INDEX

VOL 15— THE WORLD OF THE POLIS
ORDER AND HISTORY  VOLUME II
A to L



Abel-Remusat, J.-P., 86n9
Aborigines, 247n13
Abraham, 95, 100
Academy, 185, 237, 345
Achaeans: attacks against and rule
over Crete by, 122-23, 128, 129-30; constitutional order of kingdoms of, 145-51; decline and fall of Achaean society, 133-34, 144; gods of, 132-33; history of, 122-23, 128, 129-30, 133- 35; Homer and Achaean society, 32, 97; migrations of, 100, 121, 135, 143; and Minoan Linear B script, 130-33; sea power of, 122, 129; society of, 129-34; transition from Achaean to Hellenic society, 133-34; and Trojan War, 34-37, 113, 130, 144-67, 407. See also Mycenaean civilization
Achilles, 35, 37n83, 132, 148, 151-61,
    164, 165, 166, 171, 173-74, 210, 235,
    324, 370, 442
Achilles and Tortoise paradox, 370
Achreios (worthless), 209
Acosmism, 85, 85n8
Action in tragedy, 321-27, 341, 401, 435
Adcock, F. E., 181n1
Adeimantus, 44
Adikein (to commit injustice), 422
Adikia (injustice), 306, 375, 411
Adrastus, 258
Aegina, 318
Aegisthus, 167
Aegospotami, battle of, 448
Aegyptus, 322
Aei (ever), 305
Aeizoon (ever-living), 305
Aeschylus: on blindness, 141; in Frogs of
Aristophanes, 318-19; and Herodotus,
408; Homer preceding, 32, 106-7; meaning of action in tragedies of, 321-27, 401; tragedies by, 46-47, 118, 141, 317, 318-19, 321, 321-38, 356
—Works: Oresteia, 47, 202, 326-27,
    330-31; Persae, 46; Persians, 406-
    7; Prometheus, 47, 327-38, 394;
    Suppliants, 46, 47, 173, 321-27,
322n4
Aetiology: of disorder in Homer's epics,
    169-78; terminology of, 176
Aetolia, 134
Agamemnon, 131, 144, 146-52, 154-55,
    159-61, 167, 174-75
Agathon, 25, 256, 263, 267, 432
Ages of the World (races of men) fable,
    206-7, 210, 213-23
Agnostics, 312
Agore (popular assembly), 146
Aias, 132
Aidos (reverence), 227, 346, 360
Ainos (animal fable), 210
Aion, 307-8, 308n20
Airs, Waters, Places, 385, 386
Aischron (ignoble/unjust), 394
Aitioi (responsible for, cause), 176, 203,
    409, 434
Akhenaton, 196
Akhijava, 97n1
Akoe (tradition), 108
Akribeia (exactness), 440
Alazoneia (overbearing pride), 208
Alcaeus, 102
Alcibiades, 44, 208
Alcidamas, 400
Alcinous, 142
Alcman, 102
Alcmeon of Croton, 377-78
Aletheia (truth), 71, 199, 255, 275, 276,
    280, 286, 365, 387, 388, 392, 397, 399.
    See also Truth
Alethes pseudos (true lie), 243
Alexander the Great, 38, 129, 219, 269,
    398, 442
Alexandros (Euripides), 340
Algynonta (pain), 388
Alienation, 21
Alke (valor), 326
Alien, Thomas W., 138n2
Alphabet, 100, 114
Amarna age, 128
Amasis, king of Egypt, 411
Amathia (ignorance), 376
Amechania (confusion), 323
Ammerman, Robert, 2n3
Amon Hymns, 196
Amphictyonic leagues, 191-92
Analogia entis (analogy of being), 246,
    282
Analytica Posteriora (Aristotle), 90
Anamnesis (evocative recollection), 40,
    200
Anamnesis (Voegelin), 7n19, 7n21,
    10n29
Anankaia (necessary), 387, 390
Ananke (Necessity), 284, 286, 294, 327,
    338
Anatolia, 100, 101, 112, 134, 182, 185,
    188, 234
Anaxagoras, 102, 235, 251, 342-43,
    367-68, 371-72, 430
Anax andron (lord/master), 131
Anaximander, 40, 102, 186, 236, 251-53,
    305-7, 410-11, 428
Anaximenes, 40, 102, 186, 236
Anchisteia, 183
Ancient Medicine, 391, 427-28
Andreia (courage, manliness), 158, 227,
    270, 361
Angelology, 226
Anger. See Wrath
Anima animi, 246
Anima naturaliter Christiana, 301
Animism, 247, 247n13
Anomia (lawlessness), 395, 402-3
Anonymus Iamblichi, 401, 402
Antenor, 162, 164
Anthropeioi nomoi (human laws), 380
Anthropoi poneroi (proletarians), 420
Anthropology: in Hesiod's Ages of the
    World (races of men) fable, 213-23; in
    Homer's epics, 33, 170-74; of Plato,
    177. See also Human nature
Anthropomorphism, 40, 240, 241,
    243-47, 296n8, 329, 380
Antigone (Sophocles), 47
Antilogies, 350, 370-71, 394
Antilogies (Protagoras), 350, 370-71
Antiphon the Sophist, 386-94, 397-402
Antisthenes, 282
Antithetical method, 389-90
Aoidos (singer), 140
Apeiron (Boundless), 40, 251, 252, 305-6
Aphrodite, 33, 165, 166, 206, 212
Aphyktos (ineluctably), 264
Apistie (lack of faith), 300
Apocalypse in Hesiod's Works and
    Days,
223-33
Apollo, 31, 31-32n80, 43, 111, 133, 148,
    330-31, 362
Arabic Islamic civilization, 81
Arab world, 82
Archaeology, (Thucydides) 426
Archai (original being), 373
Archaic Greek thinkers, overview on,
    37-44
Arche (empire), 444-45
Arche (generative principle), 41, 203,
    204, 251, 252, 279, 306, 428
Arche kai peras (beginning and end),
    307
Archelaus, 394-95, 435-36
Archidamian War, 424, 425
Archilochus, 39, 186, 271-72
Archon (executive), 183
Ares, 133, 214
Arete, aretai (excellence, virtue), 209,
    239, 255, 258-64, 267, 270-71, 276,
    347, 376, 386
Argive League, 192
Argolis, 122, 129, 133, 146
Argos, 146, 147, 152, 166, 322, 409
    450
Ariadne, 124
Aristeia (ballad or story of heroic
    adventure), 35, 201, 346
Aristides, 318
Aristippus, 283
Aristocracy, 183-86, 189, 266, 270, 344,
    384
Aristoi (nobles), 146
Aristophanes, 318-19, 393
Aristotle: on Apeiron, 251; on bios
theoretikos, 253, 256, 258; on causa efficiens, 204; on causa materialis, 204; on constitutional government, 403, 405; on cosmos as origin of philosophical inquiry, 235; on Crete, 30, 31, 111; and Greek federations, 193; on Hesiod, 197, 204; on Hippodamus, 431; on Lacedaemonian constitution, 110; on law, 400; on Lycophron, 399-400; on man as politikon zoon, 258; on Milesians, 236; on Nous, 280; on order, 94-95, 99, 196, 308; on origin, 204; philosophy of generally, 252, 316; on Phronesis, 304; on Platonic conception of ideas, 283; on polis, 98, 99, 113, 239, 262; prima philosophia of, 197; on prime mover, 250; and problem of order, 44; on Pythagorean tetractys, 126; and rabble, 185; on ruler's authority, 150; on slavery, 400; on Solon, 187-88, 188n4; on spoudaios (mature man), 398; theology of, 197, 253n18; on tragedy, 320-21; on tyrants, 187-88; virtues of, 379; on Xenophanes, 250
—Works: Analytica Posteriora, 90;
Metaphysics, 197nn2-4, 204, 206n24, 250; Nicomachean Ethics, 209-10, 227; Physics, 204; Poetics, 47, 320-21; Politics, 111, 342, 399-400, 403; Rhetoric, 400; Topica, 210
Aristoxenus, 350, 351
Armed defenders of polis, 405
Arrow paradox, 370
Artabanus, 414-15
Artemis, 124, 133
Artemisia, 408
Artisans, 404, 405
Asia: Europeans compared with
    Asiatics, 385-86; Herodotus on
    Europe opposing, 34, 409-10. See also
    Near East; specific countries
Asia Minor, 121, 122, 193
Askesis (training), 310n24, 376, 383
Assyria and Assyrians, 93, 133
Asty (town), 146
Asynetoi (fools), 300
Ate (guilt), 155-58, 173, 174
Ateleston (without end), 283
Ateleuteton (unbounded), 284
Aterpie (displeasure), 375
Athanatos (immortal), 262
Athena, 33, 133, 150, 166-69, 172, 235,
    331, 340, 360
Athens: citizenship in, 184; Cleisthenes
as leader of, 184, 188, 318, 344, 381; compared with Sparta, 44, 186; constitutional history of, 186-88, 264, 318, 344, 403, 418-23; cultural achievements of generally, 44-46, 102, 110, 186, 315-17, 341; democracy in generally, 318, 344, 420-23, 434, 447; disintegration of, 45, 110, 115, 338-40, 393, 398-99, 436-48; education of, 341-51; Great Awakening of, 315-17; and Hellenic Confederacy, 192-93; and Knossos, 123; lower classes of, 419-20; as maritime power, 421-22, 433-34; overview on, 44-48; Periclean imperial policy for, 418, 419, 422-23, 431, 437; Pericles' praise of, 317, 341, 436, 445-46; plottings of period of The Four Hundred, 319; rivalry with Sparta, 318, 341, 435; Solon's reforms in, 42, 43, 186-87, 264, 317, 344; synoecism of polis in, 183-84, 189-90; Themistocles as leader of, 318, 344; Thirty Years' Peace between Sparta and, 193; Thucydides on rise and fall of, 432-48; trade by, 128, 421-22; tyranny of Peisistratus in, 186-88, 264, 317-18. See also Aristotle; Herodotus; Peloponnesian War; Persian Wars; Plato; Polis; Socrates; Sophists; Thucydides; Tragedy
Atlantic Charter, 213
Atlantis, 124, 407
Atman, 84
Atomos (indivisible), 284
Atoms, 285, 373-74, 430
Atossa, 412
Atremes , 285
Atreus, 149
Attacks (Zeno), 370
Attica, 189, 422, 423, 434, 437
Augustine, Saint: on history, 21-24,
25, 72, 79-82, 80-82, 86, 87; Jaeger on, 22n61; on soul, 246; on theologia naturalis and theologia civilis, 242-43; on time and creation, 252, 283
—Works: Civitas Dei, 79, 80; De Vera
    Religione, 52
    Australia, 247n13
Authadia, 332-35
Authority: of Agamemnon in Homer's
Iliad, 149-50; of Christ, 273; of Hesiod, 40, 255, 261; history's authoritative structure, 72-73; of prophets, 72; ranking of authorities, 72-73; transcendence as source of, 256-57; of Xenophanes, 255, 261
Auto (same), 280
Autobiographical Reflections
    (Voegelin), 5, 5n16, 8n24, 9, 9n27,
    10n29, 12n34, 15n49
Auto eph heautou (thing in itself), 428
Autonomoi (independent men), 386
"Axis-time" of world history, 86-87, 90

