 374; Paul on, 305, 306-7,
309-11; return of personal pneuma
to divine Pneuma in death, 299; and
Stoics, 90
Pneuma hagion (holy spirit), 305
Pneumata, 309
Pneumatic theophany, 305-8, 316,
    324-25, 327, 337, 382
Pneumatikos (man who lives by "spirit
    of God"), 310
Pneumatism: of Christianity, 75, 95,
104; of Genesis, 77, 99, 105; and
Gnosticism, 65-67, 70; and Gospel
of John, 62; of Israelites, 69, 73-75,
82, 83, 84; of Judaism, 75; magic
pneumatism, 73-74; and movement
of historical analysis, 106-7; and
philosophy as religion of ecumenic
mankind, 97; and Plato, 88, 97;
pneumatic theophany, 305-8, 316,
324-25, 327, 337, 382; and Stoics,
88-89; and Wisdom as female figure,
99-102
Po (leaders), 346, 362
Po-hu-t'ung, 359-60, 366
Poimandres , 64
Polis, 45, 68, 84, 89, 117, 169, 194, 215,
    219-20, 255, 279-85, 287
Politeia (state of order), 212, 281, 282,
    284-85, 290
Politeion anakyklosis (cycle of
    constitutions), 181
Politics (Aristotle), 219-20, 221, 324
Polloi (Many), 244
Polotsky, H. J., 193n3
Polybius: and Anaximander, 232;
biographical information on, 179; on
cause and effect, 175-76; ecumene
of, 178-80, 187-88, 268-71; and
historiography, 25, 385; on order in
history, 168; and pragmatic ecumene,
175-88, 197; praxeis of, 161, 179, 191;
on Roman empire, 174, 176, 177-78,
180-87, 202, 269-71, 285; symbolism
of, and expansion and retraction,
268-71; theorema of, 13n29, 175-77
—Work: Histories, 175-88, 175n1
Polycrates, 240
Polytheism, 78, 117, 118, 325, 356, 394
Pontos, 263
Poros, 245
Positivism, 117, 320, 347, 389
Postulate of balance, 291-92; and
Gnosticism, 298, 300; and balance of
    consciousness, 403-5
Pothos (desire), 79, 222, 267
Pothos epistemes (desire to know), 79
Praeparatio evangelica, 192
Praeteritum, 58
Pragmata (affairs), 178, 223
Pragmateia (study), 178, 179, 180, 202,
    268, 269
Pragmatic ecumene, 171-88, 193, 197,
    267, 270
Pragmatike historia, 179
Prajapati, 392
Praxeis, 161, 179, 191
Present, memories about, 405-6
Primary experience: of cosmos, 118-28;
    "own ground" of, 122-23
"Primitives," 48
Prince of Peace, 73-74, 146
Principes de la nature et de la grâce
    (Leibniz), 123-24
Pritchard, James B., 119n3
Problemata (Aristotle), 130-31
Process of history: Anaximander
on, 232-35; and Aristotle, 246-52;
Burckhardt on, 253-58; concluding
comments on, 271-73; and dialogue
of mankind, 237-52; expansion and
retraction, 258-73; and Herodotus,
234, 237-40; mysteriousness of,
15, 22, 23, 50-51; and noetic
consciousness, 235-36; oikoumene
and okeanos, 262-68, 340-42, 380,
387; and Plato, 243-46; and Polybian
symbolism, 268-71; and process of
reality, 229-36; and process of the
Whole, 404-10; pseudo-Aristotelian
De Mundo, 258-63; subject of history,
230-32; and Thucydides, 240-43
Process of reality, 229-36
Process of the Whole, 408-9
Produktionsverhältnisse, 252
Proeleluthe (historical "advance"), 286
Progress, 287, 366
Progressivism, 117, 255
Prometheus, 65, 165, 244, 246, 260, 280,
    293, 294
Prophasis (pretext), 175, 176
Prophecy of Nefer-rohu, 146, 152
Propheteuon (prophets), 309, 310
Propheteuousa (reveals them), 259
Prophets: on false gods or no-gods, 394;
as historical type, 337; in Koran, 201;
in Old Testament, 45, 63, 69, 72-74,
80, 82, 84, 97, 98, 103-5, 146, 169,
322, 323-24, 383; Paul as, 322; Paul
on, 309. See also Revelation
Propositional metaphysics, 91
Proskynesis, 216-18, 218n41
Prote arche, 125, 249, 251, 301
"Protestant Principle,"
    231
Proverbs, Book of, 99-100
Psalms, 98, 152-53
Psammon, 221
Pseude plasmata, 164
