INDEX

VOL 16  PLATO AND ARISTOTLE
ORDER AND HISTORY  VOLUME III
O (Order) to Z


Order: of Atlantis, 181; civilizational
order, 194; creation of, 135-71;
disintegration of, 171-83; and disorder,
203; of evils, 90; of existence,
143; of history, 390; and idea, 191;
institutional order, 301-7; measure
of right order, 166; nature of,
150; paradigm of right order, 124;
philosophy of, 144, 203; of polis
according to Aristotle, 377-96; as
process in soul, 179-80; of society in
history, 390; of soul and society, 123,
136, 139, 142; of spirit, 173. See also
Kosmos; Nomos
Order and History (Voegelin), 2-8, 28,
    31, 33, 34, 35, 36, 43, 331
Oresteia (Aeschylus), 65, 239, 258-59
Organon (Aristotle), 329
Orientalization, 279, 363-64
Orthe, 152
Orthe politeia, 214
Orthos, 214, 391
Orthotate politeia, 400
Oudenia, 200
Ouk autarkes, 152
Ouk orthe, 213
Ourano, 146
Ouranos, 207
Ousia, 129, 167-68

Paideia: and Agathon, 169-70; Aristotle,
376-77, 408-9; of children, 145, 176,
315-16; in good polis, 141, 154-56,
158; and Homer, 186; music and
dramatic performance as instruments
of, 295; of myth, 187; and paidia,
314-15; of philosopher, 187; and play,
314-16; and politeia, 13, 156; and soul,
183; and statesmen, 214; and war, 286
Paidia, 287, 289, 313-16, 409; kathaper
paides presbytai,
313. See also Play Paignion, 288-89
Palaia diaphora, 186-87
Pambasileia, 401
Pamphylian Myth, 108-9, 113, 124, 137,
    184-85, 232
Parable of the Cave, 7, 13, 15, 113-16,
    168-71, 190, 256, 359; and Diversion
    of the Theaetetus, 201-2
    Parable of the Pilot, 158, 218-20, 252
Paradigm: and civitas Dei, 146; eidos,
157; of good and evil, 200, 207; of
good polis, 141-48, 152, 154-58,
164-65, 177, 185, 225, 227-28, 235,
253, 272-77, 284-85; in heaven, 146;
paradeigma, 200, 249, 251; Plato's use
of, 140-42, 157n16; politeia used for,
140-42, 149; theion paradeigma, 150.
See also Polis (Plato's paradigm)
Parekbasis, 372, 391, 399-400
Parergon, 220
Pareto curve, 392
Parmenides, 3, 117, 120-21, 224, 330
Participation, 67, 327-28, 375, 384
Pasa athanatos, 190
Pascal, Blaise, 203
Pathe, 287
Pathein, 85, 329
Pathemata, 83, 296
Pathos, 83-84, 90, 356, 415
Patrioi nomoi, 296
Paul, Saint, 19, 159-60, 223, 281, 362n4,
    419
Peace of Antalcidas, 74
Peace of Philocrates, 57
Peira, 73
Peitho: of Aeschylus, 65, 258, 261-62;
and Eros, 257-58; and gap between
God and man, 309; of gods, 259-60;
and laws, 218; and nous of nomoi,
309-10; peistikon, 310; of philosopher,
125; and royal ruler, 280; of Socrates,
98
Pephykenai, 128, 129
Perdiccas III, 278
Perfection: through Grace, 332; in
    history, 332
Periagoge, 13, 122, 169-70, 280-81
Peri areten epithymia, 96
Pericles, 91
Periodos, 305
Peri ta onto, 122
Persia, 174, 298-99, 300, 340, 340n8
Persians (Aeschylus), 261-62
Persuasion. See Peitho
Peterson, E., 364n9
Petrement, S., 60n1
Petteutes, 290, 304
Phaedo (Plato), 66, 68, 326
Phaedrus (Plato): idea and soul in,
190-95, 201, 221; image of life
as entombment of soul in, 95n6;
myth in, 95, 338; overview of, 15-
18; philosophy of history in, 177;
psychology of, 15-18, 68, 72-73,
191-95, 203, 257n14; symbols of
epekeina in, 167; writing of, 190
Phaleas of Chalcedon, 373, 376
Philebus (Plato), 314, 326, 327
Phile kai akolouthos Theo, 308
Philemon, 422
Philia: Aristotle on, 374-76, 393, 411,
419; community of philoi, 277,
280, 288; among equals, 302-4, 419;
homonoia kai philia, 223; phile kai
akolouthos Theo,
308; philos, 276-77,
