INDEX

VOL 15 —THE WORLD OF THE POLIS
ORDER AND HISTORY  VOLUME II

M to Z


Macchioro, Vittorio D., 308n19
Macedonia and Macedonian conquest,
    102, 122, 185, 190, 193-94, 234, 258,
    274, 371, 435-36
Mache (fighting), 156
Machiavelli, Niccolò, 439
Mackay, Ernest, 207n27
Madness of Heracles, 339-40
Magians, 416
Magic Mountain (Mann), 319
Magnus annus, 219
Mallon (stronger), 373
Manichaeism, 221n42
Mankind: and advancement toward
Universal, 86-87; and awareness
of own limitations, 86-87;
diversification of, into multitude of
peoples, 75; generic-unique nature
of man, 68-69; Hesiod on origin
of, 214-17; search for truth by, 88,
89-90; spiritual process of, 76-78;
and transcendence, 256-57. See
also Anthropology; Human nature
Mann, Thomas, 319
Marathon, 45-47, 315, 318, 326, 341,
    408, 419, 434
Marcus Aurelius, 303nn14-15
Mardonius, 414
Mariannu, 129
Marriage, 168
Marshall, John, 207n27
Marx, Karl, 85, 328, 334n8
Marxism, 291
Mathemata (wisdom), 411
Mathematics, 28
Measurement, art of, 363-65
Mechanemata (inventions), 332
Medea, 105, 410
Medes, 408, 411
Medicine, 377-79, 391, 427-30
Meditation, 8, 8n25
Megabyzus, 416
Megacles, 318
Megas nous (great-mindedness), 268
Meineke, 276n3
Meleager, 155, 210
Melian Dialogue, 231-33, 447-48
Melissus, 250, 284
Memorabilia (Xenophon), 354
Memory: catharsis from truth and, 200;
Mnemosyne as, 141, 144, 200; in
Plato's Timaeus, 200
Menelaus, 104, 146, 161-63, 165
Mentor, 169
Merneptah, Pharaoh, 133
Mesopotamia, 28, 112, 117, 121, 125,
    202, 238
Messenia, 133
Messeniakos (Alcidamas), 400
Messenian revolt, 41, 186, 187, 260
Me sympheronta, 389
Metal ages, 214-23, 232
Metaphysics, 23, 195-200, 244, 370
Metaphysics (Aristotle), 197nn2-4, 204,
    206n24, 250
Metaschesis (participation), 278
Metaxy (In-Between), 15
Metempsychosis, 295, 295n6
Metharmozein, 333
Methodos (method of scientific inquiry),
    280
Metretike techne (art of measurement)
    363-65
Meyer, Eduard, 10, 121n2
Micah, 229-30
Midas, 258
Middle Ages, 81
Milesians and Milesian speculation,
    234, 236-37, 239, 251-52, 302, 305-7,
    329, 345, 368
Miletus, 129, 234
Miltiades, 318, 423, 431
Minar, Edwin L., Jr., 237n1
Minoan civilization: absence of imperial
institutions in, 127-29; artifacts of,
in Mycenae, 129; bull-god of, 123-25,
219; end of, 123; fleur-de-lis symbol
of, 125-26, 205; flowering of, 121-29;
Great Mother goddess of, 124, 127;
Hesiod on, 100; inclusion of, in Greek
history, 96-98, 112; navy of, 108-9,
122; overview of, 27-32; in Plato's
Laws, 110, 111; and symbols of order,
123-27; terminology of, 96-98. See
also Crete and Cretans
Minoan Linear A script, 123, 123n4, 131
Minoan Linear B script, 130-33
Minos, 15, 29-30, 30n77, 42, 97, 108,
    114, 122-25
Minos (Plato), 20
Minotaur, 124
Misch, Georg, 85n8
Mittanni, 133
Mnemosyne, 141, 144, 200, 262
Moira (Fate), 161, 174, 178, 266, 267,
    276, 308
Monarchia, 378
Monarchy, 404, 416-17. See also Kings
    and princes
Mongol empire, 120
Monotheism, 196, 247-53. See also God
Montaigne, Michel de, 383
Moral pioneers, 18-19
Moses, 23-24, 25, 27, 33, 67, 69, 75, 76,
    88, 95, 118, 119, 137, 143
Mother Goddess. See Great Mother
    goddess
"Much-knowing," 242, 298, 304, 321,
    332, 334-35, 353, 355, 374
Musaeus, 353, 361
Muses, 33, 40, 140-42, 199, 200, 207,
    208, 265, 276
Music, 140-42, 185
Musical emotion, 14-15
Mycale, battle of, 192
Mycenae, 129, 130, 135, 146, 147, 166
Mycenaean civilization: and Achaean
society, 129-34; and bronze age,
218; decline of, 143-44, 178, 181;
Hesiod on, 100; history of, 135-36;
and Homer's epic consciousness,
106, 136-44; inclusion of, in Greek
history, 96-98, 112; overview of,
27, 32, 37; as past of Aegean-wide
society, 135-36; terminology of,
96-98; town settlements of, 182. See
also Achaeans
Mycenaean Linear B script, 93, 96
Myres, John L., 97n1
Myrmidones, 160
Mysterium iniquitatis, 36
Mystery religions, 276
Mystics, 312
Myth: anthropogonic myth, 217;
Chinese myth of five ages, 221-23;
of cosmic cycles, 76; cosmological
myth, 67, 74, 139-40, 337-38;
disintegration of, by discovery of soul,
315; epic myth, 101, 106, 136-44,
217-18, 235, 311, 407, 442; evolution
of, from Doxa, 288-90; Herodotus's
use of, 105-6; Hesiodian mythical
speculation generally, 74, 236,
240-41, 251; and Hesiod's Theogony,
200-206, 216-17, 245; of Minotaur,
124; of omphalos, 30-31, 111, 114; and
Plato generally, 206, 288; Plato's myth
of alternative motions of universe,
178; Plato's myth of Athens and
Atlantis, 407; Plato's myth of cosmos,
288-89; of Prometheus, 359-61, 394,
396; of Sisyphus, 395-97; transition
to metaphysics from, 195-200;
transition to philosophy from, 74,
234-40; of Wrath of Meleager, 155,
210; Xenophanes' attack on, 42, 236,
240-53. See also Fables; Hesiod;
Homer; specific gods and goddesses,
such as Zeus
Mythikos (mythologically), 197
Mythoi, 105-6