Pseudo-Dionysius, 294
Pseudos (falsehood), 83, 84, 92
Psyche/ psyche: ascent of, toward
Beyond, 63, 298, 299; athanatizein
(immortalizing) of, 256, 299, 301-2,
305; and body, 263; and divine
ground of being, 297; logike psyche,
81; meaning of, 53; and noetic
consciousness, 236; and Nous,
296, 301; Philo on, 79; Platonic-
Aristotelian psyche, 86, 289-90,
294, 315, 397; Polybius on, 182;
as sensorium of reality, 300; and
theophany, 300; world-immanent
psyche, 257. See also Soul
Psychikos (spirit of the world), 310
Psychodrama of Gnosticism, 66, 67,
    69-71, 106
Psychology, 257
Ptah of Memphis, 143
Ptolemaean rulers, 170
Ptolemy I, 213, 226
Ptolemy VI Philometor, 81
Published Essays: 1966-1985 (Voegelin),
    3n4
Puech, Henri-Charles, 193n3
Punic Wars, 174, 176, 185-86, 379
Puppet Player, 325
Pushyamitra Sunga, 224, 225, 226
Pydna, battle of, 176, 179, 186, 268
Pythagoras and Pythagoreans, 70, 88,
    132, 138, 300

Question: and Apocalypse of Abraham,
395-98, 400; and Buddha, 402; as
constant structure in experience of
reality, 399-400; and cosmological
construction from the ground, 392;
interdict on, 407; meaning, 389; in
Metaxy, 404; and mystery, 388-406;
in primary experience of cosmos,
390-91; and process of the Whole,
409-10; as symbolism sui generis,
389; trust in cosmic order and
differentiating Question, 401-2; in
Upanishads, 392-95, 400, 402
Quest of the ground, 109
Quispel, Gilles, 70

Rabbinism, 153
Rape, 157-58
Raphia, battle of, 170
Ratio (reason), 379
Rationalism, 355
Re, 146
Realissimum, 293
Reality: of Anaximander, 232-35; bias
in, toward more reality, 338-39;
concupiscential exodus from, 240,
254, 257-58, 259, 299; exodus within,
276-81; Exodus within Reality, 337;
experience of, 128; In-Between reality
of history, 230-31; intracosmic
reality, 126-27, 128; metaleptic
reality, 87, 257, 278; as Metaxy,
24n55, 107, 128; movement of,
toward eminent reality, 278-79;
Mystery of, 403-4, 409-10; openness
to, and contraction of self, 404-5;
Paradox of Reality, 337; participation
in directional flux of, 279; phantasy of
two realities, 373-75, 374n1; process
of, 229-36; Question as constant
structure in experience of, 399-400;
truth of, 86-87, 107, 282
Reason: Hegel on, 106; natural reason,
300; and passion, 303; and Paul's
vision, 308-12; and revelation, 96,
292-93, 300-301; sacrality of, 97. See
also Noesis; Nous
Recta ratio (Right Reason), 93
Redemption, 72, 73, 275, 276, 298, 316
Religio, 92, 93, 94
Religion: and Cicero, 91-95, 101;
convergence of empire and church,
198-201; and doctrine, 92-96;
dogmatic versus mystic theology,
96; ecumenic religions, 192-93; and
Mani, 193-98; regional limitations
of early religions, 194-95; of Rome,
183-84; succession of religions,
197-98; Tertullian on, 94-95; topics
comprehended by, 92; universal
religions, 192-93; wars of, 96. See also
Buddha and Buddhism; Christianity;
God; Hinduism; Islam; Judaism;
Spiritual outbursts
Religiosissimus juris, 75
"Remembrance of Things Past"
    (Voegelin), 2n3
Re of Heliopolis, 143
Republic (Plato), 84, 266n16, 287, 293,
    297, 374n1
Res gestae, 108, 113, 146, 150, 155, 156,
    157, 158, 161
Resurrected, 306-8, 312-14, 319-24,
    326, 328, 331, 333-36, 373, 374
Retraction. See Expansion and
    retraction
Reu, 137
Revelation: and Christianity, 51, 62, 96;
and consciousness, 63; Hegel on, 336;
of Hidden or Unknown God, 53; and
Israelites, 45, 51, 63, 149, 167, 169,
203, 300; Paul on, 304; and reason,
96, 292-93, 300-301; and theophany,
292-93; and uncertainties, 295-97.