Babylon, 93, 121, 128, 133, 144, 207,
    214, 219, 220
Babylonia, 408
Bacon, Francis, on idols, 1n1
Balearic islands, 122
Barbarians, 393
Barker, Ernest, 356n10
Barry, Thomas, 6n18
Basileie (kingdom), 307
Basileis (ruling clique), 132, 198
Basileus (king, feudal lord), 132, 146
Bassett, Samuel Eliot, 139n2
Bathys (deep-knowing), 242
Bauer, Bruno, 85
Bayle, Pierre, 383
Becoming, 141, 283, 286. See also Being
Being: analogy of being, 246; Anaxagoras
on, 371-72; continuum of, 283-84; correlation of Nous-logos and, 366- 69; Democritus on, 372-73; Gorgias on, 348-49; and Non-Being, 369-70 373; and Notbeing, 280-84, 287, 292, 370; as One, 351; Parmenides on, 41, 44, 279-93, 329, 348, 349, 366-74; partnership of being, 14, 25; and philosopher's logos, 84; and Pythagorean tetractys, 127; tension between Becoming and, 141; truth of, 279-85; as well-rounded sphere, 284, 285, 366; Zeno on, 351, 370. See also Leap in being
Bergson, Henri, 14-15, 16n50, 18, 19,
    41, 315n1
Bia, 328, 330
Bia (violence), 208
Bias, 311
Bible. See New Testament; Old
    Testament
Bion (livelihood), 211
Biós (bow), 309
Bíos (life), 309, 378
Bios theoretikos, 253, 256, 258
Blindness and seeing, 140-41, 174-75
Bodde, Derk, 222n444
Bodin, Jean, 21
Body in Homer's epics, 171, 293-94
Boehme, Jacob, 205n22
Boeotia, 197-98
Boeotian League, 192, 193
Boman, Thorleif, 142n6
Bossuet, Jacques-Bénigne, 21, 81, 82
Boule (council), 146
Bow as symbol, 309
Bowra, C. Maurice, 138-39n2
Brahma, 84
Briseis, 148, 151, 152
Britomartis, 124
Bronze Age/race, 214-23
Brooks, Cleanth, 2
Buddha and Buddhism, 16, 67, 85, 86,
    87
Bull-god, 123-25, 219
Bullfights, 123
Bultmann, Rudolf, 77n2
Bureaucracies, 235
Burnet, John, 240n3, 307
Busolt, Georg, 181n1
Bythos (depth), 373, 374
Bywater, 307
Byzantine-Orthodox civilization, 81