288; political friendship ( politike
philia
), 375-76; politike philia, 375; as
state of existential community, 71-72,
77, 90, 298, 303-4
Philip 11, 57, 75-76, 325
Philochrematon, 163, 179
Philodoxer, 10, 136
Philodoxos, 120-21, 124, 129
Philodoxy, 331
Philokalos, 17-18, 192, 221
Philokerdes, 163
Philolaus, 373
Philomathes, 163
Philonikon, 163, 179
Philos, 276-77, 288
Philosopher: and apolitism, 358-59;
ascent and descent of, 113; authority,
90-92, 224; community of, 123;
emergence from act of resistance,
123; experience of Thanatos, Eros,
and Dike, 64-68, 418; experience of
transcendence, 329-30; expression
through myth of soul, 224-25;
intellectualization through Aristotle,
330; love of wisdom, 124; manic
and erotic soul, 192; and man in
anxiety of his fall, 124; and man of
politics, affairs, 198-200, 202; nature of
true philosopher, 134-35; new artist,
187-88; and Parable of the Cave, 113;
persuasiveness, 125; and philodoxos,
10, 120; and philokalos, 17-18,
192-93; polis of, 152, 157-58; and
sophist, 117, 124; "sophist" versus,
119, 123-25; soul of, 149, 185, 224-25;
as statesman, 92-93, 142-47, 204-5;
in time of crisis, 144-47; withdrawal
from polis, 145-46; withdrawal of, 424.
See also Agathon; Philosopher-king;
Philosophy
Philosopher (Plato), 196
Philosopher-king, 18, 23-24, 59, 119,
    157-58, 190, 192, 205, 272-75, 277,
    287, 340n8, 410
Philosopher-statesman, 92-93, 142-47,
    204-5
Philosophia, 82n1, 110, 184, 263, 265
Philosophia prima, 361
Philosophical anthropology. See
    Anthropology
Philosophon, 163
Philosophos, 120-121, 123-24, 129, 150,
    192, 221; kosmios te kai theios, 150
Philosophos physis, 134-35, 154
Philosophy: ascent toward salvation, 124;
compactness of Plato's philosophizing,
116; of conduct, 423; consciousness
of epoch, 338-46; derailment into
topical speculation, 331-33; doctrinal
symbols, 327; Eros toward the
Agathon, 326; functions of, 123; Hegel
on, 36; of history, 203, 210, 241;
history of, 328, 331-33; multiplicity
of philosophies, 424; of myth, 237-48;
old quarrel with poetry, 185-87;
of order and symbols, 144, 203,
237; participation in idea, 326; and
philodoxy, 120; philosophical dogma,
317-18, 427; practice of dying, 67-68,
326; right philosophy and polis, 59;
"sophist" versus "philosopher," 119,
123-25; symbolic form of Dionysiac
soul, 124; withdrawal from, 424.
See also Agathon; Philosopher;
Philosopher-king
Philotechnia, 263, 265
Phoenician Tale, 158-62
Phronesis, 113, 165, 167, 170, 227, 229,
    249, 263, 265-66, 298, 351, 357, 363
Phylax, 154, 156, 163
Physics (Aristotle), 387-88
Physis: Aristotle on, 360, 369, 371, 382,
386-87, 389-90; empsychos physis,
290; kata physin, 148; philosophos
physis,
134-35, 154; physei, 369;
physis empsychos, 290; Plato on,
85-86, 128-29, 134, 148-49, 203, 290
Pilot Parable. See Parable of the Pilot
Piraeus, 106-8, 112, 114
Pistis, 168, 198, 250, 255
Pittacus, 373
Planeton, 121, 121n7
Plato: death of, 32, 269, 322; idealism
and realism, 2-8, 18, 25; interpreted
as ideologist, 136-37; life of, 57-60;
mysticism of, 16-17; overview of
philosophy of, 2-28; poet of the idea,
234-48; poet of the myth, 234; and
poets, 155, 192-93, 243; political
intentions and political theory of,
10-11, 17, 57-60, 143-47, 154, 190,
277-81; and Schelling, 247; and
Sicily, 68-77; Solonic and Socratic
stratum, 234; Solonic component, 143;
Voegelin's analysis of, in Plato and
Aristotle,
9-25; Voegelin in "Platonic