See also Prophets; Theophany
Revolutions, 96, 116, 276; 319-21, 403
Rhodes, 174
Rhodes, James, 26
Rhythmical time, 126
Riessler, Paul, 395n10
Rise of Rome to 264 B. C. (Heugon),
    112-13n1
Rodwell, J. M., 198n14
Römische Geschichte (Heuss), 112
Romaike Archaiologia (Dionysius of
    Halicarnassus), 163-64
Roman Law, 95
Romans, Epistle to, 190, 304-7, 311,
    316, 322-23, 324, 399
Romanticism, 231
Romantic theogony, 124
Rome and Roman empire: Burckhardt
on, 253; bureaucracy of Roman
empire, 369; causes of success of,
180-87, 202; and Christianity, 198,
276; constitution of, 180-83; decline
of, 271-72; destruction of temple
in Jerusalem by, 168; and ecumene,
187-88; emperors of, 170, 187; as
ethnic culture, 75; expansion of
empire, 67, 169-70, 174-78, 187-88,
193, 197, 357, 371-72; and Greek
gods, 68; and historiogenesis, 112,
116, 117; history of, 112-13, 116,
163-64, 166; Mani in, 196; and
Maurya empire, 268; military system
of, 181, 183; Paul's missionary
activities in, 190-91; Polybius on,
174, 176, 177-78, 180-87, 197, 202,
269-71, 285; religiousness of, 183-84;
and Second Punic War, 174, 176, 177,
185-86
Rtam, 208-10, 209n25, 274
Rtam-Vahu prayer, 208-9, 209n25, 274
Rtava (blissful), 210
Ruach, 311
Rulers. See Kingship; specific rulers
Russell, D. S., 71n2, 395n10
Russia, 116, 276

Sacra historia, 161-62
Sacrum imperium, 116
Sade, Marquis de, 327
Saeculum senescens, 335
Sages, 79, 104, 368-69
Salamis, battle of, 156, 172
Salomon, 165
Salvation, 304-5
Samaritan Schism, 97
Samuel, Book of, 150, 274
Sanatanadharma, 394
Sanctitas, 92, 93
Sanctitas et religio (reverence and
    religion), 92
Sandars, N. K., 265n16
Sandoz, Ellis, 27n59
San Huang, 347, 366
Santillana, Giorgio de (George
Santayana), 132
San Wang, 345, 365, 366
Sarah, 81
Sardinia, 178
Saroi, 136, 138
Sartre, Jean-Paul, 291
Sassanian dynasty, 193, 198
Satan, 189
"Sausage view" of history, 406
Schachermeyr, Fritz, 214n31, 218n41,
    222nn48-49
Scheinprobleme, 389
Schelling, F. W. J., 66-67, 124
Schiller, Friedrich, 48
Schizophrenia, 321
Schmidt, Carl, 193n3, 194n5
Schnabel, Paul, 136, 142n12
Schneider, Carl, 85-86, 93
Schopenhauer als Erzieher (Nietzsche),
    235
Science, 91, 301, 356; and egophanic
    deformation, 327-29; and systems,
    407
Science, Politics, and Gnosticism
    (Voegelin), 2
Scientism, 124
Scipio Aemilianus, 179
Scipio Nasica, 186, 187, 202
Scriptura sancta, 162
Scriptures. See Bible; Torah
Scythians, 242
Seal of the Prophets, 197, 199
Second Coming of Christ, 189-90, 306,
    328. 335, 403. See also Parousia
Second Realities, 243, 302, 319
Sect, 94
Secta, 94
Secularization, 256
Selbstbewusstsein (self-consciousness),
    329. 331, 380
Seleucid empire, 73, 162, 168, 170,
    223-27, 269
Seleucus I Nicator, 223-24, 268
Seleucus II, 224
Self: contraction of, and openness to
    reality, 404-5; divided, 239, 320-21,
    326. See also Egophany
Self-consciousness, 329-32, 380
Self-interpretation, 13, 13n31
Selfishness, 253-56, 258, 277
Self-salvation, 320-21
Sema, 300
