INDEX

VOL 10 —PUBLISHED ESSAYS
1940-1952



Abel-Rémusat, Jean Pierre, 83, 84-85,
  108
Absolute motion, 179, 180
Absolute space, 173-85, 194-95
Acheronta, 232
Adam, 33-34
Address to the Communist League
  (Marx), 236
Africa, 65, 66, 67, 74
Age of discoveries, 39-41, 199
  Aggression: and frustration, 23-24;
nonresistance to, 24
Aggressive dilettantism, 194-95
Agricultural societies, 44, 45
Alaska, 63
Aldjigiddai, 78, 79, 82, 93-95, 108-12,
  125
Alexander, Czar, 51
Alexander the Great, 33, 164
Also Sprach Zarathustra (Nietzsche),
  128, 143-44
America: discovery of, 199;Locke on,
  200. See also United States
Ammon, Otto, 57
Amor Dei, 138
Amor sui, 138, 208
Anamnesis (Voegelin), 3-4
Anchisteia, 31, 32
Andrew of Longjumeau, 79, 93
Anima naturaliter Christiana, 138
Anthropology, Christian, 50-51
Antichrist, 229
Anti-Communism, 23, 236
Anti-Semitism, 6, 52-53, 59
Apocalypse, 51
Appeasement, 236
Aquinas. See Thomas Aquinas
Archon, 31-31
Areopagitica (Milton), 136
Arete, 18n
Arghun Khan, 84-85, 108,109, 110
Aristotle, 136, 160, 164
Armenia, 78
Ascelin, Friar, 77, 78, 81
Asceticism, 217
Assyria, 164
Astronomy, 171-72
Athena Phratria, 32
Athens. See Polis
Atlantic Charter, 230
Augustine, Saint, 138, 158, I94n, 198
Austria: annexation of, by Germany,
  17, 62; Communist party in, 22;
  dissolution of empire of, 66, 67-68,
  70; under Dollfuss and Schuschnigg,
  22n; and hypothetical alternatives
  resulting from World War II, 68;
  and Mongol empire, 77; nationality
  policy of, 66-67; National Socialism
  in,21-22, 71-72; Nazi occupation
  of,4-6; in nineteenth century, 150;
  Social Democratic Party in, 66-67;
  union with Germany, 17; Voegelin's
  escape from, 1, 3n11, 4

Babylon, 164
Bacon, Francis, 40, 200
Bagehot, Walter, 20
Baghdad, 80
Baichu Noyon, 78, 81-84, 90-92, 104-5,
  107-12, 116-17, 119-22, 124
Bakunin, Mikhail, 228-29
"Bakunin's Confession" (Voegelin), 3
Balkans, 66, 67, 68
Balthasar, Hans Urs von, 2o6n
Baltic states, 68
Batton, P., 83
Batu, 8o
Bauer, Bruno, 151-52, 159
Bauer, Otto, 66
Bellum justum (just war), 213-14
Bentham, Jeremy, 196n
Bergeron, 82
Bergson, Henri-Louis, 135, 183n34
Berkeley, George, 170, 178-81, 180n28,
  183n34
Beyond Good and Evil (Nietzsche), 155
Bible, 34-35, 58n13, 223-25, 229
Biblioteca bio-bibliograflca della Terra
   Santa e dell'Oriente Francescano,
81
Biologism, 8
Biology, 57
Bios theoretikos, 191
Bismarck, Otto von, 70, 150, 155-56
Bismarck's Era (Bauer), 152
Blickende (visionary), 230
Blood relation, 29
Blumenbach, Johann Friedrich, 40, 47,
  50
Blut, 18n
Bodenlosigkeit, 53n
Bodin, Jean, 38, 63, 135, 171, 171n10
Body ideas: definition of, 30; evolution
  of, 30-38; of Greek polis , 31-33;
  mystical body of Christ, 11-12,
  33-37, 35n6, 46, 59, 165, 205; and race
  idea, 30, 35-38, 59; relation between
  body and soul in Christianity, 47,
  47n10
Boeckh, August, 41
Bohemia, 77
Bohemia and Moravia Protectorate,
  17-18, 24
Bolshevism, 23, 67
Boni viri officium, 201
Bourgeois, 51-52, 72, 73
Brave New World (Huxley), 200
Brinton, Crane, 147n53, I48n55
Britain. See England; Great Britain
British Empire, 63, 197n1, 217
Brownshirts, 233
Brüning, Heinrich, 70
Bruno, Giordano, 169-70, 172
Buffon, Georges-Louis Leclerc de, 39,
  41,45
Bullitt, William C., 58n13
Burke, Edmund, 161
Butler, Rohan D'O., 131-32, 132n15,
  134
Butler, Samuel, 200
Byron, George Gordon Lord, 48
Byzantine history, 167