National Socialism, 257n1
Naturaliter christianus, 23
Natural law, 392, 397
Nature. See Physis (nature, becoming)
Nature of Man (Hippocrates), 427-28
Nausikaa, 33
Navy: of Athens, 420-21, 433; of
Cretans, 108-9, 122
Near East, 120-21, 123-26, 128, 202,
    207n27, 215, 219-21, 235, 238, 241.
    See also specific countries
Necessity: Ananke as, 284, 286, 294,
    327, 338; chreon (debt of necessity),
    411; and justice, 434-37
Nemesis, 227
Nenonistai (reckoned or considered),
    280, 281
Neo-Kantian analysis, 11-12, 247n13
Neolithic civilizations, 20n58
Neo-Platonism, 22-24, 283
Nestle, 307
Nestor, 35-36, 146, 148, 149, 151, 154,
    168
New Science of Politics (Voegelin),
    6n17, 9, 21-22
New Testament, 44, 77, 78, 90, 175,
    275, 300, 312
Nicomachean Ethics (Aristotle),
    209-10, 227
Niemeyer, Gerhart, 2, 4n11, 6
Night versus Light, 276, 278-79,
    286-87, 288
Nightingale and Hawk Fable, 210, 228,
    231
Nihilism, 233
Nile valley, 120
Nilsson, Martin Persson, 123n5
Nobility, 43-44
Nock, A. D., 215n34, 218
Noema (thought), 241
Noetic order, 174
Nomimon (lawful), 354
Nomina Dei, 246
Nomizein (opine), 384, 385
Nomo (convention, institution), 374,
    385, 394, 400
Nomoi (statutes, laws), 381, 386, 388,
    395
Nomos: in Aeschylus' Suppliants, 322,
323; alcidamas on, 400; Antiphon
the Sophist on, 387, 390-93, 397-
98; conflict between Dike and,
356; in Critias' Sisyphus, 394-97;
disintegration of Athenian Nomos,
394, 398-99, 406; Heraclitus on,
304-5, 311, 380, 382; and Hippias,
356-58; and medical dichotomy, 391;
in New Testament, 77; and physis, 47,
357, 379-88, 390-92, 394-95; Plato
on, 305; procedural nomos in Athens
after defeat in Peloponnesian War,
48; as product of evolution, 394-97;
Protagoras on, 381-82, 384; sophists
on, 281, 356-58, 379-86; as "way of
life," 209n28
Nomos empsychos, 381
Nomothetes (lawgiver), 269, 381
Non-Being, 369-70, 373
Noos/nous (will, understanding), 171,
    212, 242, 251, 280, 282, 284, 289,
    304-5, 356, 366-69, 372, 374, 380
Noou phren, 250
North Africa, 234
Nosos (disease of the soul), 310n23, 334,
    428
Notbeing, 280-84, 287, 292, 370
Nothing, in Kabbalism, 205n22
Numbers, cult of sacred numbers,
    125-27
Nunc stans, 283
Nyn (Now), 283-84

Oceanids, 328, 335
Oceanus, 328, 333, 334
Odes (Pindar), 270
Odysseus, 33, 37n83, 42, 146, 147,
    150-51, 167-69, 172, 230-31
Odyssey (Homer): authorship of,

137-39; awareness of qualitative
differences between men, 271-72;
compared with Hesiod, 230-31;
compared with Iliad, 175-76;
constitutional order of Achaean
kingdoms in, 145, 146; Crete's
description in, 31; dating of, 169;
disorder in, 145, 164, 167-72, 176-78,
265; inspiration of, 140-41; music
images in, 142; noble society in
generally, 218; Zeus, 167, 169, 176,
177, 202
Oedipus Rex (Sophocles), 45, 47
Oiesis (common opinion or self-
conceit), 310n23
Oikos (household), 378
Olbos, 265
Old Testament, 24, 83, 90, 101, 137,
    212. See also Israel
Oligarchy and oligarchs, 350, 404,
416-23, 447
Olympic games, 43, 94, 352
Olynthus, 190
Omphalos, 30-31, 111, 114, 117
On Being (Gorgias), 348-49
On Harmony (Homonoia) (Antiphon
    the Sophist), 401-2
On Nature (Heraclitus), 301-11
On the Form of the American Mind
    (Voegelin), 10, 12n38, 17
On the Gods (Protagoras), 348, 369
On Truth (Antiphon the Sophist), 387,
    401
On Truth (Protagoras), 369
Onoma (man's name), 262
Oratio directa, 203
Order: Aristotle on, 94-95, 99, 196,
308; creation of, by every society, 39;
disorder as stimulus for reconnection
with, 17-18; Egyptian order, 195-96;
eunomia (right order), 42, 186, 256,
257, 264-70, 317; Greek order, 93-95,
98-99; Heraclitus on, 301-11, 329;
in Hesiod's Works and Days, 201,
206-13; Hippias on, 357; and Homer's
Iliad, 35-37, 143-67; and Homer's
Odyssey, 145, 164, 167-72, 176-78;
Minoan symbols of, 123-27; noetic
order, 174; origin of, in Hesiod's
Theogony, 200-206, 216-17, 245, 252;
and persuasion, 326-27; Plato on, 44,
94-95, 99, 109-10, 114-15, 128, 174,
308, 326-27, 403, 431-32; in presence
of God, 71; single society of human
beings as primary field of, 67-68;
sophists on, 347; and soul, 227; and
transcendental irruption, 311-13;
types of, 20; Voegelin's one source of,
19-20. See also Disorder
Order and History (Voegelin):"being"
described in, 14; change in Voegelin's
approach to, 9-10, 21, 23; epigram at
beginning of, 25; and international
reputation for Voegelin, 9; on
metastatic experiences, 225n47;
original scheme of, 21, 22, 73;
principles underlying, 15-16; on
prophets, 225n46; reviews of, 2, 5; as
textbook, 9; writing style of, 1-9
Oresteia (Aeschylus), 47, 202, 326-27,
    330-31
Orestes, 167, 330-31, 371
Orientalists, 85n8, 86, 215
Orosius, 80-82
Orpheus, 353, 361
Orphism, 234-35, 237, 239, 276, 308
Osiris, 125
Otanes, 416
Otto, Walter P., 143n8
Ouranos, 202, 278
Ovid, 217, 218
Oxyrhynchus papyri, 386