Septuagint, 97, 137
Serug, 137
Seth, 137
Shabhuragan, 194
Shamash, 391
Shammai, 103
Shang dynasty. See Yin (Shang) dynasty
Shang-kuo, 352
Shankara, 394-95
Shapur, 194, 196
Shelah, 137
Shem, 136, 137
Shen-nung, 345
Shi-ching (Book of Songs), 351, 358-59
Shih-chi (Ssu-ma Ch'ien), 343-44, 345,
    350, 357
Shin-chi, 345
Shiva, 394
Shotoku, Prince, 350
Shu-ching, 345, 361, 362
Shun, Emperor, 345, 347, 348, 364
Sicily, 178, 186
Sickman, Laurence, 348n8
Simeon the Just, 103
Sin, 94, 322-24
Sine doctrina (without benefit of
    doctrine), 88
Sirach, Book of, 100, 101-3
Skepticism, 75, 234, 347-38, 369
Slavery, 186
Smerdis, 207
Smith, Vincent A., 223n51
Society: ecumenic, 22, 75, 107, 169-70;
ethnic societies, 75, 169-70; Plato
on, 287; as sphere of disorder, 67;
"traditional" versus "modern"
societies, 399; tribal, 151; two
histories of, 231-32. See also
Civilization
Socrates, 56, 131, 243, 245-46, 251, 280,
    300
Solomon, 72, 275
Solon, 158, 289
Soma, 300
Soma pneumatikon, 305
Soma psychikon, 305
Somatoeides (organic character), 177
Sophia, 66, 194
Sophia, 99-101
Sophia kai nous (wisdom and mind),
    244
Sophists, 92, 204
Sophocles, 239
Sophos (sage), 79
Soter (savior), 187n2, 196, 226-27, 268
Soul: Anaximenes on, 90; movement
of, toward God, 294, 373, 374, 377;
Philo on, 81; Plato on world-soul, 125,
295, 296; and revelatory language of
consciousness, 63; Socratic dialogue
of, 245-46; young soul, 289-90. See
also Psyche/ psyche
Soviet empire, 276
Space exploration, 273
Spain, 190
Sparta, 172, 173, 181-85, 272. See also
    Lacedaemon and Lacedaemonians
Speculation: historiogenetic, 113-17,
141; mytho-speculation, 105, 109-13,
128, 133-34, 153-54; numerical,
134-39
Spengler, Oswald, 383
Spenta Mainyu, 295
Spinoza, Baruch, 76
Spiritual ecumene, 188-201
Spiritual outbursts (hierophanic events):
of Buddha, 402; human carriers of, 53,
87; and intracosmic gods, 55-56; and
language, 87; and linear time and axis
time, 22, 47-51, 276; of Mani, 12, 49,
193-98, 199; of Mohammed, 12, 49,
198-201; as source of meaning, 12,
14, 14n34; triad of ecumenic empire,
historiography, and, 380, 385-86; and
truth of existence, 372. See also Axis
time; Christ; Moses; Prophets
Spiritus (spirit), 94
Spoudaios (mature man), 256, 280, 310,
    312, 327
Spring and Autumn Annals, 348
Ssu-ma Ch'ien, 343-44, 345, 349, 350
Ssu-ma T'an, 345, 350
Stalin, Joseph, 183, 320
Stasioteia (state of feuding), 290
Stasis (condition), 183
Statesman (Plato), 140, 247, 290-91,
    293-94
Statisation du devenir, 123
Stoicheia (elemental spirits), 325
Stoics: and Beyond, 88-89; and
bureaucracy of Roman empire,
369; and Christianity, 86, 91, 96;
cosmopolites not used by, as term,
77; and cosmos, 87, 89, 131, 132;
and cycle, 181; and deformation of
philosophy into doctrine, 85-91,
101, 104; as emerging movement
in new society, 75; literalization
of symbols by, 85-91; and myths
and mythopoesis, 86-90, 93; and
noetic consciousness, 86, 88, 90;
and Philo, 99; Plutarch on, 212;
and pneumatism, 88-90; religio of,