position," 5, 25-28; Voegelin's analysis
of generally, 1-8; and Zoroaster, 339-
43. See also Laws (Plato); Phaedrus
(Plato); Republic (Plato); Statesman
(Plato); Timaeus (Plato); and specific
concepts
—Works: Apology, 61-64, 67, 84;
Cratylus, 95, 97; Critias, 177, 181,
191, 196, 205, 228, 233, 235-37, 259-
68/ 326, 338; Eighth Letter, 71, 278;
Epinomis, 245, 362; Fifth Letter, 278;
Gorgias, 5, 59, 60, 66, 67, 78-99, 93-99,
143, 326, 338-39, 342; Hermocrates,
196; Menexenus, 161, 326; Phaedo,
66, 68, 326; Philebus, 314, 326, 327;
Philosopher, 196; Protagoras, 66, 122,
169; Seventh Letter, 5, 24, 57-59,
69-72, 74, 274, 278; Sixth Letter,
76-77; Sophist, 69, 196, 197, 204, 261,
326; Symposium, 17, 68, 167, 258;
Theaetetus, 18, 66, 69, 83, 88n4, 177,
195-204, 261, 326; Third Letter, 274
Plato (myths, parables, etc. ): Athens
and Atlantis Myth, 232, 259-68;
Cosmic Cycles Myth ( Statesman ),
204, 205-12, 256, 259, 293; Creation
Myth, 250-53; Decline of the Polis
Tale, 175-81; Diversion, Digression of
the Theaetetus , 66, 88n4, 197-203;
Egyptian Myth, 225-35, 248; Gyges
and His Ring Myth, 130, 155, 184;
Incarnation Myth, 253-59, 304-5;
Judgment of the Dead ( Gorgias ), 67,
84, 93-99; Pamphylian Myth, 108-9,
113, 124, 137, 184-85, 232; Parable of
the Cave, 7, 13, 15, 113-16, 168-71,
190, 256, 359; Parable of the Pilot, 158,
218-20, 252; Phoenician Tale, 158-62;
Poleogony, 150-58
Plato and Aristotle (Voegelin):
concluding comments on, 36-37;
reviews of, 29-36; summary of
Voegelin's analysis of Aristotle in,
28; summary of Voegelin's analysis of
Plato in, 9-28
Platon (Hildebrandt), 72
Plautus, 422
Play: of children, 314, 316; Huizinga on,
311-12; leisure versus, 409; myth as
imaginative play, 240, 245-47; noble
play, 287; and paideia, 314-16; serious
play, 289-90, 294, 295, 311-17; and
war and peace, 287
Pleonexia, 87-88, 261
Pleonexy, 87-88, 87n2, 97
Plethos (multitude), 6, 374, 378, 391
Plutarch, 68n4, 203
Pluto, 95
Poets, 155, 183, 185-87, 192-93, 225,
    233-34, 243
Polarity. See Existence (polarity)
Polemos, 391
Poleogony: in Republic, 150-58, 154n14,
    185; and Tale of Decline, 171-72
Polis: Aristotle on nature of, 369-77,
398; Aristotle on order of, 377-90;
Aristotle on types of, 378-79, 390-
96; Aristotle's best polis, 335-36,
382-84, 390, 399-401, 404-10; as
association of like people, 406;
autarky, 367-68; author of, 370-71;
and best constitution, 402-9; character
of, 416-17; and "communism" of
property and family, 11, 11n34, 24; as
compound, 406; cosmic analogue, 257,
368; cosmic crystal, 304-7; Council of,
306; Decline of the Polis Tale, 175-81;
defined in terms of constitutional
order, 391; en logois, 145, 147, 227;
en mytho, 227, 231; epi talethes, 231;
historical dimension of, 231, 233;
lawgiver's polis, 377-78, 390; in Laws,
311-16; manifold of political reality,
396-404; mathematical crystal, 175;
and measure, 405; middle-class polis,
402-3; mortgage of the polis, n, 28;
as multitude of citizens, 378, 380;
necessary elements of, 398; Nocturnal
Council of, 318-21; ontological status
of constitutional order, 388-89; part of,
406-7; philosophers' polis, 152; Plato's
best and second best polis, 271-77;
polis eudaimon, 336, 367; polis
spoudaia,
367; political friendship in,
374-76; rebirth of, 223; representative
rule, 385; revolutions, 403-4; rich,
poor, and virtuous, 392-95, 398; ruling
association, 383-84; somatic unity
of, 172-75; standard, 373-74, 378;