Paiawon, 133
Paideia (Jaeger), 43
Paideusis (schooling), 317
Pain, 388
Paizon, petteuon (child playing
    draughts), 308
Palamedes (Euripides), 340
Pamphyloi, 182
Panaetius, 74, 79
Pandora, 206, 211-13, 226
Panhellenism, 398
Pantheism, 253
Paradise, 212-13
Paraenesis (admonitory speech), 201,
    206, 210, 259-60
Paralioi, 187
Paris, 33, 37n83, 104, 105, 151, 161-67,
    175, 410
Parmenides: on Being, 41, 44, 279-93,
329, 348, 349, 366-74; compared
with Heraclitus, 307; compared with
Hesiod, 276, 278; contemporaries
of, 102; on Doxa, 41, 274, 275, 276,
285-90, 288n12, 292, 368; dualism of
Night and Light in, 276, 278, 286-87,
288; as "founder" of "school" of
philosophy, 237, 285, 291, 292; on
God, 250; importance of, 39, 237;
"Is"/"Is not" exclamatory, 281-83,
285, 286, 287, 288, 289, 290, 292; in
Italy, 235; on logos, 280, 281, 284,
286-88, 291, 292, 366; on Nous, 280,
282, 284, 289, 304, 368, 372; in Plato's
Symposion, 206n24; and sophists,
343; on soul, 239, 277-80, 293, 311;
on truth of being, 279-85, 392; and
"Way of Truth, " 40-41, 274-79,
289-91; on ways of inquiry, 280-82
Parmenides (Plato), 24, 283
Paros, 318
Parthenon, 45, 46
Partnership of being, 14, 25
Pasiphae, 124
Pa-si-re-u (minor lord of outlying
    district), 132
Pathemata (sufferings), 411
Pathos: of Herodotus, 48; of polis,
    188-89, 260-62, 274, 317, 445-47
Patrioi nomoi (ancient institutions),
    417
Patroclus, 160, 171
Paul, Saint: Epistle to the Galatians by,
77, 78; Epistle to the Hebrews by, 300;
Epistle to the Romans by, 77, 175;
on history, 78-79, 81; on homonoia,
12; on human stages of spiritual
process, 76-78; and Judaism, 77, 80;
on virtues, 300; Voegelin's treatment
of, 23
Peace of Antalcidas, 193
Peace of Callias, 433
Peace of Nicias, 424-25
Peasants, 405
Pediakoi, 187
Peirata (right boundaries), 267
Peisistratus, 137, 186-88, 264, 317-18
Peitho (persuasion), 280, 326-27
Pelasgus, 322-24, 326, 327
Peloponnese, 133, 191, 192, 193, 423
Peloponnesian League, 192, 434
Peloponnesian War, 47, 48, 107, 188,
    193, 339, 371, 394, 407-8, 424-27,
    432-40, 443-48
Pelops, 149, 258
Pema (bane), 164
Penelope, 34, 37n83, 146, 167, 168,
    230-31
Pentateuchal criticism, 137. See also
Old Testament
Peras (boundary), 251
Peri politeias (on government), 302
Pericles: compared with later
demagogues, 38; constitutional
reforms of, 344; death of, 437;
Funeral Oration by, 317, 341, 436,
445-46; Golden Age of, 185, 408, 433;
Hippodamus as architect under, 404;
imperial policy of, 418, 419, 422-23,
431, 437; as orator, 362; Plato on, 431;
sophists' influence on, 343; speeches
of, in Thucydides' Syngraphe , 436,
441, 445-46; successors of, 188, 437
Perplexity, 280
Persae (Aeschylus), 46
Persephone, 124
Perses, 198, 206, 207, 209, 214, 216,
    224, 227, 228
Persia and Persians, 101, 104-5, 128,
182, 188, 193, 194, 221, 234, 236, 318,
398, 406, 408, 416-18
Persian Wars, 44, 45-46, 103, 106, 107,
113, 128, 186, 190, 192, 235, 317, 318,
341, 342, 385, 406, 407, 409-16, 427,
438, 448
Persians (Aeschylus), 406-7
Persson, Axel W., 206n25, 207n27,
    308n19
Persuasion, 280, 326-27
Pestalozzi, Heinrich, 139n2
Petteutes (player), 308
Phaedo (Plato), 204n21, 295n5
Phaedra, 319
Phaedrus (Plato), 202, 292n1, 295n5,
    298
Phaleas of Chalcedon, 403-4, 431
Phantasmata, 243
Pheidon the Corinthian, 403
Philanthropia, 335
Philanthropos (humane), 187
Philanthropes tropos (philanthropic
    inclination), 331
Philebus (Plato), 375
Philia, 251, 379
Philip of Macedonia (Philip II), 190, 192,
    193-94
Philippus of Opus, 253
Phi1o, 150
Phi1onikia (ambitions), 277
Philophrosyne (gentlemindedness), 156
Philosophia perennis, 292
Philosopher-kings, 42, 269, 312-13, 381,
    398, 431
Philosophos (lover of wisdom), 298
Philosophy: Alcidamas on, 400; and
Christianity, 21; of consciousness,
9-15, 21; emergence of, 234-40; Hegel
on, 83-85; of Hellenic civilization
generally, 20, 25-26, 67, 118;
Heraclitus on philosopher, 298;
historian compared with philosopher,
320-21; nature of, 239; Plato on
philosopher, 298-99; and polis, 94-95;
and "savage philosopher, " 246-47;
transition from myth to, 74, 234-40;
types of, 252. See also Philosophy of
history; specific philosophers
Philosophy of history: and authoritative
structure of history, 72-73; Jaspers
on, 88-89; mysteries and problems
in, 70-73; sources of difficulties in,
69-70; as Western symbolism, 89-90.
See also History
Phocis and Phocians, 134, 192, 193
Phoenicia and Phoenicians, 100, 104-6,
    113, 139, 409, 410
Phoenix, 155-56, 164, 210, 324
Phratria, 183-84
Phroneein, 304
Phronesis, 304
Phronimon (endowed with intelligence
    or wisdom), 305
Phrygians, 182
Phya, 383-84
Phylai (tribes), 182, 184
Phynai (to grow, to emerge), 251
Phynta (grown), 387
Physics (Aristotle), 204
Physiologists, 302
Physiologoi (natural philosophers), 251
Physis (nature, becoming): Antiphon
on, 387, 388, 390-92; Archelaus on,
394-95; Aristotle on, 400; Critias
on, 396; Democritus on, 374, 376;
Heraclitus on, 381; Logos versus, 356;
medical or physiological sense of,
398; metaphor of man as heavenly
growth, 278; Milesian speculation on,
25 1-52; and nomos, 47, 357, 379-88,
390-92, 394-95; Protagoras on, 383,
384; sophists on, 281, 379-88, 390-92,
394-95
Phyton ouranion (man as heavenly
    growth), 278
Pia interpretatio, 24
Pindar, 38, 43, 141, 142, 189, 210, 270,
    380, 382, 383-84, 408, 419
"Pioneers of morality, " 18-19
Piracy, 108, 122
Piraeus, 318, 404, 419, 422, 423
Pistis (faith), 290, 300
Planets, 220
Plasmata (fictions), 243, 250
Plataea, battle of, 192, 413
Plato: on Agathon, 256, 263, 267, 432;
anamnesis of, 40, 200; on andreia
(courage), 227; anthropology of, 177;
on blindness, 141; Cave Parable
of, 294n4; Christianity and Neo-
Platonism, 22-24; coinage of term
theology by, 197; compared with
Homer, 176-77; on constitutional
government, 403, 405; on courage,
41-42; critical opposition of, to
corruption of Athens, 3; on Demiurge,
289, 368; on doxa, 398; on eidos,
197n5; on eikos mythos, 288; ethics
