INDEX

VOL 17  THE ECUMENIC AGE
ORDER AND HISTORY  VOLUME IV
A to L


Ab creatione mundi, 401-2
Abel-Remusat, J -R, 47, 48
Abraham, 60, 62, 98, 151, 167, 323,
   395-98
Absolute epoch, 380-85, 388, 403
Absolutes Wissen (absolute knowledge),
   329
Abyss, 295
Academy of Plato, 368
Achaean League, 179, 285
Achaemenian empire, 171-72, 205-10,
    217, 266, 271, 274
Acts, Book of, 70, 178, 189, 191, 306
Adam, 136, 137, 141, 151, 313
Adikia (injustice), 232
Aditya (sun), 392
Ad summum cacumen (to the highest
    perfection), 378
Aemilius Paullus, 179, 186, 268
Aeneid (Virgil), 139
Aeschylus, 157, 166, 238-39, 239, 318
Aetas (time), 379
Aether, 87
Agamemnon (Aeschylus), 239
Agape, 311, 315
Agathon, 246, 297-98
Agathos daimon tes oikoumenes (good
    divinity of the ecumene), 187
Ages and numbers, 133-41
Agesilaus, 175
Ages of the World, 140, 155
Aggressiveness, 257. See also Violence;
    Wars
Agnoein (ignorant), 250
Agnoia, 249
Ahriman, 71n2
Ahuramazda, 207-10, 274, 295
Aigyptiaka (Hecataeus of Abdera), 161
Aigyptiaka (Manetho), 143
Aitia (cause), 175, 176-77, 244, 248,
    249, 251, 260
Aition, 249, 375
Akhenaton, 148, 203, 204, 210, 353, 390
Akme (prime), 184
Akropolis (citadel), 212
Al-Bairuni, 194n4
Alchemy, 75
Aletheia, 58
Alethinos logos (true story), 56, 83,
    314-15
Alexander: Arrian on, 210, 211, 213-15,
217, 221-22; conquest of Persian
empire by, 170, 210-11; death of,
136, 180, 224; decline of analytical
standards during imperial period
since, 78; divinity of, 218-22; and
Ecumenic Age, 210-22; on empire,
213-15; and Greek-Persian relations,
172; imperial expansion under, 67,
82, 88, 89, 117, 159, 162, 170, 173,
175, 187, 202, 210-12, 274; in India,
202, 222-23, 225, 266-67, 271; and
Isocrates' Philippus, 174; as king of
Asia, 202, 211-12, 215, 267-68; letter
of, to Darius, 211; at marriage feast at
Susa, 215-16; marriage of, 215; and
oracle of Ammon, 221-22; Plutarch
on, 212-13, 214, 216-17, 218, 221-22,
223; Polybius on, 175; Pothos of, 222,
267; prayer of, at Banquet of Opis,
213-15, 214n31, and proskynesis,
216-18, 218n41; and questions on
empire, 202; on ruling class, 215-16;
Samaritan Schism within generation
of, 97. See also Macedonia
Alienation and alienation games, 65, 66,
    123, 319-21, 326. See also Egophany
    Allegorein (interpreting allegorically),
    81
Allegoresis, 75-76, 80-83
Allegoria; (allegory), 81
Allegoroumena (allegory), 81
Allegory, 81-84, 88-89
Allophylous (kin), 212
Alma Venus, 380
Altaner, Berthold, 326na
Altizer, Thomas J. J., 15-16, 19, 19n42,
    22, 26
Amasis, 240
Amathes, 247
Amathia, 249
Amenhemet I, 146
Ameni, 146
Ammon, 221-22
Amon, 265
Amon Hymns, 54, 203, 204
Amon-Min, 143
Amon-Re, 125, 144
Amor Dei, 230, 239
Amor sui, 239
Amos, Book of, 105
Amphipolis festival, 268
Anabasis (Xenophon), 173
Anabasis of Alexander (Arrian), 210,
    213-15, 217, 221-22
Analects, 362
Anamnesis (Voegelin), 2n3, 24, 24n54,
    25
Ananke, 57, 294, 295, 297, 302, 315,
    316, 324
Anatolia, 67, 205
Anaxagoras, 88, 248, 249
Anaxarchus, 216
Anaximander: on Apeiron, 232, 233,
235, 249, 277-78, 294, 305, 315;
and Aristotle, 248; on becoming and
perishing, 78, 158; compared with
Paul, 304, 306, 337; and cyclical time,
132; and Herodotus, 232; and noetic
consciousness, 277-79, 337; and
Polybius, 232; on process of history,
15, 232-35, 237, 254, 262, 283, 290;
on thinghood, 233-34, 241, 244
Anaximenes, 88, 90
Ancient Near Eastern empires, 10, 51,
    55, 67, 116, 154, 352-53, 402. See also
    specific countries
Ancilla potestatis, 262
Andrakottos, 223
Andreas, F. C., 195n8
Aner (man), 312
Angels, 70
Angeschaut (seen), 329
Angra Mainyu, 295
Anima animi, 397
An sich (in itself), 332
Antalcidas, 172
Anthropogony, 109-13
Anthropology, 386
Anti-cosmism, 68, 69, 71
Antiochus III, 225
Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 226, 227, 268,
    269
Antiochus Soter, 136, 144, 226
Anxiety, 123, 250, 303-4
"Anxiety and Reason" (Voegelin), 26
An-yang, 348, 351, 353
Aparche (first act), 313
Apathy, 89
Apeiria, 282, 302
Apeiron/ apeiron: Anaximander on, 232,
233, 235, 249, 277-78, 294, 305, 315;
Aristotle on, 248-49; balance between
Nous and, 302; and Herodotus, 238;
and Marx, 252; Plato on, 243-45, 282,
292, 293; and Time, 232, 233, 235,
239, 244, 305, 315
Aphormai (signs), 81
Aphtharsia (imperishing), 305, 306, 311,
    312, 313, 315, 320, 337, 339, 375
Aphthonos, 259, 260
Apocalypse and apocalyptism:
Apocalypse of Abraham, 395-
98, 400; and brutality, 398-99;
and Christianity, 96, 302; Daniel
Apocalypse, 73, 121, 168, 202,
242, 303, 338, 373; history of, 65;
Jewish apocalyptism generally, 70,
118, 282, 373-74; and John, 54; in
New Testament, 330; and noetic
consciousness, 284; and Paul, 306,
338; and Plato's Nous, 291; and
Plethos, 257; in Scripture generally,
104; sectarian fringe of, 335; and
senselessness of all reality, 243; two
realities of, 402
Apocalypse of Abraham, 395-98, 400
Apokalypsai, 322
Apokalypsis, 194, 304, 322
Apokaradokia (expectation), 304
Apollo, 165, 328, 406
Apollodorus, 163, 165, 245
Apollodotus, 226
Apology (Tertullian), 94-95
Apolytrosis (set free), 304
Aporein, 250
Aporon (confusion), 250
Apostole (apostolate), 196
Arberry, Arthur J., 198n14
Archaeology, 48, 405
Archaism, 205
Arche (beginning), 175, 176-77, 232,
    233, 238, 248-49, 251, 252, 282-83,
    284
Arche (ground of being), 250
Arche (principalities), 313
Arche (rule), 178, 242
Arche (source, origin), 71n2, 108, 117,
    158, 244, 277-78
Arche tes Asias (empire of Asia), 261
Archetypes, 257
Ardashir, 193, 194, 196
Arete (excellence), 212, 219, 220
Argos, 154, 173, 2, 84
Aristaeus, 160
Aristarchus of Samos, 91, 91n6
Ariste politeia (best constitution), 220
Aristobulos, 81
Aristocracy, 181, 183, 284
Aristotle: and Alexander, 212; on
Apeiron, 248-49; on arete, 219, 220;
compared with Paul, 310, 312; and
consciousness, 56-57; cosmos of,
57; on cycle of sages, 368; definition
of man as zoon noun echon, 318;
and De Mundo, 262; on factors
beyond human control, 279-81; on
government, 181, 219-20; and Hellas,
90; on history, 130-31, 279, 324;
on metaleptic reality, 87, 257; on
myths and gods, 252; and noetic
consciousness, 62, 82, 88, 96, 236,
246-52, 256, 278-80, 300, 315-16,
324, 374, 394; and noetic theophany,
315-17; on patrios doxa, 294; on
philosophy, 251, 317; on physei