transfer of categories from Physics and
Metaphysics, 387-88; types of law,
394; virtual representation, 385; and
virtues, 162-63; vision of, 10-15
Polis (Plato's paradigm): decline (lysis),
176-77; and eudaimonia, 150; four
orders of poleogony, 152-58, 185;
genesis, 151; good polis, 141-48,
152, 154-58, 164-65, 177, 185, 225,
227-28, 235, 253, 272-77, 284-85;
luxurious polis, 152, 153-56; method
of exploration, 148-49; model of, 140,
163; philosophers' polis, 152, 157-58;
poleogony, 150-58, 183; predicates,
147, 151-53; primitive polis, 152, 153;
purified polis, 152, 155-57; sequence
of declining forms, 177-83; size of,
174-75, 347
Polis eudaimon, 336, 367
Polis spoudaia, 367
Politeia (forms of government): ariste
politeia, 404; Aristotle on, 372, 378,
380-82, 384, 390-91, 391n5, 400, 402,
404, 416; en logois, 145, 147, 227;
en ourano, 146; orthe politeia, 214;
orthotate politeia, 400; ouk orthe,
213; ou politeia, 301; and paideia, 13,
156; Plato on, 10, 124, 141-42, 145-47,
149, 206, 212-14, 227, 296, 301, 321;
solstitial form of, 302; theia politeia,
320; transpolitical, 146; use of term,
rather than paradigm, 140-42, 149;
within oneself, 145
Polites, 301, 378
Politeuma, 378, 390-91
Political science: Aristotle's definitions
and redefinitions, 300, 348-52;
division into ethics and politics, 352;
and lawgiver, 337; object of, 388-89;
Plato as founder of, 123
Politics (Aristotle): compared with
Republic, 327, 347-48; constitution
in, 404-9, 411; cycle problem in,
344-46; literary structure of, 333-38;
manifold of political reality in,
396-404; nature of polis in, 174, 364,
369-77; nomothetics and political
science in, 352-53, 357-58; order of
polis in, 377-90; and Platonic vision
of order, 350; royal rule in, 365-66;
significance of Voegelin's analysis of,
1; size of polis, 347; types of order of
polis in, 391-96
Politike arche, 381-82
Politike episteme. See Episteme politike
Politike philia, 375
Politikon zoon, 370, 422
Polity, 212, 391, 398-400
Polus, 78, 79-82, 84, 85, 87
Polybius, 182
Polycrates, 58
Polymathie, 118
Polypragmosyne, 118-19
Popper, K. R., 131nn37-38, 14
Poseidon, 259, 263-64, 266
Power and spirit, 279-80
Prächter, K., 163
Praxis, 307, 308
Primitive polis, 152, 153
Problemata (Aristotle), 341
Prometheus (Aeschylus), 65, 239
Prooemia, 310, 317-18
Prooimion nomon (preludes or preambles
    to the law), 310
Property, 276-77, 376
Prosphiles, 90
Protagoras (Plato), 66, 122, 169
Protrepticus (Aristotle), 326, 359
Pseudomorphosis, 279
Pseudos, 121, 160-61; alethos pseudos,
    122
Psyche, 190, 195, 198, 250-51, 308;
anous psyche, 305; eunomia of,
319-20; pasa athanatos , 190. See also
Empsychos ; Soul
Psyche (character traits): philochre-
maton, 163, 179; philokerdes,
philomathes, 163; philonikon, 163,
179; philosophon, philotimon, 163;
thymoeides, 154, 163
Psyche (cognition): dianoia, eikasia,
168; episteme, 120, 123, 127, 129, 138,
148-49, 168, 187-88, 214; noesis, 168;
pistis, 168, 250, 255
Psyche (laws): hedone-lype, elpis,
    Logismos, phobos-tharros,
285
Psyche (parts of soul): epithymetikon,
163, 179; logistikon, 163, 179-80, 183;
superiority of psyche over body, 308;
thymoeides, 154, 163
Psyche (virtues and vices): allotrioprag-
mosyne, 118; amathia, 297; anandria,
200; andreia , 134, 162, 221; demotes ,
200; dikaiosyne, 113, 118-19, 134,
162-63, 165; eidolon tes dikaiosynes,
118; eumatheia, 135; homoiosis theo,
200; kakia, 118; megaloprepeia, 135;