Calvin, John, 136
Calvinism, 136
Cambridge Ancient History , 163, 165
Cambridge Medieval History , 163
Campanella, Tommaso, 200
Carlyle, Alexander J., 166
Carlyle, R. W., 166
Carolingian empire, 36
Carus, Carl Gustav, 48-49, 50
Cassirer, Ernst, 173nn14-15,187n46
Catherine the Great, 151
Catholic Church, 51, 53, 58n1i3. See
  also
Christianity; specific popes
Cave, Parable of, 201-2
Censeur (Comte and Dunoyer), 235
Central Europe, 54, 64-68, 70, 116
Centrist Party, German, 70
Chamberlain, H. S., 52, 57
Chamberlain, Neville, 24
Chambers, R. W., 197n1
Charisma, charismata, 35, 36, 193
Charles V, King of Spain, 83, 151
Chateaubriand, François-Auguste-René
  de, 200
Châteauroux, Odon de, 82, 93
China, 41, 77, 8o, 84-85, 104, 115, 160
Christ. See Jesus Christ
Christianity: anthropology of, 50-
  51; atrophy of, 37-38, 192; and
  charismata, 35; and egotism, 138;
  gnostic politics of Puritans, 223-26,
  229-31, 235, 238-39, 240; Goethe on,
   221-22; and history, 158; Hitler Youth
  on, 58n13; and Kingdom of God on
  earth, 223-26; and metanoia, 134;
  in More's Utopia, 204-7, 212; and
  mystical body of Christ, 11-12, 33-37,
  35n6, 46, 59, 165, 205; Nietzsche on,
  138-139; particularization of Christian
  community, 37-38, 46; and pneuma
  of Christ, 8, 11-12, 34, 35, 37, 46,
  48, 165; and political theory, 165;
  and relation between body and soul,
  47, 47n10; Santayana on, 139; and
summum bonum, 202. See also Jesus
  Christ
Chronica (Salimbene), 81, 89
Chronica Parmensia, 81
Civitas Dei (Augustine), 158, 198, 208
Clarke, Samuel, 170, 177, 184-87,
  185n41, 187n46, 194, 194n, 195
Clausula rebus sic stantibus, 25
Cleisthenes, 31, 32
Closed Commercial State (Fichte), 50
Closing: of community, 46-50, 59;
  of organism, 46-47, 47n9, 59; of
   personality, 47-49, 59; and problem
  of Satanism, 50-53, 59
Collaborator, argument of, 203
Collier, Thomas, 225-26, 238
Colonialism, 63-64, 217
Colossians, Epistle to, 34
Commune of 1871, 234
Communism: active mystics of, 212;
  in Austria, 22; of Bullitt, 58n13;
  compared with National Socialism,
  72; crude versus true Communism,
  232,233, 234; economic factors
  in symbolic system of, 38, 57; in
  Germany, 71; as gnostic politics,
  232, 233; National Socialists on,
  58n13; and New Man, 233; opposition
  to,23, 236; precursors of, 217; and
  revolution, 236-37; and scientism,
  in Soviet Union, 72; and Stalin,
  58n13, 67, 72; and superman, 191;
  tactics of, 236-37
Community: Christian community
  as mystical body of Christ, 11-12,
  33-37, 35n6, 46, 59, 165, 205; decay
  of Christian community, 37-38;
  as "open," 46; particularization of
  Christian community, 37-38, 46; race
  idea and closing of, 46-50, 59; rise of
  national communities, 37-38; and
  secularization of mystical body of
  Christ, 8, 37, 46; time differential and
  ideas of, 8. See also Body ideas
Complete Works of Friedrich Nietzsche,
  149n58
Comte, Auguste, 168n3, 191, 194, 212
Comte, Charles, 235
Condorcet, Marquis de, 191
Conflictus (interaction), 184
Conrad, Joseph, 200
Conspiratio divitum (conspiracy of the
  rich), 211
Constitutional government: in
  Germany, 69-71; and Hitler, 20-21n3;
Thomas Aquinas on, 136; in United
  States, 137
Contemptus mundi, 138-39
Cook, Thomas Ira, 157
Cooper, Barry, 4n15
Cooper, Weldon, 15n1
Copernicus, 171, 171nn9-10, 172, 173
Corinthians, Epistle to, 34-35
Corpus mysticum. See Mystical body of
  Christ
Cosmographiae Introductio
  (Waldseemüller), 199
Critias (Plato), 206n
Critique of the Gotha Program (Marx),
  234
Cromwell, Oliver, 225
Cynics, 142
Cyprus, 78
Czechoslovakia, 68; Sudeten-German
  area of, 17, 62, 67

D'Achéry, 82, 93
Dante Alighieri, 50, 202
"Dark Ages," 51, 158. See also Middle
  Ages
Dark Night (John of the Cross), 143
Darwinism, 135
D'Avezac, 81
Declaration of the Rights of Man and
  the Citizen, 160
Decline of the West (Spengler), 136-37,
  159
Defoe, Daniel, 200
De generis humani varietate nativa
  (Blumenbach), 40
Deism, 205 De Mailla, Joseph-Anne-Marie de
  Moyriuac, 41
  Democracy: conditions of, 20-21, 69;
  crisis in, 134-35; in France, 53-54; and
  governing elite, 20; and homogeneous
  society as ideal, 43; and issues, 20;
  Nietzsche on, 147; and plebiscite,
  19-21; right or wrong use of, 136;
  scholars' analysis of, 20; and voter's
  state of mind, 21; and World War I,
  135
"Democracy of cupidity, " 213
"Demonic" personality, 8, 48-49, 50,
  219
Demonology, 34
Demos, demes, 22n, 32-3[3]
Demotai, 33
De Motu (Berkeley), 178, 179
Dempf, Alois, 35n5, 166
De Orbe Novo (Peter Martyr), 199
Derailment, 227, 230-33, 236
De regimine principum (Thomas
  Aquinas), 199
Derivative force, 183-84
Descartes, René, 175-76, 177, 180n28,
  181, 182-83
Desguignes, Joseph, 82
Despiritualized happiness, 128-29
Dilettantism, 194-95
Dionysos, 140
Discoveries, Age of, 39-41, 199
D'Ohsson, Abraham Constantin
  Mouradgea, 83
Dollfuss, Engelbert, 22n, 58n13
Dominicans, 77, 79
Donner, H. W., 197n1
Dostoevsky, Fyodor, 151, 2O5n
Drang nach Osten (drive to the East), 64
Dream reality. See Gnostic politics
Dunning, William A., 157, 160-62,
  165-66
Dunoyer, Charles, 235
Du Perron, Anquetil, 41
Durch die Zeiten wargekommen, 224

Eastern empire, 36
Eastern Europe, 54, 64, 65-68, 73, 116
Ecce Homo (Nietzsche), 143, 156
Ecclesia (community), 34
Eckermann, Johann Peter, 219
Economic and Philosophical
  Manuscripts of 1844
|Marx), 232
Economics, 56-57
Eddington, Arthur, 183n34
Eden, Anthony, 58n13
Edict of Kuyuk Khan, 91-93, 111, 112,
  117-22
Edict of Mangu Khan, 80, 96-97, 111,
118, 120-22
Egotism: Augustine on, 138; definition
  of, 137; in Germany philosophy,
  138-41; Santayana on, 137-41
Egotism in German Philosophy
  (Santayana), 137-41
Egypt, 41, 78, 80, 164
Ehre, 18n
Einsatz, 228
Einstein, Albert, 172, 183n34, 187, 196
Eliot, T. S., 212
Empedocles, 140
England: church of, 37; More on, 209-
  10; Nietzsche on, 153; race idea in, 53;
  Reform Bill of 1832, 218; revolution
  in, and classic-Christian traditions,
  8, 9, 9n23, 69, 132; state structure in,
  9; and Third Silesian War, 150; wars
  with European countries, 63. See also
  Great Britain
Enlightenment, 8, 51
Epistemology, 181, 187
Erasmus, 201-3, 213, 217
Erewhon (Butler), 200
Eschatology, 141, 205, 206n, 228
Esdras, Book of, 224, 227-28
Essay on the Inequality of the Human
Races
(Gobineau), 41-43, 45
Ethnic religions, 221
Eugeneia, 49
Eugenics, 27
Euler, Leonhard, 181, 181n31, 195
Eunuchism, spiritual, 194-95
Europäertum (Europeanism), 152
Europe: dead power angles in, 67; and
  hypothetical alternatives resulting
  from World War II, 68, 74-75; power
  structure of Western world, 62-65.
   See also Central Europe; Eastern
  Europe; and specific countries
Europeanism, 152
European Nihilism (Nietzsche), 127,
  133
Evil: externalization of, 50-53; of
  private property, 210-11; superbia
  (pride) in More's Utopia, 207-13, 216
Evolution, 44, 57
Extended strategy: and Austrian
  annexation, 17, 62; and Bohemia and
  Moravia Protectorate, 17-18, 24; and
  cession of Sudeten-German area of
  Czechoslovakia, 17, 62; and Christian
  science, 26; description of generally,
  15; and Drang nach Osten (drive to
  the East), 64; and economic motives,
  23; and frustration-aggression
  argument, 23-24; and have and
  have-not dichotomy, 26; and Jewish
  question, 26; and language use, 24-26;
  and Lebensraum ("living space"), 6,
  17-19; and National Socialism in
  Austria, 21-22; and plebiscite, 19-20;
  and rearmament, conscription, and
  remilitarization of Rhineland, 16-17;
  screen devices used in, 6-7, 17-26;
  and theory of truth, 7, 24-25; and
  Treaty of Versailles, 16-17, 23
  "Extended Strategy: A New Technique
  of Dynamic Relations" (Voegelin),
  15-26, 15n
Externalization of evil, 50-53