dikaion,
96n9; on Plethos, 256-57; on
polis, 215, 219-20, 279-81, 286; and
pre-Stoic Allegoresis of epic poets,
83; and process of history, 246-52; on
psyche, 86, 397; on spoudaios (mature
man), 256, 280, 310, 312
—Works: Metaphysics, 85, 125,
250, 251, 296, 300; Nicomachean
Ethics,
256, 301, 324; Physics,
248-49; Politics , 219-20, 221, 324;
Problemata, 130-31
Arnim, Hans von, 91n6
Arpachshad, 137
Arrian, 210, 211, 213-15, 217, 221-22
Artabanus, 240
Artembares, 240
Arthasastra (Chanakya), 223
Arua, 144
Asceticism, 74, 394
Asoka, 224, 225, 228, 269
Assyria, 152, 168, 170, 171, 187, 203,
    204, 285, 352
Astrology, 75
Astronomy, 91, 91n6
Astyages, 171, 240
Ataraxy, 89
Ataxia (disorder), 295
Athanatizein (immortalizing), 256, 299,
    301-2, 305, 316, 339, 374, 375
Atheism, 394
Athenagoras, 325
Athens, 84, 172, 173, 174, 185, 189, 219,
    241-43, 272. See also Hellas
Atman, 393
Aton Hymn, 353
Attalus II of Pergamon, 163
Augustine, Saint: on amor Dei, 230,
239; on amor sui, 239; on anima
animi,
397; on Bible, 162; connection
between Roman empire and
Christianity, 276, 405; on Creation
in time, 338; on God as creator
of time, 99n12; historiogenesis of,
230-31, 404-5; on Homer, 139; on
incipit exile, qui incipit amare,
230, 236; on patriarchs' longevity,
139; on saeculum senescens, 335;
world-history of, 255
—Works: Civitas Dei, 95, 162, 202;
    Contra Faustum, 193n3; De vera
    religione, 32, 95
Autobiographical Reflections
    (Voegelin), 10, 13n31, 19n42
Autolouange, 207-8, 274
Autotheos, 325
Auxesis (growth), 184
Axis time, 47-51, 276, 380-85

Baal, 265-66n16
Babylon: conquests of, 68, 72, 98,
171, 202, 205-6, 274, 276; cultural
diffusion from, 48; and Egypt, 352;
empire of, 168, 170, 203; as ethnic
culture, 75; exodus from, 236;
Gnosticism, 69, 70; history of, 48,
162; Manetho of, 117, 143, 162;
Mani in, 196; myths and gods of,
98, 99, 141, 390-92, 400; pragmatic
ecumenism of, 204-5; saroi and neroi
of, 136, 138; wars between Assyria
and, 171
Babyloniaca (Berossus), 142
Bactria kingdom, 224-27
Balance, postulate of, 291-92
Balance of consciousness, 3n6, 26,
    291-303, 305, 403
Barbarians, 212, 221, 253, 284, 352, 362
Barker, Ernest,
Barsine, 215
Basileia, 283
Basilides, 66
Batteux, Abbé,
Baur, Ferdinand Christian, 193n3
Bayet, Jean, 112
Bayle, Pierre, 71n2
Beatus possidens, 277
Becoming, 124
Beginning and Beyond: in Apocalypse of
Abraham, 398; Beyond of history and
revelation, 297; in Bible, 54, 58-66,
77-78, 98-103; and cosmos, 63-65,
67, 73, 74, 77-78; and Gnosticism,
64-67, 73, 74, 302; God as, 51-66, 67,
73, 74, 77-78, 88-89, 98-103, 105-6,
297-99, 325; in Gospel of John, 58-66;
Paul on, 325; Plato on, 297-300, 397;
psyche's ascent toward, 63, 298, 299;
and Stoics, 88-89; symbolization of,
105-6; tension toward, 67, 99
Behistun Inscription, 119, 206, 207
Being, 125. See also Ground of
being, existence; Leaps in being
Belus, 160
Bereshit, 54
Bergson, Henri-Louis, 125
Berossus, 117, 136, 138, 142, 143, 162
Bewusstseinslagen, 247
Beyond. See Beginning and Beyond
Bianchi, U., 72n2
Bible: Augustine on, 162; Beginning
and the Beyond in, 54; brutality in,
398-99; Bultmann on Old Testament,
399; creation story in, 58-59, 97-99,
104, 105; dating of, 97-99; and
doctrinization of the Word, 104-6;
ecumene in New Testament, 178-79,
189-91; ego eimi ("I am") sayings
in, 59-62; Exodus in, 60, 72-73, 135,
150, 167, 205; Fall of mankind in,
140-42, 304, 313; Gnostic influences
in, 64, 67, 70, 72-74, 106; and
Hermetical writings, 48; and Israelite
historiogenesis, 117, 134-39, 148-53;
numbers and ages in, 134-41; Philo
on the Torah, 76-83; Table of Nations
in, 148, 149, 151, 155, 157; tension
in Gospel of John, 58-66; Tertullian
on, 95; Wisdom as female divinity
in, 99-103, 104, 106. See also Christ;
Israel and Israelites; specific books
and figures in Bible
Biblicism, 166
Bibliotheke Historike (Diodorus), 143
Binah (insight), 102
Bios theoretikos, 169, 302
Blutrausch (blood intoxication), 319
Boeckh, A., 187n2
Boehme, Robert, 265n15
Bohner, Hermann, 350n11
Bore (creator-god), 72, 275
Bornkamm, Guenther, 304n1
Bossuet, Jacques-Benigne, 116
Boundary symbolism, 263-64, 272
Box, G. H., 395n10
Brahman, 209, 392-95
Brahmana Yajnavalkya, 392-93
Brazman, 209
Brazmanic, 209
Bright, John, 97n10
Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, 392-93
Britain, 187
Bronze Age, 283, 378
Brutality. See Violence; Wars
Buddha and Buddhism, 192, 194-98,
    225-28, 270, 271, 350n11, 382, 405
Bull, Ludlow, 143n13
Bultmann, Rudolf, 383, 384, 399
Burckhardt, Jacob, 253-58, 253n10, 277,
    282, 287
Burkitt, F. C., 194n4
Byzantine, 188, 198

Calendar, 133
Callisthenes, 216-18
Cambyses, 171, 206
Campbell, John Angus, 4n7, 21n46
Caquot, André, 265n16
Caringella, Paul, 4n7, 12n25, 23, 23n52,
    26
Carthage, 179, 183, 184, 185, 186, 187
Cassander, 159, 216
Catholic Church, 320. See also
Christianity
Cato, 186
Cave parable (Plato), 280, 293
Celestial cycles, 132-33
Centrum mundi, 272-73
Chalcedon, Definition of, 321, 326,
    329-30
Chanakya, 223
Chandra (moon), 392
Chandragupta, 223, 224, 225, 269
Chan-kuo (The Warring States), 346,
    347, 357, 374, 374m, 378
Chares, 216
Charis (grace), 305
Charisma, charismata (gifts), 309, 310,
    311
Chavannes, Edouard, 343n1
Cheng of Ch'in, Duke, 344
Chêng Tê-K'un, 343n3
Ch'i, 345, 346, 349
China: and Abel-Remusat's theory of
cultural diffusion, 47; Communist
China, 352; compared with
ancient Near East, 353, 361;
compared with Hellas, 368-69;
Confucian bureaucracy in, 355, 369;
Confucianism in, 271, 350n11, 356,
357, 363-64, 368, 369; Confucius in,
345, 347, 349, 350-51, 355, 362, 365,
382, 405; cycles in historical process,
349-51, 350n11, 366-69; ecumenic
empire in, 117, 269, 270, 271, 340-70,
376, 404; genealogical construction
of, 344-47; Hegel on, 48, 116, 343n3,
347; and historiographic form,
343-51, 354, 369-70; incomplete
breakthrough in, 354-56; and kuo,
351, 358-66, 369, 370; parallel
Ecumenic Age in, 26; parallels
between Hellas and, 47; period of
Warring States in, 346, 347, 357, 374,
374n1, 378; and Polybius, 269; and
self-designation of ecumene, 351-54;
symbols of political order in, 356-60;
Tao of, 210, 341, 363, 368, 369; as
t'ien-hsia ("all-under-heaven"), 340,
341, 342, 352, 358-59, 361-66, 370;
traditional versus critical history of,