oikeia, oikeoprageia, 119; phronesis,
113, 165, 167, 227, 229, 249, 263, 265-
66; polymathie, 118; polypragmosyne,
118-19; sophia, 134, 162-63, 165;
sophrosyne, 134, 162-63, 221
Psychology: of Laws, 221, 285; of
Phaedrus, 15-18, 68, 72-73, 191-95,
203; of Republic, 162-66, 221; of
Statesman, 221-23, 287
Puppet: man as, 285-88, 290, 294,
    312-14, 316-17
Pyrrho of Elis, 424-27
Pythagoras and Pythagoreans, 187, 233,
    255n12, 306, 362

Race and State (Voegelin), 13n37
Race theory, 12-13n37
Ratio versus fides, 20
Republic (Plato): Agathon in, 166-71,
266; aletheia and pseudos in, 121-22;
as appeal to equals of Plato, 288n2;
and Aristotle, 326, 327, 345, 349,
367, 368, 373, 384, 393, 393n6, 395,
407; character types in, 162-65, 221;
children in, 145, 156, 172-73, 176,
189; cognitive inquiry in, 147-50;
compared with Laws, 269, 272-77,
280-81, 283, 284-85, 287; completion
of, 69; creation of order, 135-71;
critiques of Voegelin's analysis of,
32, 35, 36; disintegration of order in,
171-83; doxa of justice in, 125-35;
Epilogue of, 183-88; and forms of
government, 212; foundation play in,
142-47; four orders of poleogony in,
152-58, 185; good polis in, 141-48,
152, 154-58, 164-65, 177, 185, 225,
227-28, 235, 253, 272-77, 284-85;
justice and injustice in, 118-19;
misconceptions about, 262; mythical
failure of incarnation, 175-77; Myth
of Judgment of the Dead in, 67, 94,
105, 109, 113, 124, 137, 338; nature
of philosophy in, 9-10; "old myth"
exposed in, 3, 243; organization of,
100-106, 269, 349; overview of, 9-15,
22-24; overview of polis in, 2, 10-15,
140, 189, 193, 194, 263, 407; philia
in, 303-4; philosopher-king in, 4,
119, 157-58, 190, 192, 205, 275, 410,
417; philosophos and philodoxos in,
120-21, 123-24; Phoenician Tale in,
158-62; Plato's wish at end of, 26;
poems of, 94; poets in, 155, 192-93,
234; poleogony in, 150-58, 185;
psychology of, 162-66, 221; resistance
to corrupt society, 116-35, 201; rule
of Truth in, 417; sequence of political
forms in, 177-83; Socrates as main
speaker in, 196, 226, 229, 231; somatic
unity of polis, 172-75; soul and society
in, 65-66, 162-66, 237, 253, 287,
303-4; study of, by younger Greek
scholars, 325-26; sun symbolism in,
283; Timaeus as sequel to, 225, 232,
260; way up and way down in, 9,
106-16; zetema of, 136-42
Resistance: to corruption, 116-35; to
    Idea, 256, 260-61; philosophy as, 123
Return and withdrawal, 170-71, 190
Revolutions, 403-4
Rhetoric (Aristotle), 414-17
Rivaud, Albert, 236n4
Robinson, C. A., 34
Roman Empire, 18, 18n51, 279
Romans, Letter to, 159-60
Rosen, Stanley, 29, 30, 33
Ross, W. D., 356n1
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, 412
Royal ruler: Aristotle on, 365-67;
authority, 214; and constitutional
government, 18; and Demiurge, 256;
and homonoia, 223; logos basilikos,
214, 216-17; as mediator, 19, 223; and
political reality in Statesman, 212-23;
as restorer of order, 210, 211; and royal
art, 19, 220-23, 285; as savior, 214-15;
tyrant, 217
Rulership: axioms of, 372; and logos
basilikos,
214, 216-17. See also Royal
    ruler
Russell, Bertrand,13n38

Sabine, G. H., 60n1, 325n1
Saeculum senescens, 210-11
Sandoz, Ellis, 29, 32-33
Savior with the sword, 214-15
Scheliha, R. von, 68n4
Schelling, Friedrich, 247
Schema, 188, 214
Schole, 313-14, 360, 408-9, 408-9n11;
    ascholia, 408, 408-9n11
Scientia Dei, 332-33
Scott, W., 340n8
Second Coming, 210
Seemliness of symbols, 121
Sema-soma, 95-96