of, 247, 376; as founder of political
science, 4; on God, 177, 178, 202, 243,
308, 365; and Greek federations, 193;
historical consciousness of, 109-11;
and Homer, 32, 107, 240, 243; on
Idea, 283, 429; "idealism" of, 233; on
immanentist perversion of search for
truth, 399; on Judgment of the Dead,
295n6; on justice, 208; on metaxy, 15;
on mixed form of government, 378;
and myth generally, 206, 288; myth
of alternative motions of universe,
178; myth of Athens and Atlantis,
407; myth of cosmos, 289; on Nous
and Nomos, 305; on order, 44, 94-95,
99, 109-10, 114-15, 128, 174, 308,
326-27, 403, 431-32; Parmenides'
influence on, 285, 288-89; on
philosopher, 298-99; philosopher-
king of, 42, 269, 312-13, 381, 398,
431; philosophy of generally, 25, 47,
76, 243, 252, 316, 432; on polis, 38,
98, 99, 113, 210, 239, 258, 262, 306;
and Prodicus, 345; on Prometheus,
394; and Protagoras, 346-50, 347n1;
and rabble, 185; relation between
Thucydides and, 432; religiousness of
late Plato, 253; Seventh Letter of, 25;
and Socrates, 237; on Sons of Zeus,
202, 208; on sophia, 255; and sophists,
343-44, 351-59, 377, 394, 429, 437;
on soul, 227, 227n49, 243, 277-79,
295n5; on submarine existence, 279;
on theology, 22, 22n61, 74, 243; on
time, 283; on true politeia, 378; on
truth, 199, 299; on tyranny, 415; on
Tyrtaean elegy, 263-64; virtues of,
158, 379; on volition, 247
—Works: Charmides, 352-53; Critias,
123, 124, 302; Gorgias, 3n7, 74,
227n49, 233, 273, 295n5, 362, 402,
431, 436; Hippias Major, 352; Hippias
Minor,
352, 353, 355, 358; Laws,
28, 29-30, 31, 110-11, 114, 263-64,
310n23, 346-47, 375, 403, 405;
Minos, 20; Parmenides, 24, 283;
Phaedo, 204n21, 295n5; Phaedrus,
202, 292n1, 295n5, 298; Philebus,
375; Protagoras, 346, 352, 355-57,
358-65, 383, 396; Republic, 31, 44,
240, 243, 250n14, 257, 263, 269, 285,
294n4, 345, 347, 350, 351, 353, 377,
403, 405; Statesman, 36, 178, 308n20,
338; Symposion, 206n24; Theatetus,
372; Timaeus, 200, 260, 288, 294, 302,
327, 368
"Platonic position, " 2-3, 9n26
Playing child symbols, 307-8
Pleasure, 375-77, 388
Plethos (multitude), 416
Poetics (Aristotle), 47, 320-21
Poetry: Aristotle on, 47, 320-21;
of Homeric epic, 311; Logos and
Hellenic prophetic poets, 142; Muses'
revelation to Hellenic poets, 140-42.
See also Elegy; specific poets
Pohlenz, Max, 75n1
Polemos (war), 156, 305, 380
Polis: of Aeschylus, 338; and citizenship,
37-38, 184, 189-90; decline of old
aristocratic order in, 186, 189;
Democritus on, 378; disappearance
of, 38; and failure of leagues of Greek
cities, 190-94; gentilitian structure
of, 182-85, !89; Hesiod on, 181;
Hippodamus of Miletus on, 405;
history of, 181-89; "parochialism"
of, 38; pathos of, 188-89, 260-62,
274, 317, 445-47; and philosophy,
94-95, 238-39; Platonic-Aristotelian
constructions of, 38, 98, 99, 113, 210,
239, 258, 262, 306; and savage valor
of Tyrtaeus, 41, 186, 258-64, 270,
274; and Solon's eunomia, 42, 186,
264-70, 317; and sympoliteia, 189-90;
synoecism of, 182-83, 189-91. See
also Athens
Political order. See Order
Political societies. See Societies
Politics: Greek contribution to, 98-99;
    sophists' art of, 345-47
Politics (Aristotle), 111, 342, 399-400,
    403
Politikon zoon, 258
Polus, 233
Polycrates, 30n77, 411, 412
Polyhistor, 298, 299
Polymathie (much learning, much-
    knowing), 242, 298, 304, 321, 332,
    334-35, 353, 355, 374
Polynoien (much-insight), 374
Polypeiria (experience), 281
Polyphemus, 167
Polypragmosyne, 377
Polys (much-knowing), 242
Polyxena, 339
Poneria (roguery), 420
Poneroi (lower classes), 419-20
Porteous, Norman W., 2n3
Poseidon, 43, 133, 167, 399
Poseidonius, 74-75, 76
Positivism, 257n1
Potnia, 133
Poverty, 386
Power as motif in Greek history, 112-14
Praeparatio evangelica, 81
Predestination, 78
Priam, 163-64
Priamus, 132
Price, Geoffrey L., 37n83
Prima philosophia, 197
Primus inter pares, 146, 147
Principes, 79, 80
Prodicus of Ceos, 342, 345, 399
Progress: civilizational progress, 361;
    Gnosis of, 72, 82; in history, 70-72
Progressivism, 257n1, 291
Prohairesis (concrete decisions), 247,
    321
Prolegomena (Wolf), 136-37
Proletarians, 420
Prometheia (reverence, care), 250, 364
Prometheus, 210, 211-12, 226, 327-38,
    328n6, 359-61, 364, 394, 396
Prometheus (Aeschylus), 47, 327-38,
    394
Property, 404, 405
Prophetes (interpreter or spokesman of
    the gods), 142
Prophets: of Hellenes, 142-43; of Israel,
    72, 74, 79, 88, 90, 113, 117, 118, 140,
    207, 225, 229-31
Prostas (leader), 417
Prostasia, 417
Prostate tou demou (head of the people),
    187-88
Protagoras: antilogical theory of, 350,
370-71, 379; ethics of, 379, 381; on
God, 348, 369; on homo-mensura
("Man-the-Measure"), 348, 349, 369,
371, 372; on Nomos, 381-82, 384; on
Physis, 383, 384; and Plato, 346-50,
347n; and Plato's Protagoras, 346,
352, 355-57, 358-65, 396; Prometheus
myth of, 394, 396; as skeptic, 382-83;
and Socrates, 355-56, 361-65; as
sophist, 285, 342, 343, 346-51, 347m,
355-56, 358-65, 369-72; on virtues,
47, 361, 363
—Works: Antilogies, 350, 370-71; On
    the Gods,
348, 369; On Truth, 369
Protagoras (Plato), 346, 352, 355-57,
    358-65, 383, 396
Proteus, King, 104
Prothymia (desire), 364
Protrepticus (admonitory speech), 201
Protrepticus (Iamblichus), 401
Proxenia, 322, 324
Pruemm, Karl, 124n5
Pseudes Logos (false tale), 395, 397
Pseudes mythos, 397
Pseudos, pseudea (falsehood, lie), 71,
    149, 199, 243
Psyche: in Aeschylus, 46, 338; cosmos
as, 306; Democritus on, 374-75;
emergence of, 239, 245; Heraclitus
on, 41, 44, 299, 310; in Homer's epics,
157, 171-72, 177, 293-94; Plato on,
299; of Solon, 42. See also Soul
Pylos, 130, 146, 147
Pyrrho, 382
Pythagoras and Pythagoreanism:
contemporaries of, 86, 87, 102;
description of Pythagoreanism,
234, 237; Heraclitus on, 242, 298,
304; and Hippodamus, 431; and
metempsychosis, 295, 295n6;
and homo-mensura ("Man is the
Measure"), 348, 349; and sophists,
343; on soul, 239, 293-96, 295n5; and
tetractys, 28, 126-27, 205; and truth,
276; Xenophanes on, 294
Pytho, 111