343-51; Weber on, 355
Ch'in dynasty, 344, 345, 357, 370
Chine Antique (Maspero), 343n3, 348
Ch'in Shih-huang-ti, 269, 344, 347, 357,
    364
Chora, 194, 294
Chou dynasty, 345-51, 357-60, 362,
    367, 370
Chresmoi (oracles), 81
Chresmosyne (need), 246
Christ: changes in symbol of, 326;
Clement of Alexandria on historicity
of, 166; in competition with
elemental spirits, 325; and corpus
mysticum,
60; and cosmos, 63-64;
Definition of Chalcedon on, 321, 326,
329-30; ego eimi ("I am") sayings of,
59-62; epiphany of, 12, 66, 68, 74, 94,
131-32, 373, 380-81, 394; in Gospel
of John, 58-66, 95; Hegel on, 328-30,
380-81, 382, 403; "historicity" of,
308, 325, 326, 328, 330, 332, 334;
Incarnation of, 308, 316, 325, 331,
373, 374, 380, 382; Jaspers on, 49,
383; Logos of, 336; and Mani, 194,
197; and new Christs, 319-20, 325,
326, 328, 333, 336; nous of, 310,
311; and order of existence, 374; and
Pharisees, 59-60, 62; and pneuma,
306-7; as Resurrected, 306-8, 312-14,
321, 323-24, 326, 328, 331, 333-36,
373, 374; Satan's temptation of, 189;
second coming of, 189-90, 306, 328,
335, 403; as Son of God, 306-8, 322,
323-25, 334, 336, 380-81; Tertullian
on, 94-95; transfiguration of, 321-22,
337, 338; writings by disciples about,
195. See also Christianity
Christianity: Bultmann on, 383, 384,
399; and Clement of Alexandria
on history, 165-66; compared with
Judaism, 94; and cosmological
symbolism, 52; and egophany, 336;
Encratistic Christianity, 70; and
Gnosticism, 69; God of, 125; Hegel
on, 380-81, 382; and historiogenetic
speculation, 117; history of, 406;
irenic, 153; Jaspers on, 381-84; and
linear time, 129, 131-32; and Mani,
193-98; missionary activities and
spread of, 189, 190-91, 193, 196;
Nestorian Christianity, 270-71; and
Patres, 69, 75, 93, 94, 95, 298, 325-26;
and Paul, 24, 81, 189-93; and Philo,
76; pneumatism of, 75, 95, 104;
reason-revelation dichotomy in, 96;
and revelation, 51, 62, 96; and Roman
empire, 198, 276; Schelling on history
of, 66-67; and Stoicism, 86, 91, 96;
Tertullian on, 94. See also Christ;
Paul, Saint
Chronica (Apollodorus), 163, 165
Chronica (Eusebius), 143, 166
Chronica (Otto of Freising), 335
Chronography, 166
Chronouplethos, 286
Chrysippus, 87, 99n12
Chuang Chou, 374n1
Chuan-Hsü, Emperor, 345
Chu-hou (lords), 365
Ch'un-ch'iu period, 347, 348, 351-52,
    364, 365
Chung-hua (central flower), 352
Chung-kuo, 351-52
Ch'ung Yü, 349
Churches. See Christianity; Religion
Cicero, 87-88, 91-95, 101, 183
Cimmerians, 264
Circumcision, 323
Circumnavigation of globe, 272
Civilization: "high-civilizations,"
405; multicivilizational empires,
271, 284-86, 354, 372; Plato on,
287; plurality of civilizations, 287;
progress of, 287; Spengler on, 383;
terminology on, 271-72; Toynbee on,
232, 383
Civitas Dei, 192, 230, 231
Civitas Dei (Augustine), 95, 162, 202
Civitas terrena, 230
Cleanthes, 87, 89, 90, 91, 95
Cleisthenes, 172
Clement, Epistle of, 190
Clement of Alexandria, 117, 131,
    165-66
Colonial empires, 372
Colossians, Epistle to, 54, 316, 325, 373
Commodus, 166
Communism, 48, 352, 384
Community (koinonia), 212, 215, 274,
    286
Comparative religion, 93
Comte, Auguste, 114, 118, 252, 319-20,
    327, 404, 406-7
Concupiscential exodus, 240, 254,
    257-59, 273, 299, 371-72, 385
Condicio humana, 278
Condorcet, Marquis de, 260, 327, 399
Condottieri, 170
"Configurations of History" (Voegelin),
    2n4
Confucianism, 271, 350n11, 356, 357,
    363-64, 368, 369
Confucius, 345, 347, 349, 350-51, 355,
    362, 365, 382, 405
Coniunctio (close relationship), 93
Conquest and exodus: and balance
of consciousness, 291-303;
concupiscential exodus, 240,
254, 257-58, 259, 273, 299, 371-72,
385; and ecumene generally, 179-80,
274; exodus into ecumenic death,
299-300; exodus within reality, 276-
81, 337; and factors beyond human
control, 279-81; Israelites' exodus
from Babylon, 236; Israelites' exodus
from Egypt, 60, 72, 73, 135, 150, 167,
205, 274-75, 293; as participation in
directional flux of reality, 279; Plato
on, 281-91; relationship between
generally, 240, 274; spiritual exodus,
259, 299. See also Empire
Consciousness: and Aristotle, 57, 249-
50; balance of consciousness, 3n6, 26,
291-303, 305, 403; center of, 387-88;
and cosmos, 65; differentiation of,
52-54, 67-68, 375, 377, 384, 386-87;
discovery of, 236; in divine-human
In-Between, 14; of epoch, 398;
epoch and structure of, 385-88;
eschatological consciousness, 65-66;
and Gnosticism, 64-74; Hegel on
self-consciousness, 329-32, 380;
and hierarchy of being, 408; and
history, 125-26, 375, 377-78, 386;
and Israel, 57-58; Nietzsche on, 235;
philosophy of, 15, 25; and Plato,
56-57; as process, 377; revelatory
language of, 63; tension of, 56-58. See
also Noesis and noetic consciousness;
Pneumatism
Constants across historical periods,
    25-26
Constitutions: Aristotle on, 220; cycle
    of, 181; of Rome, 180-83; of Sparta,
    181, 182. See also Government
Contemptus mundi, 298
Contra Apionem (Josephus Flavius),
    154-55, 164
Contra Faustum (Augustine), 193n3
Corinth, 186
Corinth, League of, 218-19
Corinthians, Epistle to, 305, 306,
    308-13, 322, 329, 331-32
Coronation ceremonies, 114
Corpus mysticum, 60
Corrington, John William, 26
Corso, 49n1, 365
Corybantic enthusiasm, 79, 80
Cosmic catastrophes myth (Plato), 283,
    288-89
Cosmocrator, 66
Cosmogony and cosmogonic myth,
    54-58, 63, 76-78, 80, 97-99, 102, 104,
    105, 109-13, 391-92
Cosmological empires, 202-5, 371
Cosmological myth, 55, 70, 152
Cosmological style of truth, 120-21,
    126-30, 391, 401
Cosmological symbolism, 10-11, 21,
    51-52, 203-4, 210
Cosmopolites, 77
Cosmos: of Aristotle, 57; and Beginning
and Beyond, 63-65, 67, 73, 74, 77-78;
and Christ, 63-64; in De Mundo,
260-63; In-Between reality of, 127-
28; and intracosmic reality, 126-27,
128; as metaxy, 24n55; and Moses'
Thornbush Episode, 57; mystery of,
74-75; Plato on lasting of, 288-89;
primary experience of, 118-28; and
Question, 400-401; rhythm of, and
uniqueness of meaning, 282-83;
sacrality of, 97; spatial closure of,
127; as sphere of disorder, 67; and
spiritual outbursts, 5 4; and Stoicism,
87, 89; symbolism of, 127; tensional
closure of, 127; trust in cosmic order
and differentiating Question, 401-2
Covenants between God and Israelites,
101, 102, 117, 149, 150, 151
Cratylus (Plato), 85