93-96; and simultaneity of ecumenic
empires and spiritual outbursts, 276;
Stoic materialism, 90; tension as term
introduced by, 86, 87
Stone Age, 283, 286, 289, 377, 378
"Stop-history" movements, 403, 404,
    405, 406-7, 410
Stratification: of consciousness, 52-54;
    historical stratification in meaning of
    symbols, 233-34
Stromateis (Clement of Alexandria),
    165-66
Substantia (substance), 95
Succession: and historiogenesis, 22; and
order of history, 9, 11-12, 13; versus
movement through web of meaning,
13-14
Suffering Servant, 72, 153, 275. See also
    Deutero-Isaiah
Sumer and Sumerians, 51, 52, 114-15,
    118, 138-39, 141, 146, 147, 341, 390
Sumerian historiogenesis, 138-39
Sumerian King List, 114-15, 118, 123,
    134-35, 136, 138, 146, 153, 344
Summum bonum, 89
Summus deus, 53-54, 145
Superman, 319, 327, 407
Superstition, 92
Suppiluliumas, 119
Susiana, 196
Symbolisms and symbolizations:
of Beginning and Beyond, 105; of
boundary, 263-64; and cosmogonic
myth, 55-56; and cosmological
style of truth, 129-30; cosmological
symbolism, 10-11, 21, 51-52, 203-4,
210; of cosmos, 127; of creation,
338; deformations of differentiated
symbols, 85-91, 96, 104-5; degraded
symbols, 319-20; derailment of,
203-4; and divine presence, 53-54;
doctrinal philosophy as secondary
symbolism, 96-97; and doxography,
400; of ecumene, 107, 229-30, 340-42;
of egophany, 336; and Eliade, 123;
equivalence of, 248, 277, 317; of
Euhemerus, 158-62; and experience,
236, 318, 320, 400; of Gnosticism,
66, 69-70; historical stratification
in meaning of symbols, 233-34; and
historiogenesis, 9, 21, 22, 51, 55,
108-9, 112, 113, 116-17, 126, 162;
of Israel, 72; of kingship, 122-23,
127, 128; metaleptic symbol, 105;
and mytho-speculation, 133-34; of
oikoumene-okeanos, 264-65, 340-42,
380, 387; older symbolic forms,
18n40; and order of history, 9-13; and
Philo, 76; philosopher's myth of Plato,
55, 56-57, 78; of political order in
China, 356-60; Question as, 389; and
religion, 93; Socrates on, 243; Stoics'
literalization of symbols, 85-91; of
Sumerian King List, 114-15; of third
realm, 276; of unilinear history, 51-52
Symposion (Plato), 245-47, 398
Syncretistic spiritualism, 70-71, 71n2,
    74
Syria and Syrians, 67, 69, 70, 71, 186,
    242
Systema (composition), 262
Systems, 407
Syzygies, 66
Sznycer, Maurice, 265n16

Ta bathe tou theou (depths of God), 331
Table of Nations, 148, 149, 151, 155,
    157
Ta-fu, 365, 367
Tais phresin, 310
Taiwan, 352
Tammuz, 135
T'ang, King, 362
T'ang dynasty, 345, 350n11
Tannaim, 338
Tao (way) and Taoism, 210, 363, 368,
    369
Ta onta (the things), 233, 234
Tao Te Ching, 341
Ta pathemata ton nyn kairou (sufferings
    in time), 305
Ta pragmata, 223
Tarent and Tarentinians, 186
Tarn, W. W., 211, 213-14, 221, 224
Tas archas (powers), 220
Tasis, 86
Tatbestand (event), 381
Ta theia (things divine), 259
Taxis (order), 295, 296
(virtue or power), 346, 347, 349, 362,
    365-69
Tebunah (Insight), 100
Teleion (perfection), 311-12, 315, 335,