Cabbalism, 205, 205n22
Caesar, 269
Callicles, 3n7, 384, 402
Callinus, 102
Calliope, 200
Calypso, 167
Cambyses, 382, 408, 416
Campbell, John Angus, 2n5, 8
Carians, 108
Carthaginians, 101, 188
Cassirer, Ernst, 247n13
Catharsis, 200, 325
Causa efficiens, 204
Causa materialis, 204
Cavaignac, Eugene, 121n2
Cave of Zeus, 29-30, 110-111
Cave Parable, 294n4
Cephallenian region, 146, 168
Chadwick, John, 97n1, 121n3, 130,
    130n13
Chalcidian communities, 190
    Chalcidice, 129
Chaldaeans, 100
Chaos, 203, 205, 251
Charis (divine grace), 78
Charismatic souls, 312
Charmides (Plato), 352-53
Chilo, 362
Ch'in Shih Huang Ti, 221, 222
China, 16, 67, 70, 72, 73, 81-83, 86, 89,
    120, 207, 337-38
Cholos (wrath), 156-61, 165, 166, 167,
    176
Chosen People of Israel. See Israel
Chreon (debt of necessity), 411
Christ, 22, 76-77, 81, 86, 88-89, 273,
    274-75, 289, 338
Christianity: coexistence with other
major religions, 87; expansion of, 76; and Hellenism, 225, 291; and history, 21-22, 72, 80-82, 86; Jaspers on, 88-89; and Judaism, 77-79; and Neo-Platonism, 22-24; and philosophy, 21; and Revelation, 21, 89, 312, 329; symbols of, 23, 116; toleration toward, 79-80; and truth, 290-91; virtues of, 300-301. See also Augustine, Saint; Paul, Saint
Chros (skin), 171
Cicero, 242
Cimmerians, 418
Cimon, 423, 431
Cinyras, 258
Circle as symbol, 307
Citizen-soldiers, valor of, 41, 186,
    258-64
Citizenship, 37-38, 184, 189-90, 404-5.
    See also Polis
Civilization: definition of, 96; evolution
    of, 394-97; and progress, 361; Toynbee
    on suicide of, 176
Civitas Dei (Augustine), 79, 80
Clan leagues, 191
Cleisthenes, 184, 188, 318, 344, 381
Clement of Alexandria, 24, 90, 307-8,
    354n8
Cleon, 188, 437
Cleophon, 188
Clouds (Aristophanes), 393
Comites (comrades-in-arms), 132
Common ( xynon ), 248, 249, 304-5, 307,
    324, 380, 411, 415
Commons, John R., 12, 12n38, 13
Communism, 257n1
Community of intellectuals, 356-58
Comte, Auguste, 244, 291
Confucius, 67, 86, 87
Conjuratio, 38, 183
Consciousness: epic consciousness
of Homer, 101, 106, 136-44, 235, 407, 442; Hellenic consciousness, 26-27, 99-116; Herodotus' historical consciousness, 100, 102, 103-7, 113-14, 115, 118, 408-9, 413; of history, 99-116; James on, 13-14; philosophy of, 9-15, 21; Plato's historical consciousness of, 109-11; Thucydides' historical consciousness, 107-10, 113-14, 115, 118; of unfolding mystery, 71-72
Constitution (Critias), 396
Constitution of Athens (Old Oligarch),
    350, 418-23
Constitutional order: of Achaean
kingdoms, 145-51; of Anatolia, 188; Aristotle on, 403, 405; of Athens, 186-88, 264, 318, 344, 403, 418-23; and Constitution of Athens (Old Oligarch), 350, 418-23; Hippodamus on, 403-5; Phaleas of Chalcedon on, 404; Plato on, 403, 405; of Sicily, 188; of Sparta, 188, 264, 404; writings on, 403
Contra Gentiles (Saint Thomas),
Cooper, Barry, 47n88
Corinth, League of, 194
Corinthians, 448
Cornford, Francis M., 127n8, 275n1,
    277n6
Cos medical school, 343
Cosmic cycles myth, 76
Cosmology and cosmological myth, 67,
    74, 117, 123, 124, 139-40, 196, 219,
    220, 286-87, 302, 337-38
Cosmopolis, 398
Courage, 41-42, 258-64, 270, 274
Cratos, 328, 330
Crete and Cretans: absence of imperial
institutions in, 127-29; Achaean migrations to and rule over, 100, 121, 122-23, 128, 129-30, 135; archaeology of, 121n3; Aristotle on, 30, 31, 111; and art, 28-29; Dorian settlements on Crete, 133; flowering of Minoan civilization, 96-98, 121-29; and Herodotus, 105; history of, 121-23; Homer on, 31, 111; inclusion of, in Greek history, 112; Minos as ruler of, 29-30; navy of, 108-9, 122; as omphalos, 30-31, 111, 114; in Plato's Laws, 111-11; society of, 121-29; strategic position of, 30-31, 120-21; terminology of, 97, 97n2; Thucydides on, 111, 122; wealth of, 147. See also Minoan civilization
Critias, 394-97, 398, 399
Critias (Plato), 123, 124, 302
Croesus, 411
Cronos, 202, 214, 217, 328, 336
Croton, 343
Cyclades, 108, 129
Cycles: cosmic cycles myth, 76; and
    Hesiod/ 215; of history, 116-19
Cyclops, 258
Cynics, 398
Cyprogenea, 206
Cyprus, 122, 129
Cyrenaica, 129
Cyrus the Great, 408, 411, 417
Cytherea, 206