Creatio ex nihilo, 99, 105, 338
Creation: God as creator, 58-59, 63, 65,
72, 77-78, 98, 275-76, 298; myths of,
58-59, 63, 77-78, 80, 97-99, 104, 105,
142, 200, 275-76
Creel, H. G., 343n3
Cretans, 157
Critique of Practical Reason (Kant), 128
Croesus, 158, 171, 237, 238, 239
Cronos, 160, 290-91, 293, 299
Crouzel, Henri, 77n3
Cultural diffusion theory, 47, 49
Cunaxa, battle of, 173
Cycles: of Chinese ecumene, 349-51,
350n11, 366-69; of constitutions, 181;
cyclical time, 51, 126, 129, 130-33;
dynastic cycle, 366-67; of ecumenic
decay, 366, 369; five-hundred-year
cycle, 349-50, 350n1, 366, 367-68,
369; of sages, 368; and Stoics, 181
Cyclical time, 51, 126, 129, 130-33
Cynics, 77
Cyprus, 353
Cyrus, 72, 157, 158, 171, 173, 206,
    237-40, 242, 274, 276

Daimonion (spiritual), 245, 280, 290,
    294
Daimonios aner (spiritual man), 245,
    246, 247
Daimons, 245, 293, 301
Daiva, 208, 210
Danby, Herbert, 103n14
Daniel, Book of, 70, 73, 121, 168, 303,
    338
Daniel, Glyn, 351n12
Daniel Apocalypse, 73, 121, 168, 202,
    242, 303, 338, 373
Daniélou, Jean, 77n3
Darius I, 119, 143, 172, 206-8, 211, 215,
    267, 268, 271, 274
Darius Codomannus, 202
Darshana, 394
Das Seiende, 234
Das Sein, 234
Dativus commodi, 214, 214n31
David, 72, 149-50, 151, 153, 208, 274,
    275
Death, 312-14, 339. See also Phthora
    (perishing, death)
Decads, 66
Dechend, Hertha von, 132
Declaration of Independence, 96
Deculturation, 256, 332-33
De facie in Orbe Lunae (Plutarch), 91n6
Definition of Chalcedon, 321, 326, 329
Deformation: of history, 105-6, 327-33,
386; of philosophy into doctrine,
83-91, 96, 101; of symbols, 85-91, 96,
104-5; of Word of God, 104-5
De fuga (Philo), 78-79
Degraded symbols, 319-20
Deisidaimonia (god-fearing or religious),
    183-84, 185
Deism, 124
De legibus (Cicero), 93
De Lubac, Henri, 77n3
Demeter, 165
Demetrius, king of Bactria, 224, 225-27,
    268
Demetrius of Phalerum, 186
Demetrius Pheido, 217, 218-19
Demetrius the Besieger, 226
De migratione (Philo), 79
Demiourgos, 294
Demiurge, 57, 63, 65, 66, 78, 88, 89, 99,
    294-98, 314, 315, 325, 331
Democracy, 181, 219
Democritus, 248, 249
De Mundo, 258-63, 263n13
Demythization, 166, 383-84
De natura deorum (Cicero), 87, 91, 92
De opificio (Philo), 77, 78, 79, 99
De plantatione (Philo), 80-81
Depth, 236
De republica (Cicero), 94
De Rerum Natura (Lucretius), 378-79
Despotes kai theos (Master and God),
    261
Deucalion myth (Plato), 283, 288-89
Deutero-Isaiah, 72, 98, 153, 169, 275,
    276, 291, 298, 322, 335. See also
    Isaiah
Deuteronomy, Book of, 102, 104, 150
Deuteros theos (second God), 325
Devas (gods), 392
De vera religione (Augustine), 32, 95
Diadochic empires, 117, 159, 174, 177
Diadochic Wars, 268
Dialectics, 78, 86, 90, 244, 247, 249, 252
Diallaktes (reconciler), 212
Dialogue: of mankind, 237-52;
Melian, 241-43; and noetic field of
    consciousness, 280; revolt against,
    252; of soul, 245-46
Diaphora, 300
Diaphorein, 300
Diaporein, 250
Diaspora, 74, 272, 342
Dicaearchus of Messene, 181
Differentiation: of consciousness,
52-54, 67-68, 375, 377, 384, 386-87,
406; deformation of differentiated
symbols, 85-91, 96, 104-5; epoch as
phase in, 388; as exclusive source of
knowledge, 386-87; of Pauline myths,
315-16
Dikaiosyne, 256
Dikaiosyne (fathers of justice), 195
Dike, 110, 317
Diodorus, 143, 160, 163
Diodorus Siculus, 222
Diodotus, 224
Diodotus 11, 224
Diogenes Laertius, 77
Diogenes the Cynic, 77
Dionysius of Halicarnassus, 163-64
Dionysus, 160, 165
Diotima, 245-46
Discordia tristis (dreary discord), 379
Discoveries, Age of, 272
Disorder: Lucretius on, 379-80; tension
between order and, 373; and Western
Ecumenic Age, 371-76. See also
Order; Order of history; Wars
Disruption, 127-28, 146, 372
Dittenberger, W., 187n2
Divertissements, 273
Divided self, 239, 320-21, 326
Divine ground of being. See Ground of
    being, existence
Divine presence. See God
Doctrina Christiana, 162
Doctrinal philosophy, 96-97
Doctrinal truth, 87
Doctrine: deformation of philosophy
into, 83-91, 96, 101; history's
doctrinization, 105-6; mystic versus
dogmatic theology, 96; and religion,
92-96; of Word of God, 104-5
Dodecads Aeons, 66
Dogmatomachy, 96, 106, 334
Dokime (perseverance), 305
Doric federation, 285
Dorieus, 283
Douglass, Bruce, 5, 19n41, 22, 24n54,
    26, 27n59
Douleia (bondage), 304
Doxa (glory), 304
Doxa-aletheia, 374n1
Doxography, 400
Dragon, 71
Drauga (lie), 207
Driver, G. R., 265n16
Dualism, 71-72n2
Dynamis (power), 297, 313
Dynasteia (empires), 177, 178, 283
Dynastic cycle, 366-67

Ea, 391
Eber, 137
Eberhard, Wolfram, 343n3, 348
Eckhart, Meister, 394-94
Ecumene: boundary line of, 263-64,
272; changing symbols of, after
Alexander, 267-68; characteristics
of Western Ecumenic Age, 371-76;
Chinese ecumene, 117, 269, 270,
271, 340-70, 376, 404; and conquest,
179-80; definition of, 178-79, 187-88,
197-98; in De Mundo, 262-63;
disruptions and breaks of ecumenic
empires, 372; ecumene to come,
191; global ecumene, 272-73; of
Herodotus, 266; Horizon of, 263-64,
267, 269-70, 380, 385, 387-88, 405;
and Mani, 193-98; and Mohammed,
198-201; non-finality of ecumenic
finality, 277; and oikoumene-okeanos
symbolism, 264-65, 340-42, 380,
387; and Okeanos, 262-68; and Paul,
189-93; Plato on, 372; plurality
of ecumenes, 340-42, 371, 376;
Polybius on, 178-80, 187, 268-71;
pragmatic ecumene, 171-88, 193,
197, 267, 270; spiritual ecumene,
188-201; as symbol, 229-30; triad of
ecumenic empire, spiritual outburst,
and historiography, 380, 385-86;
universality and ecumenicity, 192-
93. See also Ecumenic Age; Empire;
and specific countries and empires
Ecumenic Age: and Achaemenian
Prologue, 202-IO; and Alexander,
210-22; characteristics of Western
Ecumenic Age, 371-76; in China,
117, 269, 270, 271, 340-70, 376, 404;
definition of, 167, 188, 201, 342, 385;
ethics of, 256; and Greaco-Indian
empire, 222-28; and kingship of
Asia, 201-28; and Mani, 193-98;
and Mohammed, 198-201; and Paul,
189-93; plurality of Ecumenic Ages,
340-42, 371, 376; Polybius on, 175-
88; pragmatic ecumene, 171-88, 193,
197, 267, 270; and senselessness of
history, 243; societies not involved in,
376; and spectrum of order, 168-71;
spiritual ecumene, 188-201; and
symbol of ecumene, 229-30; triad of
ecumenic empire, spiritual outburst,
and historiography, 380, 385-86;
Western Ecumenic Age, 371-76.