Face type, racial, 40-41
Facies gentilitia, 40
Fackel, Die (The Torch), 25
Faktum der Wissenschaft, 181
Fall Wagner (Nietzsche), 156
Far East, 85, 160, 161. See also specific
  countries
Fascism, 52, 54, 135
Faust (Goethe), 222
Feder, Gottfried, 43
Feudalism, 37
Fichte, Johann Gottlieb, 50, 51, 135,
  137, 141
Fiore, Tommaso, 197n1
"Formation of the Marxian
  Revolutionary Idea" (Voegelin),
  3
Formative urge, 47, 49, 50
Fourier, Marie Charles, 198, 218-19
France: ancien régime in, 42, 137, 218;
  aristocracy in, 42; Bullitt as U. S.
  ambassador to, 58n13; democracy
  in 53-54; and Franco-Prussian War,
  149, 154n77; and German hegemony,
  64-65; and hypothetical alternatives
  resulting from World War II, 68;
  Nietzsche on, 153; race idea in,
  53; revolution in, 51, 69, 132, 133,
  136-37, 160, 218, 235; state structure
  in 9; and Tartars, 116; terror period
  in 42; and Third Silesian War, 150;
  wars with other European countries,
  after World War I, 67; in World
  II, 19
Franciscans, 77, 79, 80, 166
Franco-Prussian War, 149, 152, 154n77
Frederick II, 115-16, 150
Frederick the Great, 48
Freedom of speech, 136
Freedom of the press, 136
Freemasonry, 58n13
French Revolution, 51, 69, 132, 133,
  136-37, 160, 218, 235
Friedemann, Friederich T., 165
From Luther to Hitler (McGovern),
  134-37
Frustration-aggression pattern, 23-24
Fundamentum, 177

Galileo, 173, 175, 192
Gast, Peter, 152
Geisteswissenchaft, 18n
Genealogy, 29
General Cultural History of Mankind
  
(Klemm), 41-42, 43, 45
Genetics, 57
Genghis Khan, 76, 77, 80, 84, 85, 105,
  113-15, 120, 125, 189
Genos, gene, 31-32, 33
Gens, 40
Gentilitius, 40
Geometry, 172, 182
George, Stefan, 10, 11, 25, 141, 144-46
German Ideology (Marx), 233
Germany: abolition of monarchy in, 70;
  army in, 16-17, 70-71; and Bismarck,
  70,150, 155-56; as center of Europe,
  63; Centrist Party in, 70; Communist
  party in, 71; democratic constitution
  of 1919, 69, 71; democratic parties in,
  26; depression in, 71; in eighteenth
  century, 150-51; extended strategy
  of National Socialists for, 15-26;
  founding of national state of, 9,
  69; and Franco-Prussian War, 149,
  152, 154n77; Goethe in, 218; and
  hypothetical alternatives resulting
  frorn World War II, 68, 74-75; imperial
  drive of, from 187O-19I4, 64; inflation
  in, 71; nationalism of, 155-56, 219;
  in nineteenth century, 15O-56, 219;
  population increase in, from 1870
  to 1910, 71; and power problems of
  Eastern Europe, 65-68; and power
  structure of Western world, 62-65;
  problems of hegemony of, 62-75;
  and Prussian wars, 54; race idea in,
  53-58, 58nn13-14, 59; realm of God
  identified with realm of Germans, 51;
  revolution in, from 1919 to I933, 8;
  and sea-power, 64; Social Democratic
  Party of, 235; time differential in
  German hegemony, 8-9, 69-70;
  totalitarianism in, 54-55, 67, 68;
  and Treaty of Versailles, 16-17, 23;
  unification of, 152-55; and unrealism
  and nonobligation, 25; war-guilt of,
  129-31, 130n, Wars of Liberation in,
  218; Weimar Republic in, 9, 20, 70,
  135-36; and World War I, 70. See also
  Hitler, Adolf; National Socialism
Gibbon, Edward, 41
Glimpse of Sion's Glory, 229-31
Gnostic politics: and Bakunin, 228-
  29; conclusions on, 239-40; and
  derailment, 230-33, 236; and dream
  reality, 227-30, 236-37; and linguistic
  confusion regarding reality, 226-27;
  as nihilistic, 8; as nosos, 226-27;
  and permanent revolution, 235-39;
  and Puritans, 223-26, 229-31, 235,
  238-39, 240; and revolution, 233-37;
  and superman, 233-34; tactics of,
  236-37; terminology of "gnostic, "
  223n
"Gnostic Politics" (Voegelin), 2-3,
223-40
Gobineau, Joseph-Arthur de, 41-43, 45
God: Bruno on, 172; Clarke on, 177;
  Descartes on, 176; More on, 176, 177,
   204-7; Newton on, 176-77; Order of
  God in Mongol documents, 12-16,
  119-24, 125; and Puritans' gnostic
  politics, 223-26,229-30,238-39;
  and Wotanism, 140-41, 141n42;
Yahwistic experience, 141
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von: on
  Christianity, 221-22; and "demonic"
  personality, 8, 48-49, 5O, 219; egotism
  in 137; on real world and world of
  madness, 223; Utopia of, 218-22
  —Works: Faust, 222; Wilhelm Meisters
   Wanderjahre, 219-22
"Goethe's Utopia" (Voegelin), 2, 218-22
Golubovich, P., 81
Gooch, George P., 130
Government: constitutional
  government, 20-21n3, 69-71, 136,   137; Hitler on using constitution,
  20-21n3; Plato and Aristotle on, 136.
  See also National Socialism; specific
  countries
"Grand Inquisitor" (Dostoevsky), 205n
Gravitation, 47
Britain: denunciation of British
  as "White Jews, " 58, 58n14; and
  German hegemony, 64-65; and Hitler
  and National Socialism, 23, 24, 64,
  130; and hypothetical alternatives
  resulting from World War II, 74-75;
  wars with U. S., 63; after World War I,
  67; and World War II, 19, 68. See also
  England
Great Politics ( Grosse Politik ), 155-56
War of 1914-1918. See World War
  I
Greeks: and body idea of polis, 31-33;
  Dunning on, 161; history of, 41;
  as race, 38; Utopian literature of,
  199-200
Grey, Edward, 20
Grosse Politik (Great Politics), 155-56
Grousset, Ren&eavute;, 83
"Growth of the Race Idea" (Voegelin),
  1, 7-8, 27-61
Gulliver's Travels (Swift), 200
Gumplowicz, Ludwig, 44
Günther, Hans F. K., 43