Dabar (creative word of God), 118, 140,
    142
Daimon, 277, 278, 294-97
Daimones hagnoi (good spirits), 214
Danaides, 322-23, 327
Danaus, 322
Dante Alighieri, 43
Darius I, 408, 411-14, 416-18
    David, 137
Death, 309, 388, 389-91
Decelean (Ionian) War, 424
Deilos brotos (poor man or miserable
    mortal), 228n50
Deioces, the Mede, 412
Delian League, 341, 408, 433, 434
Delos, 192, 193
Delphi and Delphic oracle, 30-31, 111,
    114, 142, 300n10, 301, 333, 362, 371
Delphian Amphictyony, 191-92, 193
Delusion. See Doxa, doxai (illusion,
    delusions)
Demagogia (leadership of the people),
    188
Demaratus, 386
Demeter, 124, 399
Demiurge, 289, 368
Democracy and democratization, 43,
    239, 264, 270, 317n1, 318, 344, 350,
    404, 416-17, 420-23, 447
Democritus, 235, 343, 372-76, 378-79,
    381, 390, 402, 430
Demos, demoi (people), 184, 324
Demosion kakon (public evil), 264
Demosthenes, 38, 194
Demotikoi (mass men), 422, 423
Demotikon, 184
De natura Deorum (Cicero), 242
De rebus divinis (Varro), 242
Derma (skin), 171
Despair, 436-37
Deus-mensura ("God-the-Measure"),
    348, 350
Deutero-Isaiah, 74, 86, 95, 274
De Vera Religione (Augustine), 52
Dewey, John, 12
Diakosmos (arrangement of world), 288
Diakrioi, 187
Diaphore (conflict), 409
Dictynna, 124
Didaskalos (teacher), 319
Diels, Hermann, 240n3, 275n1, 276n4,
    307, 401
Differentia specifica, 360
Dikaion (just), 354
Dikaiosyne (justice), 361
Dike (goddess): in Aeschylus, 46,
173, 323-31, 334, 335, 337, 338; conflict between Nomos and, 356; in Euripides, 339; in Heraclitus, 305; in Hesiod, 208-9, 211, 213, 225, 227, 232, 236, 245, 260; inaction as evasion of, in ethics of tragedy, 435; in Parmenides, 276, 278, 283; in Plato's Protagoras, 360, 361; Solon on, 264-67; in tragedy generally, 442; and Zeus, 173, 208-9, 211, 213, 225, 227, 245, 265-66, 324, 330, 439
Dike (righteousness, justice), 47, 207,
    305, 306, 323-24, 346, 360, 375-76,
    411
Diodotus, 302
Diogenes Laertius, 297n7, 301, 309, 376
Diomedes, 35
Dionysus and Dionysian cults, 46, 47,
    47n88, 124, 142, 239, 317, 318, 325,
    338, 339, 399
Discourse on Universal History
    (Bossuet), 81
Disease and health, 377-79, 391, 427-30
Disorder: aetiology of, in Homer's
epics, 169-78; in Hesiod's Theogony, 200-206; in Homer's Iliad, 35-37, 143-67; in Homer's Odyssey, 145, 164, 167-72, 176-78; as stimulus for reconnection with order, 17-18; Thucydides on, 185, 326, 428-32; Toynbee on, 18. See also Order
Dissoi logoi, 371
Diwja, 133
Djinghis Khan, 120
Dogmata (thoughts), 277
Dokounta (delusions), 276
Dorians and Doric invasions, 37, 100,
    109, 113, 133, 135, 182, 183, 191, 218,
    235
Doxa, doxai (illusion, delusions):
    Parmenides on, 41, 274, 275, 276,
    285-90, 288n12, 292, 368; Solon on,
    266, 267, 272, 274
Doxa (opinion), 387, 395, 398, 437
Drama (action), 46-47, 321, 325. See
    also Tragedy
Driver, Godfrey Rolles, 97n2
Dymanes, 182
Dysnomia (unrighteousness), 265

Edmonds, John M., 240n3
Edos (joy), 160
Education: equality of, 404; and
sophists, 185, 237, 341-51, 376, 383 Egypt: Achaean contacts with, 122, 129, 135; Alexander's conquest of, 219; Cambyses' conquest of, 408; compared with Greek civilization, 28, 93, 112, 121; Cretan contacts with, 122, 128; decline of, 144; Herodotus on Egyptian Helen, 33-34, 104-6; historical course of, 116-17, 119; invaders of, 130, 133; and Israel, 70; lack of knowledge about, 76, 83; and Minoan symbols, 125; theology of, 100, 101, 195-96, 202, 219
Ehrenberg, Victor, 2n5
Eidolon (shadow), 171
Eidos (essence, form), 68, 197n5,
428-29, 431, 438-39
Eikos mythos ("likely" mythos or
    story), 288
Eironeia (irony), 208
Ekpyrosis (destruction by fire), 215, 309
Élan vital, 19
Eleatic paradoxa, 285, 370
Eleatics, 250, 274, 285, 307, 427. See
    also Parmenides
Elegy: of Solon, 264-71; of Tyrtaeus,
    258-64, 270, 274; of Xenophanes,
    254-55, 258, 259, 270, 272
Eliade, Mircea, 116n6
Elis, 133
Elohim, 212
Elpis (hope), 300
Empedocles, 251, 294-95, 385
Empiricism: Radical Empiricism, 13,
    15; of science, 428-32; terminology
    of, 13
Engyetes (guarantor), 400
Enlightenment, 349
Ens perfectissimum, 246
En-Sof, 205, 205n22
En te psyche agnoia (ignorance within
    the soul), 243
Entole (commandment), 77
Enuma Elish, 202
Eoikota panta, 288
Eon (Being), 279, 281, 286. See also
    Being
Epangelia (profession), 346
Ephesians, 310-11
Epic consciousness of Homer, 101, 106,
    136-44, 235, 407, 442
Epimetheus, 211, 359-60, 364, 396
Epiprepei (it is seemly), 241, 242, 243
Episteme (knowledge), 364
Epistle to the Galatians, 77, 78
Epistle to the Hebrews, 300
Epistle to the Romans, 77, 175
Epitheta (adventitious or fictitious), 387
Epithymia (desire), 277, 376
Equality and inequality, 393, 397-400,
    404
Erastheis tyrannidos (desire for
    Lordship), 412
Erga (events, actions), 375, 440, 441
Brides, 208
Erinyes, 305, 326, 330-31
Erinys, 174
Eris (strife), 156, 160, 208, 305, 309
Eros; Hegel on, 83; of Helen and
    Paris in Iliad, 142, 161-67, 175; in
    Homer's epics generally, 167, 176; of
    philosopher, 278; in Sappho's poetry,
    271, 272
Eros (god), 203, 206n24, 251, 288
Eschatology, 44, 117, 308
Essay on General History (Voltaire), 82
Esthlos (rich or noble), 228n50
Etee (reality), 373
Eteocretan, 97
Etetyma (true things), 199, 207
Ethics: Aristotle on, 209-10; of
    Democritus, 374-75, 376, 378-79,
    381; Hesiod on, 209-10; of Plato,
    247, 376; of Protagoras, 379, 381;
    "science" of, 263
Ethnos, 37, 113
Ethos (custom, character), 281, 296-97,
    299
Etruscans, 101, 188
Euboea, 318
Euboulia (prudence), 359
Euclidian geometry, 284
Eudaimon (blessed), 277, 278
Eudaimonie (happiness), 374-75, 410
Eukosma kai artia (well-ordered and
    proper), 265
En kekosmemenon (in good order), 277
Eukyklos, 285
Eumaeus, 168-69
Eunomia (right order), 42, 186, 256, 257,
    264-70, 274, 317, 420
Eunomia (Tyrtaeus), 260n4
Euphrainonta (delight), 388
Euphrates river valley, 120
Euripides, 47, 142, 185, 308, 318-19,
    321, 339-40, 407
Europa, 105, 124, 410
Europe: Asiatics compared with
    Europeans, 385-86; Herodotus on
    Asiatics opposing, 34, 409-10. See
    also specific countries
Europocentrism, 89, 90
Euthymia (serenity), 375-76, 379
Euthymos (serene man), 375
Evans, Arthur J., 121n3
Evil: Aidos and Nemesis as barriers to,
227; Democritus on, 378; in Hesiod's Theogony, 208; in Homer's epics, 36-37, 167-70, 176-78; origin of, in Pandora Fable, 211-12; of present age preceded by better age, 220; prophets on, 231; Solon on, 264, 265-66
Evolution, 394-97
Exodus of Israel, 74, 75
Experience, terminology of, 13