Sermon on the Mount, 280-81
Seventh Letter (Plato), 5, 24, 57-59,
    69-72, 74, 274, 278
Sextus Empiricus, 424-26, 426n7,
    427nn9-10
Shinn, Roger L., 29, 36
Shorey, P., 60n1
Sicily, 68-77
Sixth Letter (Plato), 76-77
Skepticism, 424-28
Slavery, 202, 273, 302, 309, 372, 383-84
Sleepwalkers, 161
Snell, B., 36in5, 363n7, 422n2
Society: and authority, 135; criteria of
corruption, 193-94; as "great beast,"
135; great sophist society, 124; model
of, in Republic, 162-66; schism of,
343; state of, 135, 141
Socrates: absence of, from Laws, 23;
arguments against Sophists, 32; drama
and myth of Socratic soul, 64-68;
in Gorgias, 78-99, 143; helper, 126,
136, 138; imitatio Socratis, 18, 97,
197 life of, 60-61; murder of, 5, 15,
32, 58, 60, 61, 189, 325; on polis,
11-12; in Republic, 9, 135-36, 142-47,
151, 153-58, 189-90, 232-35; in
Theaetetus, 204; in Timaeus, 225; trial
of, 60-64, 84
Solon, 57, 143, 186, 226, 227, 229,
    233-34, 373
Solstice, 84, 302, 310
Soma, 251; sema-soma, 95-96
Sons of God, 277
Sons of Zeus, 72, 94-95, 97, 277, 280,
    338, 365
Sophia, 134, 162-63, 165, 351, 416
Sophist (Aristotle), 326
Sophist (Plato), 69, 196, 197, 204, 261,
    326
Sophists, 3-4, 5, 10, 32, 117, 123-35,
    169, 192, 307, 311, 331
Sophon, 2
Sophos, 427
Sophron, 72, 308
Sophrosyne, 134, 162-63, 221
Soteria, 319, 321, 381
Soul: and Agathon, 96, 232; anamnesis,
230-31, 248; Aristotle on, 351;
augmentation of logos in. 138-39,
149; beast as symbol of lost soul,
197; collective soul of people, 232;
constitution of, 166; and cosmic
omphalos, 238, 248; decline as process
in, 179-80; Dionysiac soul, 116, 124,
146, 170; discovery of, 187; disease of,
122, 318; drama of Platonic soul, 232;
drama of psyche, 254; as entombed
in body, 95-97, 95n6; and Eros, 326;
erotic mania of, 16, 180-81, 191-93;
field of history, 418; formation through
experience of transcendence, 166;
generic soul of mankind, 232; health
and disease of, 141; hierarchy of, 192-
93, 201, 221; history of, 209; and idea,
16, 190-91; as identical with universe,
17; ignorance of, 122; immortality of,
184, 190; and intelligence, 250-51;
liberation of, 96-98; logos of, 138-39,
149; lost and manic soul, 195, 197;
man as guardian of, 135, 138; manic
soul, 192, 193, 197; and memory,
228-29; model of, in Republic, 162-66;
myth of philosopher's soul, 224-25;
myth of Socratic soul, 64-68; myth
of the soul, 19-20, 253; and Nous,
250-51, 360; omphalos of, 21, 238;
one-man polis, 146; and openness,
329; order as process in, 179-80; order
of soul and society, 123, 136, 139,
142; order through myth, 240; and
paideia, 183; philosopher's soul, 149,
185, 224-25; pluralistic structure of,
203; poleogonic speculation, 151-52;
polis of, 147; politeia of, 141; realm
of, 191; scene of drama, 233; spiritual
order, 418; substance of cosmos, 252;
theogonic speculation, 151; truth of,
160; unconscious depth, 232-33, 238;
and via negative, 330-31; world soul,
190-91, 203, 237-38, 339-40; youth
and age, 229-31, 232; zetetic inquiry,
136-42. See also Agathon; Man; Myth;
Philosopher; Philosophy; Psychology;
World soul; and headings beginning
with Psyche
Spain, 279
Sparta, 177, 302
Speculation: aetiological speculation,
110, 125; doxic caricature, 132;
poleogonic and sophistic speculation,
151-58; theogonic speculation, 132, 151
Spengler, O., 182
Speusippus, 328, 331
Spinoza, Baruch, 317-18
Spoudaios, 6, 28, 354, 357, 367, 374, 377,
    381, 389-90
Stalin, Joseph, 14