Hakluyt, Richard, 82
Halley, Edmund, 192
Hamilton, Alexander, 213
Happiness, despiritualized, 128-29
Heathenism, 138
Heaven, 225
Hebbel, Friedrich, 150
Hebrews. See Israel; Jews
Hebrews, Epistle to. 225
Heerden-Wünschbarkeiten (herd-
  wishes), 148
Hegel, G. W. F., 20, 135, 137, 151, 159
Hellenic theory, 163-64, 165, 199-200
Helvetius. Claude-Adrien, i96n
Henri I de Lusignan, 7 8
Herder, Johann Gottfried von. 40, 131
Heretics, 240
Hildebrandt, Kurt. 165
Hindus, 160
Hinterwelten (backworlds), 139
Histoire de la science politique dans
  rapports avec la morale
(Janet),
  160-61
Histoire Naturelle (Buffon). 39, 41, 45
Historia Mongolorum (Carpini), 81
Historia Tartarorum Ecclesiastica
  (Mosheim). 83, 84
History: Christian philosophy of, 158;
  cyclical structure of civilizational
  histories, 159; German historicism.
  Hegel on, 151; "parallel"
  streams of, 166, 167; of political
  theory, 157-67; race idea and historic
  consciousness, 41-44; "straight-line"
  pattern of, 158-59
History of Mediaeval Political Theory
  in the West
(Carlyle and Carlyle), 166
History of Political Ideas (Voegelin),
  3-4
History of Political Theory (Dunning),
  157, 160-62
History of Saint Louis (Joinville), 82, 95
History of the Race Idea (Voegelin),
  1n1, 33n
Hitler, Adolf: constitutional means
  used by, 20-21n3; despotism of, 6, 9;
  and frustration-aggression arguments,
  23-24; and Great Britain, 64; and
  language use, 24-26; lies of, 24-25;
   Mein Kampf   by, 25; opposition to, as
  agent of capitalism, 23; and theory of
  truth, 24-25; on Treaty of Versailles,
  23. See also National Socialism
Hitler Youth, 58n13, 228
Hobbes, Thomas, 37, 51, 135, 213, 231
Holder-Egger, O., 81
Holland, 63
Holocaust, 6
Holy Alliance, 51
Homonoia (likemindedness). 33
Honorius IV, 110
Hooker, Richard, 231, 235
Howorth, Henry H., 83
Hulagu, 8o
Humanitarianism. 53
Human nature. See Anthropology
Humiliation of Olmütz, 150
Hungary, 68, 77
Huxley, Aldous, 200
Hypotheses non fingo, 178, 192

Ideas, 28, 28n. See also Body ideas;
  Political idea; Race idea
Ideology and Utopia (Mannheim),
  198n3 Imperator in regno suo, 37
Imperialism: British Empire, 63. 197n1,
  217; charismatic quality of rulership,
  36; of Germany, 15-26, 64-65; and
   Lebensraum ("living space"), 18-19
  of United States, 63; and Western
  world, 63-64. See also Extended
  strategy
Imperium mundi in statu nascendi,
  113-16, 124
India, 160
Individualism, 134
Industrialization, 220-21
Infinity, 175-76
Inflation, 71
Inner form, 47
Innocent IV, Pope, 77, 79, 81, 82,
  85 86-90, 93, 103, 104-5, 111-12,
  116-17, 123-24
Institutes (Calvin), 136
Institutio (Erasmus), 202
Internationalism, 38
Intramundane world, 48, 50, 205-6
Isaiah, Book of, 224, 229
Isidorus. 166
Islam, 79,167
Isolationism, 65
Israel, 141, 162, 198. See also Jews
Italy: and Africa, 67; Fascism in,
  Goethe's escape to, 218; and
  hypothetical alternatives resulting
  World War II, 68; nationalism of
  Corradini, 154n77; race idea in, 53-58
Itinerarium (Rubruquis), 82

James, William, 135
Janet, Pierre, 157, 160-61
Japan, 65, 154n77
Jaspers, Karl, 146-47, 154n76, 227
Jeremias, Alfred, 164
Jesus Christ: death of, 58n13; Kingdom
  of 224, 229, 230; as man and God,
  34; mystical body of, 11-12, 33-37,
  35n6, 46, 59, 165, 205; pneuma of,
  11-12, 34, 35, 37, 46, 48, 165; as
  second Adam, 33-34; utopianism of,
  198. See also Christianity
"Jewification" ( Verjudung ), 52-53
Jews: anti-Semitism against, 52-53, 59;
  British as "White Jews, " 58, 58n14;
  Chamberlain on "inner Jew, " 52; and
  extended strategy, 26; history of, 167;
  and Holocaust, 6. See also Israel
Joachim of Fiore, 166
John, Saint, 51
John of the Cross, Saint, 143
Joinville, Jean de, 79, 82, 93
Jones, Rufus M., 167
Jordanis, 166
Joseph II, 58n13
Joyful Science (Nietzsche), 155
Justissima causa belli, 214
Just war (bellum justum). 213-14

Kant, Immanuel, 137, 151, 172, 181,
  181n31, 185, 195
Kaufmann, Erich, 25
Kellogg-Briand Pact, 19
Kierkegaard, Søren, 132
Kingdom of Darkness, 224
Kingdom of God on earth, 223-26
Kingships, 37
Kipchak, 77, 80
Klemm, Gustav, 41-42, 43, 45
Knauth, Percival, 58n14
Kretschmer, Ernst, 57
Kublai Khan, 80
Kuyuk Khan: death of, 79; edict of, 84,
  91-93, 111, 112. 117-22; letters of,
  31, 78, 81, 83, 85, 86-90, 103, 104,
  107, 111, 123-24; reign of, 77