    336
Teleios (adult), 310, 312, 327
Telos (end): Aristotle on, 250; and
ecumene, 230, 270-71; meanings of,
198; and Paul, 313, 337-38; Paul on,
189; Polybius on, 177, 180, 197, 202,
268, 270-71, 285; and Roman orbis
terrarum,
271; and transition from
cosmological to ecumenic empires,
205
Telquel, 308
Ten de katholou kai syllebden
    oikonomian (general and
    comprehensive economy), 178
Tenebrae, 335
Tension: between Apeiron and
things, 278-79; toward Beyond,
99; of consciousness, 56-58; and
cosmological style of truth, 126;
between divine law and man's
weakness, 322-24; between dogmatic
and mystic theology, 96; in Gospel
of John, 58-66; in Jesus toward God,
383; man's tension toward divine
ground, 256, 278, 301-2, 314, 320,
386, 393; and mystery, 304; between
mythopoesis and older myth, 92;
in noetic consciousness, 317-18;
between order and disorder, 373;
Paul's inclination to abolish, 337-38;
release of, in ecumenic conquest, 258;
Stoics' introduction of term, 86, 87;
tensional closure of cosmos, 127; of
theophanic turbulence, 319; and word
in Wisdom literature, 103
Terah, 137, 398
Terminus a quo , 288-89
Tertullian, 94-95, 325
Tes holes oikmenes schema (whole
    ecumene), 178
Tes katholikes kai koines historias
    (general and common history), 178
Tes oikoumenes praxeis (events of the
    ecumene), 177
Tes pragmatikes historia tropos, 175
Tetrads, 70
Thackeray, H. St. J., 137n7
Thalassa (sea), 263, 264
Thales, 88, 118
Thanatos (death), 313, 317
Thaumasion (wonders), 251
Thaumaston, 251
Thaumazein (wondering), 251
Thaumazon (wonder), 250
Theaetetus (Plato), 251
Theagenes of Rhegium, 83
Theanthropos (God-man), 325, 326
Thebes, 143, 173
Theion (divine ground), 249, 301
Theiotaton (divinist part), 301
Theodicy, 120, 124, 381, 403
Theogony, 109-13, 124, 155-56, 251
Theogony (Hesiod), 87
Theologische Zutat (theological
    addition), 383
Theology, 96, 386. See also Christianity;
    Religion; specific theologians
Theophany: and balance of
consciousness, 291-92, 303;
Bultmann on, 384; of Christ,
374; destruction and rejection of,
325-26, 331, 386; as factor beyond
human control, 280; as history
and meaning, 15, 303, 317; human
participation in, 53, 318; and
Metaxy, In-Between, 104-5, 314; and
Moses, 57, 59, 60-61, 77, 78-80, 98,
149, 167, 293, 298; noetic core of,
296-97; noetic theophany, 96-97,
305-8, 315-17, 324-25, 327, 337, 375;
of Nous, 301; of Parmenides, 292,
293; Pauline theophany, 304-26; and
Plato, 289-93, 297, 299, 303, 305-6,
317, 325; pneumatic theophany,
305-8, 316, 324-25, 327, 337, 382; and
psyche, 300; and revelation, 292-93;
and revolution, 319; and spiritual
outbursts, 372; and Thomas Aquinas,
331; turbulence of theophanic
event, 318-19. See also Philosophy;
Revelation
Theophilus, 325
Theorema (spectacle), 13n29, 175-77,
    180, 182, 269
Theoria (view), 175-76
Theoria theou, 301
Theosebeia, 296
Theoten (gods), 212
Theotes, 54, 373
Thessalonians, Epistle to, 189-90, 191
Things and thinghood, 233-34, 241,
    244, 278, 282, 288