Fables: of Ages of the World (races
of men), 206-7, 210, 213-23; of Hawk and Nightingale, 210, 228, 231; of Pandora, 206, 211-13, 226; paradigmatic purpose of, 210-11. See also Myth
Faith, 77-78, 290, 300-301, 311, 329
Fall of Adam and Eve, 212
Falsehood. See Pseudos, pseudea
    (falsehood); Truth
Far East, 235. See also China; India
Farming and farmers, 404, 405, 423
Fate (Moira), 161, 174, 178, 266, 267,
    308
Feuerbach, Ludwig, 85
Ficino, Marsilio, 24-25
Finley, John H., Jr., 350n5
Five Elements school, 221-23
Fleur-de-lis symbol, 28, 125-26, 205
Flux, 308-9
"Forms of mind": exclusions in analysis
    of national "forms of mind," 46; Geist
    as, 11, 17; of Greek order, 21-22;
    political societies as, 15-17
Freeman, Kathleen, 240n3,
Fritsch, Hartvig, 418, 420n3
Fritz, Kurt von, 237n1
Frobenius, Leo, 207n27
Frogs (Aristophanes), 318-19
Fung Yu-Lan, 222n43

Gaea, 202, 203, 251, 278
Galatians, Epistle to, 77, 78
Gaskin, Richard, 41n84
Gebhardt, Jürgen, 7-8n22,
    21-22
   Geist (form of mind), 11, 17, 84. See
    also Forms of mind
Geltung (validity), 86
Genera theologiae, 242
Genesis (birth), 309
Genesis, Book of, 101, 212
Geneto ("came to be"), 204
Genomena (things done, accomplished),
    409n1
Genos (aristocratic family unit), 183-85
Gentilitian structure of polis, 182-85,
    189
George, Stefan, 1n1
Germanic tribes, 189
Germino, Dante, 3
Gigon, Olof, 197n5, 275n1
    283n11, 296n7, 297n9,
Glaucon, 44
Glotz, Gustave, 28, 121n2,
Gnome (insight), 296, 297
Gnosis: Hegel on, 83-85, 85n8; Kabbala
    type of, 205n22; of progress, 72, 82;
    Prometheanism as form of, 328n6
Gnosticism, 21
God: Achaean gods on Minoan Linear
B tablets, 132-33; in Aeschylean Oresteia, 202; anthropomorphic representation of, 40, 240, 241, 243- 47, 296n8, 329, 380; as Aristotelian prime mover, 250; Critias on fear of the gods, 395, 396; Deus-mensura ("God-the-Measure"), 348, 350; distinctions between human and divine ethos, 296-98; and divinity of the One, 250-53, 306; Egyptian gods, 100, 101, 195-96, 202, 219; Hellenic experience of generally, 67; Hellenic gods from Egypt, 100; Heraclitus on, 248, 249, 306-8; Herodotus on, 411; Herodotus on Hellenic gods, 140; Hesiod on origin of Olympians, 200-206, 214, 216-17, 251; in Hesiod's Theogony, 200-206, 216-17; Homeric gods generally, 33, 311, 413; immortality of gods, 277-78; and Incarnation, 83-84; and Israel, 26, 33, 67, 140, 142, 238-39, 338; Kabbalism on, 205n22; man's relationship with, and leap in being, 73; Minoan bull- god, 123-25; monotheism of, 196, 247-53; as name of transcendental subject, 282; order in presence of, 71; Panaetius's classification of the gods, 74; Parmenides on, 250; Plato on, 177, 178, 202, 243, 308, 365; Poseidonius on, 74-75; Protagoras on, 348, 369; responsibility of gods for evil in Homer's epics, 176-78; rivalry between man and, 211-12; universality of the divine, 247-50, 279, 306; Xenophanes on, 241, 243-53, 357, 399. See also specific gods and goddesses, such as Zeus
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, 249, 328
Goetze, Albrecht, 97n1
Golden Age, 76, 185, 214-23, 221n42,
    226, 408, 433
Gomme, Arnold Wycombe, 425n4
Gordon, Cyrus H., 97n2, 123n4, 128n9,
    207n27
Gorgias, 47, 283, 342, 343, 348-49, 400
Gorgias (Plato), 3n7, 74, 227n49, 233,
    273, 295n5, 362, 402, 431, 435
Government, forms of, 46-48, 350, 378
Grace, 77-78
Great Mother goddess, 32n80, 124, 127,
    133
Greek Polis. See Polis
Greeks: archaic Greek thinkers, 37-44;
consciousness of, 26-27; contribution of, to political science, 98-99; delimitation of Greek order, 93-95, 98-99; and Homeric epoch, 32-37; increase in empirical knowledge on, 93; limitations of pagan positions, 75-76; motif of power organizations in history of, 112-14; terminology of, 96; tolerance of, 79-80; Voegelin's special interest in, 10, 22n61. See also Hellenic civilization; Minoan civilization; Mycenaean civilization; Polis; specific Greek authors and philosophers
Greene, David, 425n4
Grundy, G. B., 425n4
Guilt, 155-58, 173, 174