See also Conquest and exodus;
Ecumene; Empire; specific countries
and empires
Ecumenic Age (Voegelin): and analytical
conception of Order and History,
8-13, 12n25; as composite work,
24-25; composition of, 23-24, 23n52;
connections with and departure from
Order and History, 3-23, 12n25,
25, 45-46, 106-7; and fundamental
principle of Order and History, 13-17;
Introduction to, 3-4, 4n7, 5, 8, 13,
21, 23, 45-107; publication of, 1,
27-28; and publication program of
Order and History, 6-8; reviews of,
5, 15-16, 18, 18-19nn41-42, 19, 22,
24n54, 26, 27n59; secondary analyses
of, 1, 6; significance of, 1, 3, 21-23;
suggestions for reading of, 23-27;
symposium on, 26-27; text of, 27-28
Ecumenic decay cycle, 366, 369
Ecumenicity: definition of, 192;
    of Mani's work, 196-97; and
    universality, 192-93
Ecumenic religions, 192-93
Ecumenic society, 22, 75, 107, 169-70
Ecumenic spiritualism, 94-95
Eggermont, P. H. L., 223n51
Ego eimi ("I am") sayings, 57, 59-62,
    293, 298
Egoism, 254-56, 277
Egophany: and constancy of
transfiguration, 333-39; and
deculturation, 332-33; definition of,
326-27; and deformation of history,
327-33; and deformation of Symbol
into System, 106; and doctrine, 96,
332-33; and Hegel, 327, 328-34,
336; symbols of, 336; Voegelin's
introduction of term, 3n6, 27, 327
Egypt: and Alexander, 211, 221; Amarna
Age of, 353-54; cosmological order of,
117, 352-53; disorders of Intermediate
Periods in, 121; empire and conquests
of, 55, 170, 171, 203, 205, 341; as
ethnic culture, 75; and Gnosticism,
67-70; gods and myths of, 54, 63, 68,
77, 88, 98, 99-100, 126, 152, 161; and
Hermetical writings, 48; Herodotus
on, 266; hieroglyph for Egyptian, 147;
and historiogenesis, 51, 108-9, 114,
116-17, !42-47, 151, 152, 153, 156,
159, 161, 162; Israelites' exodus from,
60, 72, 73, 135, 150, 167, 205, 274-75,
293; and linear history, 118; and
Memphite Theology, 98, 118, 144,
166, 361, 390; and Persian Empire,
173; Plato on, 289
Ehrenzweig, Victor, 222
Eikon, 133, 264
Einai (existence), 297
Einheit (unit), 329
Eirene (peace), 212
Ekklesia, 194, 309
Ek merous, 311
Ekpyrosis, 130, 136
Élan vital, 125
El-Elyon, 98
Eleutheria (freedom), 304
Eliade, Mircea, 123, 319
Ellegood, Donald, 12n25
Elpis (hope), 194, 196, 304-5, 317
Empedocles, 248
Emperor, 75
Empire: brutality of, 371-72, 398;
Chinese ecumene, 117, 269, 270, 271,
340-70, 376, 404; colonial empires,
372; convergence of church and, 198-
201; cosmological empires, 202-5,
371; crisis of, 121; Davidic foundation
of, 149-50, 153; Diadochic empires,
117, 159, 174, 177; and differentiation
of consciousness, 67-68; disruptions
and breaks of ecumenic empires,
372; and ecumene, 178-80, 187-
88, 371-72; expansion of, 67, 68,
72-73, 88, 89, 107, 170-78, 187-
88, 371-72; genesis of, based on
Polybius, 171-75; and Gnosticism,
67-68; history as sequence of
imperial dominations, 373; imperial
mediation of humanity, 141-53;
Iranian empire, 171; of Macedonia,
171-74; multicivilizational empires,
75, 271, 284-86, 354, 372; Polybius
on, 175-88; succession of, 197-98,
242-43; and symbol of Emperor, 75;
triad of ecumenic empire, spiritual
outburst, and historiography, 380,
385-86. See also Ancient Near
Eastern empires; China; Conquest
and exodus; Ecumene; Ecumenic
Age; Rome and Roman empire; other
specific countries
"Empirical knowledge" of history, 406
Encratistic Christianity, 70
Eneinai (in-being), 296
Engels, Friedrich, 48
Enlightenment, 231, 256
Ennead, 143
Ennius, 161, 162
Enosh, 137
Entfremdung (alienation), 320-21
Entretiens sur la pluralité des mondes
    (Fontenelle), 132
Enuma elish, 110, 361
Epeiros (continents), 263
Epekeina, 54, 297, 397. See also Beyond
Epekeina nou, 295
Epicureans, 87, 90-91
Epigeios (earthly), 161
Epigones, 332
Epinomis (Plato), 85
Episteme (knowledge), 250
Epistemology, 318, 386-89, 400
Epoch: absolute epoch, 380-85, 388,
403; and Apocalypse of Abraham,
398; consciousness of, 398; as phase
in process of differentiation, 388;
questions on, 388-89; and structure
of consciousness, 385-88
Equites, 185
Equivalences: across historical periods,
    25-26; of symbolisms, 248, 277, 317
"Equivalences of Experience and
    Symbolization in History" (Voegelin),
    2n4, 25
Eratosthenes, 154, 163, 213
Ereunao (searchingly explores), 331
Erga (Hesiod), 155
Ergon (deed), 212, 213
Eridu, 134
Eristics, 244, 247, 252. See also
    Dialectics
Eros, 101, 311, 317
Eros (daimon), 245, 246
Eschatology: and Augustine, 230, 231,
335; and Beyond, 60, 62, 88; and
consciousness, 65-66; and earthly
existence, 376-80; and Ecumenic Age,
387; and history, 50, 230; and Jaspers,
47, 383-84; and Mani, 196-98; and
mystery of cosmos, 74; and Mystery
of Reality, 403-4; and Paul, 191, 316,
337; and process of the Whole, 409-
10; and prophets, 73; and Question,
400; and structure of history, 375; and
Torah, 104; and universal mankind,
376-77; and Zoroastrianism, 209
Eschaton, 15, 50, 294
Esquisse (Condorcet), 260
Essenes, 395-98
Ethics, 256
Ethics (Aristotle), 256, 324
Ethne, 191
Ethnesin (nations), 189
Ethnic societies, 75, 169-70, 372
Ethnography, 48
Ethnos, 284-86, 290, 303
Eucratides, 227, 268
Euergesia (benefactions), 160, 161
Euergetes, 160-61, 187n2
Euergetikos (beneficent), 160
Eugene of Savoy, Prince, 124
Euhemerus, 117, 158-62, 166
Eunus, 186
Eusebius of Caesarea, 143, 166, 325
Euthydemus of Magnesia, 224-25
Eutychia (prosperity), 238, 241
Evangelium Dei (euaggelion theou),
    322
Evangelium Veritatis, 66
Evil, 54, 64, 65, 254-55, 257, 295, 299
Ex auten theoreistai (it must be
    apparent), 176
Existence and nonexistence: and
cosmological style of truth, 120-21,
126-30; Eliade on, 123; introduction
to, 117-18; Leibniz's questions on,
123-24, 125; and modes of time,
128-33; primary experience of the
cosmos, 118-26; between something
and nothing, 124-26
Existentialism, 124, 291
Exodus. See Conquest and exodus
Exodus, Book of, 60, 293
Exousia (authorities), 313
Expansion and retraction: oikoumene
and okeanos, 262-68, 340-42, 380,
387; and Polybian symbolism, 268-
71; pseudo-Aristotelian De Mundo,
258-62; and Western Ecumenic Age,
371-76
Ezekiel, 104
Ezra, 97

Fairservis, Walter A., Jr., 402n11
Faith, 85, 306-7, 311, 312, 323, 324,
    373, 374, 402, 403
Fall, story of, 140-42, 304, 313
Far East. See China