Third Age, 335
Third realm, 276
Thlipsis (affliction), 305
Thnetos, 247
Thomas, 60
Thomas, Acts of, 70
Thomas, F. W., 223n51
Thomas, Ivo, 27n59
Thomas Aquinas, Saint, 298, 331
Thornbush Episode, 57, 59, 60-61,
    78-80, 98, 149, 167, 293, 298
Thucydides, 232, 240-43, 328, 384
Thutmose111, 203, 265
Thymos (heart), 222
Ti, 366
Tiamath, 98
Tiberius, 94
T'ien-hsia ("all-under-heaven"), 340,
    341, 342, 352, 358-59, 361-66, 370
T'ien-ti (world), 352
T'ien-tzu , 359
Timaeus, 154
Timaeus (Plato), 55, 57, 78, 80, 88, 89,
    99, 158, 289, 294-97, 301, 315
Time: and absolute epoch, 380-85;
and Apeiron, 232, 233, 235, 239,
244, 305, 315; Augustine on, 99n12,
338; axis time, 47-51, 276, 380-85;
and cosmological style of truth,
126, 128-30; cyclical, 51, 126, 129,
130-33; fallacies of, 408-9; and Great
Year, 132-33, 135, 138; hierarchy of
times, 133; history and length of,
407-8; infinite, 126; linear, 47-51,
118, 126, 129; modes of, 128-33;
and numbers, 133; Pauline "time,"
314; philosophers' concept of, 338;
rhythmical, 126; and Sumerian King
List, 114-15, 134-35, 136, 138
Time of the Tale, 99, 99n12, 141, 153,
    314, 336
Tiridates of Parthia, 224
Titanomachia, 110
Ti tes geneseos tes heautou, 222
Toldoth (generations), 98
To martyrion tou theou, 331
"Tongue-speaking" (glossolalia), 309-10
Tonos, 86
Ton planomenon, 173
Ton politeuomenon, 173
To pan (the whole), 118
To paradoxon ton praxeon
    (extraordinary character of events),
    177
To pneuma ek tou theou, 310
To pneuma tou kosmou, 310
Topoi, 181-85, 212
Torah, 76-83, 97-106, 153, 169, 322. See
    also Bible
To theion (the Divine), 248, 252
Tou eidenai oregontai (desire of man to
    know), 250
Toynbee, Arnold J., 47, 49, 49n1, 232,
    235, 271-72, 383
Tractatus Theologico-Politicus
    (Spinoza), 76
Transfiguration, 54, 62, 312-14, 316,
    320-26, 328-29, 333-39, 387
Translatio imperii, 211
Tribal society, 151
Triopas, 165
Tripolitikos (Dicaearchus of Messene),
    181
Trojan War, 130, 158, 163, 164, 165, 187
Trust, 401-2
Truth: absolute, 235-36; and
Anaximander, 232-36; cosmological
style of, 120-21, 126-30, 391;
doctrinal, 87; Hegel on, 106; and
history, 316-21, 373, 374; of myth,
390; of philosophers, 236; in prophetic
literature, 105; of reality, 86-87, 107,
282; seeker of, 100; and spiritual
outbursts, 372
Turin Papyrus, 143-44, 166
Tusratta, 119
Tyche (Fortune), 178
Types of existence, 9
Types of order, 9, 10-13, 22, 45-46
Typoi peri theologias, 92
Tyranny, 181, 219

Ugaritic myth, 265-66n16
Unconscious, 257, 288
Universal History (Schiller), 48
Universal humanity: absolute epoch
and axis time, 380-85; epoch and
structure of consciousness, 385-88;
eschatology and earthly existence,
376-80; oddities and questions on,
376; plurality of Ecumenic Ages
versus, 340-42, 371, 376; process of
history and process of the Whole,
404-10; Question and mystery,
388-404; and Western Ecumenic Age,
371-76. See also Mankind
Universality: definition of, 192; and
    ecumenicity, 192-93
Universal religions, 192-93