Haddas, Moses, 5
Hall, H. R., 121n2
Hamartia (wrong action, sin), 376
Han empire, 120
Hankins, James, 24n66
Happiness, 272, 374-75, 410
Harmony, 12, 379, 398, 401-5
Hathshepsut, 122
Hawk and Nightingale Fable, 210, 228,
    231
Health and disease, 377-79, 391, 427-30
Hebrews. See Israel
Hebrews, Epistle to, 300
Hecataeus of Miletus, 102, 242, 304,
    395, 408
Hector, 33, 104, 132, 160 163
Hecuba, 142
Hecuba (Euripides), 339
Hedone, hedonta (pleasure), 375-77,
    388, 391
Hegel, G. W. F., 21, 22, 83-85, 86, 291
Heidel, William A., 297n9
Heilman, Robert B., 23
Heilserkenntnis (redemptive
    knowledge), 22
Heinimann, Felix, 379n15,
Helen, 33-34, 104, 105, 106, 142, 151,
    152, 161-67, 175, 410
Helenic Polis. See Polis
Hellenic civilization: absence
of temporal and ecclesiastic bureaucracies in, 235; compared with Israel, 25-26, 33, 69, 75-76, 90, 95, 100, 117-18, 140, 143, 144. 225, 238-39; and consciousness of history, 74-75, 99-116; form of, 238; geographic extent of, 234; and history, 74-75, 93-119; philosophy of generally, 20, 25-26, 67, 118; preliminary questions on history and, 93-99; terminology of, 28n72, 96-98; transition from Achaean society to, 134. See also Athens; Greeks; Polis
Hellenic Confederacy, 192-93
Hellenica (Xenophon), 448
Hellenism, 95, 102, 129, 144, 225, 291,
    406
Hellespont, 129, 414, 415
Henizontes (One), 250
Hen to sophon (One that is Wise), 297,
    297n9
Hepaktos (acquired), 386
Hepetes, 132
Hephaestus, 133, 149, 328, 360, 399
Heqetas (landholder), 132
Hera, 37, 133, 144, 166, 178, 202, 327
Heracles, 161, 339-40
Heraclitus: on Aion, 307-8, 308n20;
on Athens, 45; compared with Democritus, 374; compared with Hesiod, 226-27; contemporaries of, 86, 102, 408; Delphic style of, 300n10, 301, 345; on Ephesians, 310-11; on flux, 308-9; on God, 248, 249, 306-7; and hierarchical structure, 312; on human and divine wisdom, 296-97; importance of, 39; on kingdom of playing child, 307-8; on Logos, 298, 299-300, 302-5, 309-11, 323n5, 335n9, 357; on Nomos, 304-5, 311, 380, 382; on Nous, 304-5; obscurity of, 301, 301n1; on order, 301-11, 329; as philosopher of Becoming, 285-86; on physis, 381; polymathie (much-knowing) of, 242, 298, 304, 321, 332, 334-35, 353, 355; on psyche, 41, 44; on Pythagoras, 242, 298; on "sleepwalkers," 7n21, 303-4, 312, 315, 415; on soul, 235, 236, 239, 242, 277, 293, 295-301, 310, 311, 323n5, 356; Thucydides on, 428; on truth, 299; on war, 305, 309, 310, 380, 411; on wisdom, 296-98, 310, 384; on Xenophanes, 242; on xynon (common), 248, 249, 304-5, 307, 324
—Work: On Nature, 301-11
Hermes, 133, 149, 167, 328, 332, 334
Hermodorus, 310-11
Herodotus: compared with Thucydides,
413, 414, 426, 429; on Cretans, 97; on Egyptian Helen, 33-34; on gods of Hellas, 100; on Hellenic gods, 140; historical consciousness of, 100, 102-7, 113-15, 118, 408-9, 413; historiography of, 413-14, 440; life and work of, 407-8; on madness of Cambyses, 382; melancholy pathos of, 48; on Minos, 30, 30n77; on Persian Wars, 409-16, 427; popularity of, 107; on prophets, 142; as sophist, 343, 350; speeches in Histories of, 413-18; theme of Europe opposing Asia in, 34, 409-10; Thucydides on, 427, 428; and Trojan War, 103-4, 410; on turning wheel principle, 411-13, 418
—Work: Histories, 103-7, 343, 350, 386,
    407-23
Heroic Age/race, 214-15, 218-19
Heroic ideal, 42-43
Hesiod: and Ages of the World (races
of men) fable, 206-7, 210, 213-23; apocalypse in Works and Days of, 223-33; Aristotle on, 197, 204; authority of, 40, 255, 261; on basileis, 132; biography of, 197-98; compared with Aeschylus, 328; compared with Chinese myth of five ages, 221-23; compared with Homer, 40, 196, 199, 201, 206, 209, 217-18, 230-31; compared with Parmenides, 276, 278; compared with Thucydides, 231-33; compared with tragedy, 321; compared with Tyrtaeus, 259, 261; difficulties in interpretation of poems of, 200-201; exhortatory style of, 201, 206, 210, 259-60; and Golden Age, 76; and Hawk and Nightingale Fable, 210, 228, 231; Hebrew parallels with, 207, 225, 229-31; Heraclitus on, 242, 304; Herodotus on, 140; heroic ideal opposed by, 42; and hierarchical structure, 312; and Hippias, 353; historical consciousness of, 100; on Minos, 29; mythical speculation of generally, 74, 236, 240-41, 248, 251, 311, 394; and mythopoetic freedom, 206; origin of order in Theogony of, 200-206, 216-17, 245, 252; and Pandora Fable, 206, 211-13, 226; Plato's attack on, 243; on polis, 181, 186; and search for order, 39; as teacher, 361; and transition from myth to metaphysics, 195-200; on truth and falsehood, 199-200, 276; Xenophanes' attack on, 240, 241, 242, 245, 248
—Works: Theogony, 141-42, 195,
196-97, 199, 200-206, 216-17, 223, 243, 245, 251; Works and Days, 44, 198, 199, 201, 206-33, 259
Hetaireia, 237
Hetaroi, 132
Hetor (heart), 155
Hierarchical structure, 312
Hinduism, 87
Hipparchus, 318
Hippias Major (Plato), 352
Hippias Minor (Plato), 352, 353, 355,
    358
Hippias of Elis, 47, 342, 352-58, 354n9,
    377
Hippocratic school, 377-79, 427-29
Hippodamus of Miletus, 403-5, 431
Historia sacra , 22, 72, 81, 82, 83-89
Historiai (inquiries), 103, 115, 298, 409
Histories (Herodotus), 103-7, 343, 350
   , 386, 407-23
Historikos (historian), 320-21
Historiography, 118, 246, 337-38, 344,
    351, 379, 413-14, 432, 442
History: Augustine on, 21-24, 25, 72,
79-82, 86, 87; birth of, from tragedy, 337-38; Chinese experience of, 337- 38; Christian philosophy of, 21-22, 72, 80-82, 86; as "course," 21, 116-19; defect of Pauline interpretation of, 78-79, 81; Hegel on, 83-85, 86; Hellenic consciousness of, 74-75, 99-116; of Herodotus, 100, 102, 103-7, 113-14, 115, 118, 408-18; human nature's historical dimension, 68-69; and Israelite theology of, 74-76; Jaspers on, 86, 88-90; Logos of, 73; meaning of universal history, 88-89; parallel profane histories, 82-83; parallel sacred histories, 86-90; philosopher compared with historian, 320-21; of Plato, 109-11; preliminary questions on Hellas and, 93-99; progress in, 70; sacred history, 21-22, 72, 81, 82, 83-90; and spirit and freedom in human existence, 68; symbols of historical course, 116-19; terminology of, 115-16; of Thucydides, 107-10, 113-14, 115, 118, 424-48; Toynbee on, 87-88; Voegelin on generally, 19-21. See also Philosophy of history
History against the Pagans (Orosius),
    80
History of Political Ideas (Voegelin), 3,
    9, 9n27
History of the Peloponnesian War
    (Thucydides), 48, 115, 266, 343,
    424-48
Hittites, 121, 130, 133
Hiung-nu empires, 120
Hodos (way, method), 280, 307, 428
Homer: on Achaeans, 32, 97;
anthropology of, 33; aristocratic gene in, 185; authorship of, 136-44; and break with cosmological myth, 139-40; compared with Antiphon the Sophist, 390; compared with Herodotus, 413; compared with Hesiod, 40, 196, 199, 201, 206, 209, 217-18, 230-31; compared with Plato, 176-77; compared with Solon, 265; compared with Thucydides, 426; compared with tragedy, 321; on Crete and Cretans, 31, 97, 111; dates of epics, 139, 170; disorder as theme of epics by, 34-37; epic consciousness of, 101, 106, 136-44, 235, 311, 407, 442; exhortatory style of, 155-56, 2107 259; Heraclitus on, 309; Herodotus on, 103, 105-7, 140; and Hippias, 353. invocation of muse by, 33; on Minos, 29; and mythopoetic freedom, 206; on Nemesis, 227; non-usage of Hellenic name by, 108; overview of, 32-37; Plato's attacks on, 107, 240, 243; and soul, 171-72, 247, 293-94; speculative myth of, 240-41, 248; symbolism of, 32-33; as teacher, 361; and Trojan War, 34-37, 101; Xenophanes' attack on, 240, 241, 242, 248
—Works: Iliad, 35-37, 102, 104, 105,
109, 131-33, 137-67, 210, 218, 271, 324; Odyssey, 31, 137-42, 218, 230-31, 265, 271-72
Homeric Hymns, 142
"Homeric questions,"
    136-44
Homo faber, 360, 396
Homoiios, 229
Homologeein (agree), 298, 304
Homologethenta (agreed or covenanted),
    387
Homologia (agreement with regard to
    Logos), 304, 309
Homo-mensura ("Man-the-Measure"),
    348, 349, 369, 371, 372
Homonoia (harmony), 12, 379, 378, 398
Homophrosyne (like-mindedness), 378
Homophyla (most related), 354
Homophylic, 354, 358
Homothen gegaasi, 214, 216
Hope, 300-301, 311, 329
Hoplite phalanx, 139
Hosea, 229
Hosiotes (piety), 361
Houros (criterion), 375
Howald, Ernst, 139n2
Hughes, E. R., 222n45
Human nature: and Aretai, 263;
Aristotle on, 258; awareness of own limitations, 86-87; as composite product, 372; constancy of, 71, 72; distinctions between human and divine ethos, 296-98; and flux, 308-9; generic-unique nature of man, 68-69; and growth, 278; historical dimension of, 68-69; in Homer's epics, 170-74; and "knowing man," 366; medical treatise on, 427-28; sophists on, 360-61; and spiritual process, 76-78; and transcendence, 256-57; and turning wheel principle, 411-13, 418. See also Anthropology; Mankind
Human sacrifice, 123
Hume, David, 383
Hunnish empire, 120n1
Husserl, Edmund, 15n47
Hybris ( Hubris, pride), 214, 228, 232,
    310, 323, 417
Hyksos, 122, 129
Hyle (according to matter), 250
Hylleis, 182
Hymn to Apollo, 31
Hyper moron (beyond the share), 176
Hyperphyes (supernatural), 402
Hypochthonioi makares (spirits of
    underworld), 214
Hypothesis, 428, 429-30, 440