Lassalle, Ferdinand, 45
"Last Man, "10, 128, 144
League of Nations, 16, 236
Lebensraum ("living space"), 6, 17-19
LeBon, André, 20
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm, 47, 137,
  170, 172-73, 182-87, 183n34, 185n41,
  187n46, 194-95, 194n
Lenin, V. I., 170, 234
LeRoy, Louis, 158-59
Letter of God, 104-5
Leviathan (Hobbes), 37, 51, 213
Liberalism, 134-37, 144, 190
Libido dominandi, 216
Lies, 24
Litvinov, Maksim M., 58n13
Locke, John, 200, 205, 211, 213
Logos, 139
London, Jack, 200
London Conference (1852), 150
Louis IX, Saint, 78, 79-80, 93-99, 105,
  106, 111-12, 122
Louis XIV, 151
Lowlands, 67
Luther, Martin, 135. See also
  Reformation
Lycurgus, 192

Macdonald, Ramsay, 24
Mach, Ernst, 175, 186-87
Machiavelli, Niccolò, 126, 160, 206n,
  212, 217
"Machiavelli's Prince: Background and
Formation" (Voegelin), 3
Madison, James, 213
Magic, 190, 191
Mangu Khan: edict of, 12, 80, 96-97,
  111 113, 118, 120, 121; letter of, 80,
  82-84, 96, 97-99 , 105, 106, 111, 119,
  122, 124; preambles of, 100; reign of,
  77, 79
Mannheim, Karl, 198n3
Martin, Roscoe C., 15n1
Marx, Karl, 52, 53n, 56-57, 168n3, 191,
  231-34, 236-37
Marxism, 44, 45, 51-52, 56-57, 70, 205,
  206n, 226
Mathematics, 168-72, 178, 179, 182,
  187, 192
Matthew of Paris, 91, 93
Maugham, Somerset, 200
McGovern, William M., 134-37
Mcllwain, C. H., 157, 167
Mechanism, 47
Medieval period. See Middle Ages
Mein Kampf (Hitler), 25
Memoires sur les relations politiques
  des princes chretiens
(Abel-Rémusat),
  84-85
Merum nihil, 179, 180
Mesopotamia, 162, 164
Metanoia, 134, 140
Metaphysics, 56, 168, 168n3, 18l, 182,
  226
Mexico, 63
Michel, Francisque, 82
Michelson-Morley experiment, 186
Middle Ages, 51, 158, 161-62, 165-67
Milton, John, 136
Mitteleuropa (Naumann), 64
Modern Utopia (Wells), 200
Mongol documents: Aldjigiddai's letter
  to Saint Louis, 78, 79, 82, 93-95,
  108-12, 125; Baichu Noyon's letter,
  78, 81-84, 90-92, 104-5, 107-12,
  116-17, 119-22, 124; concluding
  comments on, 124-25; features of
  published materials and scientific
  studies on, 81-85; general rules,
  116-18; imperium mundi in statu
  nascendi,
113-16, 124; individual
  orders, 118-19, introduction to, 76-
  85; Kuyuk Khan's edict, 91-93, 111,
  112, 117-22; Kuyuk Khan's letters
  to Innocent IV, 31, 78, 81, 83, 85-90,
  103, 104, 107, 111, 123-24; law-giving
  authorities of God and man, 119-21;
  contents of, 112-25; Letter of
  God, 104-5, Mangu Khan's edict, 80,
  96-97, 111, 113, 1l8, 120, 121, 122;
  Mangu Khan's letter to Saint Louis,
  80, 82-84, 96-99, 105, 106, 111, 119,
  122, 124; Ogul Gaimish's letter to
  Saint Louis, 79, 82, 84, 95-96, 111;
  Order of God, 112-16, 119-24, 125;
  original Persian letter published by
  Pelliot, 101-3; Pelliot's approach
  to, 99-112; preambles of, 99-112;
  promulgation of, 121-24; Rubruquis
  document, 80, 82, 96, 105-8, 107n,
  122; texts of, 85-99
"Mongol Orders of Submission to
  European Powers, 1245-1255"
  (Voegelin), 2, 11, 76-125
Mongol empire, 77, 85, 114-16, 124-25,
  189. See also Mongol documents
Mongol language, 102
Monumenta Germaniae (Holder-Egger),
  81
Moravia and Bohemia Protectorate,
  17-18, 24
More, Henry, 175-76, 177, 180n28
More, Thomas: career choice of, 204;
  death of, 206-7; historical importance
  of, 197, 217; in Lowlands as member
  of English embassy, 201; and meaning
  of Utopia, 198-99; on philosophy,
  202-3; social critique of, 207-13; and
   superbia (pride), 207-13, 216; Utopia
  by, 197-217; on warfare, 213-17
"More's Utopia " (Voegelin), 2, 3,
  197-218
Mosca, Gaetano, 20
Moses, 192
Mosheim, Johann Lorenz von, 83, 84,
  85
Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus, 48
Mundus Novus (Vespucci), 199
Musil, Robert, 7
Mystical body of Christ, 11-12, 33-37,
  35n6, 46, 59, 165, 205. See also Body
  ideas; Christianity
Mystics, 212