Stasiastikos, 213
Stasiotes, 301
Stasis, 376, 403
Stasis dianoias, 425
Statesman (Aristotle), 326
Statesman (Plato): and Aristotle, 326,
327, 395; constitution in, 301; Cosmic
Cycles Myth in, 177, 204, 205-12,
256, 259, 284, 293, 338; Diversion of
the Theaetetus, 66, 88n4, 197-203;
end of, 268; God in, 246; mating and
spiritual balance, 173; misconceptions
about, 269, 272; obscuring devices
in, 203-5; order in, 243; overview of,
18-20; Peitho (Persuasion) in, 257,
309; poems of, 94; psychology of,
221-23, 287; royal ruler and political
reality, 212-23, 280; significance of
title, 205; structure of, 197; theme of,
212, 214; thremma in, 261; in trilogy
of dialogues, 195-97, 261; writing of, 69
Stellar religion, 361-63
Stewart, J. A., 237n5
Stoics, 424
Storia eterna ideale, 182, 300
Strauss, Leo, 31
Summa Theologiae (Thomas Aquinas),
    36
Summum bonum, 26, 131, 423
Summum malum, fear of death as, 131
Sun imagery, 167, 283
Suppliants (Aeschylus), 65
Symbols: doctrinal symbols of
philosophy, 327; of epekeina in
Phaedrus, 167; in Laws, 282-93;
philosophy of, 144, 237; seemliness of,
121; sun imagery, 167, 283; of timeless
order, 284-85, 293; types of theology,
155-56
Sympheron, 391
Symphytos epithymia, 206
Symposium (Aristotle), 326, 331
Symposium (Plato), 17, 68, 167, 258, 326
Syngenes, 250
Syntheke, 129
Syntheton, 369
Syracuse, 68-74
Systasis, 256, 261, 406, 406n10
Systema, 334

Ta ema paidika, 82n1
T'agathon kai to ariston, 348
Taxis: Aristotle on, 378, 391; ataxia,
250-51, 253; Plato on, 250-51, 253
Taylor, A. E., 60-61nn1-2, 203n5, 237n5,
    244n8, 249n9
Techne: Aristotle on, 351, 397, 414;
basilike techne, 217; Plato on, 146,
    183, 212, 217. See also Art
Techne basilike, 217
Techne metretike, 146, 183, 213
Techne rhetorike, 414
Teleia eudaimonia, 359
Teleios, 369
Telos, 349, 370, 395, 416, 422, 425
Terence, 422
Tetraktys, 255n12, 306
Thales, 186, 199
Thanatos, 66-68, 96-97, 326, 418
Thaumazein, 361-63, 363n7
Theaetetus (Plato), 18, 66, 69, 83, 88n4,
    177, 195-204, 326; Diversion of, 66,
    88n4, 197-203
Theatrocracy, 315
Theia politeia, 320
Theion paradeigma, 150
Theios kosmios, 150
Theios nomeus, 214
Theiotaton, 359, 360, 419
Themison, 326
Themistocles, 91
Theocracy, 22-23, 26, 277-82, 319, 367
Theodicy, 208
Theogony, 151, 243-44
Theology, 121-22, 155, 339
Theophrastus, 422-23, 427
Theoretical or Contemplative life. See
    Bios theoretikos
Theoretike energeia, 359
Theoria theou, 361
Theoros, theastai, theorein, 362-63,
    363n27
Theos: homoiosis theo, 200, 211;
hyperesis ton theon, 293; in Laws, 282;
phile kai akolouthos Theo, 308; theia
politeia,
321; theion paradeigma, 150;
theios kosmos, 150; theios nomeus, 214; theou moira, 135

Theosebeia, 321
Theou moira, 135
Third Letter (Plato), 274
Thirty Tyrants, 57-58
Thomas Aquinas, 36, 288n2, 330, 412,
    419
Thrasymachus, 25n71, 111-13, 125-27,
    137, 237
Thremma, 197, 261. See also Good and
    evil
Thucydides, 62, 148, 155
Thymoeides, 154, 163
Thymos, 366
Timaeus (Plato): Aeschylean influence
in, 262; Agathon in, 266; central
problem of, 115; critique of Voegelin's
analysis of, 33, 35; Demiurge in,
249-56, 258, 260, 267; divine forces
in, 77; Egyptian Myth in, 225-35,
248, 338; idea and chaos in, 260-61;
Incarnation myth in, 253-59, 304-5;
myth of the myth in, 248-5 3; old gods
in, 243-44; overview of, 8, 20-21;
Peitho (Persuasion) in, 261, 309;
philosophy of history in, 177; plan of,
17, 235-37; poems of, 94, 191; psyche