Iberia, 122
Idea, 9, 429, 431-32
Ideal types, 15. See also Types
Idee, 84
Idia gnome (private opinion or decision),
    335
Idia phronesis, 304
Idomeneus, King, 30
Iliad (Homer): Achilles' wrath in,
35, 148, 151-61, 164, 165, 173-74; Agamemnon's apology to Achilles in, 174-75; Agamemnon's dream in, 148- 49, 154-55; authorship of, 137-39; awareness of qualitative differences between men, 271; combat between Paris and Menelaus in, 161-63; compared with Odyssey, 175-76; constitutional order of Achaean kingdoms in, 145-51; dating of, 139, 169; dialectics of guilt and restoration in, 155-58; disorder in, 35-37, 143-67; Egyptians' view of, 104, 105; as epic of struggle between Europe and Asia, 102; eros of Helen and Paris in, 142, 161-67, 175; evil fate in, 142; and Herodotus, 102; inspiration for, 140; and Minoan Linear B tablets, 131-33; music images in, 142; noble society in generally, 218; Odysseus in, 146, 147, 150-51, 172; Patroclus' death in, 160; Phoenix's exhortation in, 155-56, 210, 324; revelation of Achilles' fate in, 152-55; Thucydides on sites of, 109
Ilion, 166
Illness. See Disease and health
Illusion. See Doxa, doxai (illusion,
    delusions)
Illyrians, 130
Immanence and immanentism, 83-85,
    85n8, 118, 206, 285, 369-70, 374, 399,
    430
Immortality: of gods, 277-78; of mortals
    in Hesiod, 212; of soul, 276-78, 296;
    and Tyrtaean's savage valor, 262
In-Between. See Metaxy (In-Between)
In immo cordis, 24, 46
Incarnation, 83-84
India, 16, 67, 70, 72, 73, 84-86, 85n8,
    89, 127, 207, 215
Inequality. See Equality and inequality
Inimicitia, 157
Injustice. See Justice
Inquiry: science and scientific inquiries,
    244, 263, 280, 298, 332, 347, 430-31;
    ways of, 280-82
Insect societies, 15-16, 16n50, 68
Io, 105, 327, 409, 410
Ionia and Ionians, 41, 100, 101, 134,
    143, 182, 186, 191, 235-36, 318, 341,
    408
Ionian lyric, 186, 234, 239, 408
Ionian philosophers, 197, 197n5, 235,
    279, 282, 286, 384, 394-95, 408, 411,
    427-30
Ionian physicism, 204
Ionian War, 424
Iran, 86, 112
Iris, 248, 384, 385
Iron Age/race, 214-23, 221n42, 232
"Is"/"Is not" exclamatory, 281-83, 285,
    286, 287, 288, 289, 290, 292
Isaiah, 117, 225, 230. See also Deutero-
    Isaiah
Islam, 87, 290
Isocrates, 38, 398
Isonomy, isonomia, 317, 317n1, 377,
    416
Israel: and break with cosmological
myth, 338; Chosen People of, 74-78, 80, 117, 274, 338; compared with Hellas, 25-26, 33, 69, 75-76, 90, 95, 100, 117-18, 140, 143, 144, 225, 238-39; and Egypt, 70; Exodus of, 74, 75; and God, 26, 33, 67; growth of, 133; "historical narrative" of Israelites, 115-16, 117; history of, in biblical narrative, 81; Judges of, 113; kingship for, 129; and leap of being, 20, 25, 26, 67, 74, 76, 117-18, 238; limitations of Israelite position, 75-76; and Moses, 23-24, 25, 27, 33, 67, 69, 75, 76, 88, 95, 118, 119, 137, 143; as omphalos of salvation, 117; parallels between Hesiod and prophets, 207, 225, 229-31; and prophets, 72, 74, 79, 88, 90, 113, 117, 118, 140, 207, 225, 229-31; and Revelation, 20, 25, 27, 67, 69, 89, 90, 118, 119, 325; and Suffering Servant, 74, 274
Israel and Revelation (Voegelin), 116,
    136
Istar, 220
Italy, 101, 122, 190, 197, 234-35, 282,
    341, 426
Ithaca, 146, 167-69