Unknown (Hidden) God, 53-54, 71,
    71n2, 89, 95, 203, 326
Upanishads, 392-95, 400, 402
Ur, 167
Uranus, 119, 160, 251
Uruk, 114, 135
Ussher, Bishop, 286, 289
Utopia, 117, 158-62, 281
Utu-hegal, 114

Vacui, 47
Valentinus, 66, 67, 69
Varro, 185
Vedic tradition, 393
Velleius, 87-88
Versöhnung (reconciliation), 321
Vesta, 87
Via negativa, 79, 80, 101, 395, 397
Vico, Giambattista, 49n1, 365
Violence, 254-58, 371-72, 398-99. See
    also Wars
Virgil, 139, 164
Virtues, 256-57, 304-5, 311
Vishnu, 394
Voegelin, Eric: antipathy of, to
ideological system-building,
20-21; departure from United
States, 2; at German Institute for
Political Science, 2, 33; as mystical
philosopher, 23; publications of, from
1957 to 1974, 2-3; and receptiveness
to anomalies, 11; relationship with
readers, 3-4n7, 20. See also specific
titles of works
Voltaire, 116, 287
Volz, Paul, 395n10
Vom Ursprung und Ziel der Geschichte
    (Jaspers), 383
Von Rad, Gerhard, 98, 100n13, 135n5,
    140, 148-49
Vorlesungen über die Philosophie der
    Geschichte (Hegel), 115-16

Waddell, W. G., 143n13
Walbank, R W., 175n1
Waley, Arthur, 361n25, 362n27
Wang (supreme rank), 346, 347, 358,
    365, 366, 370
Wars: in Koran, 200-201; Lucretius on,
    378-79; of religion, 96; revolutionary,
    96. See also specific wars
Watson, Burton, 343n1, 350n10
Weber, Max, 355
Weber-Schaefer, Peter, 343n3, 356n17,
    374m
Weissbach, F. H., 205-6n16-18
Wen, 345
Wen (culture), 361-62
Wesen, 330-31
Western Ecumenic Age, 371-76. See also
Ecumene; Ecumenic Age, Empire;
    specific empires and countries
"What Is History?" (Voegelin), 26
What Is History? And Other Late
    Unpublished Writings
(Voegelin), 26
Wheel of human affairs, 238
Whole, process of, 408-10
Wildung, Dietrich, 265n16
Wilhelmsen, Frederick D., 18-19n41
    27n59
Will to power, 259
Wilson, John A., 146n15, 265n16
Wisdom (female divinity), 99-103, 104,
    106, 194
Wissenschaft der Logik (Hegel), 106
Wissenschaftlicher Sozialismus, 336
Wissenschaftslehre , 336
Wolfson, Harry Austryn, 76, 77n3
World of the Polis (Voegelin), 11, 18,
    45-46, 47
Wu, 345
Wu (war), 361-62
Wu pa, 366
Wu-ti, 344
Wu Ti dynasty, 345, 347, 366

Xanthippe, 131
Xenophanes, 292
Xenophon, 25, 173, 175
Xerxes, 207-10, 238, 240, 266, 268, 274

Yahweh, 72, 73, 98, 100-101, 118,
    275-76, 293, 311. See also God
Yajnavalkya, Brahmana, 392-93
Yam-Nahar, 265-66n16
Yao, Emperor, 345, 347, 348, 350-51,
    364
Yin (Shang) dynasty, 347, 348, 350-51,
    357-60
Yü, 345, 348

Zähner, R. C., 71-72n2
Zama, battle of, 177
Zaradusht, 194
Zealotism, 65, 153
Zedakah (deliverance), 275
Zeno, 87, 91, 94-95, 212-13
Zerrissenheit (diremption), 320
Zetesis (search), 236, 250, 317, 324
Zeus, 89, 94, 156, 159-60, 207, 220, 221,
    266, 290-91, 293, 299, 328
Zeus Triphylius, 159-60
Zodiac, 132-33
Zoon noetikon, 147
Zoon noun echon, 318
Zoon politikon, 147
Zoroaster and Zoroastrianism, 71-72n2,
    195, 197, 205, 208-10, 295, 296, 368
    444
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