Napoleon, 41, 48, 49, 51, 137, 150, 218,
  219
Nationalism: of Germany, 155-56,
  219; of Italy, 154n77; Lebensraum
  versus national sovereignty, 19; pagan
  nationalism, 38
Nationality policy of Austria, 66-67
National self-determination, 19, 70
National Socialism: in Austria, 21-22,
  71-72; compared with Communism,
  72; and destruction of nations,
  72-73; and drive to the East (Drang
  nach Osten),
64; and egotism, 141;
  "extended strategy" of, 15-26, 64-65;
  Feder on, 43; and German hegemony,
  69-75; Gnosis of, 227, 228, 229,
  233; and Hitler Youth, 58n13, 228;
  and Holocaust, 6; and hypothetical
  alternatives resulting from World War
  II, 68; and language use, 24-26; and
  Lebensraum ("living space"), 17-19;
  and Nietzsche, 147-49; and plebiscite,
  19-21; precursors of, 217; race myth
  of, 7-8, 52-53, 57-58, 58n13, 59;
  religious resistance to, 70; and rise
  to power of "pre-medieval" stratum
  of population, 9; and scientism,
  170; screen patterns used by, in
  destruction of democracy, 6-7, 17-26;
  and superman, 191; and theory of
  truth, 7, 24-25; transvaluation of
  values by, 10, 132-34; Voegelin on
  Nazi occupation of Austria, 4-6; in
  Weimar Republic, 20. See also Hitler,
  Adolf
Naumann, Friedrich, 64
Near East, 74, 158-59, 161-64. See also
  specific countries
Neopositivism, 170
Neumann, Carl, 186
New Man, 233
New Science of Politics (Voegelin), 3
Newton, Isaac, 170-78, 180-82, 180n28,
184-86, 188, 192, 194-95
Niebuhr, Reinhold, 41
Nietzsche, Friedrich: and Bauer, 152;
  Bauer on, 152; as cause of war, 10,
  126-29, 131-32; on Christianity,
  138-39; on despiritualized society,
  128-29; and egotism, 137-41; on
  Empedocles, 140; on European Age,
  153-54; and Franco-Prussian War,
  149; and German politics, 152-56;
  Jaspers on, 227; on "Last Man, " 10,
  128, 144; McGovern on, 135; misuses
  of work of, 146-49; and National
  Socialism, 147-49; on nihilism,
  127, 129, 133, 138, 148; overview of
  Voegelin's defense of, 9-11; Platonism
  of, 10-11, 133, 141-44, 148; on refusal
  of challenge, 127-29; Santayana's
  interpretation of, 137-44; summary
  on, 10-11; and superman, 140,
  142-43, 191; on transvaluation of
  values, 10, 132-34, 141; on wars, 129;
  Wotanism of, 140-41, 141n42
  —Works: Also Sprach Zarathustra,
  128, 143-44, Beyond Good and Evil,
  
155; Complete Works of Friedrich
  Nietzsche,
149n58; Ecce Homo, 143,
  156; European Nihilism, 127, 133;
   Fall Wagner, 156; Joyful Science, 155;
  Untimely Meditations, 142; Will to
  Power,
147
"Nietzsche, the Crisis, and the War"
  (Voegelin), 1, 9-11, 126-56
Nihilism, 6, 127, 129, 133-34, 138, 148,
  228-29
"Noble savage, " 200
Noetic function, 185
Nomadism, 44, 45
Nomoi (Plato), 142
Nomos empsychos , 18n
Northwestern University, 6
Norway, 66
Nosos, 226
Nuova scienzia, 168n1

Objektiver Geist, 1 8n
"Ode to Newton" (Halley), 192
Odium generis humani, 145-46
Ogodai Khan, 77
Ogul Gaimish, 79, 82, 84, 95-96, 111
Oncken, Hermann, 197n1
Opinio publica (common opinion), 210
Oppenheimer, Franz, 44
Optics (Newton), 175, 176
Order and History (Voegelin), 3-4
Order of God, 112-16, 119-24, 125
Organism: Closing of, 46-47, 47n9, 59;
  as term, 49
Oriental Institute, University of
  Chicago, 164
"Origins of Scientism" (Voegelin), 2, 3,
  168-96
Owen, Robert, 198

Paganism, 12, 38, 48, 49, 165
Parable of the Cave, 201-2
Pareto, Vilfredo, 20
Paris treaties, 17
Particularization of Christian
  community, 37-38, 46
Pascal, Blaise, 168n2
Pathos of science, 191-95
Paul, Saint, 33, 34-35, 35n5, 158, 193
Paulus Diaconus, 166
Pelagianism, 213
Pelliot, Paul, 78-81, 83, 85-86, 88-89,
  93, 99-112
Pembroke, Countess, 40
Pensees (Pascal), 168n2
Permanent revolution, 235-39
Persia, 41, 77, 78, 80, 162, 164
Persian language, 102
Personality: closing of, 47-49, 59;
  demonic personality, 8, 48-49, 50,
  219
Peter Martyr, 199
Peter the Great, 48, 149
Phenomenal force, 184, 187
Philippe-le-Bel, 84
Philosopiia civilior (polite philosophy),
  202-3
Philosophiae naturalis principia
  mathematica (Newton), 173-74
Philosophia perennis, 137
Philosophia prima, 180, 195
Philosophia scholastics (school
  philosophy), 202-3
Philosophus naturalis, 178
Philosophy: language of, 226; More
  on types of, 202-3; religion of
  philosophers, 221
"Philosophy of Existence: Plato's
Gorgias" (Voegelin), 3
Phoenicians, 38
Phratria, 32
Phylai, 32
Physics, 168, 173-75, 178-87, 183n34,
  196
Pian de Carpini, Friar John, 77-78, 81,
  88, 103, 106-7
Pilgrims (Purchas), 82
Pincherle, Alberto, 53n
Planetta, 58n13
Plato: and end of Hellenic theory,
  165; on government, 136; on Idea
  of the Good, 142, 206n; Nietzsche's
  Platonism, 10-11, 133, 141-44, 148;
  on nosos, 226; on order of society,
  133; and Parable of the Cave, 201-2;
  and polis, 165, 201-2; and politics,
  142, 160, 165, 190; on race, 38; on
  spiritual desire, 193
  —Works: Critias, 206n; Nomoi, 142;
   Republic (Politeia), 142, 198, 199;
   Timaeus, 194n, 206n
"Plato's Egyptian Myth" (Voegelin), 3
Plebiscite, 19-21
Pleonexia, 209, 216, 217
Pleroma (fullness), 34
Pneuma (spirit): of Christ, 8, 11-12, 34,
  35 37, 46, 48, 165; of man, 34
Pneuma hagiosynes, 37
Pneumata (demons), 34
Poggio, Bracciolini, 158
Poincaré, Henri, 180n18
Poland, 68
Polis: body idea of, 31-33; theory of,
  163-64, 165; and Utopia, 199, 200
Politeia (Plato), 142, 198, 199
Polite philosophy, 202-3
Political idea: definition of, 28; problem
  27-30
Political science, Janet's use of term,
  160-61
Political theory: and Christianity, 165;
  definition of, 161; Dunning on, 157,
  160-62; and Hellenic theory, 163-64,
  of Middle Ages, 165-67; and Near
  Eastern history, 163-64; and pattern
  general history, 157-67; of rising
  communities, 164-65; of Roman
  Empire, 165; Sabine on, 162-63
  "Political Theory and the Pattern of
  General History" (Voegelin), 157-67
Popes. See specific popes
Positivism, 51, 170, 205, 212, 233
Power and science, 187-91
Power structure of Western world,
  62-65
Praescriptum naturae, 214
Pragmatism, 135
Premerstein, Anton Ritter von, 165
Pride ( superbia ), 207-13, 216
Primitive force, 183-84
Princeps, 165
Principal Navigations of 1598 (Hakluyt),
  82
Principia (Descartes), 182-83
Principia (Newton), 175, 177, 178, 192
Principles of Human Knowledge
  (Berkeley), 179-80
Private property, 210-11, 232
Productivity, 48
Progress, 50, 161
Progressivism, 190, 205
Proletariat, 51-52, 188, 234
Property, 210-11, 232
Prophets, 198
Prussia, 64, 69, 70, 71, 149-52, 154n77
Prussian wars, 54
Pullé, Francesco Lorenzo, 81
Purchas, Samuel, 82
Puritans, 223-26, 229-31, 235, 238-39,
  240
Pustet, Anton, 206n