Quadrivium, 345

Races of men fable. See Ages of the
    World (races of men) fable
Radical Empiricism, 13, 15
Rainbow, 384, 385
Ramses III, 130, 133
Ramsey, William M., 121n2
Reason: and Faith, 290-91; Hegel on,
    84; Kantian reason, 15
Reformation, 382
Reinhardt, Karl, 297n9
Reitzenstein, R., 215, 215n34
Religions. See Buddha and Buddhism;
    Christianity; God; Hinduism; Islam;
Judaism; Theology
Renaissance humanists, 43
Republic (Plato), 31, 44, 240, 243,
    250n14, 257, 263, 269, 285, 294n4,
    345, 347, 350, 351, 353, 377, 403, 405
Republicanism, 44
Revelation: of Achilles' fate in Iliad,
152-55; Agamemnon's dream in Iliad,
148-49, 154-55; and Christianity, 21,
89, 312, 329; Doxa as, 290; and Israel,
20, 25, 27, 67, 69, 72, 89, 90, 118,
119, 325; of Muses to Hellenic poets,
140-42
Rhadamanthys (Critias), 396
Rhea, 124, 202
Rhetoric (Aristotle), 400
Rhodes, 129, 133
Robinson, C. A., 2n5
Rohde, Erwin, 246
Roman empire, 79-80, 81, 190, 219
Romans, Epistle to, 77, 175
Rosen, Stanley, 4n11
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, 18-19, 44
Rulers. See Government; Kings and
    princes
Russia, 81, 82

Sacred history, 21-22, 72, 81, 82, 83-89
Saints, 312
Salamis, battle of, 318, 408, 412, 433,
    434, 438
Samos, 411
Sandoz, Ellis, 5n15
Sappho, 33, 39-40, 102, 142, 186, 271,
    272, 281, 312
Sassanian empire, 81
Satire, 393-94
Savage valor, Tyrtaeus on, 41, 258-64,
    270, 274
Scaevola, 79
Schachermeyr, Fritz, 121n2, 181n1
Schadewaldt, Wolfgang, 139n2
Schaeder, H. H., 215n34
Scheler, Max, 15n47
Scheliha, Renata von, 139n2
Schelling, Friedrich, 47, 47n88, 205n22
Schoeps, Hans Joachim, 79n3
Schull, Charles W., 2n2
Science and scientific inquiries, 244,
    263, 280, 298, 332, 347, 430-31
Scott, John A., 138n2
Scullard, H. H., 2n5
Scythians, 411-12, 414, 418
Sebba, Gregor, 6n17
Second Spartan Hegemony, 193
Seeing. See Blindness and seeing
Sefiroth, 205
Seisachtheia, 186
Selbstbesinnung, 15n47
Sema (prison or tomb), 295n5
Semata (signs), 283
Sense perception theory, 371-72
Serenity of soul, 375-77, 379
Shaftesbury, Earl of, 328
Shelley, Percy Bysshe, 328
Sheppard, J. T., 138n2
Shih Chi (Ssu-ma Ch'ien), 222
Sholem, Gershom, 205n22
Sibyl, 301
Sicily 101, 122, 185, 188, 234, 340, 424,
    425
Silloi (short satirical poems), 241
Silver Age/race, 214-23, 221n42
Simonides of Ceos, 270, 270n6, 361, 362
Sin, 77, 78
Sinclair, Thomas A., 228n50
Sisyphus (Critias), 394-97, 398
Slavery, 132, 186, 264, 305, 380, 386,
    400, 404
"Sleepwalkers, " 7n21, 303-4, 312, 315,
    415
Smith, Kirby F., 219n40
Snell, Bruno, 41n84, 172n9, 240n3,
    271n8, 296n7, 322n4
Social classes, 419-23. See also
    Aristocracy
Social contract theory, 392, 397
Societies: Bergson's open versus closed
societies, 19; creation of order by,
39, 67-68; decline of, 178; as "forms
of mind, " 15-17; and generic-unique
nature of man, 68-69; Toynbee on, 26
Socrates: and Alcibiades, 44;