Fear of Yahweh, 100-101
Feng Hu Tzu, 378, 379
Festugière, A.-J., 259nn
Feuerbach, Ludwig, 325, 326, 327
Fichte, Johann Gottlieb, 327
Five-hundred-year cycle, 349-50, 350n1,
    366, 367-68, 369
Flood, 134, 137, 142
Fontenelle, Bernard, 132
Fortuna secunda et adversa, 239
Fortune, 178, 180, 185, 186-87
Fortune and Virtue of Alexander
    (Plutarch), 212-13, 221
Frage der Entmythologisierung, Die
    (Jaspers and Bultmann), 383
French Revolution, 116, 276, 403
Frend, W. H. C., 329n5
Freud, Sigmund, 49n1
Fritz, Kurt von, 175n1
Für sich (for itself), 332
Fu-hsi, 345
Furley, D. J., 259n11

Gabriel, 70
Gaea, 119, 251
Galatians, Epistle to, 81, 321-22, 325
Galilei, 264
Gandharvas (demigods), 293
Garden of Eden, 80-81
Gathas, 71n2, 295
Gaul, 187
Geist (Spirit), 116, 125, 328-29, 331,
    380-81, 382, 403
Geneseis (generations), 262
Genesis (becoming, birth), 237, 283,
    304-6, 311, 313, 337, 339
Genesis, Book of, 54, 55, 58, 77-78, 80,
95, 97-99, 104, 105, 136-37, 140-41,
148, 151, 275, 323, 344
Germany and Germanic world, 116,
    187, 253
Germino, Dante, 27n59
Gibbon, Edward, 271
Gigantomachia, 328
Gignoskesthai (being-known), 297
Gignoskomena (objects of knowledge),
    297
Gilgamesh, 135, 265, 265-66n16
Gilson, Etienne, 60
Glasenapp, Helmuth von, 394n9
Glatzer, Nahum Norbert, 338n8
Global ecumene, 272-73
Glossolalia ("tongue-speaking"), 309-10
Glück und Unglück in der
Weltgeschichte
(Burckhardt),
    277
Gnorizein, 300
Gnosis (knowledge), 65, 74, 299, 311
Gnosticism: and Babylon, 69, 70;
in Bible, 64, 67, 70, 72-74, 106;
and Christianity, 69, 96, 302; and
consciousness, 64-74; dangers of,
105-6, 298-300, 302; and Egypt,
67-70; and empire, 67-68; good and
evil gods in, 54; modern Gnostic
movements, 45, 302; and noetic
consciousness, 67, 73; "Oriental"
origin of, 69-70, 71-72n2, 75; and
Persia, 67, 68, 69; and pneumatism,
65-67, 70; protection against, 104;
psychodrama of, 66, 67, 69-71, 106;
sectarian fringe of, 335; symbolisms
of, 66, 69-70; Voegelin on generally,
27
God: Ahuramazda as, 207-10; Alexander
on, 221-22; in Apocalypse of
Abraham,
395-98; Aristotle on, 252;
Babylonian gods and myths, 98, 99,
141, 390-92, 400; as Beginning and
Beyond, 51-66, 67, 73, 74, 77-78,
88-89, 98-103, 105-6, 297-99, 325;
of Christian dogma, 125; Cicero on
gods, 92; Clement of Alexandria on
pagan gods, 165-66; and contraction
of divine order, 67-68, 69, 71, 72,
73; as creator, 58-59, 63, 65, 72,
77-78, 98, 275-76, 298; in De Mundo,
260-61; Eckhart on, 395; Egyptian
gods and myths, 54, 63, 68, 77, 88, 98,
99-100, 126, 152, 161; eternal versus
earthly gods of Egypt, 161; as father,
221, 274, 294, 325, 374; fear of the
Lord, 100-101; Feuerbach on, 325,
326; Hegel on, 327, 330-32, 380-81;
Hidden or Unknown God, 53-54, 71,
71n2, 89, 95, 203, 326; intracosmic
gods, 53-59, 68, 70, 71n2, 74-75, 88,
99, 203, 326, 402; of Israel, 53, 57-58,
72, 73, 98, 100, 118, 125, 149, 203,
298, 354; Mohammed on, 200-201;
and Moses' Thornbush Episode, 57,
59, 60-61, 78-80, 98, 149, 167, 293,
298; murder/death of, 252, 301, 327;
Nicholaus Cusanus on, 273; Origen's
theanthropos (God-man), 325, 326;
Paul on, 309, 315, 316, 322, 325,
331-32, 375; Plato on, 54, 92, 100,
125, 243-44, 260, 290-91, 293-95,
298-301, 325, 374, 375; of Plotinus,
54; and process of the Whole,
408; pseudo-Dionysius on, 294; as
Redeemer, 72, 275, 276, 298, 316;
ruach of, 311; ruler under, 119-20;
as self-consciousness, 329-32, 380;
Sophists on gods, 92; Stoics and
myths of gods, 87; success and envy
of gods, 238-39; Tertullian on, 94-95;
Thomas Aquinas on, 298; as Yahweh,
72, 73, 98, 100-101, 118, 275-76, 293,
311. See also Religion; Theophany;
and specific gods
Goel (Redeemer), 72, 275, 276
Göttliche Natur (divine nature), 331
Göttliches Wesen (Divine Being), 331
Goez, Werner, 242n6
Gorgias (Plato), 247, 266n16
"Gospel and Culture" (Voegelin), 2n4,
    26
Government: Aristotle on, 181; best
form of, 281; Confucian bureaucracy
in China, 355, 369; Plato on, 181;
of Rome, 180-88, 369. See also
Constitutions
Graeco-Indian empire, 222-28, 268
Graham, A. C., 356n17
Granet, Marcel, 344n4, 352n13, 362n27
Graphe (writings), 194
Great Flood, 134, 137
Great Year, 132-33, 135, 138
Greece. See Hellas
Greek diaspora, 74, 272, 342
Grotesque, 319-20, 407
Ground of being, existence: and
Apocalypse of Abraham, 397;
Aristotle on, 249, 250, 252; Ionian
speculations on, 296; man's tension
toward divine ground, 256, 278,
301-2, 314, 320, 386, 393; Paul on,
315; Plato on, 57, 314; and psyche,
297; Question and cosmological
construction from, 392; quest of,
109-10; in Upanishads, 393

Hagar, 81
Hagigah, 104
Hairesis, 212
Hamartia (sin), 322-23
Hamlet's Mill (Santillana and Dechend),
    132
Han dynasty, 345, 357, 359, 366, 370
Harmonie pré-établie, 276
Hatshepsut, Queen, 119-20, 125,
    144-45
Havard, William C., 27n59
Hebrews, Epistle to, 179, 191, 403
Hecataeus of Abdera, 161, 166
Hegel, G. W. E: on absolute epoch,
380-81, 382, 403; on Alexander,
219; and ancient history, 286; on
becoming, 124; on China, 48, 116,
343n3, 347; on Christ, 328-30, 380-
81, 382, 403; compared with Plato,
287; dialectical consciousness of,
252; ecumenic reconciliation of, 276,
277; and egophany, 327, 328-34, 336;
on Geist, 116, 125; and Gnosticism,
66, 67; on God, 327, 330-32, 380-81;
on Hellas, 116; as Incarnation of
Logos, 320; on Israel and Israelites,
48, 116; and Marx, 407; and Metaxy,
252, 320-21; on Moses, 49n1; and
Napoleon, 261-62n12, 276, 403; and
Paul, 333-34, 403; and philosophy
of history, 114, 118, 255, 256, 327;
on "Protestant Principle," 231; on
reason and truth, 106; and revelation,
336; and "stop-history" movement,
406-7; Voegelin's study of, 2n4, 26
—Works: Phänomenologie, 330-31;
Philosophie der Religion, 332;
Philosophy of History, 52, 115-16;
Vorlesungen über die Philosophie
der Geschichte, 115-16; Wissenschaft
der Logik,
106
Heidegger, Martin, 124, 125, 234
Heimarmene, 294
Hekastos de en to dio tagmati , 313
Helck, Wolfgang, 143n13
Helen, 158
Hellanicus, 154
Hellas: and Alexander, 211; Athenian
empire, 84, 172; compared with
China, 368-69; and expansion of
empire, 67, 68; and Greek history,
163, 167-68; Hegel on, 116; and
Hellenic federation, 283-85; and
Hellenistic-Indian empire, 222-28,
268; and historiogenesis, 153-62;