Queries to Lord Fairfax, 238-39

Race and State (Voegelin), 1n1, 33n
Race idea: and age of discoveries,
  39-41; and anti-Semitism, 52-53, 59;
  bibliographical note on, 59-61; as
  body idea, 30, 35-38, 59; and British as
  White Jews, 58, 58n14; of Buffon, 39,
  41, 45; and closing of the community,
  46-50, 59; conclusion on, 58-59;
  distinguished from race concept in
  natural science, 27; German usage
  of term race, 40-41, 40n; Gobineau
  on, 41-43, 45; and Gumplowicz's
  theory of evolution, 44; and historic
  consciousness, 41-44; Klemm on, 41-
  42, 43, 45; and Kretschmer's theory
  of genius, 57; in late nineteenth
  and early twentieth centuries, 57;
  material basis of, 38-46; of National
  Socialism, 7-8, 52-53, 57-58, 58n13,
  59; origin of term race, 39-40; Plato
  on, 38; and problem of political idea,
  27-30; and Ratzel's nomadism, 44;
  Ratzenhofer on economic differences
  and, 44; and Satanism, 50-53, 59; and
  structure of institutions and ideas,
  53-58; and time differential, 53-56
Ratio divina, 206
Ratio humana, 206
Rationalism, 37, 51
Ratio versus religio, 204-7, 204-5n13,
  212
Ratzel, Friedrich, 44
Ratzenhofer, Gustav, 44
Rauschning, Hermann, 6, 15, 26
Realissimum, 203
Reality and symbols, 29-30
Realpolitik, 155
Reason, Christian origin of term, 48
"Reciprocal" movement,. 180n28
Recueil de la Sociéé de Géographie, 82
Recueil de voyages et de mémoires, 81
Reed, John, 58n13
Reflexions sur 1'espace et le temps
  
(Euler), 181
Reformation, 132, 135, 139, 212, 229
Reibmayer. Albert, 57
Relativism, 28n
Relativity, 171-73, 178-79, 184-85, 187
Relectiones de Indis (Vitoria), 217
Religion. See Christianity; God;
  Paganism
Religion of philosophers, 221
Religio versus ratio, 204-7, 204-5n13,
  212
Renaissance, 158-59
Renan, Joseph-Ernest, 20
Renner, Karl, 66, 67
Republic (Plato), 142, 198, 199
Res privata, 211
Res publica, 211
Ressentiment, 146-47
Revelations, Book of, 224
Revolution: and Communism. 236-37;
  in England, 8, 9. 9^3, 69, 132; French
  Revolution, 51, 69, 132, 133, 136-37,
  218, 235; in Germany from
  1919 to 1933, 8; and gnostic politics,
  233-37; permanent revolution, 235-
  39; symbolism, of, 54-58; in United
  States, 8, 9n23
Revolution of Nihilism (Rauschning),
  15
Revue del'Orient Chretien, 81
Rhineland occupation, 16
Risch, Friedrich, 83
Ritter, Gerhard, 197n1
Robinson Crusoe (Defoe), 200
Roman empire, 85, 165, 199
Roman history, 41
Romanticism, 52, 127
Ronsard, Pierre de, 40
Roosevelt, Franklin D., 58n13
Roots of National Socialism (Butler),
  131-32, 132n15 Rosenberg, Alfred, 7, 24, 53n
Rotating star problem, 185-87
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, 200
Rubruquis, William of, 80, 82, 96,
  105-8, 107n, 122
Ruins of Time (Spenser), 40
Russia: and hypothetical alternatives
  resulting from World War II, 68, 74;
  and Mongol empire, 77; Napoleon
  in, 150; Nietzsche on, 153-54; rise
  of, since Peter the Great, 149-50,
  152, 159; and Russo-Japanese War
  (1904-1905), 154n77; Stalin in, 9,
  58n13, 67, 72; totalitarianism in, 54,
  55, 67. See also Communism
Russia and the Germanic World
  (Bauer), 151-52, 159
Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905),