contemporaries of, 402; criticisms
of Athens by, 42; death of, 48, 358;
disappearance of, behind literary
types of, 442; and eironeia (irony),
208; and Greek federations, 193; on
happiness, 272; on Heraclitus, 323n5;
and Hippias, 352-55; on law, 354-55,
354n9; on order, 174; and Plato, 237;
in Plato's Gorgias, 3n7, 233; in Plato's
Minos, 2O; in Plato's Republic, 44;
and Protagoras, 355-56, 361-65; as
pupil of Prodicus, 345; on sophists,
343-44, 361-65; on virtues, 363-65
Soederblom, Nathan, 221n42
Soldiers. See Armed defenders of polis;
    Citizen-soldiers
Solmsen, Fredrich, 198n6
Solon: and aretai, 239; Aristotle on,
187-88, 188n4; compared with
Homer, 265; on Doxa, 266, 267, 272,
274; elegy of, 264-71; eunomia of, 42,
186, 264-70, 274, 317; as lawgiver,
268-70; overview on, 42; reforms of,
42, 43, 186-88, 264, 317, 344; and
unseen measure, 329
Soma (body), 171, 293-94, 295n5
Sons of Zeus, 202, 208
Sophia (wisdom), 141, 158, 254-58, 270,
    272, 274, 332, 360-61, 364
Sophisma (plan, device, trick), 332
Sophists: achievements of, 344-47;
Alcidamas as, 400; Anaxagoras as,
102, 235, 251, 342-43, 367-68, 371-
72; Antiphon the Sophist, 386-94,
397-402; and art of politics, 345-47,
359; compared with Socrates, 208;
Critias as, 394-97; definition and
terminology of, 342-43; Democritus
as, 235, 343, 372-75, 376, 378-79;
and education of Athens, 341-51;
on equality and inequality, 397-400;
extant primary sources on, 346, 351-
52, 365-66; and Greek federations,
193; on harmony, 401-5; Hippias
as, 47, 342, 352-58, 354n9, 377;
Hippodamus as, 403-5; late-sophistic
fragments, 386-405, 437; list of,
342; on Logos, 285; Lycophron as,
399-400; on Nomos and Physis,
281, 379-86; overview on, 47; and
Parmenides, 366-67; Phaleas as,
403-4; Plato on, 343-44, 351-59, 377,
394, 437, 442; and Plato's Protagoras,
359-65; Prodicus of Creos as, 399;
Prometheus as, 332; and Prometheus
Myth, 359-61; Protagoras as, 47, 285,
342, 343, 346-51, 347m, 355-56,
358-65, 369, 370-71; Socrates'
opposition to, 343-44
Sophocles, 47, 185
Sophon (wisdom), 83, 297-99, 308, 311,
    315, 329, 339
Sophos, 298, 332
Sophrosyne (temperance), 361
Soul: Aeschylus on, 329-30; and
Aretai, 263; Augustine on, 246;
charismatic, 312; common Logos
in every soul, 311; as daimon, 277,
278, 294-96; differentiation of, 272;
and disintegration of myth, 315;
"dry soul," 310, 312; Empedocles
on, 294-95; Eunomia of, 269; and
happiness, 374-75; Heraclitus on,
235, 236, 239, 242, 277, 293, 295-301,
310, 310n23, 311, 323, 323n5, 356;
in Hesiod, 227; in Homeric period,
171-72, 247, 293-94; immortality
of, 276-78, 296; logos of, 299-300;
and mystery religions, 276; and
order, 227; Orphic knowledge of,
234-35; Parmenides on, 239, 277-80,
293, 311; personal order of, 238-39;
Plato on, 227, 227n49, 243, 277-79,
295n5; Pythagorean concept of, 239,
293-96; serenity of, 375-77, 379; and
sophists, 355; tragedy as study of,
321, 325-26; and truth, 243, 299-300,
311, 329; vertical direction of, toward
"All-Wise," 307, 308; Xenophanes on,
235, 239, 277, 293, 311, 356. See also
Psyche
Sparta: compared with Athens, 44, 110,
186; constitutional order of, 188,
264, 404; democratization of, 264;
Messenian revolt in, 41, 186, 187,
260; and Peloponnesian War, 193;
phylai (tribes) of, 182; polis in, 186;
rivalry with Athens, 318, 341, 435;
and savage valor of Tyrtaeus, 41,
43, 186, 258-64, 274; Thirty Years'
Peace between Athens and, 193;
war between Persia and, 193; Zeus's
attacks on, 166
Spartan League, 192, 193
Speeches: in Herodotus' Histories,
413-18; sophistic method of teaching
through, 361-62; in Thucydides'
Syngraphe, 431, 440-48
Spengler, Oswald, 21, 83, 87
Spiritual process, stages of, 77-78
Spoudaios (mature man), 398
Ssu-ma Ch'ien, 222-23
Stasis (strife), 378, 417
Statesman (Plato), 36, 178, 308n20, 338
Steel Age, 221n42
Stoics, 309, 398
Study of History (Toynbee), 18, 87, 115
Subjectivity, 271-72
Suffering Servant, 74, 274
Sumeria, 125
Suppliants (Aeschylus), 46, 47, 173,
    321-27, 322n4
Symbols: of Aion, 307-8, 308n20;
of apocalypse, 231; of Being as
well-rounded sphere, 284, 285, 366;
of bow, 309; of Chosen People of
Israel, 80; Christian symbols, 23,
116; of circle, 307; deficiency of, 24;
of fleur-de-lis, 125-26, 205; gnostic
symbolism, 83-84; of Greek order,
94-95; of historical course, 116-19;
of Homer, 32-33; and immanence,
430; of Israelites, 74, 115-16; Minoan
symbols of order, 123-27; of myth
of cosmic cycles, 76; of nomadic
empires, 120n1; Parmenides and
The Way, 40-41; philosophy of
history as Western symbolism, 89-90;
Promethean symbols, 328; seemliness
of, 240-43, 245; and transcendence,
430; of trinity, 125-27, 205, 220; Tylor
on, 246; Voegelin's lack of interest
in ritual expressions of Greek unity,
38-39
Syme, 146
Symmachy, 193
Symmetrie (balance), 377
Sympheron, sympheronta (advanta-
    geous), 375, 379, 387-92, 423, 437,
    444-45
Sympoliteia, 189-90
Symposion (Plato), 206n24
Syngraphe (Thucydides), 424-25,
    431-448
Synodoi (conventicles), 264
Synoecism, 182-83, 189-91
Syntheke (covenant), 400
Syntrophos (inborn), 386
Syria, 112, 122, 128, 129, 135