myth of, 55; parallels between China
and, 47; and Persian Empire, 171-74,
187, 210. See also Aristotle; Plato;
Polis; Socrates
Hellenic diaspora, 74, 272, 342
Hellenic federation, 283-85
Hellenism, Age of, 272
Hellespont, 240
Hen (One), 244
Hengel, Martin, 77n3, 100n13, 242n6
Henning, W., 195n8
Henningsen, Manfred, 27, 242n5
Henoch, 137, 138
Hephaestion, 217
Hephaestus, 293
Heracles, 160, 222
Heraclitus, 47, 132, 233, 234, 238, 246,
    292, 382, 393, 405
Hermeneutics, 81-82
Hermetical writings, 48, 49n1
Hermetism, 75
Herodotus: and Anaximander, 232;
compared with Hesiod, 155, 156-57,
158; on concupiscential exodus, 240,
254; ecumene of, 266; on Homer,
266; on imperial entrepreneurs of
Ecumenic Age, 243, 328; and noetic
consciousness, 237-40; on Okeanos,
265-66; on Pan, 143; and Periegesis,
155-58, 242, 242n5, 404; on Persia,
240, 266; and process of history, 234,
237-40, 384; on Xerxes, 207, 266
— Work: Historiai, 156, 158, 237-41,
    242
Herzfeld, Ernst, 205n16, 207, 209-
    10nn25-29
Hesiod: Aristotle on symbols of, 251;
compared with Herodotus, 156-57,
158; on Iron Age and Bronze Age, 378;
mythos of, 55, 57, 81, 83-84, 87, 89,
no, 119, 155-56, 166, 251; Plato on,
83-84; and symbolism of Ages of the
World, 140
—Works: Erga, 155; Theogony, 87
Hestia, 217
Heugon, Jacques, 112-13m
Heuss, Andreas, 112
Hexeis (trained habits), 256
Hidden God. See Unknown (Hidden)
    God
Hiera Anagraphe (Euhemerus), 158-62
Hierarchy of being, 392-95, 408-9
Hierophanic events. See Spiritual
    outbursts
Higher law, 96
Hillel, 103
Hinduism, 54, 271, 374n1, 393-95
Hinz, Walter, 72n2
Hippias, 172
Hippolytus of Rome, 325
Hirth, Frederick, 343n2
Histoire politique et psychologique de
    la religion romaine
(Bayet), 112
Historiai (Herodotus), 156, 158, 237-41,
    242
Historia gentium, 162
Historia sacra, 161-62
Historia sacra et profana, 162
Historical metaxy, 230-31
Histories (Polybius), 175-88, 175n1
Historiogenesis, 108-66; and Augustine,
230-31, 404-5; chapter on, as late
insertion in The Ecumenic Age,
24; and cosmological style of truth,
120-21, 126-30; definition of, 51,
108-9; Egyptian, 51, 108-9, 114,
116-17, 142-47, 151, 152, 153, 156,
159, 161, 162; and Euhemerus'
Historia Sacra, 158-62; existence
and nonexistence, 117-33; Hellenic,
153-62; historiogenetic speculation,
113-17, 141; and historiomachy,
162-66, 406; imperial mediation of
humanity, 141-53; Israelite, 117,
134-39, 148-53, 401-2; as millennial
constant, 22, 116-17; and modes of
time, 128-33; and mytho-speculation,
105, 109-13, 128, 133-34, 153-54;
numbers and ages, 133-41; and
primary experience of cosmos,
118-26; and Roman case, 112-13;
Sumerian historiogenesis, 138-39;
survival of, 142; Voegelin's discovery
of, 9, 12n25, 21, 21n46, 51, 55
Historiography, 24-25, 91, 108, 286,
    343-51, 354, 380, 384-86, 395
Historiomachy, 162-66, 406
History: Aristotle on, 130-31, 279;
cause and effect in, 175-76; classic
consciousness of, 316-18, 324;
constants or equivalences in, 25-26;
constituents of, 12; definition of,
and order of being in early volumes
of Order and History, 8-9, 45; and
differentiation of consciousness, 406;
as disorder, 373; doctrinization of,
105-6; egophanic deformation of,
327-33; "empirical knowledge" of,
406; In-Between reality of, 230-31;
and length of time, 407-8; long breath
of, 405-6; meaning in, 14-15, 277,
316-17, 321, 335, 373, 374, 388; and
memories about the present, 405-6;
as metaxy, 24n55; and Metaxy, 375;
movement of historical analysis,
12-16; and movement through web
of meaning, 13-14, 16; mystery of,
388-89, 409-10; new formulations
of, in Ecumenic Age, 15-16, 22; as
opus of revolutionary transfiguration,
321; and Paul, 306, 316-21, 324;
philosophy, philosophies of, 114, 255,
256, 327, 335, 336; Plato on, 279, 281-
92, 306, 317, 377, 378; "sausage view"
of, 406; senselessness of, 242-43; as
sequence of imperial dominations,
373; "stop-history" movements, 403,
404, 405, 406-7, 410; structure of,
12, 18n40, 55-56, 375-76; subject
of, 230-32; three phases of, 275-76;
and truth, 316-21, 373, 374; two
histories of society, 231-32; Voltaire
on parallel histories, 287. See also
Historiogenesis; Historiography;
Order of history; Process of history
History of Political Ideas (Voegelin), 4,
    17-18, 17n38, 20
History of religion, 93
History of Sicily (Timaeus), 154
Hitler, Adolf, 320
Hittites, 119, 352
Hokhmah, 99-102
Hollweck, Thomas, 4n7, 12n25, 26
Homer: Aristotle on symbols of, 251;
Augustine on, 139; Herodotus on,
266; historiogenetic elements in,
139; myths of, 55, 81, 83-85, 87, 89,
110, 118-19, 155, 157, 166, 251; and
Okeanos, 263, 266, 272; Plato on,
83-84; on Zeus, 221
—Works: Iliad, 139, 221; Odyssey, 264
Homonoia, 212, 213, 214-15, 214n31,
    274
Homonoia kai koinonia tes arches,
    214-15
Homoousios, 325
Hooke, S. H., 97n10, 102
Hoover Institution, 33
Hope, 194, 196, 304-5, 311, 312-13
Ho phthonos, 239
Hoplois (arms), 212
Horizon, 263-64, 267, 269-70, 380, 385,
    387-88, 405
Horizon of divine mystery, 387
Horus, 143
Hsia (civilized), 352
Hsia dynasty, 345, 347, 348, 350-51,
    357-59
Hsieh, 345
Hua (flower or flowering), 352
Huang-ti, Emperor, 345
Huang Tsung-hsi, 363, 363n28
Hughes, Glenn, 27
Humanitas abscondita, 50
Humanity. See Mankind; Universal
    humanity
Hybris, 238-39, 273
Hyde, Thomas, 71n2
Hyksos, 119, 120
Hymn of Pearl, 70-71, 71n2
Hymns of Akhenaton, 203
Hymn to Zeus, 89
Hypatos (supreme), 260
Hyperkalos, 294
Hyperoche (supremacy), 177, 261
Hyperouranion, 294, 296, 298
Hyperousios, 294
Hypersophos, 294
Hypertheos, 294
Hypomnemata, 174, 187, 267
Hypomone (endurance), 305
Hyponoia (underlying meaning), 81, 82,
    84
Hypostasis, 231, 235, 244, 252, 286,
    287, 288, 302, 308-9, 385-86

I (righteousness), 366
Idealism, 117, 281
Idée force, 129
Ideology, 20-21, 27, 319-20, 326
I jen (king or One Man), 358
Iliad (Homer), 139, 221
Im Gottesglauben, 383
Immanentism, 321
Immanent order, 204
"Immortality: Experience and Symbol"
    (Voegelin), 2n4, 25
Immortalizing ( athanatizein ), 256, 299,
    301-2, 305, 316, 339, 374, 375
Imperator, 75
Imperatores, 183
Imperial Annals, 349
Imperium sine fine, 180, 273
In-Between. See Metaxy (In-Between)
Incarnation, 308, 316, 320, 325, 331,
    373, 374, 380, 382