Sabine, George H., 157, 162-63
Sacrum Imperium (Dempf), 166
Saints, 223, 225, 229, 230, 234, 238-39
Saint-Simon, Claude-Henri de, 198, 218
Salimbene, Fra, 81, 89, 119
Salvation, 50
Santayana, George, 10, 11, 137-44
Sartach, Prince, 79-80
SA ( Sturmabteilung ), 233
Satanism, 8, 50-53, 59
Scandinavia, 67
Schallmayer, Wilhelm, 57
Schelling, Friedrich, 195-96, 226
Schleswig-Holstein, 150
Schmitt, Carl, 234
School philosophy, 202-3
Schopenhauer, Arthur, 135
Schuschnigg, Kurt von, 22n
Schweitzner's Internationale
Monatsschrift,
152
Science: Christian, 26; and magic,
  190, 191; pathos of, 191-95; of
  phenomena, 169-70; and power, 187-
  91; of substance, 169-70; superstition
  of, 56-57. See also Scientism
Scientific socialism, 56
Scientism: Berkeley's psychological
  criticism, 178-80; and Bruno, 169-70;
  conclusion on, 195-96; deadlock in,
  180-82; definition of, 168-70; dogmas
  of, 168-69; Leibniz's differentiating
  analyses, 182-85; and magic, 190,
  191; and metaphysical questions,
  168, 168n3; Newton's assumption
  of absolute space, 173-75; Newton's
  religious motivation, 175-78; as
  nihilistic, 8; pathos of science and
  spiritual eunuchs, 191-95; power
  and science, 187-91; relativity from
  Copernicus to Leibniz, 171-73;
  rotating star problem, 185-87; social
  relevance of, as intellectual attitude,
  170
Screen devices of extended strategy,
  17-26
Scythians, 38
Second Treatise of Civil Government
  (Locke), 211
Secularism, 8
Secularization: of community idea, 8,
  36-37, 46; and externalization of evil,
  51; of mystical body of Christ, 36-37,
  46; and relation between body and
  soul, 47-48
Separation of church and state, 205
Shakespeare, William, 48
"Siger de Brabant" (Voegelin), 3
Silesia, 77
Silesian War, Third, 150
Simon de Saint-Quentin, 81, 91
Sin, 50-51, 222
Sinica Franciscana (Van den Wyngaert),
  82, 96
Slavs, 154
Social Democratic Party, 66-67, 235
Socialism, 56, 210, 211
Social myth theory, 57
Social sciences, 190
Société de Géographie, 81
Soma (body), 34
"Some Problems of German Hegemony"
  (Voegelin), 8-9, 62-75
Song of the Night (Nietzsche), 143-44
Sorel, Albert, 154n77
Sorel, Georges-Eugène, 57
Soul: Christian origin of term, 48;
  Plato on, 133; relation to body in
  Christianity, 47, 47n10; and sin,
  50-51
Southeastern Europe, 64
Southern Political Science Association,
  6
Soviet Union, 72. See also Russia
Spain, 63, 217
Species, 39
Speculation, as term, 56
Speculum Historiale (Vincent of
  Beauvais), 81
Spencer, Herbert, 44, 45
Spengler, Oswald, 136-37, 159
Spenser, Edmund, 40
Spicilegium(Gleanings), 82
Spiritual eunuchism, 194-95
Staatslehre, 51
Staffelbach, G., 35n5
Stalin, Josef, 9, 58n13, 67, 72
State: Hegel on, 151; Oppenheimer's
  theory of origin of, 44. See also
  Government
State and Revolution (Lenin), 234
Stewart, H. L., 131
Stoa, 164
Stoics, 11, 142, 165
Strauss, Jesse I., 58n13
Studi italiani di filologia indo-iranica
(Pullé), 81
Study of History (Toynbee), 159, 163
Sudeten-German area of Czechoslo-
  vakia, 17, 62, 67
Summa Theologica (Thomas Aquinas),
  34, 47n10
Summum bonum , 202
Superbia (pride), 207-13, 216
Superman, 8, 48-49, 140, 142-43, 191,
  233-34
Superstition of science, 56-57. See also
  Scientism
Swift, Jonathan, 200
Switzerland, 66, 67
Symbols: and body ideas, 30-31; and
  economics, 38, 57; relation between
  reality and, 29-30; revolutionary
  symbolism, 54-58; and superstition
  of science, 56-57

Talmud, 58n13
Tamerlane, 158-59
Tartaglia, Niccolò, 168n1
Tartars, 116
Teleology, 206
Teutonic tribes, 166
Theoria motus, 182
Theory, 8. See also Political theory
Third Realm, 166
Third Reich. See National Socialism
Third Silesian War, 150
Thomas Aquinas, Saint, 34, 47n10, 136,
  190-91, 199
Timaeus (Plato), 194n, 206n
Time differential: and community
  ideas, 8; and German hegemony, 8-9,
  69-70; and race idea, 53-56, 59
Timothy, Epistle to, 34
Torch (Die Fackel), 25
Totalitarianism, 54-55, 67, 68, 190, 191,
  196
Toynbee, Arnold J., 159, 163
Transcendentalism, 37, 141, 172
Translation problems, 18, 18n
Transvaluation of values, 10, 132-34,
  141
Traumbild (dream picture), 230
Travel accounts, 39, 82, 199
Treaties of Paris, 17
Treatises of Civil Government (Locke),
  200
Treaty of Versailles, 16-17, 23
Treitschke, Heinrich von, 131, 152
Trinity, 139
Truth, Nazi theory of, 7, 24-25

Überwinden, 127
United Nations, 236
United States: imperial zone of, 63;
  isolationism in, 65; and politics
  "peaceful change, " 235-36;
  revolution in, and classic-Christian
  traditions, 8, 9n23; and wars, 63
University of Alabama, 6
University of Chicago, 164
University of Vienna, 1
Untimely Meditations (Nietzsche), 142
Utilitarianism, 221
Utopia: definition of, 220; of Goethe,
  218-22; Greek Utopian literature,
  199-200; history of Utopian literature,
  Mannheim on, 198n3; meaning
  of, 198-200; of More, 197-217; and
  travel accounts, 199
Utopia (More): autobiographical part of,
  201; and British imperialism, 197n1;
  as dialogue, 201-7; England discussed
  in, 209-10; historical importance of,
  217; meaning of Utopia in, 198-99;
  and "moralization" of political
  conduct, 216-17; private property in,
  210-11; ratio versus religio in, 204-7,
  204-5n13, 212; social critique in,
  207-13; superbia (pride) in, 207-13,
  216; translations of, 198; and travel
  accounts, 199; unclearness of, 197,
  197n1; warfare in, 213-17

Vacher de LaPouge, Georges, 57
Values, transvaluation of, 10, 132-34,
  141
Van den Wyngaert, P. Anastasius, 82, 96
Varietas, 40
Variety, 39
Verjudung ("Jewification"), 52-53
Versailles Treaty, 16-17, 23
Vespucci, Amerigo, 199, 201
Vincent of Beauvais, 81, 82
Vis derivativa, 183-84, 187
Vis primitiva, 183-84
Vitoria, Francisco de, 217
Voegelin, Eric: arrival of, in U. S., 1;
  dismissal of, from University of
  Vienna, 1; escape of, from Austria,
  1, 3n11, 4; on Nazi occupation
  of Austria, 4-6; at Northwestern
  University, 6; at University of
  Alabama, 6. See also titles of specific
  works
Voltaire, 177
Vultus, 41

Wagner, Richard, 142
Waldseemuuml;ller, Martin, 199
War, The (Der Krieg, George), 145-46
War-guilt of Germany, 129-31, 130n
Wars: George's poem on, 145-46; just
  war [bellum justum), 213-14; in
  More's Utopia, 213-17; Nietzsche on,
  129. See also specific wars, such as
  War II
Weber, Max, 20
Weimar Germany, 9, 20, 70, 135-36
Weininger, Otto, 53n
Wells, H. G., 200
Western world, power structure of,
  62-65
West Indies, 63
"White Jews, " 58, 58n14
Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre
  (Goethe), 219-22
William of Rubruquis, 80, 82, 96, 105-8,
  107n, 122
Will to Power (Nietzsche), 147
Wiseman, William, 58n13
Wolff, Caspar Friderich, 47
Woltmann, Ludwig, 57,
World War I, 64, 66, 70, 129-31, 135,
  144-46
World War II, 19, 68, 74-75, 130-31. See
  also
Germany; National Socialism
Wotanism, 140-41, 141n42
Wright, Thomas, 82

Yahwistic experience, 141
Yassa, 125

Zarathustra, 128, 143-44
Zeus Phratrios, 32


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