Ta deonta (suitable), 441
Ta genomena (recollections or
    traditions), 103
Tammuz, 125
Ta nomima, 387
Ta onta, 279, 370
Tao, 89
Taxis (decree), 306
Technai (arts), 347
Techne metretike (art of measurement),
    363-65
Techne politike (art of warfare), 345-46,
    359, 360
Teggart, Frederick J., 198n6
Teiresias, 142
Telemachus, 34, 146-47, 167-69
Telestai, 132
Temene (preserves), 131
Te-re-ta (fief holders), 132
Terma (end), 266
Terminus ad quem, 315, 366
Terminus a quo, 315, 366
Terpsis (pleasure), 375, 377
Tetractys, 28, 126-27, 205
Teutamas, 311
Thalassocracy, 108-9, 122
Thales, 102, 186, 236, 249, 251, 408
Thambos (astonishment), 235
Thanatos, 278-79
Thaumazein, 235
Theatetus (Plato), 372
Theban hegemony, 193
Thebes and Thebans, 189, 193, 339, 448
Theion (divine), 277, 296-97
Theios nomos (divine law), 380, 382
Themis (goddess), 106, 276, 278, 324
Themis (right order, custom), 158, 175,
    176, 323-24, 385
Themistocles, 318, 344, 408, 412, 434
Theodicy, 265, 329
Theognis, 43, 189, 270
Theogony (Hesiod), 141-42, 195, 196-
    97, 199, 200-206, 216-17, 223, 243,
    245, 251
Theologia civilis, 242-43
Theologia naturalis, 242-43
Theologia supranaturalis, 243
Theologia tripertita, 74, 75, 79
Theology: of Aristotle, 197, 253n18;
Augustine's classification of, 242-43;
of Egypt, 100, 101, 195-96, 202, 219;
in Homer's epics, 169-70, 175-76;
Memphite Theology, 196, 202; of
Panaetius, 74, 79; Plato on, 22,
22n61, 74, 243; of Poseidonius, 74-75;
Roman, 79-80; term coined by Plato,
197; and truth, 290; types of, 243,
253n18, 350; Varronic classification
of, 242; of Xenophanes, 241, 243-53.
See also God
Theomorphic, 296, 296n8
Theophrastus, 236
Therapon (companion, attendant), 142
Thersites, 150-51
Theseus, 339-40
Thesis and antithesis, 351
Thesmoi, 381
Thespis, 317-18
Thetis, 152-53
Thomas, Saint, 246, 253n18, 282
Thrace and Thracians, 130, 424
Thucydides: compared with Herodotus,
413, 414, 426, 429; compared with
Hesiod, 231-33; compared with
Machiavelli, 439; on Crete, 30, 31,
111, 122; on disorder, 185, 326,
428-32; on dynamics of power, 48;
and erosion of language, 38; and
Greek federations, 193; on Greek
order, 94; Herodotus' influence
on, 414; and Hippocratic method,
427-29; historical consciousness of,
107-10, 113-14, 115, 118; "historical
reliability" of, 440-41; on kinesis,
425-40, 442, 443; life of, 423-24;
literary form of Syngraphe, 439-43;
Melian Dialogue of, 231-33; method
of, 425-32; on Minos, 30, 30n77;
Pericles' Funeral Oration in, 436,
445-46; relation between Plato and,
432; as sophist, 343; speeches in
Syngraphe of, 431, 440-48; theory of,
432-41, 443
—Works: History of the Peloponnesian
War, 48, 115, 266, 343, 424-48;
Syngraphe, 424-25, 431-448
Thutmosis the Great, 122
Thyestes, 149
Thymos (heart, spirit,"
    person" of man),
    155, 171, 264-65, 278, 293, 310
Thyrene, battle of, 192
Tigris river valley, 120
Timaeus (Plato), 200, 260, 288, 294, 302,
    327, 368
Timai (honors), 335
Time: Anaximander on, 306; Augustine
    on, 252, 283; "axis-time" of world
    history, 86-87, 90; and Parmenides'
    "Is"/"Is not" exclamatory, 283; Plato
    on, 283
Tiryns, 135, 146
Tisis (reparation), 411
Tithonus, 258
To Himself (Marcus Aurelius), 303n14
To kalon (morally beautiful), 375
To koinon (the common), 324
Tolerance, 79-80, 88-90
To On (Being), 370
Topica (Aristotle), 210
Topoi, 210
To sophon mounon (the alone wise), 297
To theion (The Divine), 277, 411
Toynbee, Arnold, 18, 21, 26, 83, 87-88,
    115, 176, 181n1
Tragedy: by Aeschylus, 46-47, 118,
141, 317, 318-19, 321, 321-38, 356;
Aristophanes on, 318-19; Aristotle
on, 320-21; beginning of, 317-18;
birth of history from, 337-38; end
of, 338-40; by Euripides, 47, 339-40;
function of, 325-26; meaning of
action in, 321-27, 341, 401, 435;
opposition of true and false reality
in, 141; by Sophocles, 47; Thucydides
and end of, 439; truth of, 317-21;
Voegelin on, 47
Tragodoi (goat-singers), 317-18
Transcendence: Anaximander on,
252-53, 306; cautions about, 329;
and Christianity, 301; and dabar,
118; and Gnosis, 83-84; and Logos,
369; and Memphite Theology, 196;
Milesian speculation on, 251-52, 307;
and mystic-philosophers, 311-12; and
Nomos, 380; and Parmenides, 279,
290, 292-93, 372; and Plato, 206;
and polymathie, 355; and Protagoras,
383; and social order, 312; and soul,
238, 246, 256, 292, 329; symbols
for explicating experiences of, 430;
and Thomistic analogia entis, 282;
two experiences of, 251-53, 306-7;
Xenophanes on, 247-50, 279, 290, 306
Tremendum (dread God), 235
Trinity: of Hesiod, 203, 251; symbols of,
    125-27, 205, 220
Trivium, 345
Troiades (Euripides), 142, 340, 407
Trojan War, 34-37, 101, 103, 108, 109,
    113, 130, 144-67, 407, 410, 426. See
    also Iliad (Homer)
Truth: and admonition, 209-10; of
being, 279-85; catharsis through,
200; Christ as Way of, 275, 289;
coexistence of truth and untruth,
78-80; Hegel on, 83-84; Heraclitus
on, 299; Hesiod on, 199-200, 209-10;
Light of, 279, 282, 285; mankind's
search for, 88, 89-90; Parmenides on,
40-41, 279-91, 392; Paul on, 76-78;
Plato on, 74, 199, 243, 299; of present
and untruth of past, 74-75; rivalry
between Ways of, 289-91; search for,
399; and soul, 243, 299-300, 311, 329;
of tragedy, 317-21; transcendental
truth, 272; veiled, 397. See also Doxa,
doxai (illusion, delusions)
Tsou Yen school, 221-23
Turning wheel, 411-13, 418
Tylor, Edward B., 246-47, 247n13
Types: ideal types, 15; of order, 20; of
philosophy, 252; relationship between
reality and, 442; of theology, 243,
253n18, 350; Way of Truth as, 274-79,
289-91; of wisdom, 296-98
Typoi peri theologias (types of theology),
    243
Tyranny: in Aeschylus, 330; in Athens,
186-88, 264; as cure for oligarchy,
417; in Homer's Odyssey, 167-69;
Plato on, 415; and soul, 239; strong
man's establishment of, 402-3
Tyrtaeus, 41, 43, 186, 239, 258-64, 270,
    274