in, 19, 237-38, 304-5; as sequel to
Republic, 225, 232, 260; symbolism
of return to youth of cycle in, 284;
in trilogy of dialogues, 196, 205, 266;
writing of, 326
Timaeus of Locris, 225-26, 226n1
Time: of Being and Becoming, 254; of
cosmos, 253-54; creation in, 253-54;
cycles and timelessness, 284; eikon
of eternity, 253; of history, 171-72;
suspension of, 284; symbols of
timeless order, 284-85, 293; of tale,
172, 253-54
Timocracy, 177-83, 372-73
Timoleon, 74
Timoleon (Plutarch), 68n4
Timon of Phlius, 424, 426
Timoria, 98
Topoi, 28, 388
Totalitarian control, 26n72
Toynbee, A. J, 182
Tractatus Politicus (Spinoza), 317-18
Tragedy, 65-66
Transcendence: epekeina as, 167;
    experiences of, 28-30, 166-67, 329-32,
    417-20. See also Agathon; Philosopher
Transubstantiation, 332
Trinity, Triad: Demiurge-Heimarmene-
Innate Desire, 206, 208; Nous-
Ananke-Space, 256; onchora-genesis,
256; Peitho-Ananke-Nous, 257;
Zeus-Apollo-Dionysus, 295
Truth: historicity of, 26, 418-19; of
myth, 20-21, 21n60, 224, 231, 238-40,
242-45, 247; resistance to convention,
117; of soul, 160; as summum bonum,
26; and untruth, 20-21, 21n60, 121-22,
224, 231, 238-40, 242-45, 247. See
also Aletheia
Tryphe, 89; tryphosa, 152
Tusculan Disputations (Cicero), 362
Tyche, 292, 385
Types: of symbols and symbolic action,
    155-56; of theology, 122, 155
Tyranny: Aristotle on, 373, 387, 391,
399; in classification of government
forms, 212; man's choice of, 110;
mimesis of royal ruler, 216-17; nature
of tyrant, 91; as no-constitution ( tas
ou politeias
), 301; Plato's attack on,
15, 18; of rabble, 197; in sequence of
political forms, 177-83; soul of tyrant,
279; of spirit, 197; and totalitarian
control, 26n72

Ueberweg, F., 163n18
Unconscious: assent of, 232-33; and
consciousness, 238, 247; dimension in
depth, 232-33; and myth, 19, 21, 246;
stratification, 238. See also Psyche;
Soul
Utopia, 262-63, 377

Verdross-Drossberg, A. von, 60n1, 325n1
Via negative, 330-31
Vico, Giambattista, 182, 210, 300, 371;
    storia eterna ideale, 183, 300
Virtues: Aristotle on, 351-52, 416;
evolution of theological virtues, 165;
and polis, 162-63; relative rank of, 89.
See also Psyche (virtues and vices);
and specific virtues
Vision of the Agathon. See Agathon
Voegelin, Eric: on Aristotle in Plato and
Aristotle, 28; concluding comments
on, 36-37; escape from Austria, 25n71;
method of, 34; on Plato generally,
1-9; on Plato in Plato and Aristotle ,
9-25; in "Platonic position," 5, 25-28;
reviews of, 27, 29-36; University of
Munich lectures of, 30. See also titles
of works

War, 173-74
Weil, B., 32
Wilamowitz-Moellendorf, U. von, 325n1
Wild, J., 60n1
Wisdom. See Phronesis; Sophia
Withdrawal, 194, 201, 280, 288, 342;
    from philosophy, 424; and return,
    170-71, 190
Wolfson, H. A., 362n5
World monarchy, 363-64
World of the Polis (Voegelin), 3-4
World soul, 190-91, 203, 237-38, 339-40

Xenocrates, 75, 328
Xenophanes, 3, 62, 117, 121, 122, 155,
    185, 224, 231n3, 330
Xerxes, 87
Xynon, 131

Yeats, W. B., 1

Zetema, 12, 136-42, 146, 149-51, 224
Zetesis, 138-39, 150
Zetetes, 138
Zetetic inquiry, 136-42
Zeus, 223, 236, 243, 258, 261, 267, 282,
291, 294-95; Age of, 94-95, 208-9,
259, 268, 293; Sons of, 72, 94-95, 97,
277, 280, 338, 365
Zeus agoraios, 258
Zoogenes, 222
Zoon agelaion, 370
Zoon empsychon ennoun, 250-51
Zoon politikon, 370, 422
Zoroaster, 339-40, 343, 363
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