Incipit exire, qui incipit amare, 230,
    236. See also Eschaton
India: Alexander in, 202, 222-23, 225,
266-67, 271; Brahmans in, 225, 226;
Buddhism in, 192, 194, 225-28, 270,
271; Christianity in, 193; ecumenic
empire in, 117, 188, 223-28, 271;
Graeco-Indian empire, 222-28, 268;
Herodotus on, 266; history of, 116;
Kshatriya (warrior caste) in, 225;
Mani in, 196; Maurya empire in, 198,
223-24, 225, 268; Persian conquest
of Indus Valley, 205; and Polybius,
269; Saka invasion of, 228; and
Upanishads, 392-95, 400, 402
Indra, 392
Infantilism, 255
Infinite time, 126
In Search of Order (Voegelin), I, 4-5n9,
    107
Institute for Political Science (Munich),
    2, 33
Intellektual-Welt (divine intellect), 231
Intracosmic gods, 53-59, 68, 70, 71n2,
    74-75, 88, 99, 203, 326, 402
Intracosmic reality, 126-27, 128
Io, 157
Ionian philosophers, 90, 108, 158,
    232-36, 247, 296
Ioudaike Archaiologia (Josephus
    Flavius), 164
Iranian empire and Iranians, 69, 70,
    71-72n2, 170, 171, 176, 188, 193, 211,
    225, 266, 357
Iron Age, 378
Isaiah, 73-74, 105, 169, 275-76, 310,
    311, 322. See also Deutero-Isaiah
Ishtar, 100
Isis, 100, 165
Isis and Osiris (Plutarch), 71n2
Islam, 76, 116, 188, 198-201, 320
Isocrates, 173-74
Israel and Israelites: as Chosen People,
148-49, 150, 152, 169, 203, 205,
354; compared with China, 353,
354; and consciousness, 57-58; and
cosmological symbolism, 52, 353,
354; and Covenants with God, 101,
102, 117, 149, 150, 151; and Davidic
foundation of empire, 149-50, 153;
and Exodus, 60, 72-73, 135, 150, 167,
205, 274-75, 293; and expansion of
empire, 67, 72-73, 82-83; God of, 25,
53, 57-58, 72, 73, 98, 100, 118, 149,
203, 298, 354; Hegel on, 116; and
historiogenesis, 117, 134-39, 148-53,
401-2; history of, 164, 167-68, 385;
as Kingdom of God, 72; and Moses'
Thornbush Episode, 57, 59, 60-61,
78-80, 98, 149, 167, 293, 298; and
patriarchs, 136-40, 151; pneumatism
of, 69, 73-75, 82, 83, 84; and prophets,
45, 63, 69, 72, 73, 80, 82, 84, 97, 98,
103, 104, 105, 146, 169, 322, 323-24,
383; and revelation, 45, 51, 63, 149,
167, 169, 203, 300; as Suffering
Servant, 72; and Table of Nations,
148, 149, 151, 155, 157; and Torah,
76-83, 97-106, 153, 169; as tribal
society, 151; and universal humanity,
148. See also Judaism; Moses
Israel and Revelation (Voegelin), 10, 18,
    18n40, 45-46
Issus, battle of, 211
Ius (Justice), 93

Jacobsen, Thorkild, 114-15
Jacoby, Felix, 160-61nn20-24, 217: 036
Japan, 346, 350n11
Jared, 137
Jason of Cyrene, 99
Jaspers, Karl, 47, 49, 49n1, 381-84
Jen, 358, 364, 365, 366
Jeremiah, 105, 142, 322
Jerusalem: and Egypt, 353; fall of, 142,
    164; Second Temple in, 97, 102
Jesus-ben-Sirach, 100
Jesus Christ. See Christ
Jews. See Israel and Israelites; Judaism
Joachim of Fiore, 335
Job, Book of, 101
John, Gospel of, 58-66, 95, 102, 106,
    294, 320
John, Revelation of, 399
John, Saint, 54
John the Baptist, 59
Jonas, Hans, 70
Josephus Flavius, 137, 154-55, 164
Joshua, 103
Judah, kingdom of, 168
Judaism: apocalyptism in, 70, 73,
118, 282, 373-74; compared with
Christianity, 94; diaspora of Jews,
74, 272, 342; and historiogenetic
speculation, 117; history of, 164,
167-68, 406; Jaspers on, 49n1; and
mysticism, 102; and Paul, 191; and
Philo, 75-83; pneumatism of, 75;
Talmudic Judaism, 75; Tertullian on,
94; and Torah, 76-83, 97-106, 153,
169. See also Israel and Israelites
Jung, C. G.,
Juno, 87
Jupiter, 87
Justice, 93
Justin, 325
Justinian, 75

Kabhod, 275
Kainan, 137
Kakia (iniquitous), 212
Kallipolis, 287
Kalon, 398
Kant, Immanuel, 128, 234, 287, 399
Kao-hsin, Emperor, 345
Katantan, 194
Kata physin, 181
Katoche entheos (divine possession), 79
Kempo Constitution, 350n11
Kenan, 137
Kenon (empty), 312
Kephalaia, 194, 195
Kepler, Johannes, 91n6
Kerygma (prediction), 312
Kineitai (is moved), 250
Kinesis (revelatory movement), 250,
    280, 317
Kings, Book of, 150
Kingship: Alexander as king of Asia,
202, 211-12, 215, 267-68; analogy
of, with divine rule, 122; in China,
359-60; and coronation ceremonies,
114; cosmological symbolization
of, 127, 128; of Darius and gifts of
Ahuramazda, 207-8; in De Mundo,
261; as mediator of divine-cosmic
order, 122; in Platonic-Aristotelian
classification, 181; Plato on Royal
Ruler, 73; ruler under God, 119-20;
Sumerian King List, 114-15, 118,
123, 134-35, 136, 138, 146, 153, 344;
symbolisms of, 122-23; time periods
of, 134-39
Kirby, John S., 27n59
Kish, 134, 135
Koenig, F. W., 206n16, 206n18
Koine, 162
Koine epinoia, 182
Koine Historia (Diodorus), 163
Koinonia (community), 212, 215, 274,
    286
Koinonia tes arches (partnership in
    rule), 213-15, 214n31
Kome, 286
Koran, 198-201. See also Islam
Koros (satiety), 246
Kosmos (world), 190, 195, 196-97, 296
Kramer, Samuel Noah, 391n7
Kung-ho, 346, 347, 349
Kuo, 351, 358-66, 369, 370
Kuo-chia, 363
Ku Yen-wu, 363, 363n28
Kwang-Chih Chang, 343n3, 378n2
Kyrios, 187n2

Lacedaemon and Lacedaemonians, 178,
    284
Lactantius, 161
Ladder of perfection, 259-60
Lagid dynasty, 162
Lalon glosse (tongue-speaking), 309-10
Lamech, 137
Lao-tse, 47
Law: Cicero on, 93, 94, 95; higher law,
96; Kant on moral law, 128; natural
law, 96, 96n9; Paul on divine law
in Torah, 322-24; Roman Law, 95;
sacrality of, 97
Laws (Plato), 169, 220, 282-85, 290-91,
    294-97
League of Corinth, 218-19
Leaps in being, 46, 52, 354, 370, 400
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm, 123-24,
    125, 381, 403
Length of time, 407-8
Leon, 165
Lesky, Albin, 263n13
Levenson, Joseph R., 363n28
Lex (Law), 93, 94
Li (force), 362, 366
Li, King, 346
Libertarianism, 74
Libido dominandi, 65, 74, 319
Libri divinae historiae, 162
Libya and Libyans, 177, 178, 203
Life of Alexander (Plutarch), 216-17,
    218, 221, 222, 223
Linear time, 47-51, 118, 126, 129
Literalism, 82, 84-85, 86, 89-90, 204,
    205, 289
Litterae divinae, 162
Litterae saeculares , 162
Livy, 344, 385
Logick, 106
Logike psyche (rational soul), 81
Logos (reason), 212, 213, 300
Logos (Word), 87, 94-95, 110, 155, 156,
    320, 325, 336, 382
Love ( agape ), 311, 315
Love ( eros ), 101, 245, 246, 311, 317
Love ( philia ), 101, 248, 256, 310
Lucretius, 378-80
Luke, Gospel of, 178, 189
Luther, Martin, 139-40
Lux, 335
Lycortas, 179
Lydia and Lydians, 171, 242
Lynkeus, 165
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