Jaeger, Werner, 22n61, 43, 138n2,
181n1, 197n4, 198n6, 209n28-29, 240n3, 243n5, 250n15, 251n16, 275n1, 276nn, 296n7, 297n9, 306, 322n4, 356n10, 425n4
Jainism, 215
James, William, 13-14, 15, 46
Jaspers, Karl, 21, 86-90
Jesus Christ. See Christ
John, Gospel of, 275
Jonas, Hans, 328n6
Joy and pleasure, 375-76
Joyce, James, 319
Judaism, 76, 77-80, 88, 290. See also
    Israel
Judgment of the Dead, 295n6
Jupiter-Amon, 219
Justice: Antiphon the Sophist on,
388-89, 392; Heraclitus on, 305, 306; in Hesiod, 201-3, 207-8; in Melian Dialogue, 447-48; and necessity, 434-37; Plato on, 208; Protagoras' antilogies regarding, 370-71. See also Dike (goddess); Dike (righteousness, justice)

Kabbalism, 205, 205n22
Kainos tropos (novel fashion), 428
Kakodaimonie (unhappiness), 374
Kakon (evil), 211
Kakonomia (bad laws), 420
Kakotes (misery), 209, 211
Kalein (call), 384, 385
Kalos k'agathos (noble and good), 361
Ka-ma-e-u (lower rank), 132
Kant, Immanuel, 15, 70
Kata doxan, 286
Kata physin (according to its nature),
    384
Kata ta anthropinon, 426
Katharmoi ( Purifications ) (Empedocles),
    294-95
Kenon (void), 373
Kinesis (movement), 114, 115, 425-40,
    442, 443, 445
Kings and princes: of Achaeans, 145-51;
Hesiod on, 227-28; of Israel, 129;
Plato's philosopher-king, 42, 269,
    312-13, 381, 398, 431
Kleos (good fame), 262
Knossos, 29, 30, 96, 110-11, 122-23,
    127, 129-31, 133. See also Minoan
    civilization
"Knowing man," 366
Koine, 131
Koinon (general body of citizens), 324
Koinonia (community), 356-58
Koinosas (communicated), 324
Kore, 124
Kosmos (world), 304-8

Kranz, Walther, 240n3, 401 Kratos kai Bia (Power and Force in the
    Prometheus), 328, 336
Kraus, Karl, 1n1, 394
Krinein (decisions), 284
Krishna, 215
Krisis (judgment), 312
Kronos, 308
Krt legend, 97n2
Kuhn, Helmut, 22
Kyklos (wheel) of human affairs, 411

Labrys, 125, 127
Labyrinth, 123, 124, 125
Lacedaemon and Lacedaemonians, 102,
    110, 114, 146, 190, 259, 261, 264, 362,
    386, 396, 404, 434, 445, 448
Lachmann, 137
Laconia, 133
Laotse, 67, 86
Lasaulx, Ernest von, 86n10
Law: Alcidamas on, 400; Antiphon the
Sophist on, 387-89, 392; Aristotle on, 400; Democritus on, 378; Hippodamus on, 405; human versus divine laws, 380; of Israel and Jews, 77; Lycophron on, 400; natural law, 392, 397; Socrates and Hippias on, 354-55; and Solon as lawgiver, 268-70; unwritten laws, 354-55, 358. See also Constitutional order; Nomos
Lawagetas, lagetas (military
    commander), 131-32
Lawrence, Frederick G., 8n25
Laws (Plato), 28, 29-30, 31, 110-11, 114,
    263-64, 310n23, 346-47, 375, 403,
    405
League of Corinth, 194
Leagues of Creek cities, 38, 190-94
Leap in being: of Aeschylean tragedy,
325; definition of, 20, 67; in Hellas versus Israel, 20, 25, 26, 67, 74, 76, 117-18, 238; in India and China, 86; of Israel, 20, 25, 26, 67, 74; Jaspers on, 87-88; parallel and multiple leaps in being, 67, 69-70, 74, 80, 86, 88; principles of, 69-73; separation of myth and philosophy by, 195; Toynbee on, 87-88; and truth about order, 69
Lesky, Albin, 121n2, 138n2, 322n4
Lesmosyne (forgetfulness), 200
Libya, 128
Liebe zum Wissen (philosophy), 83
Lies. See Pseudos, pseudea (falsehood);
    Truth
Light: dualism of Night and, 276,
    278-79, 286-87, 288; of eternal truth,
    279, 282, 285
Litai (prayers), 155-56
Locke, John, 373, 374
Logoi (speeches), 440-41. See also
    Speeches
Logos: autonomous logos, 366;
common Logos in every soul, 311; correlation of Nous-logos and Being, 366-69; Critias on, 397; Democritus on, 375, 390; Dikaios Logos and Adikos logos, 393; Hegel on, 83; and Hellenic prophetic poets, 142; Heraclitus on, 298, 299-300, 302-5, 309-11, 323, 323ns, 335n9, 357; of history, 73; One as, 74-75, 250; Parmenides on, 280, 281, 284, 286-88, 291, 292, 366; philosopher's logos, 83-84, 142; physis instead of, 356; Poseidonius on, 74-75; Sophists on, 285; as story in Hesiod, 214, 215-24
Lorimer, Hilda L., 139, 139nn310-4
Love, 300-301, 310n24, 311, 329
Lower classes, 419-20
Luke, Gospel of, 312
Luther, Wilhelm, 199n12
Lyceum, 185
Lycophron, 399-400
Lycurgus, 42
Lydia and Lydians, 101, 182, 408
Lypounta (annoyance), 388, 391
Lysias, 38
REMAINDER OF INDEX M to Z

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