Ugaritic dynasty, 97n2
Ulysses (Joyce), 319
Ungrund, 205n22
Universality of divine, 247-50, 279
Upanishads, 84-85
Ur-Ilias, 131

Valor, Tyrtaeus on, 41, 258-64, 270, 274
Varro, 22n61, 242
Ventris, Michael G. F., 97n1, 121n3,
    130,
Venus, 220
Virtues: of Aristotle, 379; of
Christianity, 300-301; Plato on,
158, 378; Protagoras on, 47, 361, 363;
Socrates on, 363-65; sophists on,
359-61, 363-64. See also Arete, aretai
(excellence, virtue)
Voegelin, Eric: classroom lectures of,
7, 7n20; education of, 10; European
travels of, 11; Hebrew studies by,
10n29; impact of America on, 10-15;
and philosophy of consciousness,
9-15; Rockefeller fellowship for,
10; scholarship of, 7-8; style of,
as militant author, 1-9; at Vienna
Volkshochschule, 8n24. See also
titles of specific works
Volition, 247
Voltaire, 21, 82

Waal, Elizabeth, 37n83
Wace, A. J. B., 121nn2-3
Wade-Gerry, Henry T., 139n2
Walker, E. M., 181n1
Wanax (lord or master), 131
War: art of warfare ( polemike ), 360;
Heraclitus on, 305, 309, 310, 380,
411; Herodotus on, 409-16, 427;
Thucydides on, 424-27, 432-39;
Tyrtaeus on "savage valor,"
41, 258-
64, 270, 274. See also Peloponnesian
War; Persian Wars; Trojan War
"Way of Truth,"
    40-41, 274-79, 289-91
Ways of inquiry, 280-82
Webb, Eugene, 13n41
Weber, Alfred, 322n4
Weber, Max, 8n25, 13, 13n40, 181n1
Well, Raymond, 5n14
Wellhausen school, 137
Werner, Joachim, 120n1
Wheel of human affairs, 411-13, 418
Wilamowitz-Moellendorf, Ulrich von,
    138n2, 181n1, 198n6
Wirkliches Wissen (Gnosis), 83
Wisdom: beginning of, 401; Heraclitus
on, 296-98, 310, 384; human versus
divine, 296-98; as sophia, 141, 158,
254-58, 270, 272, 274; and sufferings,
411
Wolf, Erik, 322n4
Wolf, Friedrich August, 136-37
Woolley, Leonard, 128n10
Work and Pandora Fable, 211-12
Works and Days (Hesiod), 44, 198, 199.
    201, 206-33, 259
World of the Polis (Voegelin): Analytical
Table of Contents for, 55-65;
Introduction to, on Mankind and
History, 15-25, 67-90; origins of, as
"History of Ideas,"
4; preface to, 53;
reviews of, 5; writing style of, 4-9
Wrath: of Achilles, 35, 148, 151-61,
    164, 165, 173-74; of Aphrodite, 165;
    of Hera, 166

Xanthippus, 318
Xenophanes: on anthropomorphic
representations of gods, 40, 240, 241,
243-47; attack on myth by, 42, 236,
240-53; compared with Heraclitus,
303; compared with Tyrtaeus, 259,
261; and divinity of the One, 250-53;
elegy of, 254-55, 258, 259, 270, 272;
emigration of, to Italy, 234; on God,
241. 243-53, 357, 399; Heraclitus on,
242. 304; importance of generally, 39,
102; on Nous, 304; on Pythagoras,
294; on rainbow, 384; on seemliness
of symbols, 240-43; self-conscious
resistance of, 226-27, 273; sophia
of, 254-58, 270, 272, 274; on soul,
235, 239, 277, 293, 311, 356; and
universality of the divine, 247-50,
279, 306
Xenophon, 354, 354-55n9, 358, 448
Xerxes, 386, 408, 409, 413-15, 417, 427,
    434
Xyne (in common), 324
Xyn nooi (speaking with mind), 304,
    380
Xynon (common), 248, 249, 304-5, 307,
    324, 380, 411, 415
Xynon esthlon (common good), 259

Zeller, Eduard, 240n3, 297n9, 373n14
Zen mysticism, 301n11, 3l0n24
Zeno of Elea, 235, 342, 351, 370, 373
Zeus: in Aeschylus, 173, 202, 322-38;
and Aion, 308; and Apollo, 31-32n80;
and ate, 173; cave of Zeus in Plato's
Laws, 29-30, 110-111; and Dike,
173, 208-9, 211, 213, 225, 227, 245,
265-66, 324, 330, 439; evolution of,
as ethical personality, 201-3, 207-8;
in Hesiod's Theogony, 141, 201-3;
in Hesiod's Works and Days, 207-9,
211-14, 217, 224-28, 230; Homeric
participation in order of, 106, 178; in
Homer's Iliad, 37, 142, 144, 148, 149,
155-56, 159, 166, 174; in Homer's
Odyssey, 167, 169, 176, 177, 202;
in Minoan Linear B tablets, 133;
in Minoan myths, 124; Muses as
daughters of, 200; and Olympian
games, 43; in Pindar, 142; Pindar on,
380; in Plato's Protagoras, 360, 361;
and Prometheus, 211-12, 396; Sons of
Zeus, 202, 208; Tyrtaeus on, 260n4
Zodaic, 219-20
Zosimos, 328n6
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